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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3392 matches for " sanitary conditions "
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Microbiological evaluation of precooked goat "buchada"
Costa, Roberto Germano;Santos, Neube Michel dos;Medeiros, Ariosvaldo Nunes de;Queiroga, Rita de Cássia Ramos do Egypto;Madruga, Marta Suely;
Brazilian Journal of Microbiology , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-83822006000300029
Abstract: the objective of the present work was to evaluate the microbiological characteristics of the precooked goat "buchada", a typical dish in north east of brazil, composed mainly by goat viscera such as heart, lungs, liver, spleen, intestines, stomach and blood. samples of "buchada" produced at the different areas of the state of paraíba, brazil, presented a high number of aerobic mesophilic bacteria, with values ranging from 5.5 to 6.9 log10 cfu/g. all samples presented total coliforms, and 96.6% presented fecal coliforms, with values between 2.3 and 5.0 log10 nmp/g. the occurrence of staphylococcus aureus was observed in one sample only, at a proportion of 4.0 log10 cfu/g. salmonella was absent in all samples. water activity was around 0.98 and ph close to neutrality except for the samples collected in campina grande which presented ph 5.1, significantly lowar (p<0.05) than the other products. results indicate inadequate hygienic-sanitary practices during slaughter and processing, requiring preventive measures to minimize contamination at the critical points of the process and to guarantee products with longer shelf life and desirable quality standards.
Condi??es sanitárias e socioambientais em Iauaretê, área indígena em S?o Gabriel da Cachoeira, AM
Giatti,Leandro Luiz; Rocha,Aristides Almeida; Toledo,Renata Ferraz de; Barreira,Luciana Pranzetti; Rios,Leonardo; Pelicioni,Maria Cecília Focesi; Mutti,Luciane Viero; Cutolo,Silvana Audrá;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232007000600032
Abstract: objective: to describe sanitary, social and environmental conditions that are significant for health of residents in the iauaretê indigenous area in brazilian amazonia, notable for its population concentration. method: qualitative and quantitative methodologies were used, with the action research method deployed mainly for qualitative approaches, through community meetings with tribespeople and researchers in the villages constituting the hub of the area. talking maps were prepared and interviews were conducted, together with studies of solid wastes disposal techniques, in addition to locating, sampling and analyzing the quality of water used for human consumption, in parallel to the use of geo-referencing techniques. results: of the 65 water samples analyzed, 89.2% presented fecal coliforms, with no adequate sanitary solutions found for the disposal of solid wastes. from the public health standpoint, the sanitary practices of these indigenous peoples caused concern, clashing with their own relative knowledge. conclusions: the specific set of problems associated with the way of life imposed by mainstream society requires the implementation of joint activities in the infra-structure and health education fields in order to solve collective health issues, stressing local community participation.
Journal of Applied Technology in Environmental Sanitation , 2012,
Abstract: This work examined the sanitary conditions and water quality standards in Moniya abattoir in Akinyele Local Government area of Oyo State, Nigeria. Samples were collected from the hand-dug well, bore hole and from strategic locations inside the stream that serves as discharge point for all the slurry from the abattoir. The samples were analysed for physico-chemical and biological parameters. The results showed that parameter like temperature 36.40C was having value outside the WHO limits as a result of microbiological activities since the samples contain high level of BOD. Higher value of iron, 3.99mgL-1 is suspected to come from blood washed into the water and leachates to underground water. There is also higher concentration of manganese, 3.73mgL-1 but this was traced to the properties of aquifer on which the abattoir is located. From the bacteria assessment, the samples were polluted with pathogenic organisms of faecal origin.
Incidencia de la infección por el virus de la hepatitis A diagnosticadas en la ciudad de Maracaibo, estado Zulia, Venezuela
Costa-León,Luciana; Porto-Espinoza,Leticia; Monsalve-Castillo,Francisca; Callejas-Valero,Diana; Estévez,Jesús; Castellanos Sánchez,María Elena;
Kasmera , 2010,
Abstract: hepatitis a virus (hav) infection continues to be a public health problem in developing countries. the aim of this study was to determine incidence of the hepatitis a virus infection in a population from maracaibo, venezuela. from january, 2004 until december, 2007, this study was carried out on 1056 individuals, whose ages were between 1-60 years (average ± ds: 27.48 ± 5.24 years), coming from the maracaibo and san francisco municipalities, venezuela. the igm antibody against hav was determined by the elisa technique. the overall incidence was 26.6%. the north, south, east and west areas of the maracaibo municipality and the san francisco municipality in the city of maracaibo showed incidences of 73 (35.1%), 76 (28%), 66 (24.3%), 35 (20.3%) and 31(23.3%), respectively. the highest incidences were observed in females under 20 years (47.3%) and males under 10 years (53.7%). the most frequent clinical sign was jaundice in 95.7% of patients. deficient sanitary conditions and hygiene habits seemed to be the main risk factors in spreading hav infection.
Condi??es higiênico-sanitárias de uma dieta hospitalar
Sousa, Consuelo Lúcia;Campos, Gizella Diniz;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732003000100013
Abstract: the objectives of this work were to evaluate the hygienic and sanitary conditions of a light diet of a hospital in the city of belém, state of pará (brazil), using microbiological analysis of its compounds (fecal coliforms, staphylococcus aureus and salmonella) and of utensils, equipment's and employees' hands (fecal coliforms, staphylococcus aureus), and to provide an inspection technical report of the hospital food and nutrition unit, according to annex ii of the 1428th regulation (11/26/1993) of the ministry of health to verify the implementation of the good manufacturing practices. none of the samples presented salmonella or staphylococcus aureus; however, the compounds, utensils and equipments presented 100% of fecal coliforms contamination, as well as two workers' hands. the main points identified for the technical report were: identity and quality standard, environmental conditions, building maintenance and sanitary-conditions, equipments and utensils, human resources, adapted technology, quality control, quality assurance, storage, disinfection and disinfestation. it was concluded that the evaluated food and nutrition unit presented very bad hygienic and sanitary conditions.
Effect of galliform birds on microbial pollution of soil and water in a chosen agro-tourist farm
Milena Józwik, Beata Trawińska, Marta Kowaleczko
Annales UMCS, Zootechnica , 2009, DOI: 10.2478/v10083-009-0001-2
Abstract: The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of galliform birds on the microbial pollution of soil and water in a chosen agro-tourist farm, where the median samples of bird litter, soil and water from a pond were collected. The bacteriological qualitative and quantitative evaluation was performed of the samples in the laboratory in compliance with the obligatory norms. The analysis included coli titres, total count of mesophilic and psychrophilic bacteria, bacteria from coli group, proteolytic, actinomycetes, etc. Besides, the basic macro- and microclimatic parameters were established.
Association of Sanitary Conditions and Bacteriological Quality of Tube Ice in Ice Plants in Metropolitan Bangkok, Thailand
Kraichat Tantrakarnapa
EnvironmentAsia , 2010,
Abstract: This investigation aimed at studying the correlation between ice plant sanitary conditions and bacteriological quality of ice. The sanitary conditions in accordance with GMP regulations, the bacteriological quality of tube ice, and the processing water in 20 plants in Bangkok were studied. A modified inspection form from the Office of Food and Drug Administration was used for sanitary condition surveys. Ice and processing water samples were collected 2 times per plant with 3 samples each time. All 120 samples were analyzed for bacteriological quality by means of Standard Plate Count technique (Pour plate method) and Most Probable Number technique (MPN method). The results indicated that forty percent (8 Tube plants) failed and the remaining passed sanitary condition criteria. 23% of Tube Ice samples were acceptable in the standard permission level in terms of Total coliform bacteria and Fecal coliform bacteria. All Tube Ice plant processing water samples were acceptable in comparison with the standard permission level. Ice plant sanitary conditions were significantly correlated to bacteriological quality of the ice (p<0.05). Ice plant manufacturers should develop and implement Sanitary Standard and Operational Procedures (S.S.O.P.) in accordance with all GMP requirements to improve Ice plant sanitary conditions.
Hygienic Practices among Food Vendors in Educational Institutions in Ghana: The Case of Konongo
Isaac Monney,Dominic Agyei,Wellington Owusu
Foods , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/foods2030282
Abstract: With the booming street food industry in the developing world there is an urgent need to ensure food vendors adhere to hygienic practices to protect public health. This study assessed the adherence to food hygiene practices by food vendors in educational institutions in Konongo, Ghana. Structured questionnaires, extensive observation and interviews were used for the study involving 60 food vendors from 20 basic schools. Attributable to the influence of school authorities and the level of in-training of food vendors, the study points out that food vendors in educational institutions generally adhered to good food hygiene practices, namely, regular medical examination (93%), protection of food from flies and dust (55%); proper serving of food (100%); good hand hygiene (63%); and the use of personal protective clothing (52%). The training of food vendors on food hygiene, instead of the level of education had a significant association ( p < 0.05) with crucial food hygiene practices such as medical examination, hand hygiene and protection of food from flies and dust. Further, regulatory bodies legally mandated to efficiently monitor the activities of food vendors lacked the adequate capacity to do so. The study proposes that efforts should be geared towards developing training programmes for food vendors as well as capacity building of the stakeholders.
Patogenic and Indicator Microorganisms in Chicken Cuts Sold in the Rec?ncavo-Bahia-Brazil  [PDF]
Wanessa Karine Da Silva Lima, Ludmilla Santana Soares Barros, Ricardo Mendes Da Silva, Tamiles Barreto De Deus, Adriana Dos Santos Silva, Danuza Das Virgens Lima
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2017.811075
Hygiene-sanitary conditions, the presence of Salmonella spp. and indicator microorganisms of chicken cuts sold on the market in the Rec?ncavo da Bahia area, are analyzed and their co-relationship with conditions of commercialization is verified. Sixty samples were collected between May and August 2016 at informal selling sites (fairs, butcher shops, abattoirs) and in supermarkets of ten municipalities of the Rec?ncavo da Bahia region. Hygiene and sanitary conditions were assessed through a check list. Total coliforms, Escherichia coli, mesophylls, psychrotrophic organisms, molds and yeast, and Salmonella spp. were counted. Results revealed statistical difference for total coliforms and Escherichia coli only, featuring greater concentration rates in fairs, butcher shops and abattoirs. Further, 31.7% of samples indicated 31.7% Salmonella spp. and 16.6% of samples failed to comply with sanitary legislation on Escherichia coli. Observational analysis demonstrated that 61.83% and 38.1% of the samples respectively on informal sites and in supermarkets did not comply with legislation and indicated a co-relationship of some variables with the growth of total coliforms, Escherichia coli and mesophylls. Pathogenic and indicator microorganisms suggest flaws in hygiene and sanitary conditions in the commercialization of chicken cuts and health risks to consumers.
An Assessment of Housing Status in a Typical Nigerian Town
P. Bamigboye Abiodun,A. Ogunkeyede Segun
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2005,
Abstract: An assessment of the status of housing was carried our in Ile-Ife, a typical Nigerian town in south-western part of Nigeria with a population of more than 180,000 inhabitants made up of people from different parts of the country . Two hundred and thirty-four residential buildings were observed for the purpose of assessing their compliance with minimum standard of fitness as stipulated in existing regulations. Results showed that most of the dwellings were found deficient in meeting the basic requirements expected of living premises and therefore remain unfit for habitation according to Public Health Standard. Economic viability as well as level of education of owners/occupiers have been found to be major determinants of housing condition and government`s effort at addressing problems of housing may not be able to achieve the desirable success without making conscious effort to improve the socio-economic status of the people.
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