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A sexualidade segundo Michel Foucault: uma contribui??o para a enfermagem
Ribeiro, Moneda Oliveira;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62341999000400006
Abstract: the author develops a reflexion about foucault conception in relation to the "sexuality dispositive" that has been presented in the book "microfísica do poder". she tries to rescue, through this classic literature, a historic and social point of view in the practice of nursing, without missing the actual concepts that depreciate the affection of the personal relations at overvalorize the masculine virilate, converting the pleasure a consumer goods and a goal itself.
Sexuality and Menopause, a Belgian Study  [PDF]
Nicolas Zdanowicz, Denis Jacques, David Tordeurs, Pierre Schepens, Christine Reynaert
Advances in Sexual Medicine (ASM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/asm.2011.11001
Abstract: Aim: Until the 1980s, due largely to prejudice, post-menopausal women were believed to experience significantly less sexual desire and thus to have sexual intercourse less often than before menopause. Since the 1990s, this type of prejudices seems to have decreased. The aim of our study is to examine the sexuality of post-menopausal women by comparing it to same aged men’s sexual behaviour and the importance of sexuality in their life. Methods: A sample of 1,526 women and 1,151 men aged 55 and over. Results: Female subjects reported having sexual intercourse as often as women in the general population (once a week for 64% of them). The same proportion of women as men consider that a successful sexual life: is essential for a successful couple life (90%), needs continuous creativity (80%), has a deep positive impact on their well-being (87%). For most of them (82%), a satisfying sex life is possible only if there is a deep love relationship. 55% say they have never met sexual problems. The main complaints cited are vaginal dryness (45%) and a lack of desire (42%). Only 20% of those who had sexual problems report that age and time passing by are responsible for their troubles. In second place, they mention stress (19%), followed by relationship problems, and nervous breakdown (13%). Conclusion: Our study suggests that nowadays, there is no marked difference between post-menopausal women and men’s sexuality either in terms of frequency, or in terms of its importance in their life. Whenever physical problems linked to sexuality arise, they are more often attributed to stress added to relationship problems rather than to ageing. This study shows once again how sexuality is influenced by prejudices.
Violence or Emancipation?  [PDF]
Cándida Elizabeth Vivero Marín
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.59002
Abstract: In the Mexican narrative written by young women, symbolic violence is present through an implied feminist emancipatory project. In the novels Se?orita Vodka by Susana Iglesias, and Por el lado salvaje by Nadia Villafuerte, the hypersexualization of the female body restates prostitution as an inseparable activity of being-woman. So, the violence suffered by female characters is naturalized and they themselves accept subordination and subjugation. Both texts end up reinforcing the notion of the female body just for the enjoyment and service for the others, canceling a real possibility of release.
African Woman Sexuality: Assessment after Hysterectomy for Uterine Benign Disorders Based on Two Scales; PISQ 12/DFSI  [PDF]
Koffi Abdoul, E. Kacou Aka, M. Fanny, A. Cauphy, N. Olou, J. M. Konan, A. Horo
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2018.813146
Abstract: Background: Several authors are studying sexual activity of hysterectomies women. However, the review of literature reveals few data in sub-Saharan Africa on the psychological and sexual impact of this treatment option. Objective: To assess sexual activity and sexual satisfaction of women after hysterectomy for benign disorders. Methods: Single center analytical study based on patient opinion. It was conducted in a five-year period: from January 2012 to December 2016 at the Yopougon teaching Hospital. Results: Hysterectomy accounted for 15.9% of gynecological surgical activities. Hysterectomy for benign pathology accounted for 3.3% of hysterectomies. The average age was 47.6 years old. The indications were dominated by uterine fibroid (88.68%). Hysterectomy was performed by the abdominal route in 86.79% of cases. Sexual activity was resumed in the second trimester post-operative in 69.81%. After hysterectomy, dyspareunia was reduced (p < 0.05), orgasm was more intense (p < 0.05) with a greater sexual satisfaction (p < 0.05). Conclusion: This study shows that there is no significant difference for women’s sexuality before and after hysterectomy.
Why adults and teachers information about sexual behavior and its consequences does not prevent unplanned pregnancies among adolescents in Nairobi, Kenya  [PDF]
Joyce W. Kinaro
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.51003

Context: Despite a high number of unwanted pregnancies in Kenya, contraceptive use among adolescents is very low. Establishing the nature of sexuality discussions is critical to determine perceptions and barriers affecting contraceptive use among adolescents. Methods: The study used systematic random sampling to collect data to examine sexuality information and knowledge that affect perception and barriers on contra-ceptive use among 1119 adolescents aged 15 - 19 years in Nairobi. The survey was conducted using the 2009 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey enumeration areas and projections based on the 1999 population census. Data were collected using structured interviews, focus group discussions (FGDs) and in-depth interviews (IDIs) among adolescents, parents and teachers. Quantitative data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software while qualitative information was analyzed using iT Atlas. Results: Although teachers were identified as a primary source of sexuality information, they were poorly prepared to teach the subject. While the study found negative perceptions on sexuality education, most FGDs and IDIs supported the need for its integration in the school curriculum. Most adolescents who used con- traceptives had perceptions that their parents approved. Source of sexuality information, living arrangement and perceptions on contraceptives for unmarried adolescents were statistically associated with contraceptive use. Conclusion: The study showed that sexuality information from parents and teachers was biased against adolescents using contraceptives. There is need to address attitudes in discussing contraceptive use for adolescents by parents and teachers to enhance positive perceptions and increase contraceptive use by adolescents.

The Affective Personality and Its Relation to Sexual Fantasies in Regard to the Wilson Sex Fantasy Questionnaire  [PDF]
Mathias Carlstedt, Sven A Bood, Torsten Norlander
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.28121
Abstract: The present study investigated associations between affective personality types, sex and sexual fantasies. Participants were 209 students, 75 men and 134 women who completed the Wilson Sex Fantasy Questionaire (Wilson 1978) and the Positive and Negative Affect Scales (Watson, Clark & Tellegen, 1988). Results showed that self-destructive and high affective personality types had more sexual fantasies compared to self-actualizing and low affective types. Men had significantly higher scores on exploratory and impersonal sexual fantasies compared to women. It was suggested that positive affectivity is associated with “external transparency” that is, a susceptibility to stimuli from the outside world, while negative affectivity is associated with “internal transparency” that is a tendency to look inward, reflect and fantasize.
Modifications of sexual activity during uncomplicated pregnancy: A prospective investigation of Spanish women  [PDF]
Raquel Escudero-Rivas, Pilar Carretero, áfrica Ca?o, Milagros Cruz, Jesús Florido
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.58175

Introduction: Pregnancy is a time of profound changes in a woman’s life. These changes can influence her sexual behaviour and the relationship with her partner. The purpose of this article is to study sexual behaviour modification before and during pregnancy in a cohort of healthy Spanish pregnant women. Methods: This is a prospective cohort study in which 111 pregnant women took part. They completed a questionnaire about their sexual habits before pregnancy and at 20, 30 and 38 weeks (frequency of intercourse and orgasm, satisfaction with their relationships and pain or discomfort). Results: Intercourse frequency decreased progressively during pregnancy at all times studied relative to pre-regnancy periods, to a significant degree (p < 0.0001), accompanied by a reduction in sexual satisfaction. The incidence of orgasm was lightly modified, except in the weeks before parturition in which it underwent a notable decrease (p < 0.0001) with an increase in the rate of hypoorgasmia/ anorgasmia from 19% pre-pregnancy to 43% at 38th week. Conclusions: The longitudinal monitoring of this cohort permits the conclusion that during pregnancy, sexual behaviour undergoes a general decline with respect to prepregnancy levels. The differences vary depending on the sexual parameter considered, with intercourse frequency being the most affected variable in contrast to dyspareunia, which is the least affected.

Sexuality of People with Spinal Cord Injury: Knowledge, Difficulties and Adaptation  [PDF]
Simone Beatriz Torriani, Flavia Costa Britto, Gelson Aguiar da Silva, Deyse Cardoso de Oliveira, Zuila Maria de Figueiredo Carvalho
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2014.76040
Abstract: Expressing sexuality is an important part of life, whether the person has a spinal cord injury (SCI) or not. This study investigated the sexual activity before and after SCI, the difficulties, and adjustments made by these people in relation to their sexuality. This is a qualitative study conducted with 14 people with SCI through semi-structured interviews, which we analyzed in light of pertinent literature and organized into three themes: sexual activity before and after SCI; difficulties in performing sexual activities; and adjustments in sexual activity after SCI. We conclude that, although there may be many difficulties, with the partner’s support they can get sexual satisfaction and adapt to the new reality. Nonetheless, it is necessary and essential that the patient receive guidance about the possible changes and adaptive methods, and nurses can play a critical role in this process.
Sexual knowledge, attitudes and values among Chinese migrant adolescents in Hong Kong  [PDF]
Man-Yee Emmy Wong, Tak-Ming Lawrence Lam
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.512300

Internal migration in China has introduced critical challenges to the education and health of migrant adolescents. The aim of this study was to explore the differences in sexual knowledge and attitudes among migrate and local adolescents. Survey research with a total of 616 adolescents in grades equivalent to US 10th and 11th grades including 113 migrants completed a selfadministered questionnaire. Misconceptions of adolescent physical development, sexual activity, marriage, birth control, sexually transmitted diseases and the probability of pregnancy were found in most of the migrant adolescents. Significantly lower attitudinal scores were found for the sub-scales of clarity of personal sexual values, understanding of emotional needs, social behavior, sexual responses; attitudes towards gender role, birth control, premarital intercourse, use of force in sexual activity, the importance of family and satisfaction with social relationship in migrant adolescents. Migrant adolescents have a low level of knowledge of sexual activities. The content of education programs should include engagement in sexual behavior to equip adolescents with unbiased and factual knowledge. The adolescents have a high demand for family support. School based sex education programs should involve the participation of parents to address these issues.


Characteristics of Students in Three Schools of General Education and Council of Christian Churches of Angola in the City of Huambo-Angola on Sexuality for Educational Intervention  [PDF]
Natércia Paulina S. de Almeida, Carolina Lino da Silva, José R. Molina Garcia, Alberto Capoco Sachiteque, Welema Cipriano da Fonseca, Carla Ramalho, Frederico Jo?o Carlos Juliana, Cezaltina Naduva Kahuli, Hamilton dos Prazeres Tavares
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2016.610073
Abstract: Sexual education is a social responsibility and is a part of the coherent strategy referred to the introduction in schools in Angola. It was made of a prospective, descriptive and longitudinal study that has been characterized the knowledge of sexual education of students in general education in three schools and the Council of Christian Churches in Huambo-Angola in July 2015. The sample consisted of 386 students chosen randomly; there are no sexual education programs in the education system, there are taboos on sexuality, the respondents do not know the sexual organs and much less contraceptive methods, there are still taboos in sexuality theme approach with adolescents, the results showed.
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