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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 41056 matches for " public health ministry of the guinea-bissau. "
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A situa??o epidemiológica da tuberculose na República da Guiné-Bissau, 2000 - 2005
Manjuba, Cristóv?o;Nogueira, Péricles Alves;Abrah?o, Regina Maura Cabral de Melo;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2008000100009
Abstract: introduction: tuberculosis does not present good health indicators in the republic of the guinea-bissau, like most other developing countries. objective: to study the epidemiological status of the illness in the 2000-2005 period in the republic of the guinea-bissau and its provinces. method: secondary data were collected from the national fight against leprosy and tuberculosis program, in the period from 2000 to 2005, and annual reports of the capital and the provinces were analyzed to calculate coefficients and indicators. results: the number of tuberculosis cases remained stable in the period from 2000 (1,959 cases) to 2005 (1,888 cases). the percentage of pulmonary cases ranged from 96.0 to 98.8%, of which 55% had positive smears. the coefficients of prevalence, incidence and mortality, in 2005 were 142.4/100,000, 131.3/100,000 and 16.8/100,000 inhabitants, respectively. the main concentration of cases occurred in the region of the capital. cure rates varied between 46.5% in 2000 and 69.6% in 2005 and treatment interruption rates were 29.8% in 2000 and 12.1% in 2005. conclusion: the indicators of the national strategic plan must improve, particularly with regard to active case search, decentralization of patient care, implementation of the dots strategy, and the need for an efficient information and reporting system.
Medicinal Plants Used to Treat Neurological Disorders in West Africa: A Case Study with Guinea-Bissau Flora  [PDF]
Maria M. Romeiras, Maria Cristina Duarte, Bucar Indjai, Luís Catarino
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.327122
Abstract: The sub-Saharan region holds a wide variety of indigenous plant species, still offering the possibility to discover very interesting new natural products with potential therapeutic value. Most of the African population depends on traditional medicine for primary health care, however, neurological disorders are often not considered as common diseases and many people with mental illnesses, like epilepsy, are severely affected by health-related stigma and discrimination. Epilepsy is the most common serious chronic brain disorder, estimated to affect at least 10 million people in Africa. Guinea-Bissau is located in West Africa, and its population is mainly rural with very few health services available. Since the earliest times, Guinea-Bissau flora has constituted the main source of materials used in folk medicine and the local population, who is well versed in the uses of these plants and their properties. The aim of this study was to document the existing knowledge and practices related to the treatment of neurological disorders, namely epilepsy and seizures, in Guinea-Bissau and in other West African countries. The results presented from this study provide information not only on the specific plants used to treat neurological disorders, but also on social knowledge brought in by various ethnic groups, each one having its own culture, beliefs and ways of nature appropriation. Taking into account the existing knowledge on the medicinal properties of plants for treatment of neurologic disorders, it is believed that research in the areas of ethnomedicine and ethnopharmacology in Guinea-Bissau can bring promising results capable of adding value to the very rich natural resources of this country of West Africa.
O trabalho da criouliza??o: as práticas de nomea??o na Guiné colonial
Filho,Wilson Trajano;
Etnográfica , 2008,
Abstract: this paper analyses the naming practices in the creolized villages of guinea-bissau during the colonial period. based on a corpus of 496 names presented in a series of lists of deceased persons published by the health service between 1892 and 1900, this article describes the process of creolization in colonial society from the perspective of the naming practices. comparing the naming patterns prevailing in portugal and in the indigenous societies of guinea, this paper shows how creole naming practices were unstable, creative and multidirectional.
The epidemiology of malaria in Prábis, Guinea-Bissau
Gon?alves, Aldina;Ferrinho, Paulo;Dias, Francisco;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761996000100002
Abstract: this article reports upon a community survey of malaria in prábis, guinea-bissau. a house to house census of the population was initially carried out from august to december 1991(rainy season). after completing the census of each village, the population was invited to come, a week later, to a central point, where they were medically examined and finger-prick blood samples were collected for epidemiological characterization of the malaria situation in the area. the blood films of the one single village were used to compare the sensitivity and specificity of polymerase chain reaction (pcr) with optical microscopy detection of parasites. in another village, the occurrence of parasitaemia was compared in children with and without fever. during the dry season, from march to june 1992, the population in each village was again invited to come to a central point. some of the field procedures were repeated. the study revealed prábis as an administrative sector of guinea-bissau with endemic malaria, mostly due to plasmodium falciparum, but with a significant rate of mixed infections. active transmission occurred throughout the year, but it was more intensive during the rainy season and in the northwestern quadrant of the sector. the level of endemicity of the villages varied from hypo to holoendemic. the factors associated with the differences among villages included village size and predominant economic activity (closeness to rice fields). the transmission paradigm was, most likely, a mixture of malaria of the african wet savannah and malaria associated with irrigated paddy fields. pcr proved to be a sensitive method with low specificity during the dry season. pyraexia of 37.4oc or higher in children aged 2-9 years is not a sensitive indicator of parasitaemia but, it is highly specific and it has a clinically useful predictive value.
Sai fora: youth, disconnectedness and aspiration to mobility in the Bijagó Islands (Guinea-Bissau)
Bordonaro,Lorenzo;
Etnográfica , 2009,
Abstract: in this article i portray the marginality, exclusion and social immobility of young people living in the small port of bubaque in the bijagó islands. reluctant to be involved in the village economy, but excluded from the port?s market economy, aware of the weakness of the national economy, migration to europe appears to them to be the only viable means of social promotion. income and education are not the sole motivations of their aspirations to mobility, however. the young men?s fantasies of migration to europe are based on a developmentalist narrative framework that creates a cartography of centres and peripheries. physical mobility towards the north is therefore also envisaged as a chance to obtain - or at least to claim - citizenship in ?modernity?.
A importancia das For as Armadas Revolucionárias do Povo (F.A.R.P.) na luta pela liberta o da Guiné-Bissau
Patrícia Gomes
Poiésis , 2010,
Abstract: Se presenta un contexto histórico de la toma del poder por los portugueses en Guinea Bissau, y laresistencia de la comunidad de ese país. El texto presenta la organización del pueblo y la creación delas "Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias del Pueblo (F.A.R.P). El texto describe la organización delmovimiento revolucionario.
O trabalho da criouliza o: as práticas de nomea o na Guiné colonial The workings of Creolization: naming practices in colonial Guinea-Bissau
Wilson Trajano Filho
Etnográfica , 2008,
Abstract: Este trabalho analisa as práticas de nomea o nos aglomerados urbanos crioulizados da Guiné-Bissau no período colonial. Partindo de um corpus de 496 nomes colhidos nas listas de falecimentos publicadas pela Junta de Saúde do governo colonial entre 1892 e 1900, o trabalho descreve o processo de criouliza o da sociedade colonial a partir da análise dos nomes das pessoas. Tendo como ponto de partida os padr es de nomea o em voga em Portugal e nas sociedades indígenas da Guiné colonial, a análise realizada mostra a dinamica das práticas crioulas de nomea o, revelando sua instabilidade, criatividade e multidirecionalidade. This paper analyses the naming practices in the creolized villages of Guinea-Bissau during the colonial period. Based on a corpus of 496 names presented in a series of lists of deceased persons published by the Health Service between 1892 and 1900, this article describes the process of creolization in colonial society from the perspective of the naming practices. Comparing the naming patterns prevailing in Portugal and in the indigenous societies of Guinea, this paper shows how Creole naming practices were unstable, creative and multidirectional.
A narrativa da degrada??o ambiental no Sul da Guiné-Bissau: uma desconstru??o etnográfica
Temudo,Marina Padr?o;
Etnográfica , 2009,
Abstract: through a detailed case-study this paper aims not only to unveil the complexity of the relationship among population increase, agriculture and sustainable management of natural resources, but also to reveal the reductionism of the so-called ?environmental crises narratives?. the paper highlights the methodological and epistemological advantages of linking ethnographic field research with remote sensing and geographical information systems in the study of landscape changes, the impact of farmers? livelihood strategies and the multiple factors conditioning changes in local resource management systems.
Modernity as Marginality: The making and the experience of peripherality in the Bijagó islands (Guinea-Bissau)
Lorenzo Bordonaro
Cadernos de Estudos Africanos , 2011, DOI: 10.4000/cea.103
Abstract: In this article I will trace back the feelings of peripherality and marginality expressed by a group of young men in the Bijagó Islands to the historical and political processes that marginalised the rural communities in Guinea-Bissau in the late colonial and post-independence period and excluded them from the formation of the state. These processes were supported and justified by the concomitant formation and diffusion of ideas of civilisation and development that produced and still produce ideological opposition between urban populations and rural communities. Following the seminal work of Anna Tsing, I will consider how the paradigm of the Bijagó region as an out-of-the-way place has been constructed over time through the grand narratives of civilisation and development. Este artigo relaciona o sentimento de marginalidade e periferia expressos por um grupo de jovens nas ilhas Bijagós com os processos históricos e políticos que marginalizaram as comunidades rurais na Guiné-Bissau no período colonial tardio e no pós-independência, excluindo-os da forma o do Estado. Estes processos foram apoiados e justificados de forma concomitante pela difus o das ideias de civiliza o e desenvolvimento que produziram – e ainda produzem – a oposi o ideológica entre as popula es urbanas e as comunidades rurais. Na sequência do trabalho seminal de Anna Tsing, encaro a constru o do paradigma da regi o Bijagó como um local fora do lugar e verifico como este foi construído ao longo do tempo através das grandes narrativas da civiliza o e do desenvolvimento.
National Integration in Guinea-Bissau since Independence
Christoph Kohl
Cadernos de Estudos Africanos , 2011, DOI: 10.4000/cea.155
Abstract: This article explores national integration in Guinea-Bissau since independence in 1974. I argue that the level of national integration is quite strong – despite the ethnic diversity prevalent in the country. As I will show, national integration is due to the ideology and policy of the former independence movement and the early postcolonial state that advocated a national-unity-in-ethnic-diversity-model. Bissau-Guineans know to separate between the state and the nation, a distinction sometimes neglected in analyses. As my findings suggest, Bissau-Guineans victimize their nation while confronting it with the state. A foreign invasion during the 1998-99 Military Conflict fostered national integration even more. O artigo explora a integra o nacional na Guiné-Bissau desde a independência do país em 1974. O nível de integra o nacional é – no meu modo de ver – relativamente forte, apesar da diversidade étnica naquele país da áfrica Ocidental. Como vou demonstrar, a integra o nacional baseia-se na ideologia e política do antigo movimento independentista e no jovem Estado pós-colonial, que advogavam um modelo de unidade-nacional-na-diversidade-étnica. Os guineenses sabem diferenciar entre o Estado e a na o, uma distin o às vezes negligenciada nas análises. Como sugerem os resultados da minha pesquisa de campo, os guineenses vitimizam a sua na o enquanto confrontam a na o com o Estado. Uma invas o estrangeira durante o conflito militar de 1998-99 refor ou ainda mais a integra o nacional.
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