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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 954 matches for " race "
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Influence of gender and race on presentation of eosinophilic esophagitis in children  [PDF]
Dangtue Nguyen, Phyllis Bishop, Michael Nowicki
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2013.32011

Background: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is thought to be more common in males and Caucasians, yet little data exists regarding the presentation of EoE among children. Methods: A retrospective study of children undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) was done to determine gender and racial differences in the prevalence and presenting symptoms of EoE. Data collected included gender, race, indication for EGD, and presence of EoE. Results: No gender or racial differences were found for indication for EGD. EoE was identified in 4.1% of children, more commonly in males than females (6% vs. 2.5%, p < 0.01). No racial difference was seen. Symptoms showing a racial/gender difference included dysphagia, vomiting, and foreign body impaction. Conclusions: Prevalence of EoE differs by gender, but not race. Gender/racial differences exist for EoE in children presenting with dysphagia, vomiting, and foreign body impaction. This data may help guide the clinician on when to refer for EGD.

Balancing Scales of Language Injustice  [PDF]
Jerome Rabow, Manpreet Dhillon
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2015.51003
Abstract: This paper addresses the ways in which our everyday usage of the common phrase “people of color” perpetuates a basic inequality in language use. A suggestion to eliminate inequality in teaching is proposed.
?Es la raza un criterio útil en la práctica médica?
Martínez Fuentes,Antonio Julián; Fernández Díaz,Ivonne Elena;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2006,
Abstract: racial classifications are frequently used to explain the health profiles of human groups. “race” has been associated with diverse diseases and it is started from the criterion that there is a “racial cause” in the susceptibility to many of them. the advances achieved in the study of the human genoma have led scientists from many countries to work very hard in the search of the gene or genes that within each race are the cause of specific diseases, minimizing ocassionally the environmental influences. what we usually call race is a social construction reflecting the imbrication of aspects of biology of human groups, the particular historical conditions and the economic, political, social and cultural factors. it is more accurate and useful to analyze the variations in the propensity to certain diseases existing among the human groups in terms of variations in the frequencies of their genes and in their relation to environmental, social, economic and cultural factors than starting from the inaccurate and obsolete biological “race” concept, which interferes with the objective study of some diseases and does not function as an efficient criterion in biomedical research.
Forgiving Significant Interpersonal Offenses: The Role of Victim/Offender Racial Similarity  [PDF]
Courtney Cornick, Jessica M. Schultz, Benjamin Tallman, Elizabeth M. Altmaier
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.29141
Abstract: The influence of victim/offender racial similarity on victim forgiveness was investigated in a study of interpersonal transgressions. It was hypothesized that racial similarity between victim and offender would influence forgiveness only for transgressions that were less distressing for the victim. Participants were 104 adults (45 Black and 59 White) who provided a narrative description of a significant interpersonal transgression they had experienced and completed measures of transgression-related distress and forgiveness. Forgiveness was measured as positive (benevolence) and negative (revenge, avoidance) motivations toward the offender. For negative motive- tions, revenge and avoidance, there was no effect of racial similarity: more severe distress was associated with less forgiveness for all victim/offender pairings. However, the results revealed a significant interaction of victim/offender racial similarity and distress for positive motivations: Black victims reported increased benevolence towards Black offenders after more distressing transgressions. Victims in other racial combinations reported reduced benevolence for more distressing transgressions. In group favoring of Black offenders by Black victims may be an unexplored aspect of forgiveness. Little research has addressed the potential influence of context on interpersonal forgiveness, and this study suggests that these influences may play an important role.
Is the Public Sector Declining as an Occupational Niche for African American Women? An Analysis of Wages in Privileged Employment  [PDF]
George Wilson
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2018.85026
Abstract: We maintain that a subtle and hitherto unrecognized form of racial inequality at the privileged occupational level is emerging. “New governance” reform, a rapidly encroaching form of privatization which has altered conditions of work and the status of workers is causing African American women to lose the public sector as the long-standing “occupational niche” in managerial and professional employment. Findings from Integrated Public Use Micro-Series data indicate that—in the context of wages—the new “business logic” characterized most importantly by enhanced managerial discretion, has progressively disadvantaged African American women, relative, White gender counterparts. Specifically, relative parity in wages achieved in the public sector, compared to the private sector in 1996 period progressively eroded across two time points, 2003 and 2010 because of widening racial gaps in the public sector. Further, niche status varies across occupational categories: wage gaps widen more in managerial than in professional positions. We discuss prospects for the public sector to remain an occupational niche for African American women in privileged employment and call for more research on racial stratification in the public sector.
Hospital admissions: An examination of race and health insurance
Eric Gass
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: This study examined the effects of racial differences and differences in insurance status on source of hospital admissions. The data source was the 2001 National Hospital Discharge Survey and included a sub-sample of 104,185 patients. 58.3% of patients were admitted through the emergency room, 75.0% of patients were White, 19.7% were Black, and 61.5% were on government insurance or uninsured. Black patients were found to have significantly higher levels of emergency room admissions (69.1%=p < .0001), regardless of insurance status (gov’t/self-pay, 73.7%=p < .0001, private insurance, 59.5%=p < .0001). Patients on government insurance or self-payment had significantly higher levels of emergency room admissions (65.8%=p < .0001). Regression analysis showed that both race and insurance type are significant predictors (p < .0001) of Source of Admission to the hospital. Percent probabilities confirmed this finding. Thus, it was concluded that racial differences witnessed in source of admission were not mediated by insurance type and that race and insurance type are significant, independent predictors of hospital admission source.
Guess Who’s Off The Hook: Inventing Interracial Coupling In Global Art Cinema
Jayson Baker
Wide Screen , 2009,
Abstract: Black Studies scholar and critic, bell hooks, offers many insightful analyses of American life in her book Outlaw Culture. hooks levels a quick claim that Americans “have to go to films outside America to find any vision of redemptive love in films that depict interracial relationships, but she doesn't provide an analysis of a foreign film to illustrate her accusation. This work seeks to utilise hooks race theories to interrogate constructions of interracial relationships in select global art cinemas, particularly how these movies seek to understand postcolonial violations, transnational migration, and globalisation anxieties in Jean Luc Godard's Le Petit Soldat (1960), Tomas Guterrez Alea's Memories of Underdevelopment, and Rainer Werner Fassbinder's Ali: Fear Eats the Soul (1974). Framing this discussion is the forty-year span between the release of Guess Who's Coming to Dinner and Guess Who, which depict interracial coupling between a black male and white female in the late sixties and a white male and black female in 2005. Analysing the use of race in global cinema may allow American audiences the necessary critical distance to see how ‘other’ movies construct interracial relationships to instigate a form cultural atonement, an agenda hooks sees absent in American film yet fails to prove in foreign film.
The Historiography of Archaeology and Canon Greenwell
Tim Murray
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology , 2005, DOI: 10.5334/bha.15203
Abstract: In this paper I will focus the bulk of my remarks on setting studies of Canon Greenwell in two broader contexts. The first of these comprises the general issues raised by research into the historiography of archaeology, which I will exemplify through reference to research and writing I have been doing on a new book A History of Prehistoric Archaeology in England, and a new single-volume history of archaeology Milestones in Archaeology, which is due to be completed this year. The second, somewhat narrower context, has to do with situating Greenwell within the discourse of mid-to-late 19th century race theory, an aspect of the history of archaeology that has yet to attract the attention it deserves from archaeologists and historians of anthropology (but see e.g. Morse 2005). Discussing both of these broader contexts will, I hope, help us address and answer questions about the value of the history of archaeology (and of research into the histories of archaeologists), and the links between these histories and a broader project of understanding the changing relationships between archaeology and its cognate disciplines such as anthropology and history.
华北农学报 , 2010, DOI: 10.7668/hbnxb.20102.S1.005
Abstract: 以大白猪cDNA为模板,根据GenBank上提供的猪exon1序列设计引物,采用RACE克隆方法,首次获得猪CstB基因5'侧翼序列,得到了共44bp的序列,提交GenBank收录(GenBank登录号:EF483823)。
Race, gender, and lifestyle discussions in geriatric primary care medical visits  [PDF]
B. Mitchell Peck, Margo-Lea Hurwicz, Marcia Ory, Paula Yuma, Mary Ann Cook
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.210168
Abstract: Increasingly, healthcare providers are required to spend more time and effort aimed at prevention and lifestyle modification. Many argue that providers are in a unique position to provide information for effective lifestyle and behavior change. Yet, relatively little is known about how in- terpersonal provider and patient characteristics, such as race and gender, affect discussions of lifestyle choices about public health issues. To understand better how patient and physician characteristics influence discussions of lifestyle behaviors, we conducted a prospective, cohort study of interactions between primary care physicians and their geriatric patients. We videotaped 381 elderly patient visits with 35 primary care physicians. We coded the encounters to indicate whether the patient and physician discussed lifestyle issues around nutrition, physical activity, and smoking. The independent variables were patient and physician race, gender, and concordant status. Discussions about nutrition were the most common lifestyle topic (47.8%), followed by physical activity (40.3%) and smoking (14.2%). Multivariate analysis indicate white patients are significantly less likely to have discussions with their physicians about nutrition (OR = 0.32, p = 0.02) and same gender encounters are also less likely to discuss diet/nutrition (OR = 0.59, p = 0.04). There were no significant differences for discussions about physical activity or smoking. Previous research has shown that differences persist in the quality of care and certain outcomes. Our results suggest these differrences are not exclusively the result of differences in the prevalence of lifestyle discussions based on patient and physician race or gender.
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