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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2154 matches for " reservoir "
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Dukan Dam Reservoir Bed Sediment, Kurdistan Region, Iraq  [PDF]
Rebwar Hassan, Nadhir Al-Ansari, Salahalddin S. Ali, Ammar A. Ali, Twana Abdullah, Sven Knutsson
Engineering (ENG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2016.89054
Abstract: The Dukan Dam Reservoir (DDR) in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq has been studied to determine the characteristics and nature of the reservoir and the deposited sediments on its bottom surface. This study was achieved by doing a field survey and grain size analyses of the collected sediment samples at 32 locations representing the whole reservoir area that had been created when the Lesser Zab River was dammed in 1959. The Dukan Dam, which is a multi-purpose concrete arch dam, was built on the Lesser Zab River for controlling its flood during high rainfall seasons, irrigation and power generation. The catchment area is 11,690 km2. The surface area of the reservoir is 270 square kilometers and the volume is 6.870 × 106 m3 at normal operation level (El. 511.00 m. a.s.l.). The minimum drawdown level is at elevation 469 m above sea level (a.s.l.). The live storage is 6.14 × 106 m3 while the remainder is dead storage. The reservoir has a surface area that reaches 270 square kilometers and is composed of two sub-reservoirs connected by a narrow channel that has a length of 5 kilometers. The relatively bigger reservoir is located in the north and has a triangular shape with a surface area approximately 250 square kilometers. The smaller sub-reservoir is located down south where the dam exists and it has irregular rectangular shape. Thirty-two sediment samples were collected from the bottom of Dukan reservoir. The bed of the reservoir is mainly composed of 15% gravel, 14% sand, 48% silt and 23% clay respectively. Most of the sediments are very fine grained, very poorly sorted, strongly coarse skewed and mesokurtic.
Study of the Law about Water-Cut Variation for the Fractured Metamorphic Reservoir of Buried Hill with Bottom Water  [PDF]
Shenggao QIN, Yanling SUN, Zhenqi JIA, Dagang YANG
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2009.11007
Abstract: Aiming at the complex flowing environment including the buried hill of Metamorphite, the active bottom water and the fracture at Budate Reservoir within Beir Depression of the Hailar Basin, combining the laboratory studies and based on analysis of its drive mechanism, field wells’ parameters were used to analyze the effects of different conditions of the fractured metamorphic reservoir with bottom water on its law of wa-ter-cut variation and the waterflooding efficiency. The results show that for the Budate buried hill reservoir with bottom water, the gravity should be taken into consideration to determine reasonable perforation ratio and production pressure difference. And because of the acid sensitivity of the buried hill reservoir, application of proper clay stabilizer will enhance the field oil recovery to a satisfactory extent.
Sedimentation Processes and Useful Life of Mosul Dam Reservoir, Iraq  [PDF]
Issa E. Issa, Nadhir Al-Ansari, Govand Sherwany, Sven Knutsson
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.510094

The sedimentation process is the most important problems that affects directly the performance of reservoirs due to the reduction of the storage capacity and possible problems effecting the operation. Thus periodic assessment of the storage capacity and determining sediment deposition patterns is an important issue for operation and management of the reservoirs. In this study, bathymetric survey results and an analytical approach had been used to assess the characteristics of sedimentation and estimate the useful life of Mosul Reservoir. It is located on the Tigris River in the north of Iraq. The water surface area of its reservoir is 380 km2 with a designed storage capacity of 11.11 km3 at a maximum operating level (330 m a.s.l). The dam started operating in 1986. No detailed study was yet carried out to assess its reservoir. The present study indicated that the annual reduction rate in the dead and live storage capacities of the reservoir is 0.786% and 0.276% respectively. The observed results (bathymetric survey) and algebraic formula show approximately that the useful life of Mosul dam reservoir is about 125 years. Furthermore, the stage-storage capacity curves for the future periods (prediction curves) were established using bathymetric survey data.

Hydro Development-Induced Environmental Impact on River Ecosystem  [PDF]
Qingran Wang
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2013.15001

Based on the analysis of river ecosystem characteristics, the external problem of hydropower development is detailedly analyzed. Dam plays the important role in regulating regional water resources, reducing the storage of flood disaster, producing clean energy. However, the river system of morphology, topography, water quality and ecological environment are adversely affected. The controlling countermeasures of ecological compensation mechanism, the artificial cultivation of ecological system are proposed.

Petrophysical Analysis of Reservoirs Rocks at Mchungwa Well in Block 7 Offshore, Tanzania: Geological Implication on the Reservoir Quality  [PDF]
Amina S. Mjili, Gabriel D. Mulibo
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2018.88045
Abstract: The present work highlights the results of the study conducted to estimate the petrophyiscal properties of the Mchungwa well with the aim of assessing the quality of reservoirs rocks. A set of well logs data from Mchungwa well were used for the analysis that involved identification of lithology, hydrocarbon and non-hydrocarbon zones and determinations of petrophysical parameters such as shale volume, porosity, permeability, fluid saturation and net pay thickness. This study was able to mark six sandstone zones with their tops and bases. Of the six zones hydrocarbon indication was observed on four zones from which estimation of petrophysical parameters was done to assess the reservoirs quality. The petrophysical parameters across the four reservoirs yield an average shale volume ranging from 0.08 to 0.15 v/v. The porosity ranges from 7% to 23%, indicating a fair to good porosity sandstone, while permeability ranges from 0.01 to 6 mD. The porosity and permeability results suggest that the quality of the sandstone reservoirs identified at Mchungwa well is poor. Fluid types defined in the reservoirs on the basis of neutron-density log signatures and resistivity indicate a mixture of water and gas. However, high water saturation (50% - 100%) indicates that the proportion of void spaces occupied by water is high, thus, indicating low hydrocarbon saturation of 2.4%, 17.9%, 19.2% and 39.3%. Generally the results show that hydrocarbon potentiality at Mchungwa well is extremely low because of small net pay thickness and very low hydrocarbon saturation. This could be attributed to the geology of the surrounding area where low hydrocarbon saturation suggest the presence of non-commercial volumes of either migrant gas or gas generated from the interbedded claystone sediments, which are dominant in the observed well.
Petrophysical Analysis of the Mpera Well in the Exploration Block 7, Offshore Tanzania: Implication on Hydrocarbon Reservoir Rock Potential  [PDF]
Juma M. Mheluka, Gabriel D. Mulibo
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2018.88047
Abstract: The present study provides evaluation and estimation of petrophysical parameters and assessment of lithology and their thicknesses in order to characterize present reservoir rocks at Mpera well located in Exploration Block 7, deep offshore Tanzania. To achieve the objectives the wire-line logs, Techlog program was used for assessment, analysis, computation and interpretations of petrophysical parameters and results were integrated through interpretation of well logs. The results from wire-line logs reveal three (3) non hydrocarbon-bearing reservoir rocks i.e., Mpera splay (sandstone), Mpera deep sand 1 (sandstone and limestone) and Mpera deep sand 2 (sandstone and limestone) with gross thickness of 94.335 m, 28.905 m and 12.967 m respectively. The average permeability values of the reservoir rocks were 9.47 mD, 6.45 mD and 4.67 mD, while average porosity values were 14.57%, 17.4% and 16.75%, with average volume of shale 25.7%, 23.5% and 9.7% at Mpera splay, Mpera deep sand 1 and Mpera deep sand 2 respectively. These results signify poor permeability; good porosity and good quality reservoir in terms of volume of shale. Fluid type defined in the reservoirs was basically water. High water saturation (90.6% - 97.7%) in the reservoir zones of the Mpera well indicates that the proportion of void spaces occupied by water is high, thus, indicating less than 10% hydrocarbon saturation. The findings indicate that Mpera well reservoir rocks are of low quality with non-hydrocarbon bearing such that it is not potential for hydrocarbon production.
Petrophysical Analysis of the Mpapai Well Logs in the East Pande Exploration Block, Southern Coast of Tanzania: Geological Implication on the Hydrocarbon Potential  [PDF]
Aneth L. Lyaka, Gabriel D. Mulibo
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2018.88046
Abstract: This study presents results of log analysis from Mpapai well, which is located in the East Pande Block, southern coast of Tanzania. The study aimed at assessing the hydrocarbon potential of lithological units encountered during drilling of Mpapai well. To achieve the general objective, suites of wire-line logs from Mpapai well were used for the analysis. Based on wire-line logs, three types of lithology were identified which include sandstone, shale and limestone. Seven sandstone bodies marked as MpapaiA, B, C, D, E, F and G were identified with their tops and bases at the depth interval from 3004 m to 4008 m. Four zones among seven sandstones bodies marked as MpapaiB, E, F and MpapaiG were identified as reservoir zones. Computed petrophysical parameters for the four reservoir zones gave an average total porosity ranging from 14% to 21% with low permeability in the range of 3.92 mD to 13.67 mD. The low permeability indicates that the reservoir sand bodies are impermeable, that might have been affected by the geology of the area where high content of clay minerals reduces permeability due to filling in open spaces. The fluid type defined in the reservoir zones is basically water with high saturation greater than 75%, which indicates that the proportion of void space occupied by water is high, consequently low hydrocarbon saturation and production. Despite of fair to good porosity, the low permeability and high-water saturation indicate that the quality of Mpapai prospect is poor.
The Research of Anti-Swelling and Low Damage Killing Fluid System  [PDF]
Qinggong DANG, Hui JIA, Shuang SUN, Meng LI, Zhenqi JIA
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2009.11008
Abstract: In this paper, we introduced reservoir characteristics in Block Xiao-he-long and evaluate the performance of the existing killing fluid system. According to the production requirements, a anti-swelling and low damaging system of chemical agents suitable for this block was optimized, including anti-swelling agent, water lock inhibitor, fluid-loss agent additives, plus a corrosion inhibitor HS-1 developed by in the lab. The system is composed by base liquid (0.7%X + 2.0%KCl +0.05%SY-1+ 0.05%HS-1+2.0% DST-1 dissolved in water) and weighting material (NaCl) with its density adjustable range between 1.0g/ml and 1.2g/ml. Its anti-swelling ratio achieves 53.80%, and the reservoir permeability recovery ratio reaches more than 95.0%.
Differential Evolution Algorithm with Application to Optimal Operation of Multipurpose Reservoir  [PDF]
D. G. Regulwar, S. A. Choudhari, P. Anand Raj
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.26064
Abstract: This paper includes an application of Differential Evolution (DE) for the optimal operation of multipurpose reservoir. The objective of the study is to maximize the hydropower production. The constraints for the optimization problem are reservoir capacity, turbine release capacity constraints, irrigation supply demand constraints and storage continuity. For initializing population, the upper and lower bounds of decision variables are fixed. The fitness of each vector is evaluated. The mutation and recombination is performed. The control parameters, i.e., population size, crossover constant and the weight are fixed according to their fitness value. This procedure is performed for the ten different strategies of DE. Sensitivity analysis performed for ten strategies of DE suggested that, De/best/1/bin is the best strategy which gives optimal solution. The DE algorithm application is presented through Jayakwadi project stage-I, Maharashtra State, India. Genetic algorithm is utilized as a comparative approach to assess the ability of DE. The results of GA and ten DE strategies for the given parameters indicated that both the results are comparable. The model is run for dependable inflows. Monthly maximized hydropower production and irrigation releases are presented. These values will be the basis for decision maker to take decisions regarding operation policy of the reservoir. Results of application of DE model indicate that the maximized hydropower production is 30.885 × 106 kwh and the cor-responding irrigation release is 928.44 Mm3.
Using of GIS Spatial Analyses to Study the Selected Location for Dam Reservoir on Wadi Al-Jirnaf, West of Shirqat Area, Iraq  [PDF]
Sabbar Abdulla Salih, Abdul Salam Mehdi Al-Tarif
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2012.42016
Abstract: The GIS data of digital elevation model, topographic maps of different scales, satellite images and GPS were used to analyze the geometrical relations, bathometric properties and shape form of selected depressions on Al-Jirnaf valley. GIS was used to analyze the hydromorphometry and geometry of the depressions, these analyses explain the role of main valley’s contribution to the hydrology of the valley, then, three locations for water storage were suggested. 2D and 3D models of the sites were given, the maximum level, volume, surface area, circumference, shape factor of three supposed reservoirs calculated for different hypothetical levels of water in the reservoir, and the optimal level were determined, the maximum suggested levels are 190, 185 and 180 m, the areas are 3.25, 7.97 and 20.47 km2, the volumes are 0.0096, 0.0334 and 0.1118 km3 for the three locations respectively. This experimental procedure can be repeated in other depressions for the same purpose.
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