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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1619 matches for " relation "
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Regular Elements of the Complete Semigroups BX(D) of Binary Relations of the Class ∑2(X,8)  [PDF]
Nino Tsinaridze, Shota Makharadze
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/am.2015.63042
Abstract: As we know if D is a complete X-semilattice of unions then semigroup Bx(D) possesses a right unit iff D is an XI-semilattice of unions. The investigation of those a-idempotent and regular elements of semigroups Bx(D) requires an investigation of XI-subsemilattices of semilattice D for which V(D,a)=Q2(X,8) . Because the semilattice Q of the class ∑2(X,8) are not always XI -semilattices, there is a need of full description for those idempotent and regular elements when V(D,a)=Q . For the case where X is a finite set we derive formulas by calculating the numbers of such regular elements and right units for which V(D,a)=Q .
Complete Semigroups of Binary Relations Defined by Semilattices of the Class ∑1(X,10)  [PDF]
Shota Makharadze, Ne?et Ayd?n, Ali Erdo?an
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/am.2015.62026
Abstract: In this paper we give a full description of idempotent elements of the semigroup BX (D), which are defined by semilattices of the class 1 (X, 10). For the case where X is a finite set we derive formulas by means of which we can calculate the numbers of idempotent elements of the respective semigroup.
Idempotent and Regular Elements of the Complete Semigroups of Binary Relations of the Class ∑3(X,9)  [PDF]
Bar?? Albayrak, Ne?et Ayd?n
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/am.2015.62029
Abstract: In this paper, we take Q16 subsemilattice of D and we will calculate the number of right unit, idempotent and regular elements α of BX (Q16) satisfied that V (D, α) = Q16 for a finite set X. Also we will give a formula for calculate idempotent and regular elements of BX (Q) defined by an X-semilattice of unions D.
Various Views of Dependency from the Perspective of Definitions  [PDF]
Zhixiu Zhang
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2015.53024
Abstract: Focused on the definitions of dependency, the author illustrates that there are various views of dependency from the dependency theory of Tesnière to the modern cognitive linguistics. The followers of Tesnière only study dependency from the perspective of the relations between words, but Tesnière is to research the intrinsic nature of languages, so Tesnière’ dependency theory is necessary to be further studied.
Chunk Parsing and Entity Relation Extracting to Chinese Text by Using Conditional Random Fields Model  [PDF]
Junhua Wu, Longxia Liu
Journal of Intelligent Learning Systems and Applications (JILSA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jilsa.2010.23017
Abstract: Currently, large amounts of information exist in Web sites and various digital media. Most of them are in natural lan-guage. They are easy to be browsed, but difficult to be understood by computer. Chunk parsing and entity relation extracting is important work to understanding information semantic in natural language processing. Chunk analysis is a shallow parsing method, and entity relation extraction is used in establishing relationship between entities. Because full syntax parsing is complexity in Chinese text understanding, many researchers is more interesting in chunk analysis and relation extraction. Conditional random fields (CRFs) model is the valid probabilistic model to segment and label sequence data. This paper models chunk and entity relation problems in Chinese text. By transforming them into label solution we can use CRFs to realize the chunk analysis and entities relation extraction.
Theory of Carbon Nanotubes as Optical Nano Waveguides  [PDF]
Afshin Moradi
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2010.212088
Abstract: The propagation of surface plasmon waves in metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes is analyzed within the frame-work of the classical electrodynamics. The conduction electrons of the system are modelled by an in?nitesimally thin layer of free-electron gas which is described by means of the semiclassical kinetic theory of the electron dynamics. The effects of the energy band structure is taken into account and a more accurate dispersion relation for surface plasmon oscillations in the zig-zag and armchair nanotubes of metallic character is obtained.
An Improved Name Disambiguation Method Based on Atom Cluster  [PDF]
Yu-Feng Yao
Communications and Network (CN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2012.41004
Abstract: An improved name disambiguation method based on atom cluster. Aiming at the method of character-related properties of similarity based on information extraction depends on the character information, a new name disambiguation method is proposed, and improved k-means algorism for name disambiguation is proposed in this paper. The cluster analysis cluster is introduced to the name disambiguation process. Experiment results show that the proposed method having the high implementation efficiency and can distinguish the different people with the same name.
General Relation Connecting the Fundamental Fields  [PDF]
Mukul Chandra Das, Rampada Misra
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2012.329169
Abstract: There are four fundamental forces; gravitational force, electromagnetic force, strong force and weak force, in the well known physics. The unified field theory considers the constructive relations among these forces or fields. In the present work the fundamental relations have been studied and trial has been made to derive more significant relations among the known fields. This gives out a generalized unification.
Estimating the Recurrence Periods of Earthquake Data in Turkey  [PDF]
Hande Kon?uk, Serpil Akta?
Open Journal of Earthquake Research (OJER) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojer.2013.21002
Abstract: In this paper, the 231 earthquake data of magnitude 5 and higher, between north (39.00o-42.00o) and east (26.00o-45.00o) coordinates in Turkey from July 12, 1900 to October 23, 2011 are statistically analyzed. The probability density function and cumulative function of the magnitude are derived. It is shown that magnitude random variable is distrib-uted as the exponential distribution. The recurrence periods is also calculated. Recurrence period is estimatedapproxi-matelytwo times a year for an earthquake having magnitude 5.2. Using the Gutenberg-Richter function, the relation between magnitude and frequency is represented.
A Recursive Approach to the Kauffman Bracket  [PDF]
Abdul Rauf Nizami, Mobeen Munir, Umer Saleem, Ansa Ramzan
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.517262
Abstract: We introduce a simple recursive relation and give an explicit formula of the Kauffman bracket of two-strand braid link \"\". Then, we give general formulas of the bracket of the sequence of links of three-strand braids \"\". Finally, we give an interesting result that the Kauffman bracket of the three-strand braid link \"\"is actually the product of the brackets of the two-strand braid links \"\"and \"\" . Moreover, a recursive relation for \"\" is also given.
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