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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1573 matches for " religion "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
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Wesler, Kit W. 2012 An Archaeology of Religion.
Paul Anthony Brazinski
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology , 2013, DOI: 10.5334/pia.407
Abstract: Book Review: Wesler, Kit W., An Archaeology of Religion, University Press of America, Inc., New York, 2012.
Religion: Fact or fancy?
Sandra Busatta
Antrocom : Online Journal of Anthropology , 2008,
Abstract: Are questions of truth essential to the integrity of a study of other cultures or irrelevant? anthropologists listen to other people’s explanations of the world, however, not by taking them at their facevalue, but by explaining them in terms of social structures, power relations, psychology,ecological adaptability and so on. Truth is subject to the waxing and waning of history
Orthodoxie, ketterij en consensus, 1670-1850. Drie historische vertogen over religie en openbaarheid
J. van Eijnatten
BMGN : Low Countries Historical Review , 2004,
Abstract: Orthodoxy, heresy and consensus, 1670-1850. Three historical discourses on religion and the public sphere The idea of a ‘religious consensus’ hardly seems applicable to the religious history of the Netherlands during the ‘long’ eighteenth century (1670-1850). It appears to contradict such religious phenomena as ‘tolerance’ and ‘pillarization’, which are considered to be typical features of Dutch history. Consequently, church historical accounts tend to project a form of confessional apartheid on the Dutch religious past. Religious history is rarely interpreted in terms or concepts that are not derived from the Christian church or from Christianity. Moreover, Dutch church history has a strong tendency to focus on biographical, archival or philological research. This article contains a sketch of three interconnected intellectual discourses on orthodoxy, heresy and consensus. Together, they provide a conceptual framework which allows us to interpret religious ideas in a light not informed by religious ideology. During the long eighteenth century, a period that marks the transition from the ancien regime to the nation state, each of the three discourses contributed to the formation of a religious public sphere. Focusing respectively on politics, history and culture, the three discourses fit into the more general development of the religious public sphere from ‘confessional’ to ‘pedagogical’.
Oral history en het vreemde sterven van het Nederlandse christendom
P. van Rooden
BMGN : Low Countries Historical Review , 2004,
Abstract: Oral history and the strange demise of Dutch Christianity During the last forty years, Dutch society has gone through a sudden and far-reaching dechristianisation process. Sociologists specialising in religion have monitored this development and explained it using the secularist theory. However, an exploratory oral history approach, based on 43 interviews, and using the modern social history of West European religion, propels us in another direction. The vibrant Dutch Christianity of the 1950s was based on collective rituals and discursive practices that were taken for granted. Although it was possible for individuals to become well-versed in this religion, they did not use the religious rites and rituals in order to think about their own situation. This peculiar nature of Dutch Christianity made it very vulnerable to the cultural revolution of the 1960s, interpreted here as the rise within mass-culture of the practices and ideals of the expressive and reflexive self. People did not choose to leave the churches, but instead drifted away, almost without realising it, as the religious practices from their youth gradually became less important within their lives. The churches were unable to create a form of Christianity that could adapt itself to the new ideal and practices of the self and effectively compete in the cultural marketplace.
Monothéisme en Arabie du Sud préislamique
Iwona Gajda
Chroniques Yéménites , 2002,
Abstract: A la fin du IVe siècle de l'ère chrétienne, l'Arabie du Sud abandonne les cultes polythéistes et adopte le monothéisme. Dès lors, les inscriptions monothéistes se multiplient. Un certain nombre d'entre elles sont juives ou juda santes alors qu'aucune inscription royale n'est explicitement juive. Cet article présente une courte synthèse de nos connaissances sur le monothéisme en Arabie du Sud avant l'islam. L'accent est mis sur la dimension politique et non uniquement religieuse des conflits du VIe siècle qui opposèrent le roi juif Y suf aux Ethiopiens chrétiens essayant de conquérir l'Arabie du Sud et leurs alliées, les chrétiens /himyarites. Le caractère de la religion officielle avant les conflits du VIe siècle est discuté en fin de l'article. L'auteur suggère d'y voir un monothéisme juda sant plut t que le juda sme. Monotheism in pre-Islamic South Arabia. South Arabia abandoned polytheistic cults and adopted monotheism at the end of the 4th century AD, after which time monotheistic inscriptions become more common. Some of these inscriptions are Jewish or `judaizing', although no royal inscription is explicitly Jewish. This article brief summarizes our knowledge of monotheism in pre-Islamic South Arabia, with emphasis on the political, not merely doctrinal, dimensions of the conflicts in the 6th century AD between the Jewish king Y suf and the Ethiopian Christians, who were trying to conquer South Arabia, and their Christian allies the Himyarites. The author proposes to interpret as `judaizing' monotheism, rather than Judaism as such, the official religion prior to these 6th century conflicts.
Computer Mediated Communications and Religion: An Evolutionary Primer  [PDF]
Shu-Chen Tsai
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.31014
Abstract: The research examines the field of Computer Mediated Communications and religion from an evolutionary perspective by tracing five subjectively selected developments in this field of research and, in so doing, offers a brief primer by which to navigate the morass of research regarding this topic.
The Heritability Challenge to Evolution and Materialism: An Opening for Religious Perspectives  [PDF]
Ted Christopher
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2018.84025
Abstract: There are under-appreciated, serious behavioral challenges to science’s understanding of life and its evolution. The general challenge to that understanding, though, has unfolded in the form of pervasive failures in the search for the DNA origins of many heritable characteristics. Science has placed enormous faith in the presumed workings of DNA, including of course as a foundation for evolution. The stunning inability to identify the DNA bases for many heritable characteristics amongst humans—sometimes termed the missing heritability problem—is a big challenge to the largely unquestioned, biological vision. This situation is discussed herein along with its possible implications for religious perspectives.
Religion in an Oppressive Society: The Antebellum Example  [PDF]
Kingsley N. Okoro
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.24037
Abstract: Religion: a socio-spiritual phenomenon that pervades and influences human actions in all realms of human existences plays diverse and divergent roles in the society. Therefore, it is difficult to define with a simply and a single category. Hence, on the one hand, Karl Marx saw it as an instrument that supports the status quo and oppresses the less privileged and the powerless and as such a vital force in the legitimization of social ills in the society. On the other hand, Marx Webber and other functional theorists maintain that religion as a social fact is a force in mobilizing social solidarity and unified actions against the social order. In this direction religion therefore plays revolutionary roles in any given society. Against the backdrop of the seeming contradicting and conflicting positions of these two main schools of thought in the field of sociology of religion, this paper is poised to reassess the divergent roles religion has played in history among the oppressed people of the world, using the both Marxian and Webberian paradigms as a matrix. This paper considers oppressive society as a society that maintains a social and economic classification of its members as a norm. It is also noted that it is through such classification of its members in their nexus that social injustice, discriminations, dehumanization are maintained. This situation is the defining paradigm of the global village (the new World Order), governed strictly by economic dictum. To this end therefore, this paper re-invokes the roles religion played in the ‘Antebellum’ America, with a view of applying the same in the modern era, which has great resemblance with the Antebellum America, in terms of oppression, though not in its magnitude.
Changing Trends in Ritual Attendance and Spirituality throughout the College Years  [PDF]
Chelsi A. Creech, Paul J. Handal, Sean A. Worley, Travis J. Pashak, Eunice J. Perez, Lea Caver
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.412143
Abstract:

According to previous literature, levels of religiousness decrease among emerging adults, but similar research has not been done regarding levels of spirituality. The current study examined the responses of college students to measures of religiousness and spirituality. The participants in the study were from a private, religiously affiliated university in the Midwest, between ages 18 and 24. Participants completed the Personal Religious Inventory (PRI), the Duke Religion Index (DUREL), the Spiritual Transcendence Scale (STS), the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale (DSES) and the Spiritual Involvement and Beliefs Scale (SIBS). Significant differences were found between first-year and upper-class participants on religious attendance, non-religious attendance, and the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale. Based on these results, it is suggested that multi-dimensional measures provide a more accurate view of religiousness than one-dimensional measures.

Discussion of Function of Church and State in Public Education in the U.S.  [PDF]
Fang Wang
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.29047
Abstract: Religion in relation to public education has been a topic of keen interest in the U.S. It has two components: one deals with the theme of religious content in the curriculum and the other concerns fringe benefits to nonpublic schools. And, where the State stands, the decisions and measures made by the U.S. Supreme Court concern religious matters in public schools.
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