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The regional stratotype section and point for the base of the Hirnantian Stage (the uppermost Ordovician) at Mirny Creek, Omulev Mountains, Northeast Russia
Koren, Tatyana N.,Sobolevskaya, Rimma F.
Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: A complete Hirnantian sequence comprising the Normalograptus extraordinarius and N. persculptus biozones is well developed at the Mirny Creek section in the Omulev Mountains. The underlying beds are assigned to the Appendispinograptus supernus Biozone, and in the overlying strata the lower boundary of the Silurian is precisely defined at the base of the Akidograptus ascensus Biozone. Due to the completeness of the sedimentary and palaeontological record, the Mirny Creek section can be considered as a reference section for the Hirnantian Stage. The succession, about 100 m thick, is composed of calcareous siltstones and marls with pebble-shaped limestones, deposited at a high sedimentation rate in shallow shelf settings. The regional stratotype section and point (RSSP) for the lower boundary of the Hirnantian is established at the base of member 68, where Normalograptus extraordinarius first appears. This level can be precisely correlated with that at the GSSP section in Yichang and with the sections in Kazakhstan and North America. The position of the Ordovician-Silurian boundary is redefined and placed at the FAD of A. ascensus at the base of member 74.
The Gargasian (Middle Aptian) of Cassis-La Bédoule (Lower Aptian historical stratotype, SE France): geographic location and lithostratigraphic correlations
Moullade Michel,Tronchetti Guy,Kuhnt Wolfgang,Renard Maurice
Carnets de Géologie , 2004,
Abstract: In the middle of the last century Gargasian strata overlying the historical stratotypic beds of the lower substage of the Aptian (Bedoulian) were still well exposed in a number of quarries that extended in a NNE-SSW trending belt from the village of Roquefort-la Bédoule to the vicinity of the Cassis railway station (...)
The Gargasian (Middle Aptian) substage in the Aptian historical stratotypes (SE France): General introduction
Moullade Michel,Tronchetti Guy
Carnets de Géologie , 2004,
Abstract: In 1998 a double volume of the Journal "Géologie Méditerranéenne" (t. XXV, N° 3-4) was devoted to a detailed inventory of the Lower Aptian (Bedoulian substage) historical stratotype located in the vicinity of Cassis and Roquefort-La Bédoule, near Marseille (Bouches-du-Rh ne, SE France) (...)
The upper Bedoulian and lower Gargasian Ostracoda of the Aptian stratotype: Taxonomy and biostratigraphic correlation
Babinot Jean-Fran?ois,Moullade Michel,Tronchetti Guy
Carnets de Géologie , 2007,
Abstract: In the vicinity of Saint-Saturnin-lès-Apt (Vaucluse, SE France), which is included in the area of the historic Aptian stratotype of Apt-Gargas, are four sections in a succession that permits the study in a very detailed and continuous way of the last beds of the upper Bedoulian and those of the lower Gargasian. The Ostracod content of the microfauna is relatively important and in a satisfactory state of preservation. 46 species have been indexed of which three are new: Cytherella circumrugosa nov. sp., Cytherelloidea bedouliana nov. sp. and Parexophthalmocythere (Parexophthalmocythere) sp.Until the present day, our comprehension of this group of microfossils in this stratigraphic interval was very fragmentary, not just in the Apt region but also in the Bedoulian historic stratotype area (Cassis-la Bédoule). This new study made it possible to determine a good number of species not previously reported in the stratotypes, to refine the generic status of many forms and to place some of them in open nomenclature.The completion of a chronologic distribution chart collated with a recently published foraminiferal zonation (Cabri, Luterbacheri and Ferreolensis zones) shows very clearly the bipartite distribution of a good part of the Ostracod fauna. Accordingly, two ensembles are recognized, one at the end of the upper Bedoulian (index species Protocythere bedoulensis), the other characterizing the lower Gargasian, identified by the appearance and development of Parataxodonta inornata. The two groups are sharply separated by an episode of impoverished microfaunas at the base of the Gargasian.
Les Ostracodes du Bédoulien supérieur et du Gargasien inférieur du stratotype d'Apt : Systématique et corrélations biostratigraphiques
Babinot Jean-Fran?ois,Moullade Michel,Tronchetti Guy
Carnets de Géologie , 2007,
Abstract: Dans les environs de Saint-Saturnin-lès-Apt (Vaucluse, SE France), partie intégrante du secteur stratotypique historique de l'Aptien d'Apt-Gargas, une succession en relais de quatre coupes permet d'étudier de fa on très détaillée et continue les dernières assises du Bédoulien supérieur et le Gargasien inférieur. Au sein de la microfaune, le contenu en Ostracodes s'est révélé relativement important et de conservation satisfaisante. 46 espèces ont été répertoriées, dont 3 nouvelles : Cytherella circumrugosa nov. sp., Cytherelloidea bedouliana nov. sp. et Parexophthalmocythere (Parexophthalmocythere) sp.Jusqu'à présent nos connaissances sur ce groupe de microfossiles restaient très fragmentaires dans cet intervalle stratigraphique, aussi bien dans le secteur d'Apt que dans le stratotype historique du Bédoulien (Cassis - La Bédoule). Par cette nouvelle étude il a été possible de déterminer bon nombre d'espèces non encore signalées dans les stratotypes, d'affiner le statut générique de nombreuses formes et de placer quelques-unes d'entre elles en nomenclature ouverte.La réalisation d'un tableau de répartition chronologiquement calibré sur une échelle zonale de Foraminifères récemment publiée (zones à Cabri, Luterbacheri et Ferreolensis) montre de fa on nette la bipartition d'une bonne partie de l'ostracofaune. On distingue ainsi un premier ensemble daté de la fin du Bédoulien supérieur (espèce-index : Protocythere bedoulensis) et un deuxième ensemble caractérisant le Gargasien inférieur, marqué par l'apparition et le développement de Parataxodonta inornata. Ces deux ensembles sont nettement séparés par un épisode d'appauvrissement des microfaunes, situé à la base du Gargasien.
Description et illustration de quarante-quatre gilianelles (microproblematica) et de dix autres microproblematica du Crétacé de la coupe stratotypique de Tercis (limite Campanien-Maastrichtien), Sud-Ouest France [Description and illustration of forty-four gilianelles (microproblematica) and ten other microproblematica of the Cretaceous of the stratotype section at Tercis (Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary), South-West France]
Odin Gilles Serge
Carnets de Géologie , 2008,
Abstract: L'étude des microfossiles extraits par acétolyse des niveaux carbonatés indurés de la série campano-maastrichtienne du stratotype de limite à Tercis (Landes, France) a permis de découvrir 44 taxons attribués au groupe des gilianelles (microproblematica appartenant probablement aux Protistes, Protozoaires, Rhizopodes) ainsi que dix autres microproblematica. 281 vues au microscope électronique et 183 vues au microscope optique permettent d'illustrer, chez les gilianelles, 36 espèces, et 8 sous-espèces appartenant à 15 genres dont 14 nouveaux. Les nouveaux genres sont : Tercensella, Azymella, Numismella, Aturella, Scutellella, Corniculum, Caccabella, Orculiella, Pennigerella, Corbella, Aquilegiella, Pocillella, Coraliella, Obbella. Chez les autres microproblematica, neuf espèces et une sous-espèce sont proposées appartenant à sept genres nouveaux : Globulella, Piperella, Vasculum, Lucernellus, Cimicellus, Tubella, Pilella. Cette première revue d'ensemble avec identification des taxons a conduit à caractériser précisément un groupe dont l'identité et la cohérence sont établies d'après les caractères morphologiques du corps des tests et des expansions qu'ils portent et leur ornementation. Ces critères, utilisés de fa on ordonnée permettent de proposer un classement rationnel qui pourra être confirmé par d'autres observations pour devenir une classification. L'étude de la répartition stratigraphique indique qu'ils constituent un remarquable outil de datation relative dans le site stratotypique et son voisinage immédiat où ils permettent d'individualiser des intervalles de dép t de l'ordre de 0,1 Ma, plus fins que la plupart de ceux obtenus d'après les nombreux groupes de microfossiles ou de macrofossiles classiques étudiés pour qualifier ce stratotype. Le repérage de la limite Campanien-Maastrichtien peut se faire grace à la lignée des aturelles ; elle se situe au début de la zone d'existence de l'aturelle édentée (Aturella edentula).Following acetolysis, microproblematica were collected from indurated carbonates sampled from the stratotype section of the Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary at Tercis (Landes, France). 44 taxa of the gilianelles group (microproblematica probably pertaining to the Protista, Protozoans, Rhizopods) as well as ten other microproblematica were discriminated. To document the taxa in this paper 281 scanning electronic microscope images and 183 optical microscope images are presented. The gilianelles encompass 36 species, and 8 subspecies referred to 15 genera of which 14 are new. The new genera are: Tercensella, Azymella, Numismella, Atu
Pleistocene Stratigraphy of Poland and Its Correlation with Stratotype Sections in the Volhynian Upland (Ukraine)
Leszek Lindner, Leszek Marks
Geochronometria , 2008, DOI: 10.2478/v10003-008-0014-9
Abstract: Recent stratigraphic subdivision of the Pleistocene of Poland presents 4 complexes: Preglacial, South-Polish, Middle-Polish and North-Polish ones. Each complex comprises a set of stratigraphic units, corresponding to the previously distinguished 8 glaciations/coolings and 7 interglacials/warmings. Three younger complexes and corresponding extents of Scandinavian ice sheets in Poland are described in more detail. Three older interglacials in Poland (Augustovian, Kozi Grzbiet and Ferdynandovian) are characteristic for their bi-optimal climatic sequences but so far, they have no equivalents in loess sections of the Volhynian Upland in the Ukraine. Coolings between the optima of these interglacials are occasionally considered as small glaciations, during which the ice sheet could occupy only a northern part of Poland. All younger interglacials are mono-optimal in Poland and as such, they are also reflected by single palaeosols in loess sections of both countries. Till occurrences in key loess sections of Poland and Ukraine enabled precise delimitation of ice sheet extents, especially within the Middle-Polish Complex with the glaciations Liwiecian, Krznanian and Odranian ascribed to OIS 10, 8 and 6, respectively. During the youngest (Vistulian, Valdai) Glaciation, 3-4 loess deposits were formed in the Lublin and Volhynian Uplands; they are separated by palaeosols that developed during interstadial-rank warmings.
The Gargasian (Middle Aptian) of La Tuilière - St-Saturnin-lès-Apt (area of the Aptian historical stratotype, Vaucluse, SE France): geographic setting and outcrop correlation
Moullade Michel,Tronchetti Guy,Balme Christine,Kouyoumontzakis Georges
Carnets de Géologie , 2006,
Abstract: A stratonomic and micropaleontological analysis of the Aptian marls cropping out in the La Tuilière area near Saint-Saturnin-lès-Apt (Vaucluse, SE France), enabled us to reconstitute a continuous succession almost 120 m thick, that includes the upper terms of the Lower Aptian (Bedoulian) and the lower part of the Middle Aptian (Gargasian). These levels had never before been observed with such continuity in the Gargas region, the Aptian historical stratotype.
The Gargasian (Middle Aptian) strata from Cassis-La Bédoule (Lower Aptian historical stratotype, SE France): planktonic and benthic foraminiferal assemblages and biostratigraphy
Moullade Michel,Tronchetti Guy,Bellier Jean-Pierre
Carnets de Géologie , 2005,
Abstract: This paper presents a thorough analysis of foraminiferal assemblages ranging in age from the Bedoulian-Gargasian transition to the middle Gargasian in the Cassis-La Bédoule area (SE France), the historical stratotype of the Lower Aptian substage. This region is particularly suitable for detailed studies of Aptian foraminifera owing to rapid and continuous sediment depositional rates and well-diversified microfaunas. The ranges of benthic forms appear to be fairly stable but some species (Praedorothia praeoxycona, Lenticulina cf. nodosa, Astacolus crepidularis, Globorotalites bartensteini) become extinct at the end of the Bedoulian and thus can be used to separate this substage from the Gargasian. The stratotypic area also offers an opportunity to follow the evolution of planktonic forms step by step at a crucial period of their history, when modalities of speciation and phylogenetic relationships appear to be particularly complex. The important morphologic variability of Aptian planktonic foraminifera does not help finding stable stratigraphic markers; nevertheless, we are able to propose a biozonation comprising five zones (Cabri, Luterbacheri, Ferreolensis, Barri, Algerianus) for the interval under consideration, usually subdivided into three zones. Our study of foraminiferal assemblages and species took into account the range of variability among populations and not just the characteristics of a single specimen, such as the holotype. As a result this paper provides new taxonomic precisions on certain planktonic species hitherto controversial or possibly of doubtful validity.
Nouvelles études micropaléontologiques sur le stratotype de la limite Campanien-Maastrichtien à Tercis (SO France) : compléments sur les ostracodes extraits par acétolyse
Andreu Bernard,Odin Gilles Serge
Carnets de Géologie , 2008,
Abstract: Une nouvelle étude de la microfaune, obtenue par acétolyse des niveaux indurés dans le Campanien-Maastrichtien de la carrière de Tercis, a permis de récolter 22 espèces additionnelles au regard de l'étude publiée en 2001 et de porter ainsi à 75 espèces, réparties sur 34 genres reconnus et 4 indéterminés, la biodiversité en ostracodes de ce site. Des espèces de petite taille, généralement rares, rapportées aux genres Aversovalva, Bythoceratina et Eucytherura ont par ailleurs été recueillies. Les associations de genres et d'espèces d'ostracodes sont caractéristiques du Campanien-Maastrichtien, dans un environnement de plate-forme carbonatée ouverte.
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