Abstract:
As we know if D is a complete X-semilattice of unions then semigroup Bx(D)possesses a right unit iff D is an XI-semilattice of unions. The investigation of those a-idempotent and regular elements of semigroups B_{x}(D) requires an investigation of XI-subsemilattices of semilattice D for which V(D,a)=Q∈∑_{2}(X,8) . Because the semilattice Q of the class ∑_{2}(X,8) are not always XI -semilattices, there is a need of full description for those idempotent and regular elements when V(D,a)=Q . For the case where X is a finite set we derive formulas by calculating the numbers of such regular elements and right units for which V(D,a)=Q .

Abstract:
In this paper we give a full description of idempotent elements of the semigroup B_{X} (D), which are defined by semilattices of the class ∑_{1} (X, 10). For the case where X is a finite set we derive formulas by means of which we can calculate the numbers of idempotent elements of the respective semigroup.

Abstract:
In this paper, we take Q_{16} subsemilattice of D and we will calculate the number of right unit, idempotent and regular elements α of B_{X} (Q_{16}) satisfied that V (D, α) = Q_{16} for a finite set X. Also we will give a formula for calculate idempotent and regular elements of B_{X} (Q) defined by an X-semilattice of unions D.

Abstract:
Focused on the definitions of dependency, the author illustrates that there are various views of dependency from the dependency theory of Tesnière to the modern cognitive linguistics. The followers of Tesnière only study dependency from the perspective of the relations between words, but Tesnière is to research the intrinsic nature of languages, so Tesnière’ dependency theory is necessary to be further studied.

Abstract:
Currently, large amounts of information exist in Web sites and various digital media. Most of them are in natural lan-guage. They are easy to be browsed, but difficult to be understood by computer. Chunk parsing and entity relation extracting is important work to understanding information semantic in natural language processing. Chunk analysis is a shallow parsing method, and entity relation extraction is used in establishing relationship between entities. Because full syntax parsing is complexity in Chinese text understanding, many researchers is more interesting in chunk analysis and relation extraction. Conditional random fields (CRFs) model is the valid probabilistic model to segment and label sequence data. This paper models chunk and entity relation problems in Chinese text. By transforming them into label solution we can use CRFs to realize the chunk analysis and entities relation extraction.

Abstract:
The propagation of surface plasmon waves in metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes is analyzed within the frame-work of the classical electrodynamics. The conduction electrons of the system are modelled by an in?nitesimally thin layer of free-electron gas which is described by means of the semiclassical kinetic theory of the electron dynamics. The effects of the energy band structure is taken into account and a more accurate dispersion relation for surface plasmon oscillations in the zig-zag and armchair nanotubes of metallic character is obtained.

Abstract:
An improved name disambiguation method based on atom cluster. Aiming at the method of character-related properties of similarity based on information extraction depends on the character information, a new name disambiguation method is proposed, and improved k-means algorism for name disambiguation is proposed in this paper. The cluster analysis cluster is introduced to the name disambiguation process. Experiment results show that the proposed method having the high implementation efficiency and can distinguish the different people with the same name.

Abstract:
There are four fundamental forces; gravitational force, electromagnetic force, strong force and weak force, in the well known physics. The unified field theory considers the constructive relations among these forces or fields. In the present work the fundamental relations have been studied and trial has been made to derive more significant relations among the known fields. This gives out a generalized unification.

Abstract:
In this paper, the 231 earthquake data of magnitude 5 and higher, between north (39.00^{o}-42.00^{o}) and east (26.00^{o}-45.00^{o}) coordinates in Turkey from July 12, 1900 to October 23, 2011 are statistically analyzed. The probability density function and cumulative function of the magnitude are derived. It is shown that magnitude random variable is distrib-uted as the exponential distribution. The recurrence periods is also calculated. Recurrence period is estimatedapproxi-matelytwo times a year for an earthquake having magnitude 5.2. Using the Gutenberg-Richter function, the relation between magnitude and frequency is represented.

Abstract:
We introduce a simple recursive relation and give an explicit formula of the Kauffman bracket of two-strand braid link . Then, we give general formulas of the bracket of the sequence of links of three-strand braids . Finally, we give an interesting result that the Kauffman bracket of the three-strand braid link is actually the product of the brackets of the two-strand braid links and . Moreover, a recursive relation for is also given.