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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 17695 matches for " qualitative research in nutrition "
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O enfoque qualitativo na avalia??o do consumo alimentar: fundamentos, aplica??es e considera??es operacionais
Bosi, Maria Lúcia Magalh?es;Prado, Shirley Donizete;Lindsay, Ana Cristina;Machado, Márcia Maria Tavares;Carvalho, Maria Claudia da Veiga Soares;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73312011000400007
Abstract: unfounded disputes between advocates of qualitative and quantitative approaches have hindered the recognition of the benefits of combined application of both methods in the same study, ie, a multidimensional and integrated approach. nevertheless, in recent years, the field of nutrition in public health has experienced an increase in conducting studies guided not only by measurement, but by the combination of qualitative and quantitative methods. indeed, the qualitative approach has much to contribute to research in food consumption, among many other objects and themes, in which stands the importance of deepening the understanding of subjective production, expressed in beliefs, attitudes and behaviors. this paper summarizes the nature, rationale and usefulness of the qualitative research approach in food and nutrition, explaining how these methods have been or may be used to study the complex problems that arise in this field, limiting the discussion to the scope of the studies on food consumption. the integration of both methods, qualitative and quantitative, by the methodological complementarity, can minimize the limits of use of each approach in isolation.
Compreendendo a prática do aleitamento exclusivo: um estudo junto a lactantes usuárias da rede de servi?os em Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil
Machado, Márcia Maria Tavares;Bosi, Maria Lúcia Magalh?es;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292008000200006
Abstract: objectives: this paper focus on perceptions and experiences of women who practiced exclusive breastfeeding for a minimum period of six months. we tried to understand their attitudes and what breastfeeding meant to them in an attempt to understand how this option took place and was maintained in the group making the decision of exclusive breastfeeding. methods: the study was oriented by social survey qualitative methodology, with an assessment and interpretative focus. the sample was comprised of 13 lactating mothers, users of the health services network of fortaleza, state ceará, brazil. the technique of choice was in-depth individual interviews. results: the complexity of breastfeeding became evident, although many times considered natural and easy to be experienced independently from the social environment where it takes place. the role played by parents and grandparents was determined as being an important element in the breastfeeding process. this study concluded that successful breastfeeding was rooted in the concepts construed by the respondents throughout their lives and in their own experiences resulting in new interpretations of concepts prior to their breastfeeding experience, as well as in the events taking place during the experience. conclusions: such experiences are not only linked to the subjective level for they report to the dimension of real life where relationships with the healthcare professionals and services are established.
Pesquisas qualitativas em nutri??o e alimenta??o
Canesqui, Ana Maria;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732009000100012
Abstract: the article reviews and comments the qualitative studies and the ones that make relationship between social and human sciences in the nutrition and feeding areas; 93 articles have been selected in publications in the scielo database, of a general listing obtained with the key words: feeding and nutrition. it was classified in five subjects: social, cultural, cognitive and psychological dimensions of feeding; education/nutritional orientation; analysis and evaluation of politics and programs of feeding and nutrition; profession, formation of human resources and theoretician and methodological studies. considerations on qualitative research in landmarks of social sciences and commentaries on each of the subjects have been weaved. it is concluded that the qualitative research had positively extended interlocution of nutrition with social and human sciences, although requiring improvement in theories and methodologies, in some subjects, and to adjust the agreement of the qualitative research; there is a strong presence of the revista de nutri??o and periodic of public health/collective health in the academic production, a focus in the work of some authors and the necessity to give support in social and human sciences in nutrition formation and to improve the multidisciplinary practice in the qualitative studies.
Analisando conhecimentos e práticas de agentes educacionais e professoras relacionados à alimenta??o infantil
Silva, Andréia Cristina de Almeida;Telarolli Júnior, Rodolpho;Monteiro, Maria Iolanda;
Ciência & Educa??o (Bauru) , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-73132010000100012
Abstract: this study aimed to identify the knowledge and practices that people have regarding 0 to 3 year-old children in order to add information for professionals who work with this age group of children in the nutrition education field. the methodological procedure followed a case study, with a qualitative approach. the sample studied was analyzed through questions and observations of topics related to infantile nutrition along with data about these professionals' educational degrees. the results show that both, educational agents and infant education teachers have a significant knowledge about infant nutrition. however their biggest concern was to supply the children's nutritional necessities through a healthy meal, leaving in a second place the activities that could be accomplished by a nutritional education program, built collectively and introduced into the school.
Comida de hospital: percep??es de pacientes em um hospital público com proposta de atendimento humanizado
Demário,Renata Léia; Sousa,Anete Araújo de; Salles,Raquel Kuerten de;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000700036
Abstract: the objective of the study was to know the perception of patients about feeding in a reference hospital for the national humanization politics. it is a qualitative research with twenty-six in depth and half-structuralized interviews had been carried through. the interviews were applied to internee patients (adults and elders) with four or more days in health clinic. the study revealed that the patients approved the good attendance and the humanized health team care. the feeding is perceived as part of the institution rules, relating it with the disease and the health recovery. also, the companion presence, the hospital environment, medicines and sensorial aspects are considered to influence the feeding acceptance. the meal time was considered a model to be followed. the patients had demonstrated difficulty in revealing opinions about changes in the feeding or routines. the meal time is an interaction moment among the patients, companions and health team. the study concluded that in order to eat well in a hospital depends on what the patients is allowed to because of their diseases, showing that, there is no hospital food identification with their feeding history, preferences or habits in life.
Interculturalidad alimentario-nutricional en la etnia Wixarika de México
Crocker Sagastume,René; Cosío González,Antonio; López López,Martina; Ruiz Domínguez,Liah; Andrade Ure?a,Diana; Gutiérrez Gómez,Yareni;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272004000600004
Abstract: background: the high prevalence of eating-nutritional problems and the low degree of impact the food programs have, mainly because the cosmovision of this people has been overlooked warrants the recovery of the eating-nutritional culture of the wixarika ethnic group in mexico. this research is aimed at providing elements for constructing a sustainable, intercultural, participation-based eating and nutrition model bringing together modernity and this people's ancestral traditions. methods: the participative action based on the sociocritical epistemology was employed as the research methodology with the in-depth survey and participating ethnography techniques. this research was conducted in the wixarika of santa catarina cuexcomatitlan community in the municipality of mezquitic, jalisco, mexico. results: the foods eaten by the wixarika people have a religious meaning, in which corn is the main connecting force of their food-related cosmovision. as most mesoamerican cultures, the basis of food production and consumption is comprised by the ?three sisters?: corn, beans and squash, to which ?jitomate? and ?chile? have been added, as well as the gathering of foods from the surrounding environment such as fungus, chelites and nopal, foods which, on being produced and eaten in sufficient quantities and properly combined may provide for this ethnic group being properly fed. conclusions: food comprises a central aspect in the way in which the cosmovision of the wixarika people is set out, these being representations and meanings which must be integrated in order to a model which will ensure the eating-nutritional soundness of this ethnic group.
Nutrition-Related Practices and Attitudes of Kansas Skipped-Generation(s) Caregivers and Their Grandchildren
Mary Meck Higgins,Bethany J. Murray
Nutrients , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/nu2121188
Abstract: Despite growing numbers, the nutrition practices and attitudes of skipped?generation(s) kinship caregivers regarding feeding the dependent children in their care have not been examined. In this qualitative study, transcriptions of semi-structured interviews with 19 female and four male skipped-generation(s) Kansas caregivers (ages 47 to 80, 92% non-Hispanic whites, 83% female, 78% grandparents and 22% great-aunt or great?grandparent caregivers; caring for a range of one to four children, ages three to 18, for an average of nine years) were content analyzed for how their nutrition-related practices and attitudes had changed since parenting the first time. Sub-themes regarding practices included: being more nutrition and food safety conscious now, and shifting their child feeding style. The children seemed to be adversely affected by an on-the-go lifestyle and the use of more electronics. Caregivers described their sources for child feeding advice as being based mostly on information from their mothers, physicians, and their past parenting experiences. Sub-themes for attitudes included opinions that nutrition and safe food handling are important and that nutritious food is expensive. They preferred printed or video nutrition education materials and wanted to receive information through organizations they trusted. This population could benefit from education on: infant, child, adolescent, and sports nutrition; feeding “picky eaters”; healthful recipes, “fast foods” and packaged foods; quick, inexpensive meals and snacks low in fat, sugar, and salt; limiting sedentary time; family meals; using food thermometers; and intergenerational gardening and cooking.
A alimenta??o organica e as a??es educativas na escola: diagnóstico para a educa??o em saúde e nutri??o
Cunha,Elisangela da; Sousa,Anete Araújo de; Machado,Neila Maria Vi?osa;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000100009
Abstract: this research involved a diagnosis of the educational actions and organic food of the taste and awareness project (projeto sabor e saber, pss) in a state school in florianopolis, brazil. based on a qualitative approach, a semi-structured interview, documentation analysis and focal groups were used for data collection. the participants were managers of school meals; a school head and a group of students and teachers representing the school. the results indicated that the pss has advanced in its objectives, combining the introduction of organic foods with educational actions involving food, health, nutrition and the environment but with no evaluations of this process; organic food is present in school meals, although there is no record of educational actions; food is a subject on the science course; the themes of food, health and nutrition in the school environment come up without planning; the evaluation of students regarding the food is positive, but no reference was made to organic foods. it was concluded that the use of organic food, is still not an element of the pedagogical project. however, the research contributed to the teachers, on the need to develop educational actions in health, organic foods and nutrition, within the school community.
Concep??es de agricultores ecológicos do Paraná sobre alimenta??o saudável
Ell,Erica; Oliveira e Silva,Denise; Nazareno,Eleusis Ronconi de; Brandenburg,Alfio;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102012005000020
Abstract: objective: to describe ecological farmers' conceptions of healthy eating. methods: study with a qualitative approach. in january and february 2007, supported by a guide, in-depth interviews were conducted with 11 women and one man who were living in an agricultural community in rio branco do sul, southern brazil. the interviewees were selected randomly from among the 20 ecological farming families in this municipality. results: three analysis categories were identified: "awareness of healthy eating"; "purchasing power" and "healthy land". the significance of healthy eating for the female farmers involved the idea that foods should be natural, without agricultural pesticides or manufactured chemical products. the daily routine should include abundant consumption of fruits, greens and other vegetables, in addition to the basic rice, beans and meat, and the composition of dishes should aim towards prevention of obesity and chronic-degenerative diseases. care regarding natural resources in order to ensure production of healthy foods, food safety, environmental sustainability and the future of life on the planet form part of the concept of healthy eating. conclusions: knowledge, self-criticism and discernment accompanied the conceptions of healthy eating.
Programa de Alimenta??o do Trabalhador: representa??es sociais de gestores locais
Bandoni,Daniel Henrique; Brasil,Bettina Gerken; Jaime,Patrícia Constante;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102006000600013
Abstract: objective: to assess local managers' knowledge and social representations of a healthy diet and health promotion in the workers' food program. methods: a cross-sectional study was carried out with companies registered in the workers' food program in the city of s?o paulo, southeastern brazil. semi-structured questionnaires were administered to local managers involved with workers' food. data were tabulated through the discourse of the collective subject using three methodological approaches: central idea, key expressions and discourse of the collective subject. results: discourses of managers from 70 companies were evaluated, indicating that 60% of central ideas expressed unfamiliarity on the workers' food program and its objectives, or had as representation the benefits for their companies. however, it was observed that the most common central idea was: "it is a program to provide a balanced diet to workers", representing a discourse emphasizing a healthy diet and health promotion, which is close to program's objectives. conclusions: the majority of discourses did not emphasize a healthy diet and health promotion. thus for accomplishing the program's objectives, local managers need to be familiar with workers' food program and aware of its objective of health promotion.
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