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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 414 matches for " scenario "
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Morphofunctional Lab as a Learning Scenario of Apprenticeship in Universidade Do Planalto Catarinense (UNIPLAC) Medical Course  [PDF]
Rafael Sittoni Vaz, Patricia Alves de Souza, Fernando Arruda Ramos, Adriane Marcia Andrade
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.55042

In Brazil, the National Curricular Guidelines (DCN) have determined that the medical professsional must act in the primary and secondary levels of attention and solve the prevalent health issues with quality. UNIPLAC’s medical course was created in 2004, enrolling 40 students per year, with an innovative methodological proposal of active teaching: the Problem-Based Learning (ABP). Furthermore, UNIPLAC’s medical course offers support scenarios of extreme importance to the students, such as Laboratory of Professional Practice (LPP) and Morphofunctional Laboratory (LMF). LPP promotes the learning of semiology skills, medical procedures, clinical laboratory and communication. The objective is to identify the student’s attendance in LMF. A quantitative and descriptive research was conducted through reading the LMF’s logbook between January 2004 and December 2012. The focus of the research was tutors and teachers who were in the coordination of the medical course. LMF is a privileged space for the development of the pedagogical approach based on problematization and integration of a several learning areas.

Comparative Study for ECHAM5 and SDSM in Downscaling Temperature for a Geo-Climatically Diversified Region, Pakistan  [PDF]
Dildar Hussain Kazmi, Ghulam Rasul, Jianping Li, Suhail Babar Cheema
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.51016

Pakistan is a country with diversified features in terms of geography and climate. It is an agriculture based country, mainly dependent on Indus water system. In Pakistan, there are loftyplateaus to the north and Arabian Sea in the south, while the interior portion is covered with plateaus or agriculture plains. For such a region, any attempt to monitor/analyze climatic data requires some more specific details. A statistical software SDSM is utilized for downscaling daily temperature data of Pakistan and the results generated are compared with the output of a recommended model “ECHAM5”. After analysis, it revealed that comparatively SDSM produced much better results. The outputs from both the approaches were correlated with the observed data; SDSM-observed gave values for correlation coefficient R2 in the range of 81% - 94% whereas ECHAM5-observed produced 73% - 87% for different meteorological stations of Pakistan. On the basis of this study, SDSM can be recommended for future scenario generation of temperature data of Pakistan as well.

Validation and Application of the French Version of the Aggressive Provocation Questionnaire: Gender and Age Differences in Aggression  [PDF]
Farzaneh Pahlavan, Ali Amirrezvani, Daryl B. O’Connor
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.312155
Abstract: The Aggressive Provocation Questionnaire (APQ) (O’Connor, Archer, & Wu, 2001) was developed based on Frijda’s modular theory of emotions (1988), in order to provide researchers with an effective measure of aggressive tendencies in men. The aim of the current paper is to 1) describe the development and validation of the French version of the APQ-12; and 2) for the first time, examine its psychometric properties in a female sample. Two samples of men and women (Study 1: N = 132, male = 54, female = 78; ages 17 - 24 years; Study 2: N = 302, male = 143, female = 159; ages 19 - 59 years) completed the APQ-12 in a French population. The first study concerned the internal consistency/convergent validity of the French version of the APQ, and also examined temporal stability of the measures. The second study investigated the effects of age and gender on aggressive tendencies. The psychometric properties from first study were then compared to those reported by O’Connor et al. (2001). The psychometric properties of the two scales were similar, and the scores on the APQ were also positively correlated with those on the AQ and the Trait-Anger Scales. The results also provided evidence for temporal stability of the French version of the APQ. However, the results from second study contradicted popular views about the effects of age and gender on aggressive tendencies. Analysis of the interaction of gender with age category indicated exceptionally high aggressive responses by young women (19 - 25 years old) and middle-aged men (26 - 44 years old).
Changes in Regional Potential Vegetation in Response to an Ambitious Mitigation Scenario  [PDF]
Heike Huebener, Janina K?rper
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.48A2003

Climate change impacts on the potential vegetation (biomes) are compared for an ambitious emissions-reduction scenario (E1) and a medium-high emissions scenario with no mitigation policy (A1B). The E1 scenario aims at limiting global mean warming to 2°C or less above pre-industrial temperatures and is closely related to the RCP2.6 sued in the CMIP5. A multi-model ensemble of ten state-of-the-art coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation models (GCMs) is analyzed. A simple biome model is used to assess the response of potential vegetation to the different forcing in the two scenarios. Changes in biomes in response to the simulated climate change are less pronounced in E1 than in the A1B scenario. Most biomes shift polewards, with biomes adapted to colder climates being replaced by biomes adapted to warmer climates. In some regions cold biomes (e.g. Tundra, Taiga) nearly disappear in the A1B scenario but are also significantly reduced under the E1 scenario.

An Integrated Modelling Approach Inmountainous Watershed of Heihe River Basin, Northwest China  [PDF]
Youjia Liang, Lijun Liu, Zhongmin Xu
Natural Resources (NR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2014.53010

An integrated modelling approach is developed to simulate ecological economics processes of mountainous watershed of Heihe river basin, northwest China. The objectives are 1) a hydrologic unit model HLM_HMU was developed; 2) the impacts of LUCC on the hydrological processes based on different scenarios were simulated respectively; and 3) the Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) curve of prohibition grazing is given. The hydrological results show that the observed and simulated data have a good fit, in which the Nash–Sutcliffe efficiency, balance error, and explained variance are 0.69, -0.13, and 0.62, respectively; the model can simulate the majority of peaks well; the source code of Spatial Modelling Environment (SME) needs to be deeply understood to improve the algorithms of interpolation and conflux; the PES result shows that prohibition grazing will occur completely when the price of PES reached to 17.42 yuan, and the increased amount of ecosystem services is 2.13 × 108 m3.The main purpose of this paper is to build a better understanding of developing a meaningful integrated model in the study area to solve its ecological and economic problems.

Impact on Water Resources in a Mountainous Basin under the Climate Change Transient Scenario (UKTR)  [PDF]
E. A. Baltas
American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2014.31010

The impact of climate change on the hydrological regime and water resources in the basin of Venetikos river, in Greece is assessed. A monthly conceptual water balance model was calibrated in this basin using historical hydro meteorological data. This calibrated model was used to estimate runoff under a transient scenario (UKTR) referring to year 2080. The results show that the mean annual runoff, mean winter and summer runoff values, annual maximum and minimum values, as well as, monthly maximum and minimum, will be reduced. Additionally, an increase of potential and actual evapotranspiration was noticed due to temperature increase.

A proposition of an authoring tool, for pedagogical scripting, adapted to teachers
International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology , 2011,
Abstract: Pedagogical scripting allows teachers to better plan their courses. There are many authoring tools that help in pedagogical scripting. However these tools are little used by teachers, because they are based on complicated educational modeling language (EMLs) like IMS-LD, and don’t offer any support mechanism for the designtask. Therefore we designed an intuitive authoring tool that allows the creation of scenarios, according to an EML easy to learn for teachers, and with a high level of support. This design assistance is provided through a bank of scenario models, and a repository of best practices in education. This repository is a set of rules to follow in teaching, and that the scenarios created with our tool should verify. The validation of a scenario, according to this repository, is done at the request of the designer, once the design is complete, so as not to limit his creativity. The bank of scenario models will enable designer to choose the scenario model the most adapted to his pedagogical strategy, and to the learning situation that he wants to plan.
Nitrogen use scenario in India
A. P. Gupta
Science China Life Sciences , 2005, DOI: 10.1007/BF03187130
Abstract: The N use efficiency has been reported to be varying between 30% to 50% depending on the crops and the management. But in most of the cases, N use efficiency has been calculated based on the total N removed by the crops (above ground part only) ignoring the N content left in the roots. It has been observed in controlled experiments that the total N uptake by roots varied from 18% to 44% of the total N removed by the above ground parts, i.e. grain and straw. If the root N is also accounted, the N use efficiency will be higher than reported. The management of other organic sources has to be improved so as to increase the fertilizer use efficiency as well as to check the direct release of N in the atmosphere. In this review all these issues will be dealt.
Golden Research Thoughts , 2012, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: The term “viral marketing” appears to have first been coined by venture capitalist Steve Jurvetson in 1996 to describe the marketing strategy of free e-mail service Hotmail (Kaikati and Kaikati 2004). Since then, contemporary business literature has become somewhat enamoured with the concept. Terms such as “word- ofweb,” “word-of-mouse,” “customer-to-customer” (C2C), or “peer-to-peer” (P2P) communication as well as “buzz marketing” have also been variously associated with the process. Viral marketing describes any strategy that encourages individuals to pass on a marketing message to others, creating the potential for exponential growth in the message's exposure and influence. Like viruses, such strategies take advantage of rapid multiplication to explode the message to thousands, to millions.
Ground motion scenarios for the 1997 Colfiorito, central Italy, earthquake
A. Emolo,G. Cultrera,G. Franceschina,F. Pacor
Annals of Geophysics , 2008, DOI: 10.4401/ag-4452
Abstract: In this paper we report the results of several investigations aimed at evaluating ground motion scenarios for the September 26th, 1997 Colfiorito earthquake (Mw 6.0, 09:40 UTC). We model the observed variability of ground motions through synthetic scenarios which simulate an earthquake rupture propagating at constant rupture velocity (2.7 km/s) and the inferred directivity. We discuss the variability of kinematic source parameters, such as the nucleation position and the rupture velocity, and how it influences the predicted ground motions and it does not account for the total standard deviation of the empirical predictive model valid for the region. Finally, we used the results from the scenario studies for the Colfiorito earthquake to integrate the probabilistic and deterministic approaches for seismic hazard assessment.
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