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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 30351 matches for " social behavior "
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Empirical Analysis of the Spread of University Students’ Amative Behavior  [PDF]
Xiaoling Yu, Zhen Jia, Cuiping Zhang
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.48A019
Abstract:

We used a questionnaire to obtain data about 664 university students’ amative behavior in a campus. Then we studied dissemination rules of university students’ amative behavior on campus social network. We found the amative behavior changes over time by focusing on the analysis of love group’s influence to single people and single group’s affected degree. Meanwhile, we compared the influence of single and multiple social relationships to the spread of amative behavior, and the result shows diversity of social relationships is a significant effect factor in spreading process.

Community Analysis of Social Network in MMOG  [PDF]
Sheng PANG, Changjia CHEN
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2010.32020
Abstract: Massive Multiplayer Online Games (MMOG) have attracted millions of players in recent years. In MMOG, players organize themselves voluntarily and fulfill collective tasks together. Because each player can join different activities, one player may show different social relationship with others in different activities. In the paper we proposed the incremental label propagation algorithm to search the cliques accurately and quickly. Then we analyzed community structure characteristics on multi-activities. It's shown that the existing guild organization cannot satisfy the requirements of multi-activities in MMOG, which motivates us to devise new community communication channels and platforms in future.
A Functional Analysis of Secondary School Students’Motives for Volunteering  [PDF]
George I. Whitehead, III, Andrew P. Kitzrow, Thomas A. Taylor
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.21010
Abstract: This investigation examined whether or not a functional analysis was useful in understanding the motives for secondary school students’ motives for volunteering. Specifically, we coded comments from fifteen student interviews into the following five functions: value-expressive, social-adjustive, ego-defensive, knowledge, and social-affirming. We calculated the percentages of students whose responses included each of the five functions and found that the students’ responses were consistent with a functional analysis. The implication of these findings for the creation of a Volunteer Functions Inventory for students is discussed.
Conscientiousness Moderates the Influence of a Help-Eliciting Prime on Prosocial Behavior  [PDF]
Rhonda Swickert, Branden Abushanab, Hannah Bise, Rebecca Szer
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.517198
Abstract: This study tested whether personality influenced the effect of a help-eliciting prime. Participants (N = 203) attended two experimental sessions. In the first session, Conscientiousness was measured along with several control variables. Participants returned for a second session where they were randomly assigned to a help-eliciting prime or a Control prime. After completing the written prime exercise, participants were asked to respond to a helping scenario. Textual analyses showed that written responses to the help-eliciting prime differed across level of Conscientiousness, with individuals high in Conscientiousness writing more often about one’s moral obligation to help. An ANCOVA analysis revealed a significant main effect for Conscientiousness, as well as a significant interaction effect between Conscientiousness and the Prime. Individuals scoring higher in Conscientiousness were more likely to provide assistance, and this was particularly true if they were in the help-eliciting prime condition. Our results are supportive of an interactional model where one must consider both personality and situational factors to successfully understand and predict helping responses.
Explanatory Models of Change of Consumer Behavior Applied to Social Marketing  [PDF]
Nayeli Manzano, Luis Rivas, George Bonilla
iBusiness (IB) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2012.43031
Abstract: This work describes consumer behavior models that present sustainable empirical evidence on consumer behavior with social marketing applications given in the state of art. For this research, the most important and relevant databases were consulted in order to get to the frontier of knowledge. It analyzes model differences and their variables, and pre sents a comparison among the models. One of the most interesting findings is the description of the stages of evolution in the purchasing decisions and the identification of the inhibitors of each stage. Five models were founded and compered as a result of the analysis. The five phases of fair consumers’ behavior: Disinterest, Concern, Attitude, Action and commitment behavior will be discussed.
Nostalgia Promoting Pro-Social Behavior and Its Psychological Mechanism  [PDF]
Ya Li
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.310024
Abstract: Nostalgia is a kind of socio-emotional that refers to personal sentimentality caused by recalling objects, people, places, experiences or feelings from the past. Studies have found nostalgia has a positive effect on the mental health and can also promote pro-social behavior of individuals. This paper reviews the promoting effect of nostalgia on the altruism, commonweal and social rule and relational pro-social behaviors. Moreover, the author puts forward possible psychological mechanisms and theoretical explanations. Future studies should further investigate the relevant psychological mechanism and moderated effects of individual differences, the study on the refinement of the nostalgia and pro-social behavior researches.
An Experimental Analysis of the Assessment and Perception of Behavior Change: How Summary Measures Influence Sensitivity to Change Processes  [PDF]
Anselma G. Hartley, Jack C. Wright, Audrey L. Zakriski, Anne N. Banducci
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.41001
Abstract:

A series of experiments examined how summary assessment measures influence people’s ability to detect change in behavior over time and across situations. Two measures that are often used to assess child behavior (Teacher Report Form) and adult personality (Five Factor Inventory) were examined. Each instrument led perceivers to focus on the overall frequency of targets’ behavior, even when targets differed both in how they reacted to social events and in how often they experienced those events in their interactions with others. Although people adopted an overall frequency perspective when using summary measures, they detected changes in events and targets’ if then reactions to events when using alternative context-specific measures. The findings demonstrate how summary trait methods can shift perceivers’ attention away from situational factors and thereby yield trait scores that are insensitive to context-specific but potentially important changes in targets’ social behavior.

Work Capacity of the Elderly: Assuming An-other Social Identity in the Contemporary World  [PDF]
Jo?o Henrique de Morais Ribeiro, Raul Paiva dos Santos, Deusdete Inácio de Souza Junior, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, José Vitor da Silva, Maria Angélica Mendes
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.310004
Abstract: This is a theoretical study on the work capacity of elderly people based on the Social Identity Theory—SIT. In that perspective, work capacity can be considered as the result of a dynamic process. It refers to the worker’s skills to execute professional activities according to the job requirements and his/her health condition. The SIT aims to highlight the existing impact on people’s behavior when they find themselves members of social categories and, therefore, it involves the operation of three psychological processes, which are: social categorization, social identification and social comparison. Thus, one can assume that society characterizes the elderly people as belonging to the retired group, and from a capitalist perspective, considers these people as unproductive. Their identity is linked to workers who are active in the job market; in addition, the chronological determinant of age does not impede elderly people from continuing in the job market. When elderly people are considered capable of developing their activities, whether professionally or not, and start to play new social roles, the start of the transformation in the conception of old age is perceived. In view of this panorama, a Conceptual Theoretical base is proposed, aiming to locate the phenomenon “work capacity” inside the aging process as this capacity is centered on the advanced activities of daily living.
Análise multinível: contribui??es para estudos sobre efeito do contexto social no comportamento individual
Puente-Palacios, Katia Elizabeth;Laros, Jacob Arie;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2009000300008
Abstract: the recognition of the influence of social context on human behavior emphasizes the need for models that allow for the identification of this effect. the theoretical and technical characteristics of multilevel models are presented here, since they satisfy this requirement. from a theoretical perspective, it is worthwhile highlighting that the choice of a multilevel model should be founded, as much as possible, on a multilevel theory that points to the predictive role of variables originating from different levels. the construction of multilevel models guided by theory will result in more fruitful models with higher external validity in comparison with models built with little or no theoretical foundations. from a technical perspective, it may be stated that multilevel analysis shows a high degree of similarity with traditional linear regression including many of its presuppositions. this study enables us to conclude that multilevel analysis is an appropriate tool for researchers interested in the identification of the effects of social context on human behavior.
Comportamentos de risco para a saúde entre adolescentes em conflito com a lei
Sena, Cláudia Alves de;Colares, Viviane;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2008001000012
Abstract: the objective of this study was to investigate health risk behavior among teenage offenders committed to a social-educational institution in a city in greater metropolitan recife, pernambuco state, brazil. the sample included 241 males 12-18 years of age. data were collected with a brief self-completed questionnaire used by the centers for disease control and prevention, translated and adapted for young brazilians. 79.7% of subjects reported having carried a gun and 52.7% had been in fights involving physical aggression in the previous 12 months. most of the young offenders smoked cigarettes (87.6%) and consumed alcohol (64.7%). the majority reported having sniffed inhalants (68.9%), and 81.3% had smoked marijuana. the vast majority (95.4%) reported being sexually initiated, most having had sex with more than one partner. young offenders showed high rates of various health risk behaviors.
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