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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2957 matches for " strategies "
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Exploring the Useful Reading Strategies among EFL College Students in Taiwan*  [PDF]
Kung Shan-Shan
Chinese Studies (ChnStd) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/chnstd.2013.24031
Abstract: The major purpose of this study was to understand what the reading strategies the EFL students use more or less among EFL college students in Taiwan. The study focused on three hundred and ninety-eight EFL college students coming from seven colleges located in the north, central, and south Taiwan. The research instrument was a questionnaire modified from Wan-Yin Lin’s Chinese reading strategies questionnaire (2005). The collected data used the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 13.0 to analyze the results. The findings of study included the following: first, higher grade students had more variety in using reading strategies than lower grade students; and second, the higher grade students tended to use integrated strategies more than lower grade students. According to the research findings, the researcher provided some recommendations, such as teachers could be better guiders to help students understand the importance of reading in language learning. They can not just focus on teaching listening and speaking, and should enhance the balance development in integrated reading strategies that helped students could read fluently any English materials.
The Research of Interpersonal Conflict and Solution Strategies  [PDF]
Yingshan Bao, Fangwei Zhu, Yue Hu, Ning Cui
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.74055

Conflict is an inevitable fact of human existence. This paper makes a definition of interpersonal conflict, and promotes some interpersonal communication skills as effective for the resolution of conflict. If we work to understand and resolve it effectively, we can improve both the satisfaction and productivity of our social relationships.

Teachers’ Perception of Cyberbullying in Lebanese Public School  [PDF]
Najah A. R. Ghamrawi, Norma Ghamrawi, Tarek Shal
Open Journal of Leadership (OJL) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojl.2016.54009
Abstract: Cyberbullying has become prevalent in schools with the increased spread and usage of technology. The purpose of this study was to examine the degree to which teachers in Lebanon were aware of the concept of cyber bullying; as well as to investigate their beliefs of the best interventional preventional strategies to combat this phenomenon. The study surveyed 149 public school teachers from the different governorates in Lebanon. A survey consisting of 40 items was developed to address teachers’ perception of cyberbullying, around 4 areas: 1) the impact of cyberbullying on students, 2) the necessary interventional strategies for cyberbullying inside the school, 3) the suitable interventional strategies for cyberbullying outside the school, and 4) the possible preventional strategies for a cyberbullying program. Data were analyzed using SPSS 21.0 for windows. Results indicated that school teachers recognized the gross negative impacts of cyberbullying on students. While teachers suggested anit-cyberbullying inter-ventional strategies inside the school, they were less hesitant to suggest strategies to confront cyberbullying when students were away from school. They were also indeterminate concerning preventional strategies of this phenomenon. Teachers’ perceptions highlight the importance of their active role and the importance of building students character as two major keys for counteracting cyberbullying and designing an efficient anti-cyberbullying program.
Stress and coping strategies in a sample of South African managers involved in post-graduate managerial studies
Judora J. Spangenberg,Mark R. Orpen-Lyall
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 2000, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v26i1.692
Abstract: To examine the relationships between stress levels and, respectively, stressor appraisal, coping strategies and bio- graphical variables, 107 managers completed a biographical questionnaire. Experience of Work and Life Circumstances Questionnaire, and Coping Strategy Indicator. Significant negative correlations were found between stress levels and appraisal scores on all work-related stressors. An avoidant coping strategy explained significant variance in stress levels in a model also containing social support-seeking and problem-solving coping strategies. It was concluded that an avoidant coping strategy probably contributed to increased stress levels. Female managers experienced significantly higher stress levels and utilized a social support-seeking coping strategy significantly more than male managers did. Opsomming Om die verband tussen stresvlakke en, onderskeidelik, taksering van stressors, streshanteringstrategiee en biografiese veranderlikes te ondersoek, het 107 bestuurders n biografiese vraelys, Ervaring vanWerk- en Lewensomstandighedevraelys en Streshanteringstrategieskaal voltooi. Beduidende negatiewe korrelasies is aangetref tussen stresvlakke en takseringtellings ten opsigte van alle werkverwante stressors. 'nVermydende streshantermgstrategie het beduidende variansie in stresvlakke verklaar in n model wat ook sosiale ondersteuningsoekende en pro-bleemoplossende streshanteringstrategiee ingesluit het. Die gevolgtrekking is bereik dat n vermydende stres- hanteringstrategie waarskynlik bygedra het tot verhoogde stresvlakke. Vroulike bestuurders het beduidend hoer stresvlakke ervaar en het n sosiale ondersteuningsoekende streshanteringstrategie beduidend meer gebnnk as manlike bestuurders.
Attitudes of American Teachers Preparing to Become Administrators toward Teaching Creative Strategies  [PDF]
Climetine Clayburn, Stu Ervay, Nancy Albrecht
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.31004
Abstract: This article presents findings of a study to determine attitudes of American teachers enrolled in graduate human relations and supervision and teacher evaluation courses taken as part of a program preparing them to become school administrators. They were given instruction on the New Bloom’s Taxonomy and asked to consider the Bill of Rights for the Planet as a possible catalyst for the teaching of creativity; they were then asked to provide their re-actions to these guiding research questions: 1) To what extent are currently mandated or suggested curriculums allowing the teaching of creativity in their respective grade levels or subjects? and 2) How would they assist teachers under their supervision, once becoming administrators, to structure local curriculums and lessons to include the teaching of creative solutions to issues? Sub-research questions included: 1) How would you define creativity in teaching? 2) What do you consider to be barriers to creativity? and 3) As a future school administrator, what do you anticipate you will do to enhance creativity in your building? Based on their responses to the previous mentioned prompts, it was concluded that teachers are not using creativity to a high level in their currently mandated or suggested curriculums. There was strong indication that these future administrators felt that it was part of their responsibility to make sure their teachers used creativity in the classroom. To have creativity there needs to be a foundation to build upon and the willingness of teachers to accept more than one answer for a problem.
Weeds of Wheat Crop and Their Control Strategies in Dera Ismail Khan District, Khyber Pakhtun Khwa, Pakistan  [PDF]
Sarfaraz Khan Marwat, Khalid Usman, Niamatullah Khan, Muhammad Umar Khan, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Anwar Khan, Aziz ur Rehman
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.41011
Abstract: This study is based on research work conducted during 2008-2010 inDera Ismail Khan, KPK,Pakistan. The research area was extensively surveyed to investigate weed species. About 32 weed species, belonging to two monocot and thirteen dicot families, were collected from the study area. Plants were identified with the help of available literature and by comparing with the already identified plant specimens of the herbarium ofQuaid-i-AzamUniversity,Islamabad,Pakistan. Data inventory constitutes botanical name, vernacular name, English name, family, and flowering and fruiting period. Phalarus minor, Rumax dentatus, and Chenopodium album were the dominant weeds in the study area having comparatively higher relative weed density. Weeds having tough competition with wheat crop for light, moisture, and nutrients adversely affect wheat production. Hence, a constant effort is needed to keep the weed population under control. Many methods of weed control and eradication have been devised but chemical control is the most effective one. However, it may have some environmental consequences if not handled properly.
Occupational Stress and Professional Burnout in Teachers of Primary and Secondary Education: The Role of Coping Strategies  [PDF]
Alexander-Stamatios Antoniou, Aikaterini Ploumpi, Marina Ntalla
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.43A051

This research investigates the levels of occupational stress and professional burnout of teachers of primary and secondary education. It also aims to investigate the coping strategies that they adopt, and the relationship between them. The survey involved 388 teachers who teach in public schools in Attica. Three instruments were administrated to teachers: “Teachers’ Occupational Stress” (Antoniou, Polychroni, & Vlachakis, 2006), the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach & Jackson, 1986) and the “Stress Coping Strategies Scale” (Cooper, Sloan, & Williams, 1988). The findings showed that teachers of Primary Education experience higher levels of stress compared to the teachers of Secondary Education. Female teachers experience more stress and lower personal accomplishment than men. Rational coping behaviors are a resource which help teachers overcome work-related stressors and burnout and achieve their valued outcomes with students, while avoidance coping predicted high level of stress and burnout.

EST Translation Guided by Reception Theory  [PDF]
Liangqiu Lv, Puyu Ning
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2013.32015
Abstract: In the thesis, Reception Theory is introduced to the studies of EST translation to explore the mutual influence and restriction between the author, the translator and readers, as well as the respective reception problems, on the basis of which, the characteristics, principles and strategies of translation are analyzed.
Liver Transplantation in the Elderly: An Evidence Based Review on Patient Outcome, Selection and Management Strategies  [PDF]
Lei Yu, Robert Carithers
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2014.79065
Abstract: There has been a steady increase in the age of potential recipients for liver transplantation over the past two decades. While patients older than age 60, on average, did not do as well as younger patients after transplantation, optimizing patient selection could minimize this discrepancy. It is appropriate to evaluate functional elderly patients without significant medical comorbidities for liver transplantation for the same indications as younger patients. For elderly patients with hepa-tocellular carcinoma and otherwise compensated liver disease, however, it is important to consider alternative treatment modalities that could provide similar survival. Elderly candidates who became too ill should be compassionately counseled away from transplantation based on existing prognostic models that can accurately predict post-transplant mortality. Finally, elderly transplant candidates and recipients may benefit from a more tailored management strategy in terms of donor risk matching and less immunosuppression.
The Effectiveness of Motivational Strategies on Productivity in Selected Financial Institutions in Nigeria  [PDF]
Mofoluke Omilani, Morakinyo Akintolu
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2017.77062
Abstract: This study examined the effectiveness of motivational strategies on productivity, with reference to First Bank of Nigeria and Union Bank of Nigeria employees. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The findings revealed that there is positive relationship between motivational strategies and employees’ productivity. The result demonstrated that The financial strategies available to employees are leave allowances, bonus and fringe benefits paid when due, availability and accessibility of medical insurance, pension fund scheme and the non-financial strategies are promotions as at when due, training and friendly work environment contribute immensely to high productivity of employees. The finding indicated that motivational strategies have significant influence on productivity of workers as it makes workers put in their best always, and manage to use it as a tool to motivate and increase productivity, and influences workers attitude towards work doing impact on the morale of workers and helps workers put in their best. There is a significant effect of promotion, allowances and benefits medical insurance scheme, pension fund scheme, work environment on productivity. Motivational strategies in the workplace enhance high level of productivity. The following recommendations were made; the management needs to improve salaries, benefits from time to time and improve the working condition of workers. Also give a sense of recognition, belongingness, chance to contribute and flexibility in approaches to conflicts with the workers.
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