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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2472 matches for " speaking problems "
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English Speaking Problems of EFL Learners of Mulawarman University
Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics , 2016, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21462/ijefll.v1i1.4
Abstract: Learning English ideally consists of four skills. They are listening, speaking, reading, and writing. All of them are interrelated from one another. Someone who masters four skills of English will be able to communicate in oral or written easily. In fact, speaking English is not easy. Speaking is an interactive process of constructing meaning that involves producing, receiving, and processing information. In this study, the researcher was interested in describing the problems in speaking faced by fourth semester students of English Department at Mulawarman University. Descriptive qualitative research was used as design of this study. The sample of this research consists of 24 students in the fourth semester. The data were obtained through the speaking test and questionnaire. Based on the speaking test and questionnaire, the students faced some problems related to pronunciation, fluency, grammar, and vocabulary. The questionnaire also showed additional findings where students faced other problems, namely not having self-confidence, shyness to speak, being afraid of making mistakes, feeling nervous, and having nothing to say. Next, there are some factors resulting problems of speaking to the students, firstly less of reading habit, uneven participation and English practice both inside and outside the classroom, and confusion on applying grammar rules.
Overview of “Splendid Speaking” Website (http://splendid-speaking.com)
Peter Travis
Studies in Self-Access Learning Journal , 2011,
Abstract: It is natural for adult learners preparing for upper-intermediate and advanced speaking examinations like the Cambridge Certificate in Advanced English (CAE), the Business English Certificate (BEC) or International English Language Teaching System (IELTS) to feel daunted by the Speaking examination. Having their spoken English assessed ‘live’ in a high stakes situation can be quite stressful. To perform at their best in the exam learners need to be able to contribute fully to the various task formats within their spoken exam.Students preparing for these exams need to have regular practice in responding fully to questions, working cooperatively with a partner, and generally taking the opportunity to showcase their use of English. In our experience there was little in the way of freely-available structured materials for advanced speaking skills online. We decided we would like to help learners preparing for their respective exams as well as general upper intermediate to advanced students wishing to develop their speaking skills. We launched splendid-speaking.com in 2006.
Dealing with Complex Management Problems  [PDF]
Vincent Omachonu
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2014.21002
Abstract: Dealing with Complex Management Problems
Difiani Apriyanti, Sumira, Sariani
Ta'dib , DOI: 10.31958/jt.v21i2.1235
Abstract: Learning Public Speaking does not only include good speaking English but also gives attractive performance. However, this is not easy due to the fearness and anxiety with various symptoms such as a rapid heartbeat, wet palms, or vibrating sounds. In order to minimize the obstacles, Project Based Learning (PBL) is designed. The students are assigned to be public speakesr sharing the information about agency programs to public. The project was eventually documented in the form of videos. To find out the success of the learning, a qualitative descriptive study was conducted on the video project. The subject of the research was a female student whose public speaking videos were analyzed. The sample was selected purposively because women have greater public speaking anxiety than men do. As the result, at first, the students did not have problems in making the text (content) to be presented, but it was problematic in the delivery. The first video shows public speaking fear that has not been resolved so that delivery occurs at a low level. Secondly, while in the second video it shows self confidence resulting a high delivery capability. It can be concluded that having one real experience as a public speaker makes the student able to overcome public speaking fear or anxiety.
Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in a group of women attending “August meeting” at Naze South East Nigeria  [PDF]
Charles U. Osuji, Bernard A. Nzerem, Chudi E. Dioka, Samuel C. Meludu, Emmanuel I. Onwubuya
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus (JDM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jdm.2012.23050
Abstract: Background: For a long time Africa was considered safe from diabetes. However, the International Diabetes Federation predicts an increase in diabetes from 240 million in 2007 to 380 million in 2025 with 80% of the disease burden in low and middle-income countries including Africa. This study was carried out to assess the prevalence of diabetes mellitus among a group of Nigerian women who had earlier been found to have a high prevalence of overweight/obesity. Methods: 253 women attending the 2009 Meeting were recruited for the study. Blood glucose concentration was measured using ACCU-CHEK(R) Advantage glucometer by Roche Diagnostics and diabetes mellitus defined as fasting blood glucose concentration >7 mmol/L. Results: The population mean age was 53.04 ± 11.09 years, diabetics 55.76 ± 10.77 years, and non-diabetics 52.84 ± 11.11 years p = 0.709. 17 (6.7%) subjects had diabetes. Of the 17 diabetics 10 (3.95%) were known to have diabetes previously and 7 (2.76%) were diagnosed for the first time. 3 of the 17 diabetics were aged < 50 years while 14 of the 17 (82.3%) were aged > 50 years. 11 of the 17 (64.7%) diabetics had blood pressure > 140/ 90 mmHg while only 54 of the 236 (22%) non-diabetics had blood pressure >140/90 mmHg. The mean non fasting blood glucose concentration of the population was 5.83 ± 2.33 mmol/L, that of diabetics was 11.9 ± 5.27 mmol/L and non-diabetics 5.39 mmol/L ± 1.03, p < 0.000. Of the 10 previously diagnosed to have diabetes only 3 (30%) had fasting blood glucose concentration <7 mmol/L. Diabetes mellitus correlated with age, systolic blood pressure and age correlated with body mass, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. Conclusion: The study showed a high prevalence of diabetes with a significant proportion of undiagnosed diabetes and a poor level of control among diagnosed diabetics.
Application of CLT in Computer-Based Teaching of Listening and Speaking  [PDF]
Yuhui Liu
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2014.42024

This paper introduces the theory of communicative competence by Hymes, the interpretation of communicative competence by Canale & Swain, the elements of efficient communication by Widdowson respectively, and the limitation of the previous application in China with the teaching environment of Classroom plus blackboard, analyzes the necessity and feasibility of creating authentic communicative environment by using communicative language teaching (CLT) in teaching listening and speaking with the help of computers and websites, and discusses the components of the learning and teaching model in the authentic communicative environment by using CLT with the feedback and evaluation from both the students and the teachers.

Teaching Reform of English Listening and Speaking in China Based on Mobile Micro-Learning  [PDF]
Caiqiao Huo, Baoguo Shen
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.620228
Abstract: Mobile micro-learning is an effective form of informal learning which can meet the personalized needs of language learners. In the ultra-video era, micro-video and micro-audio with short vivid contents, consistent with the current people’s viewing habits, have become a hot focus. With the development of mobile communication technology, mobile media terminal also shows a trend of diversification, but how to combine micro-learning with micro-video and micro-audio closely, in order to learn English scientifically and effectively for learners, is a major problem. Students are at a learning stage, more eager to experiment with new things, and the mobile media tools are used widely among them. Based on the theory of mobile micro-learning, this study analyzes the advantages of the micro-video and micro-audio, and then focuses on the strategies in making or selecting micro-video and micro-audio. Through the data analysis, the author tries to get information about the actual situation of college students’ mobile learning. Based on the current situation, the author chooses to use cell phones which are widely used and easy to operate as the hardware platform. By analyzing and designing video and audio contents, some practical methods are offered. Through the study, the author hopes to help learners practice listening and speaking more effectively, and promote the teaching reform of English listening and speaking in China.
Language Learning Strategies Used by Secondary Schools Students in Enhancing Speaking Skills  [PDF]
Nur Yasmin Khairani Zakaria, Siti Nazima Zakaria, Nora Ezzati Azmi
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.914176
Abstract: Mastering English as the second language has been a constant challenge for speakers of other languages. Malaysians, especially school students who are from sub-urban and rural areas are persistently struggling to fulfill the demands of becoming competent English language speakers. Students’ low self-confidence and unfamiliarity with language structures hinder their potential to improve their speaking skills. Hence, there is a need to discover the students’ most preferred strategies to enhance their speaking skills and refine the strategies to be further employed by the students. In this study, the researchers aim to: 1) identify the most frequently used strategies among secondary school students to enhance their speaking skills and, 2) analyse if there is any difference on the use of strategies among genders. Mixed-method approach was employed to answer the research questions. 60 secondary school students from a sub-urban area participated in the survey and six students volunteered to be the participants in a semi-structured interview. Oxford’s SILL Questionnaire was adapted and translated into the respondents’ native language and SPSS 7.0 version was used for data analysis. Results in this study revealed that practicing strategies are the most frequently used strategies and female students showed higher tendency to employ the strategies to enhance their speaking skills. The study suggests more integration of other strategies to be employed in language classroom such as metacognitive strategies, compensation and communication strategies to improve their language competency.
EFL Students’ Reluctance in Participating in English Speaking Activities at University College of Applied Sciences: Challenges and Solutions  [PDF]
Alaa I. Murad, Mahmoud O. Jalambo
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2019.73003
Abstract: This study tackles the main reasons behind EFL students’ reticence in participating in speaking activities in the English language classrooms at the University College of Applied Sciences (UCAS) in Gaza, Palestine. As an emerging issue in the field of teaching and learning English, speaking reticence has attracted the attention of many researchers whom focused on the Asian context of learning English, particularly in China and Japan. Therefore, the researchers decided to investigate this issue in the Gaza Strip in Palestine in specific. Through a questionnaire distributed on 140 participants from different departments and specializations at UCAS, the researchers were able to collect data for the study analysis, which adopted mixed method. The qualitative results supported the quantitative ones, so that the study outcomes would be helpful to decrease the Palestinian students’ speaking reticence and to be taken into consideration for further research studies.
The Effects of Self-esteem, Age and Gender on the Speaking Skills of Intermediate University EFL Learners
Bahareh Koosha,Saeed Ketabi,Zohreh Kassaian
Theory and Practice in Language Studies , 2011, DOI: 10.4304/tpls.1.10.1328-1337
Abstract: This study aimed at investigating the relationship between self-esteem, age and gender on the one hand and speaking skills on the other hand. For this purpose, based on an OPT test twenty intermediate Persian learners of English were selected from among undergraduate EFL students studying towards a B.A. in teaching English as a foreign language at Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch. Using a modified version of Farhady, et. al.’s scale (1995), measuring the five subskills of vocabulary, structure, pronunciation, fluency and comprehensibility, two raters evaluated the speaking ability of the participants at the end of the required course (Oral Production of Short Stories). The Sorensen’s (2005) questionnaire for measuring self-esteem containing 50 items was also administered to the participants. The result showed a significant relationship between self-esteem and speaking skill with fluency exerting the most influence. There was also a reverse relationship between age and speaking skills. Concerning the relationship between gender and speaking skills, no statistically significant association was found. The study could have implications for English language teachers, learners and text book writers.
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