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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4070 matches for " standardized approach (TSA) "
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Basel II Approaches for the Calculation of the Regulatory Capital for Operational Risk
Ivana Valová
Financial Assets and Investing , 2011,
Abstract: The final version of the New Capital Accord, which includes operational risk, was released by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in June 2004. The article “Basel II approaches for the calculation of the regulatory capital for operational risk” is devoted to the issue of operational risk of credit financial institutions. The paper talks about methods of operational risk calculation, advantages and disadvantages of particular methods.
The Operational Risk – Minimum Capital Requirements
Gabriela Victoria Anghelache,Ana Cornelia Olteanu
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2009,
Abstract: This paper aims to present how to quantify the minimum capital requirement for operational risk using three approaches proposed by the Basel Committee to identify optimal allocation of capital, given that until recently to this risk has been allocated a minimum attention, considering that it has a low impact on the business of financial institutions.
Assessment of Credit Risk Approaches in Relation with Competitiveness Increase of the Banking Sector
Cipovová Eva,Belás Jaroslav
Journal of Competitiveness , 2012,
Abstract: The article is focused on a presentation and analysis of selected methods of credit risk management in relation with competitiveness increase of the banking sector. The article is defined credit risk approaches under the Basel III gradually. Aim of this contribution constitutes various methods of credit risk management and effects of their usage on regulatory capital amount in respect of corporate exposures. Optimal equity amount in relation to the risk portfolio presents an essential prerequisite of performance and competitiveness growth of commercial banks. Gradually capital requirements using Standardized Approach and Internal Based Approach in a case of used and unused techniques of credit risk reduce has been quantified. We presume that sophisticated approach means significant saving for bank’s equity which increases competitiveness of banking sector also. Within the article, quantification of capital savings in case of Standardized (with and without assigned external ratings) and Foundation Internal Based Approach at the selected credit portfolio has been effected.
Effects of Anodizing Parameters in Tartaric-Sulphuric Acid on Coating Thickness and Corrosion Resistance of Al 2024 T3 Alloy  [PDF]
Mohammad Zaki Mubarok, ? Wahab, ? Sutarno, Soleh Wahyudi
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2015.33018
Abstract: 2024 T3 is one of aluminium alloys which are widely used in the aircraft structures. Anodizing of alluminium alloy in tartaric-sulphuric acid (TSA) electrolyte is developed to obtain more environmentally-friendly process and to produce anodize layer with better corrosion resistance. In this research work, the influences of anodizing parameters of Al 2024 T3 in TSA on the thickness, weight and corrosion resistance of the anodize layer are studied. Corrosion resistance test was carried out by conducting salt spray test for 336 hours and anodic polarization measurements using potentiostat. Results of three-factor analysis of variance (ANOVA) demonstrated that the most influencing factor that determines the thickness and weight of the anodize layer is temperature, followed by applied voltage, duration of anodizing, voltage-temperature interaction, interaction of temperature-duration of anodizing, interaction of voltage-temperature-duration of anodizing, and interaction of voltage and duration of anodizing. The pit density and corrosion current density (icorr) were found to be dependent on the coating thickness. The anodize layer with a thickness of higher than 3 μm was not experienced to pitting corrosion during 336 hours of salt spray test.
A 12 to 20 GHz Tapered Slot Antenna

Zhao Jie,Wang Yan-fei,

电子与信息学报 , 2009,
Abstract: A Tapered Slot Antenna(TSA) is investigated in view of Ultra Wide Band(UWB) applications.Simulation and measurement results show that,bandwidth of the antenna is 12-20GHz,half-power beamwidths are over 40 degrees,and distortions of the radiation patterns are quite small within the band.The antenna's gain increases with frequency.This TSA is a candidate for UWB system.
Cloning and Sequencing of Leishmania major Thiol-Specific-Antioxidant Antigen (TSA) Gene
F Tabatabaie,F Ghaffari far,A Dalimi,Z Sharifi
Iranian Journal of Parasitology , 2007,
Abstract: Background: Leishmaniasis is caused by parasitic protozoa of the genus Leishmania which, in the infected host are obli-gate intracellular parasite. TSA is the immuno-dominant antigen of Leishmania major which is considered as the most promising molecule for a recombinant or DNA vaccine against leishmaniasis. Methods: Genomic DNA of TSA protein was extracted and amplificated as a template. Then the PCR product was cloned into pTZ57R/T vector. Finally, the recombinant plasmid was extracted from transformed Escherichia coli (TG1 strain) and sequenced. Results: MRHO/IR/75/ER (an Iranian strain) of L. major and TSA gene (Accession number LmjF15.1080) were used. Se-quence analysis of cloned TSA gene into pTZ57R/T vector showed high homology of 90% with LmjF15.1080 (TSA gene) and strain "LV39" (Accession no. AF069386) and strain "Friedlin" (Accession no.AF044679). Conclusion: We cloned TSA gene of L. major successfully. Recombinant plasmid was confirmed. It is ready to express recombinant protein for further studies.
Combined fluorescent in situ hybridization for detection of microRNAs and immunofluorescent labeling for cell-type markers
Amrita D. Chaudhuri,Howard S. Fox
Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience , 2013, DOI: 10.3389/fncel.2013.00160
Abstract: Identification of the cell type of origin for normal or aberrant gene expression is critical for many studies, and poses a significant problem for some regulatory RNAs such as microRNAs. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that regulate cellular function by targeting specific mRNAs and reducing the level of their protein product. Aberrant expression of miRNAs in cell-types where they are not normally expressed occurs in several disease conditions. Therefore, it is important to determine not only the expression level of microRNAs, but also where they are expressed. Here we describe a detailed method for fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) combined with immunofluorescent labeling for cell-type markers in formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) sections along with modifications required to adapt the protocol for primary neurons grown in culture. We have combined the specificity and stability of locked nucleic acid (LNA) probes with tyramide signal amplification. To prevent loss of small RNA species, we performed post-fixation with ethylcarbodiimide (EDC). Additionally by omitting protease digestion and using only high temperature with sodium citrate buffer for FFPE sections, we were able to perform immunolabeling for proteins concurrently with in situ hybridization without compromising efficacy of either procedure.
Building on the evidence: Interventions promoting NCLEX success  [PDF]
Judy R. Hyland
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2012.23036
Abstract: Nurse educators have implemented a variety of teaching/learning interventions in an effort to maintain or improve student success and NCLEX pass rates. An integrative review of literature from 2004 through 2010 was conducted to investigate the specific strategies used and their outcome effectiveness. Five major databases were queried using the search terms of test taking, preparation, remediation, success, review course, HESI, Pearson, Kaplan, ATI, Hurst and NCLEX. Of the resultant 40 articles, 14 met the inclusion criteria and provided measurable outcomes. All studies implemented multiple strategies at a single institution; 7 included standardized testing and 7 used review courses as one of the multiple intervenetions. When standardized testing was a strategy included with individual and curricular changes, NCLEX passage improvement was found for 6 schools. Review courses coupled with individual and cohort interventions improved success in 5 of 7 schools. This review discusses commonalities and differences of a combination of teaching/learning interventions that improved NCLEX success.
Trend Analysis of Drought in the Guinea and Sudano-Sahelian Climatic Zones of Northern Nigeria (1907-2006)  [PDF]
Temidayo O. Omonijo, Emmanuel C. Okogbue
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences (ACS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/acs.2014.44045

A quantitative assessment of drought characteristics and their associated variability in the Northern Nigeria was carried out. Monthly rainfall data for all the selected locations which span a period of 100 years (1907-2006) collected from the Climate Research Unit (CRU) database were used. The resolution of the data is 0.5 × 0.5 degrees in longitude and latitude. The long-term rainfall records were analyzed for drought using standardized precipitation index (SPI). The 100 years of Study was subdivided into 10 decades. Using Ilwis GIS software, the SPI results were presented on a spatial digitized map of northern Nigeria. This was done using the coordinates got from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency, Lagos Nigeria. The results of SPI analysis revealed that there were several drought years in the study period. Analysis further revealed that decade 7 to decade 9 (i.e. 1967-1976, 1977-1986, 1987-1996) witnessed persistent drought in the northern Nigeria. These were classified into mild, moderate, severe and extreme drought conditions. Near normal dry or mild drought was predominant in the 100 years of study. Mild drought has the highest number of occurrence in the northern Nigeria. A closer examination shows that north eastern part of Nigeria is susceptible to moderate drought. SPI analysis for 1, 3, 6 and 12 months was carried out. According to the Nigerian Meteorological Agency Classification, 1 month represents meteorological drought, 3 months represents agricultural drought, 6 months represents hydrological drought and 12 months represents socio-economic drought. The SPI analysis revealed distinct period of negative and positive values in which negative values indicate occurrence of drought and positive values imply there is no drought. This study has provided useful information and pro-active intervention to reduce the impact of drought which will be helpful to effectively plan rain-fed agriculture in northern Nigeria.

Tourette: por dentro da síndrome
Loureiro, Natália Isabel V.;Matheus-Guimar?es, Cecília;Santos, Dilvani Oliveira;Fabri, Roberto G. Ferreira;Rodrigues, Carlos Rangel;Castro, Helena Carla;
Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-60832005000400004
Abstract: tourette syndrome is a disorder associated with a variety of psycho- and social problems, which affects not only the patients but also their family life. the aim of this work is to review aspects involving etiology, epidemiology, neurobiology, symptomatology, diagnosis, and treatment (classic and alternative). we also compare the tourette syndrome with others diseases involving tics and cite the organizations that help the patients and contribute to their treatment and socialization.
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