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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6703 matches for " sexual violence "
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A Social Problem: Individual and Group Rape  [PDF]
Nicola Malizia
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2017.73006
Abstract: The terms that describe a non-consensual sexual behavior such as rape, sexual abuse or sexual violence are very different, as are the negative effects on a victim of a physical and psychic nature, taking into account the different approaches of the attacker. The consent of the victim is absent or obtained by the attacker with physical and/or psychological violence; but it is also possible that the victim is unconscious or incapable of understanding. Those guilty of sexual offenses fall into a special category that is called “sex offenders” within which there is a diversification of ways concerning the manner, degree and motivations. Research has shown that attackers acting in a group and those who are an individual attacker differ in their attitude towards the victim.
The Evaluation of Domestic Violence: The Case of Zonguldak  [PDF]
Tülin G. ??li, Mehmet Pekkaya, Hanifi Sever
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2014.41002
Abstract:

Domestic violence in general terms, refers to incidents in which one of the family members violently acts against to another member. It may occur between spouses, between parents and children, between children or between children and grandparents. However, the most frequent type of domestic violence is between male and female partners. Since “family” is the fundamental element of society, the reasons of domestic violence must be well-understood in order to implement correct precautions against it. The aim of this study is to provide an evaluation of domestic violence in the city of Zonguldak. In this respect, some important previous studies, and some remarkable statistics on Zonguldak are reviewed firstly. Upon that, domestic violence cases in Zonguldak city between 2009 and 2011 are investigated retrospectively.

La violencia, un problema de salud
Espín Falcón,Julio Cesar; Valladares González,Anais Marta; Abad Araujo,Jorge Carlos; Presno Labrador,Clarivel; Gener Arencibia,Nancy;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2008,
Abstract: violence has become a problem for public health all over the world. different types have been recognized: physical, psychological and sexual violence. their causes may vary depending on the sociocultural context. the present paper is aimed at identifying violence as a health problem and at describing the types of violence according to the characteristics of those who commit the violent act and to the nature of them.
Assessment of Violence and Associated Factors among Rural High School Female Students, in Hadiya Zone, Southern Nation and Nationalities Peoples’ Region, Ethiopia, 2013  [PDF]
Taye Letta, Amsalu Feleke, Lemma Derseh
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1100659
Abstract:

The objective of this study is to assess violence and associated factors among rural high school female students in Hadiya zone, Ethiopia. A school based cross-sectional quantitative study was employed. Multistage sampling technique was used to select study subjects. Self administered questionnaires were used to collect the data and study was conducted on 801 rural high school female students in Hadiya Zone from March 25 to April 25/2013. The overall percentage of physical, sexual or psychological violence was found to be 62.20% during their high school education. Using alcohol by students and their parents, mother education was the risk factors for the occurrence of physical violence. Alcohol used by students and parents father education and marital status highly attributes to sexual violence. Alcohol used by student and mother occupation was variables associated to psychological violence. This finding concludes that violence is highly prevalent among rural high school female students in Hadiya zone and use of alcohol, marital status, parental education and occupation were the main contributing factors. School officials and other concerned organizations should strengthen the communication with students, parents and community leaders about the physical, sexual and psychological violence.

A Review of Weapon Choice in Violent and Sexual Crime  [PDF]
Paul Dawson, Alasdair M. Goodwill
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2013.41003
Abstract:

The concept that weapon choice and use may play a valuable role in differentiating between offenders is one that has not been well explored in current criminological or psychological thinking. The key aim of the current paper is to discuss the role of weapon choice and use in the application of offender profiling. Relevant research is identified though a literature review: initially considering a broad range of offences and then narrowing the focus on the specific case of violent and sexual offences. The review highlights several key findings which are then conceptualised through the offender profiling literature. In the discussion, the paper argues that there is considerable merit in the consideration of weapons within profiling violent and sexual offenders and concludes with proposed dimensions (planning and emotional use of the weapon) that illustrate the range of motivations that may aid in discriminating offenders.

Risk Factors Associated with Domestic Violence and Homicidal Violence of Women: The Case of Yucatan, Mexico  [PDF]
Yolanda Oliva Pe?a, Andrés Santana Carvajal, Guadalupe Andueza Pech, Jolly Hoil Santos, Ricardo Ojeda Rodríguez, Gerardo García Gil, Elsa María Rodríguez Angulo, Manuel Ordó?ez Luna
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.71008
Abstract: The manuscript presents results of research conducted with the aim of analyzing the association of geographic areas and risk factors of violence to women occurred in the state of Yucatan during 1997-2014, by reviewing statistics and other sources. Variables domestic violence, sex crimes and homicides and femicides association and risk according to the degree of marginalization, town size and percentage of population analyzed Maya. The main findings of the research show the presence of violence in 49 of the 106 municipalities. Association found the urban condition in cases of domestic violence, sexual offenses, homicide, and femicide, while for domestic violence it was obtained that the condition of Maya speakers is a risk factor. The geospatial distribution shows areas of high violence mostly in the south and east of the state. Some municipalities’ rates for homicide and domestic violence, are higher compared to the national and state average rates recorded. It is concluded that information management has been the key to catalog the state as low gender violence and that the results presented here show the presence of large geographical areas of high risk for the lives of women, which requires your attention of intersectoral public policy.
Violencia contra la mujer en la pareja: determinantes y respuestas sociosanitarias
Ruiz-Pérez,Isabel; Blanco-Prieto,Pilar; Vives-Cases,Carmen;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112004000800003
Abstract: the present study aims to review the problem of intimate partner violence, as well as its causes and consequences. it will also specifically analyze the role of health professionals. in opposition to the classical epidemiological view of risk factors, heise proposes an ?ecological framework? to study violence against women. this framework analyzes the interplay among the personal, situational and sociocultural factors that combine to cause abuse. regarding the frequency of intimate partner violence in spain, in january 2003 there were 2.519 formal complaints and 69 women died between january and november 2003. no geographical patterns in mortality or the incidence of formal complaints of intimate partner violence or among the provinces with the highest incidence of formal complains and those with highest mortality were observed. the only national survey published in spain was performed by the women's institute in 1999, which reported a prevalence of domestic violence of 9.2%. a frequency of 22.8% was found in a primary health care center in granada. health services can play a key role in helping victims of domestic violence, since most women contact the health services at some time in their lives. professionals in administrative or managerial positions can contribute to raising awareness of this health problem, which is one of the main causes of poor health and disability. evidently, beyond consciousness-raising and early detection campaigns, public health strategies should be designed to prevent this serious health problem the causes of which can be changed.
Violencia sexual en jóvenes de 10 a 19 a?os. Cali, 2001-2006
Restrepo-Gutiérrez,Ana C.; Salcedo-Cifuentes,Mercedes; Bermúdez-Escobar,Amparo;
Revista de Salud Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0124-00642009000600005
Abstract: objective characterising sexual violence reported by youngsters aged 10 to 19 in cali between 2001 and 2006. components and methods young people aged 10 to 19 who had been referred to a forensic clinic by a competent authority between 2001 and 2006 were defined as being presumed victims of sexual crimes. variables of time, place and personsubjected to sexual crime committed by a family member (intrafamily), an acquaintance or unknown public individual (extrafamily) were compared. there were 661 cases of presumed victims of sexual abuse from both sexes in the age-range being studied. the information was taken from the forensic clinic's patient records. chi square and relative risk were used in the statistical analysis of the data so collected concerning frequency for presumed sexual victims aged 10 to 19 and analysing the relationships between variables. results 83 % of the cases in the study were female, 78 % were students and more than 50 % were 15 year-old minors. the aggressors were known in 78 % of the cases. a significant association was found between involvement with the aggressor and the place where the incident occurred with a victim's age. conclusions the characteristics of sexual violence occurring in adolescents were constant and comparable with historical studies where family dynamics and organisation made such scene opportune for this type of violent act to be perpetrated.
Prostitui??o infanto-juvenil: revis?o sistemática da literatura
Ribeiro, Moneda Oliveira;Dias, Aretuzza de Fátima;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342009000200029
Abstract: the purpose of this study was to understand how infant-juvenile prostitution is being explained by researchers through an extensive bibliographical survey on national and international scientific sources. it was possible to access 20 references in full text form, which were analyzed according to the content analysis method. the analysis consisted in answering how infant-juvenile prostitution is represented by the author in relation to the concepts, causes, effects and solutions described in the references. it was found that the authors approached the subject as a way of survival, resulting from an unequal society, adult-centered and male chauvinist causing mental and physical diseases in children.
Violence in adolescents: social and behavioural factors
Sousa,Sandra; Correia,Teresa; Ramos,Elisabete; Fraga,Sílvia; Barros,Henrique;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112010000100008
Abstract: objective: to estimate the prevalence of young people's involvement in violence measured as participation in physical fights or being physically, sexually or emotionally abused. we also aimed to understand the role of social, demographic and other behavioural characteristics in violence. methods: we evaluated 7511 adolescents (4243 girls and 3268 boys) aged 15 to 19 years old, enrolled in public schools. information was obtained using an anonymous, self-administrated questionnaire. results: the most frequently reported type of violence was emotional abuse (15.6%). boys reported greater involvement in fights (3.6 vs. 13.6%, p<0.001) and physical abuse (7.5 vs. 19.5%, p<0.001). the prevalence of emotional abuse (16.2 vs. 14.8%, p=0.082) and sexual abuse (2.0 vs. 1.8%, p=0.435) was similar in girls and boys. after adjustment, increasing age decreased the odds of being involved in fights in both genders but increased the odds of emotional abuse. living in a rented home was associated with physical abuse in girls (odds ratio [or]: 1.4; 95% confidence interval [95%ci]: 1.0-1.9) and boys (or: 1.6; 95%ci: 1.2-2.0). in girls the odds of being emotionally abused increased with greater parental education. smoking and cannabis use were associated with all types of violence in both genders. conclusions: the most frequently reported form of violence was emotional abuse. we found differences by gender, with boys reporting more physical abuse and involvement in fights. adolescents whose parents had a higher educational level reported more physical and emotional abuse, which may be related to differences in the perception of abuse.
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