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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10804 matches for " self-efficacy "
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Primary and Secondary School Counseling Staff Self-Efficacy Relevant Factors  [PDF]
Shuyuan Cheng, Guihao Liu, Guifeng Xu, Yunlian Xue, Li Guo
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.23035
Abstract: Objective: To understand the general self-efficacy of full-time and part-time counseling staff in primary and secondary schools. Methods: 108 counseling staff from primary and secondary schools in Foshan City were selected using multi-stage random sampling method, and investigated by self-made questionnaire, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ) and General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES). Results: Different academic staff had different positive coping styles scores (P < 0.05). People with Master’s degree and above selected more mature way than that of college staff, and people with lower educational level (2.56 ± 0.34, 2.02 ± 0.40, P < 0.05); People with different jobs showed different negative coping styles and self-efficacy (P < 0.01); Score of negative coping styles of part-time staff was higher than that of full-time staff(1.21 ± 0.59, 0.94 ± 0.36), while their sense of self-efficacy was lower than that of full-time staff (2.51 ± 0.49, 2.83 ± 0.39). However there was no statistical difference among people from different majors and jobs on positive coping styles, negative coping styles and self-efficacy (P > 0.05). High self-efficacy group had higher scores of positive coping styles than that of low self-efficacy group (2.17 ± 0.36,1.97 ± 0.43, P < 0.05); Positive correlation had been found between self-efficacy and positive coping styles (r = 0.307, P < 0.01). Conclusion: Self-efficacy of counseling staff in primary and secondary schools is related to positive coping styles and job styles kinds (full-time or part-time).
Prenatal breastfeeding intervention program to increase breastfeeding duration among low income women  [PDF]
Wajed Hatamleh
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.43022
Abstract: Extensive research confirms the nutritional, economic, biomedical, immunological, and psychological advantages of breast milk. Despite the clear benefits of breastfeeding to mother and infant, breastfeeding rates today continue to remain below the recommended levels in the United States, most notably among low-income mothers. One factor that plays a role in breast-feeding success and may be modifiable by nursing intervention is maternal self-efficacy. This study aimed to increase the breast-feeding du-ration through an intervention based on Den-nis’s Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Theory. A quasi-Experimental design was used to test the effect of the intervention program on duration of breastfeeding. A convenience sample of 37 low-income women was recruited from two rural pre-natal clinics in the Midwest. Data were collected using the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES) and a demographic profile. Women were con-tacted by telephone at two and six weeks post-partum to determine if they were still breast-feeding and to complete the BSES. The women who were assigned to a breast-feeding self-efficacy intervention showed significantly greater increases in breast-feeding duration and self-efficacy than did the women in the control group. The results of this study suggest that the one-hour of breastfeeding intervention program during the prenatal period may increase the duration of breastfeeding in low-income women who intend to breastfeed. This study supports the literature which found that prenatal education and postpartum support are important to the out-come of breastfeeding.
Physical Activity, Fine Manual Dexterity and a Coach’s Self-Efficacy in a Physical Activity Program for Older Persons Living in Residential Care Facilities  [PDF]
Monica Emma Liubicich, Daniele Magistro, Filippo Candela, Emanuela Rabaglietti, Silvia Ciairano
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.35054
Abstract: This study aimed at assessing the efficacy of a physical activity intervention on a group of older elderly individuals living in residential care facilities, in terms of the functionality of their upper limbs, hands, and fingers. It also aimed at determining if the coaches’ level of self-efficacy can contribute to the efficacy of the physical activity program. The project involved 44 institutionalized older persons: Their mean age was 84.3 (SD = 7.4) in the experimental group and 85 (SD = 6.6) in the control group; they were all self-sufficient. Seven female coaches, with degrees in physical education and an average age of 29 (SD = 4.4), conducted the physical activity program for 16 weeks. The participants were pre- and post-tested for hand and finger strength with dynamometers. The coaches’ level of perceived self-efficacy was assessed through a self-reported questionnaire (Caprara, 2010). The results obtained by using non-parametric statistical techniques, due to the small sample size, confirmed that the physical activity intervention had positive effects on the fine manual dexterity of the elderly in the experimental group, and the high level of self-efficacy perceived by the coaches influenced the effects of the physical training. The results emphasize the importance of setting realistic objectives, and prove that the choice and training of coaches is fundamental for physical exercise practiced in a condition of frailty, such as that of older people living in residential care facilities.
Investigation of the Relationship between Resilience, Mindfulness, and Academic Self-Efficacy  [PDF]
Michelle D. Keye, Aileen M. Pidgeon
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2013.16001
Abstract: Resilience, mindfulness, and academic self-efficacy are topics of interests to psychologists; however, little is known about the relationships among the three. The primary purpose of this research was to explore the role of mindfulness and academic self-efficacy in predicting resilience among university students. 141 participants (m = 39, f = 102) completed The Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory, The Beliefs in Educational Success Test, and The Connor Davidson Resilience Scale. The results found that in the regression models, mindfulness and academic self-efficacy were significant predictors of resilience. This finding suggests that mindfulness and academic self-efficacy have a significant impact on resilience.
Validation of the Physical Education Teacher’s Efficacy for Standards-Based Instruction (ESBI) Scale  [PDF]
Matthew T. Buns, Katherine Thomas Thomas
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2015.53019
Abstract: The main purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Efficacy for Standards-Based Instruction (ESBI) scale, developed by the current investigators, and to compare the ESBI with two other self-efficacy scales that had been used in physical education (TESPE, Chase, Lirgg, & Carson, 2001;TSES, Tschannen-Moran & Hoy, 2001). The ESBI, TESPE, and TSES were administered to 60 physical education teachers from 16 school districts in Iowa. Cronbach’s alpha (internal consistency) for the ESBI was .96, and the Equal-Length Spearman Brown split-half coefficient inferred good reliability (r = .90). The ESBI demonstrated better validity and reliability than the previously developed TESPE (Cronbach’s alpha = .89; Spearman Brown split-half coefficient = .86) and TSES (Cronbach’s alpha = .84; Spearman Brown split-half coefficient = .79). As a test of concurrent validity for ESBI, Pearson’s product moment correlations were performed to test the extent to which the total efficacy scores and subscales were related. The ESBI, TESPE, and TSES all had significant positive correlations with each other (p < .01). Validation of the three self- efficacy scales was also performed using the ranked Physical Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (PECAT) score for each district as an independent measure. The ESBI scale produced a low but significant correlation (r = .28, p < .05) with PECAT, but TSES and TESPE were not significant. This suggested that ESBI was more related to standards and benchmarks than the other two measures. These results indicate that the ESBI has shown good (versus TESPE) or better (versus TESES) validity and reliability compared with previous work. This work also supports Bandura’s (1986) notion of specificity for self-efficacy.
Translation and Validation of the Taiwanese Version of the Self-Efficacy for Appropriate Medication Use Scale  [PDF]
Pei-Ti Chen, Tase-Jyy Wang
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2017.71003
Abstract: Aims and objectives: To translate and validate a Taiwanese version of the Self-Efficacy for Appropriate Medication Use Scale (SEAMS). Background: The major barrier in the management of atrial fibrillation is the lack of self-efficacy to medications adherence. Patients’ knowledge of the nature of atrial fibrillation and cardiovascular, cerebrovascular risk factors and anticoagulants is a significant factor affecting individuals’ adherence. However, few instruments have been developed to assess patients’ self-efficacy to medications adherence and none has been translated into Taiwanese. Design: This study used a standard ‘‘forward-backward’’ procedure, which was used to translate SEAMS into Taiwanese language. Reliability was tested for internal consistency. Validity was confirmed by computing a content validity index. Methods: Data collection for this research occurred from October 13, 2015 to October 26, 2016. The sample included atrial fibrillation outpatient. Participants simultaneously completed the Taiwanese version of the Self-Efficacy for Appropriate Medication Use Scale (SEAMS-T). A total of 151 individuals completed the questionnaire. Results: Coefficient alpha was 0.931 for atrial fibrillation patients. Conclusions: Findings provide support for the validity of the Taiwanese version of the Self-Efficacy for Appropriate Medication Use Scale (SEAMS-T). Relevance to clinical practice: The translation and validation of an instrument evaluating the self-efficacy for medication adherence in atrial fibrillation contribute to assessing the provided educational intervention.
The Role of Teachers’ Self- and Collective-Efficacy Beliefs on Their Job Satisfaction and Experienced Emotions in School  [PDF]
Georgia Stephanou, Georgios Gkavras, Maria Doulkeridou
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.43A040

This study aimed at investigating a) teachers’ job satisfaction, experienced emotions at school, self-efficacy and school collective-efficacy beliefs; b) the influential role of self-efficacy in the school collective-efficacy beliefs, and in the impact of the school collective-efficacy beliefs on job satisfaction and emotions; and c) the effect of self- and collective-efficacy beliefs on the impact of job satisfaction on emotions. The sample comprised 268 elementary school teachers (113 male, 155 female), who completed the scales at the middle of a school year. The results showed that a) the teachers experienced form moderate negative emotions to moderate positive emotions at school, particularly in the context-task- and self-related emotions; b) teachers’ self-efficacy had positive effect on school collective-efficacy beliefs and job satisfaction, and on the impact of collective efficacy on job satisfaction; c) self-efficacy, collective efficacy and job satisfaction, as a group, explained from a small to moderate amount of the variance of the emotions, while the impact of job satisfaction on the emotions was to a significant

Moderation of Fatigue and Stress in the Carry-over of Self-Regulation and Self-Efficacy for Exercise to Self-Regulation and Self-Efficacy for Managed Eating  [PDF]
James J. Annesi
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.27106
Abstract: Behavioral treatments for morbid obesity have not been effective, possibly because of a poor understanding of the relations of psychosocial factors and exercise and eating behaviors. Recent research suggests that exercise program-induced improvements in self-efficacy and self-regulatory skills use may carry-over to self-efficacy and self-regulation for controlled eating. However, for individuals with morbid obesity, fatigue and anxiety may moderate these relationships. The purpose of this research was to evaluate this moderation. Adults with Grade 3 obesity (MBMI = 46.0 kg/m2) participated in 26 weeks of cognitive-behaviorally supported exercise paired with 12 weeks of either nutrition education (n = 95) or a cognitive-behavioral nutrition component (n = 109). There were significant improvements in self-regulation and self-efficacy for exercise, and self-regulation and self-efficacy for controlled eating, which did not differ by treatment condition. Bivariate relationships between changes in self-regulation for exercise and self-regulation for controlled eating (β = .63), and changes in exercise self-efficacy and self-efficacy for controlled eating (β = .51), were strong. Moderation of these relationships by fatigue and anxiety was either significant or marginally significant (ps < .01 and ps < .08, respectively). Both changes in self-regulation for controlled eating and self-efficacy for controlled eating significantly contributed to the explained variance in BMI change (R2 = .30). Implications of the findings for behavioral weight-loss treatment for those with morbid obesity were discussed.
Psychological Factors Influencing Exercise Adherence among Females  [PDF]
Sarah S. Kohlstedt, Carol S. Weissbrod, Anna M. Colangelo, Michele M. Carter
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.412132

Social pressures focusing on health and physical attractiveness have been used to promote exercise among women (Prichard & Tiggemann, 2008). However, research has shown that motives driven by external sources result in decreased exercise participation (Deci & Ryan, 1985). The current study examined differences in motivation, self-efficacy, and mood between 64 exercise adherent and non-adherent women over four weeks. Women who were non-adherent to their exercise goals were more likely to report external motives, specifically body and health related motives. At the initial measurement, adherents reported significantly lower self-efficacy, positive affect, and life satisfaction compared to non-adherents. However, after the four weeks, adherents’ self-reports indicated a significant increase in these variables compared to no change in non-adherents’ self-reports.

Shintaido in the elderly: The new way for physical and psychological health  [PDF]
Mattia Roppolo, Anna Mulasso, Daniele Magistro, Antonella Roggero, Patrizio Andreoli, Monica Emma Liubicich
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2012.12003
Abstract: The research aims to investigate the effects of a Shintaido practice in terms of physical and psychological functioning in a group of elderly. Forty seniors, of both gender, with a mean age of (69 ± 6) years, self-sufficient and without highly invalidating diseases participated in the study. The experimental group (EG) attended the Shintaido physical training of 20 weeks (1 hour per session, twice a week), while the control group (CG) maintained his usual routine. The exercise protocol included specific activities of joint mobility, balance and breathing. At the begin and at the end of intervention were administered to both groups the following validated instruments: 1) One-leg Stance test for the measure of monopodalic static balance; 2) 6-Minutes Walking test for the endurance assessment; 3) Self-Efficacy Perception in Physical Activity (APEF) questionnaire for the self- efficacy evaluation. Data were treated with the not-parametric test for paired and unpaired samples, the Spearman correlation and the linear regression. The results show that: 1) the EG improves the endurance in walking and the monopodalic balance as well as his self-efficacy after the Shintaido program; 2) there are strong associations among Shintaido physical activity and physical/psychological variables; 3) there is a mediating effect of walking endurance between the participation to Shintaido training and the self-efficacy. The results suggest that a well structured Shintaido training can help to maintain a good level of physical and psychological functioning in old people.
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