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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3294 matches for " socio-territorial heterogeneity "
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Globalización y desigualdades socioterritoriales: la expansión de la periferia metropolitana de Caracas
Cariola,Cecilia; Lacabana,Miguel;
EURE (Santiago) , 2003, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612003008700001
Abstract: the analyses of the metropolitan expansion in latin american cities have put the emphasis on the impacts of the globalization neglecting, in some cases, the decisions of the national economics agents and actors and the trends that were operating before the opening of our economies. the process of globalization of our cities has been partial and rather than produce dual cities has contributed to the conformation of fragmented metropolises. in the metropolitan region of caracas, the sharp socio-territorial heterogeneity due to the restructuring processes is replicated with less intensity in the periphery of the primary city, generating new and diverse socio-territorial inequalities. the economic activities linked to the global economy coexist with the economy of poverty; the livelihood strategies and the ways of life have changed in the context of the mutual interaction among the global and the local, the traditional and the modern
Common Origin, Common Power, or Common Life: The Changing Landscape of Nationalisms  [PDF]
Agnes Katalin Koos
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2012.23006
Abstract: Socio-territorial psychic constructs, such as national identities, are perhaps the most important psychic phenomena for political science, with their strength so consequential for wars and inter-ethnic conflicts. The construction of the EU has faced scholars and practitioners with two identity-related problems: (i) whether the socio-territorial identities can be conceptualized as being multi-layered (nested, hyphenated, with non-conflictual relationships among the components), and (ii) whether the higher levels of these identity constructs can be confined to civic aspects (e.g. to a Habermasian constitutional patriotism), as opposed to traditional nationalisms relying on assumptions of common origin, and shared culture. The most entrenched classification of nationalisms relies on an obvious difference between the kinds of nationalisms endorsed by the Irish and Germans, on one hand, and the French and white immigrant countries like the US, on the other hand. These versions are generally labeled “ethnocultural,” involving the consciousness of a shared ancestry and history, and “civic”, relying on the idea of belonging to the same state. My argument is that a schism within the “civic” approach to nationalism can theoretically be expected and empirically supported on the basis of the ISSP 2003, Eurobarometer 57.2 and 73.3 surveys. These datasets confirm the existence of three principal components of nationalism, which can be labeled “ethnocultural”, “great-power-civic” and “welfare-civic”. While the great-power-civic approach is concerned with and takes pride in the country’s military strength, international influence, sovereignty, and national character, the welfare-civic approach takes a more civilian stance and it is concerned with common rights, fair treatment of groups, social security, and welfare within the country. In addition, support has been found for the assumption that people tend to construct their supra-national identity layer according to the molds for their national identity.
Globalización y desigualdades socioterritoriales: la expansión de la periferia metropolitana de Caracas
Cecilia Cariola,Miguel Lacabana
EURE (Santiago) , 2003,
Abstract: Los análisis de la expansión metropolitana en las ciudades latinoamericanas se han ligado en forma directa a los impactos de la globalización, descuidando los efectos de las decisiones de los agentes y actores nacionales y las tendencias que venían operando antes de la apertura de nuestras economías. Los procesos de globalización de nuestras ciudades han sido parciales y han contribuido más a la conformación de metrópolis fragmentadas que de ciudades duales. En la Región Metropolitana de Caracas, la marcada heterogeneidad socioterritorial -producto de los procesos de reestructuración- se reproduce con menor intensidad en la periferia de la ciudad primaria, generando nuevas y diversas desigualdades socioterritoriales. Las actividades económicas ligadas a la economía global conviven con la economía de la pobreza, cambian las estrategias de reproducción y los modos de vida, superponiéndose lo global y lo local en mutua interacción The analyses of the metropolitan expansion in Latin American cities have put the emphasis on the impacts of the globalization neglecting, in some cases, the decisions of the national economics agents and actors and the trends that were operating before the opening of our economies. The process of globalization of our cities has been partial and rather than produce dual cities has contributed to the conformation of fragmented metropolises. In the Metropolitan Region of Caracas, the sharp socio-territorial heterogeneity due to the restructuring processes is replicated with less intensity in the periphery of the primary city, generating new and diverse socio-territorial inequalities. The economic activities linked to the global economy coexist with the economy of poverty; the livelihood strategies and the ways of life have changed in the context of the mutual interaction among the global and the local, the traditional and the modern
La economía política institucional del desarrollo local: dos cuentos de turismo en Brasil
Helmsing,A.H.J. (Bert); Ellinger Fonseca,Paula;
EURE (Santiago) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612011000100002
Abstract: there is growing recognition within local and regional studies regarding the importance of institutions. a 'soft institutionalism predominates, which is criticised here for leaving out the explicit role of the state and for having a bias towards synergies and positive externalities. we seek to contribute to an institutional political economic theory of local development. we bring together social and political conceptions of 'old institutional economics' and evolutionary economics, and the state is explicitly brought back into the analysis. the construction of new institutions is explored as a path dependent process in which institutions (re)shape the development path of an area in a particular direction. using different kinds of power resources, different social groups struggle for control. we use the framework to analyze the divergent stories of two cases of local development in brazil based on tourism. prainha do canto verde developed community-based tourism, while in jericoacoara local development culminated in mass tourism.
Crimen organizado: orden divergente y vecindarios urbanos vulnerables
Velásquez Monroy,César Alfonso;
EURE (Santiago) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612010000200003
Abstract: in criminology, organized crime is associated with the planning of illegal activities and complex structures of organizations. in the economy of crime, the distinctive attribute is the ofer of protection and an alternate justice to that of government or state. in efect, organized crime will enter into urban neighborhoods using diferent kinds of social interaction among inhabitants and with unequal distribution through the whole city. te neighborhoods with examples of organized crime (homicides and burglaries) in bogota were identifed using quantitative and descriptive information, as well as cartographic resources. field observation?s as well as in depth interviews have revealed three types of neighborhood which exhibit favorable conditions for the presence of organized crime. te remote area: the violent control of the youthful population is the precursor to the regulation of the inhabitants? daily lives. neighborhoods in transition: illegal markets and their forms of regulation are positioned along with commercial activities, which connect bogota with the rest of colombia. te gated community: te interrelations of neighbor and neighborhood are weakened because of private security; which facilitates the infiltration of organized crime.
INTERSECTORIALIDAD EN LAS POLíTICAS ORIENTADAS A LA SUPERACIóN DE LA POBREZA EN CHILE: UNA PERSPECTIVA DESDE LA PSICOLOGíA COMUNITARIA
ROZAS OSSANDóN,GERMáN; LEIVA BENAVIDES,EDISON;
Acta Colombiana de Psicología , 2005,
Abstract: the purpose of the present article is to discuss certain characteristics of the coordination of public policies addressed to overcome poverty. the strategy is give some contribution to built on a model of intervention of the procedures of the macro-nets in social-development, a coordination known as intersectoriality in the academic context. with this purpose, research developed in two regions of chile: the vi region of o’higgins and the viii region of bio-bio, are presented.
Agua, Poder y Discursos: Conflictos Socio-territoriales por la construcción de centrales hidroeléctricas en la Patagonia Chilena
Romero Toledo, Hugo,Romero Aravena, Hugo,Toledo Olivares, Ximena
Anuario de Estudios Americanos , 2009,
Abstract: Chile is going to celebrate soon two hundred years of republican life and thirty five years of the application of a neoliberal economic model, in respect of which there are a lot of conflicts related with the land/capital dicotomy and water like a main resource. One of these conflicts is currently taking place in Chilean Patagonia, where, as a direct result of water privatization, a large hydropower project, supported by transnational companies collisions with traditional production and highly environmental quality landscapes. Chile está próximo a celebrar su Bicentenario de vida republicana y sus treinta y cinco a os desde la aplicación de un estricto modelo económico neoliberal, donde han surgido numerosos conflictos que involucran a la dicotomía capital/territorio y que implican al agua como recurso principal. Uno de estos conflictos es el que actualmente ocurre en la Región de Aysén en la Patagonia Chilena donde, producto de la privatización del agua, un megaproyecto de producción hidroeléctrica de inversión transnacional colisiona con territorios de alta calidad ambiental y producción tradicional.
Localización de la infraestructura católica, dinámicas socioterritoriales y geografía de las religiones: el caso del área Metropolitana de Santiago de Chile
Hidalgo,Rodrigo; Arenas,Federico; Paulsen,Abraham; Timofeew,Tania; Henríquez,Paloma;
EURE (Santiago) , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612012000300003
Abstract: between 2008 and 2009, a team of researchers from the institute of geography of the pontificia universidad católica de chile studied the ways in which the catholic church relates itselfand contributes to the drawing to the sociospatial landscape in santiago's metropolitan area. it did so by the analysis and interpretation of the localization of catholic buildings; the socioeconomic base of the inhabitants of those areas; the intercensal variation of the number of catholics between the years 1992 and 2002; and the founding concepts of that church in the localization of its infraestructure through the years. specifically, the objectives of the investigation were to locate and spatialize the catholic buildings, to characterize and analyze the catholic population for the 1992-2002 period and to know the guidalines of the catholic institution for the location of its buildings.
Transformaciones socio-territoriales del área Metropolitana de Montevideo
Artigas,Alicia; Chabalgoity,Manuel; García,Alejandro; Medina,Mercedes; Trinchitella,Juan;
EURE (Santiago) , 2002, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612002008500008
Abstract: in the context of globalization processes, economic restructuring and state reform, the article describes and analyses the main social and territorial transformations that have been taking place in montevideo metropolitan area. this transformations mainly refer to population dynamics, changes in the structure and morphology of the territory and changes in the economic base, as well as the advance in social segregation processes and new arrangements for institutional management. finally, some reflections around these issues are proposed, leading to the identification of singularities in the montevideo metropolitan process
Diferenciación sociodemográfica del espacio urbano de la Ciudad de México
Aguilar,Adrián Guillermo; Mateos,Pablo;
EURE (Santiago) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612011000100001
Abstract: the aim of this analysis is to establish a socio-demographic differentiation for mexico city using a methodology that presents two main contributions: first, it applies ageo-demographic typology based on life styles or socioeconomic levels taken from geo-marketing databases; and second, it uses highly disaggregated census information at block levels that has only been applied in very few studies. six clusters and several segregation indices were calculated. conclusions show that mexico city has features of the traditional residential segregation model with elite groups highly concentrated in specific zone, while other socio-demographic groups such as the middle and working classes present a marked dispersion in urban space, more in accordance with the proposals of the new dispersed and fragmented urban model.
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