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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 28299 matches for " quality of life "
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Quality of life of patients with brucellosis in an endemic area of Mexico  [PDF]
Guillermina García-Juárez, Efrén Ramírez-Bribiesca, Luz M. Hernández-Calva, José D. Vázquez-Vázquez, Alfonso Pérez-Sánchez, Christine M. Budke
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.49090
Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate quality of life of patients infected with brucellosis compared to a control population from the same geographic region. The quality of life of brucellosis positive and brucellosis negative individuals from rural and urban areas of Mexico was evaluated using the Short-Form SF-36 Health Survey. This survey is a generic measure of physical and mental health-related quality of life. Data analysis was performed using one-way analysis of variance and the Tukey test. Brucellosis patients had lower overall quality of life compared with the controls. Brucellosis patients from rural areas had lower overall quality of life (P < 0.05) compared with brucellosis patients from urban areas. In conclusion, human brucellosis affects quality of life, with patients living in rural areas most severely impacted. This may be due to the lack of local public policies and programs for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of brucellosis.
Falls and health-related quality of life (SF-36) in elderly people—ISACAMP 2008  [PDF]
Iara Guimar?es Rodrigues, Margareth Guimar?es Lima, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.512A007
Abstract:

Falls are accidental events and harmful to the healthy elderly. Its consequence can lead to the disability and the death. Accordingly, it becomes important to assess the relation between falls and quality of life. This theme is little studied in Brazil and internationally, especially in areas with large population bases. Objective: To identify the association between occurrence of fall and health-related quality of life (HRQL) using the SF-36 according to gender, age and schooling, among the elderly population of Campinas/Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional, population-based study, using data from ISACAMP 2008. The present study analyzed only the population with 60 years old or more, totaling 1432 elderly individuals. The dependent variables were the eight SF-36 scale, version 2. The main independent variables were the falls occurred in the last 12 months and the limitation in activities daily living due to the falls. Analysis were carried out with the simple and multiple linear regression model in order to determine the associations between the dependent and main independent variables, using svy commands of STATA 11.0. Results: The prevalence of falls in the last year was 6.3%. The elderly individuals who referred to fall in the last 12 months exhibited the lowest score in seven of eight SF-36 scales, comparing with non-fallers. The association between fall and HRQL was greater in the male population. The elderly individuals who are older (75 or more) and located in the lower schooling stratum, and experienced falls also exhibited the lowest SF-36 scale scores, in physical and social functioning. Stratifying falls, considering those who cause limitations and those who do not, can be observed with the lowest scores in physical functioning, role physical, role emotion and social functioning, and only in the stratum of people who have limitations in daily living. Conclusion: The occurrence of falls can cause important limitations in

Health, Aging and Quality of Life: An Evaluation of Experience in Family Health Unit through Popular Education  [PDF]
Cristina Katya Torres Teixeira Mendes, Fabia Barbosa de Andrade, Danielle Nóbrega de Castro, Maria do Socorro Feitosa Alves, Gilson de Vasconcelos Torres, Maria Adelaide Paredes Moreira, Antonia Oliveira Silva
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.615229
Abstract: This study aims to assess the implementation of the Health, Aging and Quality of Life. The specific objectives were executed by conducting activities with the elderly through generative themes with an emphasis on health, aging and quality of life; evaluation of the experience of older people in Unity Family Health with Popular Education; analyzing the evolution of indicators of health and quality of life of elderly patients after two years and ascertaining the effectiveness of Popular Education in the elderly group in the Family Health Unit. This is an exploratory study approved by the Ethics and Research Committee UFPB/CCS, number 0598/08 held on Primary Health Care. The project consists of two lines of integrated activities: Group Active Ageing (GEA), which brings together seniors for addressing issues related to healthy aging and the Multidimensional Health Assessment and Quality of Life through the WHOQOL-BREF. The activities were built in fortnightly meetings from the dialogue where experiences are shared and collective needs. Thus, relevant topics were suggested for the group: guidelines on physical activity, nutrition, chronic disease prevention, self-esteem, among others, and group dynamics as body stretching, stretching exercises, respiratory, metabolic and relaxation. The observed results are the very satisfactions group, reported through testimonies and translated by the enthusiasm and diligence in participation. This project promoted a better bio-psycho-social development of the elderly, reinforcing its identity by promoting and facilitating the expression of their potential positive and arousing them to a better future life prospects and community socialization feelings.
Health Related Quality of Life of Pregnant Women and Associated Factors: An Integrative Review  [PDF]
Cinthia Gondim Pereira Calou, Ana Karina Bezerra Pinheiro, Régia Christina Moura Barbosa Castro, Mirna Fontenele de Oliveira, Priscila de Souza Aquino, Franz Janco Antezana
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.618273
Abstract: Objective: The objectives were to characterize the scientific production on Health-Related Quality of Life of pregnant women, identify the areas that are most affected during pregnancy and puerperal period and identify the instruments used to assess quality of life related to health in pregnant women. Methods: For the integrative review, 11 articles published from 2006 to 2013 in the PUBMED, MEDLINE, CINAHL, SCOPUS and SCIELO were selected. Result: Data showed scarce publication from nursing professionals, prevalence of non-experimental studies conducted mainly in Brazil. The most commonly instruments used were the WHOQOL-BREF and SF-12. The presence of pain, nausea and vomiting, depression, low education, younger age and absence of partner negatively affect the quality of life of pregnant women. Practicing physical activity and being socially supported during pregnancy favour a better quality of life. In the domain of social relations, sexuality was the only affected facet. Conclusion: Gaps in the level of evidence considered weak were identified. We suggest bigger role of nurses in research on the subject so that there will be the development of effective interventions to support nursing practice and ensure quality care and consequently improve the quality of life of women in pregnancy and childbirth.
Sociodemographic, Clinical and Quality of Life Aspects of People Aged over 50 Years Living with HIV/AIDS  [PDF]
Alexsandra Rodrigues Feij?o, Klebia Karoline dos Santos Neco, Jéssica Dayane Dantas Costa, Isabelle Christine Marinho de Oliveira, Ana Luisa Brand?o de Carvalho Lira, Bertha Cruz Enders
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2016.66045
Abstract: Introduction: In the last few years, there has been a growth in the number of cases of people with HIV/AIDS aged 50 years and older. This is explained by the inclusion of antiretroviral therapy, increased survival of patients as well as by the growth in the number of infected people in this age group. Objective: To analyze the association between sociodemographic and clinical characteristics with the QOL of people aged 50 years or older living with HIV/AIDS. Methods: Quantitative, cross-sectional study conducted in the outpatient clinic of a reference hospital in Natal, Brazil. The sample consisted of 50 subjects, aged over 50, seropositive for HIV and with cognitive conditions to answer the interview. Authors used sociodemographic and clinical evaluation tools and the WHOQOL-HIV BREF scale. Results: Sociodemographic: respondents’ average age was 57.32 years, 58% male, 38% brown, 26% incomplete primary education, 46% single, 56% retired, 70% with a monthly income of 1 to 2 minimum wages and 70% Catholic. Clinical: 60% have a partner without the diagnosis of HIV/AIDS; 62% had not been hospitalized previously; 66% did not have opportunistic infections; 40% indicated that there was a change in the physiological sexual function after the onset of the disease. Quality of life: people living with HIV/AIDS had low scores in QOL domains. When associating sociodemographic and clinical aspects, it was observed that they had associations with QOL, especially in regard to education, income, religion, change in sexual function and feelings. Conclusion: The spiritual domain was highlighted with the best performance, collaborating to facing, hope and resilience of HIV/AIDS.
Factors Related to Nocturia in Elderly People Living in Local Remote Area in Japan  [PDF]
Yuko Takeda, Mitsumi Ono, Hideyuki Kanda, Sachiko Hara, Keiko Takeda
Health (Health) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/health.2017.94047
Abstract:
The elderly people are prone to be affected by quality of life (QOL) by nocturia becoming the multiple times. A purpose of this study was to determine it about a factor associated with the night urination. This survey was conducted in 2015 as a cross-sectional study. Anonymous, self-administered questionnaires were used to prevent individuals from being identified. The analysis subjects were 699 elderly people with the nocturia which belonged to club of the aged 65 years or older. Those with nocturia were placed in the Nocturia-1 group if they reported experiencing nocturia once per night or in the Nocturia- ≥ 2 group if they reported experiencing nocturia two or more times per night. We analyzed the relationships between the characteristics, lower urinary tract symptoms, and opportunities to go outdoors in the Nocturia-1 and Nocturia- ≥ 2 groups based on sex using the χ2 test. In addition, to investigate the factors that influence the change from nocturia once per night to two or more times per night, we performed logistic regression analysis using the χ2 test on the characteristics and lower urinary tract symptoms that showed significant differences separately for men and women. Among the men, factors with a significant positive relation-ship were age, diabetes mellitus, lower back pain, daytime frequency, and urinary urgency. Among the women, factors with a significant positive relationship were age, requiring support 1-requiring long-term care 2, urinary urgency, and feeling of incomplete emptying. It was suggested that the life of elderly people improved by nocturia not increasing.
The Factors of Musculoskeletal Pain in Geriatric Patients and the Relationship between Pain and Quality of Life  [PDF]
Esra Cicekci, Zuhal Ozisler, Sumru Ozel, Sibel Unsal-Delialioglu, Cem Ozisler
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2017.88047
Abstract: Aim: The purpose of the study was to assess the musculoskeletal pain frequency and intensity, to pinpoint the factors affecting the pain and to research their effect on patients’ quality of life. Methods: 203 patients over 65 who came to our Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation clinic were included in the study. Intensity of comorbid diseases were calculated by using Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS). Geriatric Pain Measure-24 (GPM) was used to assess the pain intensity, Geriatric Depression Scale-15 (GDS) was used to detect the presence of depression and Short Form-36 (SF-36) was used to determine quality of life. Results: The median age of the patients was 72.9 ± 6.36 (65 - 92) years. 97% of patients complained of pain. GPM total value mean of the patients was 61.9 (0 - 99.9). GPM scores were significantly higher in patients who were female (p < 0.001), single (p < 0.015), lower education, housewife (p < 0.001), depressed (p < 0.001), and with a preexisting comorbidity. However, in multivariate linear regression analysis, only female sex and depression presence was found out to be the factors that significantly affect the GPM scores (p < 0.001). There was a significant positive correlation between GPM and GDS scores (p = 0.001, r = 0.545). There were significant negative correlations between all subgroup parameters of SF-36 and both GPM and GDS. Conclusions: Low education, being single, presence of comorbidities and being a housewife all relates to pain intensity, yet the most important factors are being female and presence of depression. Pain intensity is connected to low quality of life. We think this study will show a path to program geriatric population’s healthcare needs.
Psychometric properties of the interRAI subjective quality of life Instrument for mental health  [PDF]
Tess E. Naus, John P. Hirdes
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.53A084
Abstract:
A new Subjective Quality of Life (SQoL) Instrument for inpatient and community mental health settings was developed by the interRAI research collaborative to support evaluation of quality in mental health settings from the person’s perspective. Ratings of SQoL provide important information about the quality of service and patient experience with the care they receive. This information can help staff to improve approaches to each person’s plan of care in a manner that is meaningful to the individual. This study examined the reliability of the SQoL-MH. 83 inpatients from several clinical departments in a mental health center in South Western Ontario, Canada were randomly assigned to either be interviewed or complete the assessment on his or her own. Reliability was tested using Cronbach’s Alpha. A preliminary factor analysis points to four SQoL-MH subscales with very good internal consistency, ranging from 0.83 to 0.90. Once finalized, the Subjective Quality of Life instrument will be integral to the interRAI suite of instruments used to assess persons with mental health needs. A reliable and valid SQoL-MH instrument will allow mental health service providers to shape or modify care environments in order to enhance quality of life. In addition, the SQoL-MH instrument could also benefit advocacy groups who use reports on quality of life to influence social policy development and funding decisions.
Assessing the quality of life of children with mental disorders using a computer-based self-reported generic instrument (KidIQoL)—Quality of life of children with mental disorders  [PDF]
Melanie White-Koning, Hélène Grandjean, Martine Gayral-Taminh, Valérie Lauwers-Cancès, Jean-Philippe Raynaud
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2011.11002
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To assess the self-reported quality of life (Qol) of children with various mental disorders and compare the scores in this population with those in children without such problems. METHODS: Self- reported Qol was assessed using KidiQoL, a generic computer-based tool with 44 items exploring four domains (Physical and psychological health, Family life, School life and Social and physical environment). The study group consisted of 139 children (111 boys and 28 girls) aged between 6 and 12 years (mean age 9.1 years) referred to an outpatient mental health unit for mental disorders, 29 of whom completed the questionnaire about 2 weeks later in order to assess test-retest reliability. The comparison group consisted of 130 children from the general population, aged 6 to 12 years (mean age 9.0 years) and attending main- stream schools in the same geographical area. RE- SULTS: The test-retest reliability of the instrument was very good with an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.97 for the total score and above 0.90 in all domains. No significant differences in domain and total scores were observed according to gender or developmental age. Children with developmental disorders or schizophrenia reported significantly lower QoL in the Health domain than children with other types of mental disorders. In all domains and for the total score, the children with mental disorders re- ported significantly lower QoL than the children from the general population; CONCLUSION: KidIQoL has been found suitable and psychometrically valid in children with mental disorders. Its use could help the assessment and adaptation of psychiatric care.
Treatment Adherence, Quality of Life and Clinical Variables in HIV/AIDS Infection  [PDF]
Ana Reis, Marina Prista Guerra, Leonor Lencastre
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2013.33032
Abstract:

The purpose of the study was to analyze the relationship between treatment adherence, quality of life and clinical variables in HIV/AIDS Infection. The empirical study was conducted at two Portuguese hospitals (Porto and Lisbon) with a sample of 295 outpatients diagnosed with HIV/AIDS attending the Infectology service and on antiretroviral medication, during a 12-month period (February 2009 to February 2010). Data were collected by voluntary fulfillment of three questionnaires: one for socio-demographic variables, one to Assess Adherence to Antiretroviral Treatment-HIV and the Portuguese version of the WHOQOL-Bref to measure the quality of life (QoL). Clinical records were inspected in order to collect clinical information from the patients. The relationship between these variables was accessed by Student’s t-test and ANOVA using Tukey and LSD as the post Hoc test. Regarding disease stages, the post Hoc analysis has showed that asymptomatic patients have a better level of adherence and quality of life when compared to those in more advanced stages of the disease. Undetectable viral load <20 copies/mL and T CD4+ count >500 cells/mm3 were also associated with higher QoL in all overall domains. Patients on NRTI + NNTRI regimens have higher adherence when compared to those on NRTI + PI regimens and higher QoL indexes when compared to twice daily regimens, patients on single dose per day regimens have higher adherence and higher QoL in overall domain. Patients experiencing adverse effects have lower QoL and lower adherence levels when compared to those not experiencing such events. We consider the multiplicity and the interaction of several determinants of influence in the adaptation process during the HIV/AIDS treatment. The results may have implications for the psychological intervention to improve the adherence’s level to the antiretroviral therapy.

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