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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 12871 matches for " regional economic competitiveness "
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An approach to local and regional competitiveness
Berumen,Sergio A.;
Cuadernos de Administración , 2005,
Abstract: this paper is aimed at: (i) showing that some competitiveness principles are key issues for local development, and (ii) bringing forth some indicators that permit to establish the relative competitive position of a region concerning the trade of goods and services at different aggregation levels. on such a basis, the paper suggests a methodology that combines elements from export demand and inter-regional demand analysis, when demand is segmented, there is product differentiation and intrafirm trade characterized by agglomeration, scale and scope economies in firms.
La competitividad de los departamentos colombianos desde la perspectiva de la geografía económica
Lotero,Jorge; Posada,Héctor Mauricio; Valderrama,Daniel;
Lecturas de Economía , 2009,
Abstract: this article examines regional competitiveness from a geographical perspective, and constructs a competitiveness ranking for colombian departments using principal components and hierarchical cluster techniques. the analysis shows that competitiveness becomes meaningless when it is applied to the goods market, but is meaning ful when one considers the market and the mobility of production factors. the analysis also shows, unlike most approaches and measures of competitiveness for colombian departments, that it is possible to obtain simple measures, which in addition to being consistent with the conceptual framework of economic geography, is the product of the combination of a small number of variables.
Los clusters industriales del noreste de México (1993-2003): Perspectivas de desarrollo en el marco de una mayor integración económica con Texas
Dávila Flores, Alejandro;
Región y sociedad , 2008,
Abstract: using the methodology developed by feser and bergman (2000), the industrial clusters of northeast mexico are identified. the economic performance of clusters between 1993 and 2003 is analyzed using regional economic analysis techniques. finally, the opportunities of cluster development are explored within the framework of a greater commercial integration with the state of texas.
Realities and Perspectives on the European Regional Policy
Valentin NECULITA,Daniela Ancuta SARPE,Mihaela NECULITA
Risk in Contemporary Economy , 2011,
Abstract: EU expansion to 27 Member States has posed challenges in terms of its competitiveness and internal cohesion. The already existing disparities between the Member States and among their regions have deepened. These disparities are generated by the structural deficiencies in key factors of competitiveness, i.e. inadequate staff with physical and human capital (infrastructure and workforce), insufficient capacity for innovation, business support and low level of environmental capital (natural environment and / or urban pollution). The purpose of the cohesion policy is to reduce disparities between EU regions. Therefore in order to achieve this goal of the cohesion policy, the Member States and regions need significant financial help to solve various structural problems and achieve their potential of growth.
CURRENT TRENDS OF THE REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMPETITIVE ECONOMIC AGGLOMERATIONS OF CLUSTER TYPE
LAURA CISMA?,ANDRA MICULESCU,MARIA O?IL
Annals of the University of Petrosani : Economics , 2010,
Abstract: The study of economic agents’ behaviour, whose nowadays tendency is togroup themselves in space as clusters, has an important place in the field of localizing industrialactivities. This is due to domestic scale economies, known as agglomerations economies.According to Edgar M. Hoover (Hoover, 1948), domestic scale economies are specific tocompanies; the economies of localizing - to a certain branch, whose companies form clusters incertain geographical arias, and the urbanization economies are specific to cities, where thereare clusters of companies from different branches. The specialty literature regarding localeconomic development, based on the idea of cluster starts from well-known economic theories,such as: agglomeration theory (Alfred Marshall), the theory of spatial localizing of industrialunits (Alfred Weber), the theory of interdependence of locations (Harold Hotelling), the diamondtheory (Michael Porter), the theory of entrepreneurship (Joseph Schumpeter), the theory ofgeographical concentration. Basically, the common point which links them are the conceptswhich occur in these theories, such as: industrial district, industrial agglomeration, spatialinterdependence, concepts which lie at the basis of the cluster idea. Clusters represent animportant instrument for promoting industrial development, innovation, competitiveness andeconomic growth. If, at the beginning, the effort to develop clusters belonged to private personsand companies, nowadays, the actors involved in their development are the governments andpublic institutions of national or regional level.The objective established within the Lisbon Strategy (2000), to make the EuropeanUnion “the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy”, is tightly linked to thenew approaches of the European economic policy, to competitiveness. One of the policies isfocused on developing at the European Union level clusters in the high competitiveness fields. with an innovative character. Using statistical data relatively recently by the European ClusterObservatory (2007), our paper aims at revealing the fact that clusters are linked to prosperityand that it exists a necessity to consider them as a central part of each economic strategy for theEuropean Union member states. We shall also present the initiatives of cluster type between theEuropean states, successful clusters, with a possible multiplication effect. The paper will alsopresent Romania’s trials to achieve an industrial policy based on competitive economicagglomeration.
EU Regional Policy. Realities and Perspectives on the Absorption of European Funds
Valentin NECULITA,Mihaela NECULITA
Annals of Dun?rea de Jos University. Fascicle I : Economics and Applied Informatics , 2012,
Abstract: EU expansion to 27 Member States has generate challenges in terms of its competitiveness and internal cohesion. The already existing disparities between the Member States and among their regions have deepened. These disparities are generated by the structural deficiencies in key factors of competitiveness, i.e. inadequate endowment with physical and human capital (infrastructure and workforce), insufficient capacity for innovation, business support and low level of environmental capital (natural environment and / or urban pollution). The purpose of the paper is to determine whether the cohesion policy reduced or increased the disparities between regions. Therefore in order to achieve this goal of the cohesion policy, the Member States and regions need significant financial help to solve various structural problems and achieve their potential of growth.
An approach to local and regional competitiveness Una aproximación a la competitividad local y regional
Sergio A. Berumen
Cuadernos de Administración , 2005,
Abstract: This paper is aimed at: (i) showing that some competitiveness principles are key issues for local development, and (ii) bringing forth some indicators that permit to establish the relative competitive position of a region concerning the trade of goods and services at different aggregation levels. On such a basis, the paper suggests a methodology that combines elements from export demand and inter-regional demand analysis, when demand is segmented, there is product differentiation and intrafirm trade characterized by agglomeration, scale and scope economies in firms. El presente artículo se propone: (i) mostrar algunos principios de la competitividad como elemento del desarrollo local y (ii) mostrar algunos indicadores complementarios que permiten determinar la posición relativa de las regiones en el comercio de bienes y servicios en los diferentes ámbitos de agregación. Basándose en lo anterior, en el texto se presenta una metodología que combina elementos de demanda de exportación y el análisis de la demanda interregional, en ambientes caracterizados por la segmentación de la demanda, por la diferenciación de productos y por el comercio intraempresarial, con economías de aglomeración, escala y alcance en las empresas.
The Regional Competitiveness of Hungary  [PDF]
Lu Huang, Sezgin Hergül
Modern Economy (ME) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/me.2014.512102
Abstract:

This Report focuses on the regional competitiveness analysis of Hungary. Eight aspects are taken into consideration, which are Economics, Education and Learning, Innovation, Labor Market Efficiency, Infrastructure, Health, Farm, Environment Protection and Crimes. The final results show that K?zép-Magyarország (Central Hungary) is the most competitive region which gets 68.46, while észak Magyaroszág (Northern Hungary) which scored 24.23 is the least competitive region. Cultural and heritage, natural features, higher stage of urban/economic development, R & D sector and high level business services are the main advantages of K?zép-Magyarország (Central Hungary). However, for the least competitiveness region észak Magyaroszág (Northern Hungary), more attention should be paid to infrastructure construction, labor mobility, institution efficiency, promotion of innovation, business environment, improvement of education and health and environment protection.

RECENT ADVANCES IN TERRITORIAL COMPETITION AND COMPETITIVENESS ANALYSIS
Daniela-Luminita Constantin
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2006,
Abstract: This paper addresses the question of territorial competitiveness – at national and regional level – from the perspective of the most important research undertaken in the international arena in order to build-up competitiveness indicators able to reveal the complexity and dynamics of this phenomenon in the contemporary society. A special emphasis is put on studies developed by prestigious organisations and research centres such as World Economic Forum, International Institute for Management Development, Cambridge Econometrics, ECORYS-NEI and so on.
LITTERATURE REVIEW OF THE EVOLUTION OF COMPETITIVENESS CONCEPT
Hategan D.B. Anca
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: The concept of competitiveness can be reported a€“ considering the level of disscution a€“ to a product, firm, industry or sector, region, nation, commercial block or to a global aspect and there is a close connection or relationship between all these levels of competitiveness. Firstly, the quality of a certain product or service determines a firms possibilities to survive the competition. On the other hand, a firms economic performance is connected to the performance of a certain sector, region or nation in an international scale. Competitiveness is a concept that can be used in a comparative sense or analysis. Due to the globalization and liberalization process, the boundaries between the domestic and international markets fainted, conducting to disappearing of the distinction between national and international competitiveness Despite the complexity and notoriety surrounding the concept of competitiveness, this article is trying to gather as much information as possible regarding this notion, presenting it from different perspectives, at micro and macro level, reviewing the theoretical literature background: the classical, neoclassical, Keynesian theories, the development economics theory, the new growth theory, the new trade theory and all their implications on the evolution and development of the concept of competitiveness , but also the empirical literature such as IMDn#8242;s World Competitiveness Index, WEFn#8242;s Global Competitiveness Report, OCDEn#8242;s New Economy Report and UK Governmentn#8242;s Productivity and Competitiveness Indicators.
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