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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 24264 matches for " social inequality "
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In Search of the Null: The NCSA 2003 Presidential Address
Beth Davison
Sociation Today , 2003,
Abstract: Sociologists usually publish articles where the results show statistically significant differences between two groups of people. Results which show the opposite are generally called 'negative findings,' and are not considered publishable. Davison argues that we really ought to be looking for and encouraging the null finding, especially when social inequality and poverty are the issue. In addition, society as a whole should be working to eliminate poverty and inequality
The Social Conditions in the Genesis of Preeclampsia  [PDF]
Jaime Salvador-Moysén, Yolanda Martínez-López, José M. Ramírez-Aranda, Marisela Aguilar-Durán, Miguel A. Reyes-Romero
Open Journal of Epidemiology (OJEpi) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojepi.2014.43016

This article highlights the importance of preeclampsia as a global public health problem and the lack of a satisfactory model to explain its genesis. Scientific advances relevant to the placental pathophysiology, which have resulted in a deeper understanding of the immunological mechanisms associated to preeclampsia and have been translated into better treatment options, are also highlighted, although to date these approaches cannot explain the origin of the disease. From a theoretical approach underpinned by the concepts related to the social determinants of the health, and specifically from current psychosocial epidemiology, an alternative approach that gives account for the genesis of preeclampsia is proposed. The proposal is based in the scientific literature as well as in the work of the authors; it takes as references unfavorable socioeconomic and psychosocial conditions in pregnant women, linking these conditions to a series of failed adaptive biological processes closely related to an ineffective allostatic response by the body, which ultimately determines the occurrence of the disease.

The Redistribution Effect of Social Security System under Birth Control  [PDF]
Xueqin Duan
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.63014
This paper establishes an OLG model to analyze the long-term effect of social security on inequality under birth control. We study the effect of population policy and social security on fertility and education of families with different income. Then this effect determines the evolution of inequality. The analyses suggest that the effect of social security on inequality in the next generation is depended on population policy and the differentiation of family care.
Desigualdad, desarrollo humano y la consolidación urbano-regional en México
Suárez,Manuel; Ruiz,Naxbelli; Delgado,Javier;
EURE (Santiago) , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612012000300004
Abstract: the article explores the spatial association between the human development index, the gini coefficient and the level of urbanization in mexico. we determine the association between the three indexes with a non-parametric measure (λ) as well as with a geographically weighted regression model. we find a negative association between urbanization and inequality, but mostly, our analysis suggests a strong importance of space (the regional distribution of the urban condition) in the local measures of inequality.
Pobreza, "quest?o social" e seu enfrentamento
Monta?o, Carlos;
Servi?o Social & Sociedade , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-66282012000200004
Abstract: we aim at questioning the various concepts of poverty and "social issue" in the liberal tradition, and their typical ways of confrontation, in the context of the classical liberalism in the -nineteenth century, of the keynesianism, in the twentieth century and of the neo-liberalism from the current crisis of the capital. doing so, we offer a reflection concerning aspects related to a historical and critical characterization of poverty and "social issue". finally, we question the ways of reducing social inequality, through compensatory policy in the current context.
Revista de Economía Institucional , 2011,
Abstract: polarization seems to be a more accurate concept for the explanation of the emergence of social conflicts than that of inequality. this paper succinctly presents both concepts and summarizes the theory and index of economic polarization developed by esteban and ray within its identification-alienation framework and some of its extensions such as the group and explained polarization.
Stereotyping and Society: a Barrier to Achieving Social Equality
Shona Melissa Tritt
Opticon1826 , 2009, DOI: 10.5334/opt.060907
Abstract: Stereotypes function to organize the social world, acting as cognitive shortcuts and preventing us from becoming overwhelmed by the complexity of the social information that we encounter on a daily basis (Weary et al., 2001). As part of this process, people make automatic judgments about individuals of certain sexes or races, simplifying social reality and minimizing effortful thoughtprocessing (Tajfel, 1969). Even in the absence of conscious endorsement, culturally available social stereotypes commonly affect our thoughts, feelings and behaviours (Bargh, Chen & Burrows, 1996). Indeed, some particularly insidious stereotypes appear to serve existential functions and to be formed largely in an attempt to rationalize, justify, or explain existing social hierarchies (eg. Jost & Banjii, 1994; Hoffman & Hurst, 1990). If we hope to be able to lessen the intensity and pervasiveness of such stereotypes, it is crucial that we begin to recognize the deeply-seated functions that such categorizations perform. The following paper, focusing on gender stereotypes in particular, examines 1) how complementary gender stereotypes perpetuate inequality; 2) how System Justification, Lay Epistemic and Terror Management theories account for the perpetuation of such stereotypes, particularly in times of uncertainty and stress; and 3) how an increased understanding of the exceedingly complex psychological processes involved in such labeling might enable us to find ways to diminish stereotyping and its pernicious effects.
Mariana Betzaidet Cortés Sánchez,José Pedro Juárez Sánchez,Benito Ramírez Valverde
Ra Ximhai , 2011,
Abstract: Poverty is one of the most important issues in México. In order to face it, the government has developed social policies looking for more efficient ways to distribute financial resources through focused transfers towards vulnerable groups in marginated areas. The goal of this research was to analyze the social policy and specifically the distribution of financial resources in areas of the State of Puebla carried out by the program called Oportunidades in 2005. The analysis was done with information give by governmental institutions. The financial resources were mainly directed to the regions where the poorest population lived, nevertheless these resources were not enough to effectively fight poverty and revert the situation.
Stigma, prejudice and discrimination in global public health
Parker, Richard;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2012000100017
Abstract: this article reviews the development of international research on the relationship between discrimination and health. it provides an overview of theoretical and empirical work on stigma and prejudice and their impact on discrimination and health. it argues that the literature on these issues has drawn primarily from social psychology and has focused on the impact of attitudes associated with stigma and prejudice on discriminatory practices and consequently health outcomes. it also identifies a growing trend in recent research towards a reconceptualization of stigma, prejudice and discrimination from the perspective of social inequality and structural violence, highlighting relations of power and exclusion that reinforce vulnerability within a complex social and political process. it concludes by briefly examining the ways in which this reconceptualization of discriminatory practices has generated a growing interest in the linkages between health and human rights and renewed interest in health and social justice; two major trends in the field of global public health.
Classifica??o dos pobres: quest?es, constru??o e análise
Furtado, Clayton Sirilo do Valle;
Sociologias , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-45222011000100012
Abstract: the article includes the placement through social variables such as status of the occupation and the occupation of individuals, obtained in the pnad, as a way to describe and analyze poverty brazilian under a sociological approach. the theoretical support for this enterprise comes mainly from contributions by erik olin wright and brazil by josé alcides figueiredo santos. the poverty line was used in the demarcation of the poor within each state, with which it was observed heading in the percentage of poor is more significant, indirect captures is the advantage or disadvantage of being in a social position, such as the condition of inferiority, qualification, that is, hold significant assets to escape out of poverty.
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