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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4677 matches for " psychological adaptation "
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Classification, Identification, and Manipulation of Relevant Factors for Adaptation and Behavioural Adjustment from a Psychological Point of View  [PDF]
Gerardo Ortiz
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.513162
Abstract: Generally, the study of animal welfare is based on the identification and promotion of speciestypical behaviors of the individual or target group. The adjustment to new conditions (i.e. captivity) is easier for some species, while for others it may be very difficult or even impossible. The adjustment to captive conditions is a basic element for the development of conservation strategies (i.e. translocation, introduction, and reintroduction) and can be measured by different variables related to an animal’s psychological well-being. From a psychological point of view, we assume that organisms can adjust their behavior in correspondence to changes in their environment, adjustment that is enabled by an ecological contact medium (e.g. Ribes, 2007; Ribes & Perez-Almonacid, 2011). Under this assumption, we propose a methodology that allows the classification, identification and manipulation of relevant factors for an individual’s adjustment to different conditions (i.e. freedom and captivity) and a more rational handling of organisms and their specific life condition. The main elements of this methodology are: 1) adaptive and survival circumstances; 2) description of ecological milieu; 3) interactive processes (i.e. intra-individual, inter-individual, and inter-individual dependence); and 4) interaction-situation relationship.
Coping and adaptation and their relationship to the spiritual perspective in patients with HIV/AIDS
Pérez-Giraldo,Beatriz; Veloza-Gómez,Mónica del Mar; Ortiz-Pinilla,Jorge Eduardo;
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería , 2012,
Abstract: objective. to identify the coping and adaptation process and its relationship to the spiritual perspective in patients with hiv/aids. methodology. cross-sectional descriptive study in which 100 patients participated and who were applied instruments like roy's coping and adaptation measurement scale and reed's spiritual perspective scale. the study was conducted in 2009, at a state healthcare institution in bogotá (colombia). results. five patient subgroups were identified (recursive and centered, physical and focused, in warning process, in systematic processing, and knowing and relating) who presented different dynamics regarding the greater or lesser use of coping strategies. in most patients a high spiritual perspective was identified upon the experience of the disease. a weak, but significant correlation was found between the coping and adaptation processes and the components of the spiritual perspective. conclusion. a relationship exists between the spiritual perspective and the coping and adaptation process to the hiv/aids disease; the aforementioned must be considered in the therapeutic relationship as a relevant component of caretaking.
Sintomas de estresse e estratégias de coping em idosos saudáveis
Talarico, Juliana Nery de Souza;Caramelli, Paulo;Nitrini, Ricardo;Chaves, Eliane Corrêa;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342009000400010
Abstract: elderly subjects may present stress symptoms due to physical, psychological and social changes during aging process. the aim of this study was to identify stress symptoms in elderly subjects and the coping strategies they used, verifying the relationship between these variables. the stress symptoms list (ssl) and the jalowiec coping scale were administered to 41 healthy elderly subjects. elderly subjects presented stress symptoms with a mean score of 42.8. although problem-focused coping was predominantly observed, no significant difference was observed between mean ssl scores among elderly subjects who used problem-focused or emotion-focused coping. although elderly subjects mainly elected problem-focused coping, stress intensity was independent of the coping style, showing that both problem- and emotion-focused coping are associated with similar stress levels.
Coping strategies of ostomized individuals
Barnabe, Natalia Campos;Dell'Acqua, Magda Cristina Queiroz;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692008000400010
Abstract: this study aimed at understanding the experience of individuals with intestinal diversions as regards coping with their new life conditions. the qualitative approach was used, involving 11 ostomized subjects. the data were collected by means of semi-structured interviews which were taped and later fully transcribed and analyzed according to content analysis as proposed by bardin and the coping theoretical framework . the findings in the study were evidenced by three core categories denominated: i did not choose it; i had to accept it and i have to live with the ostomy. the form to manage the condition of being ostomized was revealed by coping strategies which were based on both emotions and the problem itself. the study contributed for reflection and application of knowledge in assistance practice and teaching for care the ostomized.
A família do portador de transtorno mental: identificando recursos adaptativos
Navarini, Vanessa;Hirdes, Alice;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072008000400008
Abstract: this study aimed to better understand what it means for a family to live with mental illness, seeking to identify adaptive resources. it is an exploratory, descriptive, qualitative research that was carried out at a psycho-social care center in rio grande do sul, brazil, from june to july of 2005. this sample was comprised of 10 family members of people who have a mental illness. data analysis was carried out via ordering, classification, and final analysis. the results point out the difficulties the family has in handling crises; the guilt they feel due to the illness; the loneliness and abandonment felt when the first symptoms appear; and feelings such as fear, sadness, shame, and anger; as well as affection and care present. i conclude that providing information support for family members would ease the feeling of guilt, as well as the family's need to be a co-participant during treatment and rehabilitation.
Effect of low concentration preoxygenation on the new recruits arriving at a height of 3651m above sea level
Qin SHU,Hong-ying TANG,Min ZHANG,Jing TAN
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army , 2012,
Abstract: Objective  To evaluate the effect of low-concentration preoxygenation on physical work capacity with a heart rate of 170 beat per minute (PWC170) in recruits arrived on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (3651m height above sea level), and investigate the possible correlation between new recruits' coping style and physical work capacity. Methods  Thirty-nine recruits coming from plains (799m or 620m height above sea level) were involved in our study. They were randomly divided into 3 groups: experimental group I (n=12), experimental groupⅡ (n=12), and control group (n=15). The group I had 1L/min low concentration preoxygenation for 30min, and groupⅡ had 2L/min for 30min, once a day for 3 days. No preoxygenation in control group. The new recruits's PWC170 values were measured by stepping stairs for evaluating their physical ability, and the new recruits's coping responses were investigated with "Physical Training Coping Scale", and then those data compared with these of 98 soldiers stationed in Tibet (senior soldier group, stationed in Tibet for at least 2 years). Results  Each basic PWC170 values showed no significant diffierence between group Ⅰand Ⅱ (P>0.05). Each basic PWC170 was significantly higher in the experimental groups Ⅰand Ⅱthan in control group (P<0.05). As for the coping style, there was no significant diffierence between experimental group, control group, and senior soldier group (P>0.05). Correlation analysis showed that there was a significant positive correlation between the "active response" factor and basic PWC170 value, and between "emotional management" factor and PWC170 value on second day between the two experimental groups (r=0.329 and 0.344 respectively, P<0.05). There was also a significant correlation between PWC170 values (day 1, day 2 and day 3), and the correlation coefficients were between 0.570 and 0.594 (P<0.01). Conclusions  Low concentration preoxygenation possibly can improve the physical fitness level of new recruits'. To certain extent, the basic PWC170 may be related to the coping style of "active response" of new recruits to Tibet in physical training, while the maintenance of physical fitness level may be associated with "emotional management" factor.
Coping among nurses of the operating room and recovery room
Laura de Azevedo Guido, Estela Regina Ferraz Bianchi, Graciele Fernanda da Costa Linch
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: to indentify the coping strategies used by nurses of the Operating Room and Recovery Room. Methods: this is a descriptive study, from quantitative approach. Data was collected by inventory of coping strategies of Lazarus and Folkman, which includes thoughts and actions used to deal with external or internal demands of a particular stressor, centralizing in the use of strategies for coping. The results were verified as statistically significant or not, stablishing the level of significance of 5%. This study has been approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Santa Maria (092/2001). Results: it was found that the confrontation and overcoming of stress in the workplace, converged for the pleasure and satisfaction of nurses. As the process is understood as an interactive model, in wich the relations between person and workplace interact constantly, it becomes evident that the adaptation of the human being to the different stress situations is necessary so that the adequate coping happens. Conclusion: it was concluded that the strategy used by nurses was more problem-solving and less used, the removal.
Common mental disorders in adolescents: a population based cross-sectional study
Pinheiro, Karen Amaral Tavares;Horta, Bernardo Lessa;Pinheiro, Ricardo Tavares;Horta, Lúcia Lessa;Terres, Nicole Gomes;Silva, Ricardo Azevedo da;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462006005000040
Abstract: objective: to assess the prevalence and the factors associated with common mental disorders among adolescents in pelotas, a southern brazilian city. method: a population based cross-sectional study was carried out in the urban area of pelotas. multi-stage sampling was used to obtain a sample of adolescents aged between 15 and 18 years. adolescents were interviewed using a self-report confidential questionnaire. the presence of common mental disorders was assessed using the self-reporting questionnaire 20 (srq-20). multivariate analysis was carried out using the poisson regression with a robust adjustment of variance and control for design effect. results: nine hundred and sixty adolescents were interviewed. the prevalence of common mental disorders was 28.8%. adolescents aged 17 years showed prevalence of 1.37 (95% ci 1.06-1.78) times greater than the 15 year olds. adolescents whose mothers had between 5 and 8 years of schooling had a prevalence 1.42 (95% ci 1.01-1.51) times greater than those whose mothers had more than 8 years of schooling. smoking and sedentary behavior were also associated with an increased prevalence of common mental disorders. those who were dissatisfied with their body image showed a prevalence of 1.47 (95% ci 1.07-2.02). conclusions: maternal schooling, tobacco smoking, sedentary behavior and body image dissatisfaction were factors associated with the presence of common mental disorders.
"Será que n?o vai acabar nunca?": perscrutando o universo do pós-tratamento do cancêr de mama
Silva, Gisele da;Santos, Manoel Ant?nio dos;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072008000300018
Abstract: the diagnosis of breast cancer permanently affects the woman's life, however there are special characteristics related to each stage of the disease which need to be considered. studies about breast cancer, nevertheless, do not emphasize the rehabilitation period (post-treatment). the aim of this descriptive study was to investigate the stress events present in the lives of breast cancer patients during their post-treatment period. the sample was composed of 16 women who were assisted at a specialized rehabilitation service for women who had mastectomies in 2003. data was collected through individual face-to-face semi-structured interviews. the content analysis technique was used for data analysis. the results indicated the presence of physical stressors related to the treatment, such as movement limitations and lymphedema, giving rise to the appearance of the fear of the disease relapsing and alterations of the body image. the results reinforce the importance of providing psychosocial rehabilitation to this population.
Stressors in Breast Cancer Post-Treatment: a Qualitative Approach
Silva, Gisele da;Santos, Manoel Ant?nio dos;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692010000400005
Abstract: with the increasing effectiveness of breast cancer treatment, the scientific interest in investigating the quality of life of survivors has increased. however, research addressing the post-treatment period is still scarce. the aim of this study was to identify the stressors present in the lives of women in the one to five years post-diagnosis period. the sample was composed of 16 women assisted at a specialized mastectomy rehabilitation service. data were collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed using content analysis. the results indicate conflicts with self-image and alteration in the feeling of autonomy, fear in relation to the evolution of the condition, feelings of guilt about the disorder generated in the family, experience of disturbing social situations and a desire to return to their professional occupation. these results reveal the existence of stressors in this phase and the importance of support offered by psychosocial rehabilitation services for this population.
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