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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 22018 matches for " resilience management "
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Supply Chain Risk Management: A Review of Thirteen Years of Research  [PDF]
Célestin Elock Son
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2018.812154
Abstract: This paper performs a systematic literature review on supply chain risk management (SCRM). This review analyzes 133 articles published between 2005 and the first quarter of 2018. Its main purpose is to identify the developed strategies used to mitigate risks and improve supply chain performance. It appears that there is heterogeneity in the developed strategies and that quantitative methods simulation/modeling are the most used by researchers to mitigate supply chain risks (SCR). Although emphasis is made on the links between SCRM and performance or resilience, risk prevention strategies remain the least represented in the papers analyzed. We also find that there is no superior approach in the set of various risks management strategies and thus it is difficult to linearly establish, the successive evolutions of the models that would replace others.
Resilience: The New Paradigm in Disaster Management—An Australian Perspective  [PDF]
Stephen Jenkins, Stephen Jenkins
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2015.33C020

During past decades, frameworks relating to emergency and disaster management have been based on a risk management approach to prevention/mitigation and preparedness coupled with a strong emphasis on response by police and emergency service organisations. Numerous reviews and inquiries of significant events however have identified significant issues relating to the preparation for such events and the management thereof; in particular, critical shortcomings in the capability of emergency response agencies, their leaders and senior decision-makers. In 2008, the Australian Government, through The First National Security Statement to the Australian Parliament by Prime Minister Rudd, has incorporated non-traditional threats and hazards, such as those posed by the impact of climate change, on the national security agenda. In doing so, the Government has announced a paradigm shift in policy for the nation’s approach to emergency and disaster management, namely a move from “response” to “resilience”. In support of this policy shift, the Australian Government, through the Council of Australian Governments, has endorsed the National Strategy for Disaster Resilience and the Critical Infrastructure Resilience Strategy. These documents make resilience the responsibility of all levels of government, private industry, emergency response agencies, and the community. A review of the reports published following Australian reviews and inquiries into significant events has identified that existing frameworks do not provide the necessary mechanisms for baselining and assessing community resilience, that is, their ability to respond to and recover from significant events. Internationally, indices have been developed for assessing community resilience, however, inherent limitations have also been identified in their scope and application. This paper will review Australian and international events which have led to inquiries that have resulted in criticisms of the emergency and disaster response, as well as introducing the organisational capability and resilience of organisations particularly in the context of climate change.

Adaptation of Resilience against Disaster— Case Study of 2000 Tokai Flood and 2011 Flood in Shonai River, Japan  [PDF]
Marie Thomas, Makiko Obana, Tetsuro Tsujimoto
Natural Science (NS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2015.71004
Abstract: In this study, the application of the resilience concept of the flood event depending on progress of the time is analyzed as the hazard occurrence, the disaster risk, the damage risk, and the evolution of the damages. Flood disaster is defined as the occurrence of an inundation in an exposed area. The human exposure (loss of life, injury, ), structural (buildings, roads, ) and functional (economic, political, functions of an area) economic exposure cause high risk of damage if the area in which the hazard occurs is at low resilience. Furthermore the damage will increase without adequate response against disaster. The flood disaster risk is decreased by flood control measures, reducing structural and functional exposure. Non-structural measures, such as appropriate prior-evacuation, decrease the human exposure to flood disaster. This study reviews the events of 2000 and 2011 floods in the Shonai River basin in Japan to help assess resilience to flood disaster. These two events had the same type of hazards in intensity and location, allowing the study in terms of adaptation to flood disaster in the river basin to focus on the structural and nonstructural effort to increase resilience of the disaster depending on progress of the time.
Research on Stormwater Management of Cultural Heritage Ilmpark in Weimar Germany Based on Urban Resilience  [PDF]
Tian Lu, Yuncai Wang
Natural Resources (NR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2015.66038
Abstract: With the development of cities, problems like natural and social disasters appeared more and more frequently. For example, rapid urbanization and climate change have caused both increasing flood probability and the severity of flooding. Consequently, there is a need for all cities to develop new strategies to maintain their vitality in numerous challenges and crises. This paper in the first place reviews the concept and research fields of urban resilience; besides, according to the characteristics of the Ilmpark situated in Weimar, This paper analyzes the necessity and potential on stormwater management of this area and then it concludes the alternative strategies of improvement based on the theory of urban resilience.
Methods and Tools Supporting Urban Resilience Planning: Experiences from Cork, Ireland  [PDF]
K. M. de Bruijn, H. van der Most, L. Cumiskey, M. Hounjet, M. Mens
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2018.64018
Abstract: To prevent flood disasters, policymakers call for resilient cities which are better able to cope with flood hazards. However, actual adoption of resilience measures in urban planning is still limited, partly because it is not sufficiently clear how and to what extent resilience should and can be enhanced. To develop resilience strategies, information on the current resilience and on the effects of measures should be available. Since cities are complex systems, an assessment of resilience requires the input of different actors. To obtain and combine this input, a comprehensive approach which brings together many actors is required. Furthermore, resilience must be integrated in planning frameworks in order to enhance adoption by city policy makers. Tools which support and structure the contribution of different disciplines and actors will help to obtain information on the current resilience and to develop a shared vision on measures to enhance urban resilience. We illustrate our view with an example on Cork, Ireland.
Sustainable Resilience of Company Management System
Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology , 2011,
Abstract: Resilience management performance comprise the resilience management processes: building awareness of resilience issue, selection of essential organizational components, selection of organizational operation, identification and prioritization of keystone vulnerability. Management knowledge comprise following elements: Commercial knowledge management, Quality knowledge management, Health and safety knowledge management and Environment knowledge management. The assessment of the overall resilience profile for each organization represents the set of rules to be followed in the assessment procedure. Resilience profiles have been developed to give organizations a visual description of their resilience and indicate areas of strength and weakness.The Resilience Index is the stability parameter of any system and can be used as the measuring parameter for the assessment of the potential hazard events. In particular, it is of interest to mention that the Resilience Index is the parameter of the system which can be used as the diagnostic tool in the assessment of the potential hazard event of the system. As regards management hazard events can lead to mal function of the company and its destruction.The catastrophic event prediction is imminent to every complex system and requires the permanent measurement of the indicators fluctuation and evaluation of the resilience index in the time scale. If there are simultaneous changes of the indicators there is a need to have validation of their agglomeration in order to verify those situations which are the potential catastrophic events.
Challenges of the Knowledge Society , 2012,
Abstract: The currently specific problem at work is chronic fatigue, a syndrome characterized by physiological and emotional exhaustion and often generated (through permanent frustration) by the position with a too much or too low volume of work. First of all, the treatment of stress, of burnout or in countering resilience, is preventive and consists in gaining a better resistance. In simpler words, fighting against those phenomena is maintaining personal health. “Health is a fully favorable condition, physically, mentally and socially, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”[1]. Later it was added that health is the “capacity to lead a socially and economically productive life.” But, when the general concern is to destroy the balance, whatever that may mean – the balance of the active body or the body “ready to leave the system”, balance of knowledge, individual and collective mental equilibrium, functional balance of economy, balance of the bio-system… - we must not remain indifferent. It occurs frequently a phenomenon which is a relatively unknown concept for the Romanian economy – the mobbing or bullying.
Ecological Processes and Contemporary Coral Reef Management
Angela Dikou
Diversity , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/d2050717
Abstract: Top-down controls of complex foodwebs maintain the balance among the critical groups of corals, algae, and herbivores, thus allowing the persistence of corals reefs as three-dimensional, biogenic structures with high biodiversity, heterogeneity, resistance, resilience and connectivity, and the delivery of essential goods and services to societies. On contemporary reefs world-wide, however, top-down controls have been weakened due to reduction in herbivory levels (overfishing or disease outbreak) while bottom-up controls have increased due to water quality degradation (increase in sediment and nutrient load) and climate forcing (seawater warming and acidification) leading to algal-dominated alternate benthic states of coral reefs, which are indicative of a trajectory towards ecological extinction. Management to reverse common trajectories of degradation for coral reefs necessitates a shift from optimization in marine resource use and conservation towards building socio-economic resilience into coral reef systems while attending to the most manageable human impacts (fishing and water quality) and the global-scale causes (climate change).
Propostas de melhorias em um método de avalia??o de sistemas de gest?o de seguran?a e saúde no trabalho
Saurin, Tarcisio Abreu;Carim Júnior, Guido César;
Produ??o , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65132010005000038
Abstract: this article presents proposals for improvements of a method for assessing health and safety management systems. this method has resilience engineering (re) as its underlying philosophy and it was originally devised and tested in a case study of a manufacturing plant. four changes were proposed in comparison with the original version of the method: (a) guidelines for assessing the use of re principles more systematically; (b) guidelines for developing an action plan as a result of the assessment; (c) re-organization of the data collection tools in order to make it easier for use by inexperienced auditors; and (d) procedures for facilitating the assignment of scores to the items assessed. the impact of these changes is illustrated by means of a case study in which the method was applied in a company that distributes electrical energy. the changes in the method were not made as a result of the particularities of the company involved in the case study, which is an indication of possible application of the method in other sectors, beyond manufacturing.
Resilient Salmon, Resilient Fisheries for British Columbia, Canada
Michael C. Healey
Ecology and Society , 2009,
Abstract: Salmon are inherently resilient species. However, this resiliency has been undermined in British Columbia by a century of centralized, command-and-control management focused initially on maximizing yield and, more recently, on economic efficiency. Community and cultural resiliency have also been undermined, especially by the recent emphasis on economic efficiency, which has concentrated access in the hands of a few and has disenfranchised fishery-dependent communities. Recent declines in both salmon stocks and salmon prices have revealed the systemic failure of the current management system. If salmon and their fisheries are to become viable again, radically new management policies are needed. For the salmon species, the emphasis must shift from maximizing yield to restoring resilience; for salmon fisheries, the emphasis must shift from maximizing economic efficiency to maximizing community and cultural resilience. For the species, an approach is needed that integrates harvest management, habitat management, and habitat enhancement to sustain and enhance resilience. This is best achieved by giving fishing and aboriginal communities greater responsibility and authority to manage the fisheries on which they depend. Co-management arrangements that involve cooperative ownership of major multistock resources like the Fraser River and Skeena River fisheries and community-based quota management of smaller fisheries provide ways to put species conservation much more directly in the hands of the communities most dependent on the well-being and resilience of these fisheries.
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