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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2189 matches for " province of Chayanta "
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Legitimidad política y organización social en las comunidades indígenas de la provincia de Chayanta (siglo XVIII)
Serulnikov, Sergio
Anuario de Estudios Americanos , 2004,
Abstract: This article explores the relationship between the indigenous hierarchies of government, the ethnic organization, and the shifting notions of political legitimacy in the Upper Peruvian province of Chayanta during the eighteenth century. It argues that the crisis of Andean chieftainships resulting in the 1780 insurrection was originated in that the caciques continued to play a central role in the functioning of the rural society —a role that could not be diminished unless drastic changes in the ayllus’ traditional patterns of ecological verticality and distribution of economic resources among their members occurred—, at the same time that that their ideological legitimacy was no longer subjected to somewhat rigid aristocratic principles. Peasant protests affected interim and hereditary caciques alike and tried to bridge the gap between the economic and political rationality of the communities’ authorities. The work seeks to locate these developments within the general context of the Andean area. El artículo explora la relación entre las jerarquías comunales de autoridad, la estructuración étnica y los criterios de legitimidad política en la provincia altoperuana de Chayanta durante el siglo XVIII. Se postula que la crisis de autoridad cacical que desembocaría en la sublevación de 1780 radicó en que la institución continuó jugando un papel primordial en la reproducción social andina —un papel que no podía ser suprimido de no mediar cambios drásticos en las tradicionales formas de verticalidad ecológica y en los modos de distribución de los recursos y obligaciones materiales entre los miembros de los ayllus—, al tiempo que su legitimidad dejó de estar sometida a rígidos principios nobiliarios. Las protestas campesinas afectaron tanto a los caciques “interinos” como a los hereditarios y estuvieron orientadas a cerrar la brecha entre la racionalidad económica y la racionalidad política de los jefes étnicos. El trabajo procura situar estos desarrollos en el contexto general del área andina.
A Survey of Arsenic Level in Tube-Wells in Bam Province (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Touridomon Issa Somé, Abdoul Karim Sakira, Alidou Kaboré, Aissata Traoré
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2014.514134
Abstract: Groundwater is a main source of water supply for populations in Burkina Faso where there is a serious problem for drinking water access. However, water quality has not been always followed regularly. Recent studies showed that more than 50% of drillings in Yatenga province (north of Burkina Faso) have an arsenic concentration above the recommended WHO requirement. Preliminaries studies conducted in Bam (Center North of Burkina Faso) showed high arsenic level in certain localities. This work presents for the first time data on a large scale evaluation that had been performed in all the localities of Bam province in other to have a better assessment of contamination scale. A total of 707 drilling water samples have been selected randomly in 9 communes and analysed for the arsenic level using atomic absorption spectrometry with hydride generation. The results showed that 11% of drillings have an arsenic concentration above the recommended WHO requirements with Rouko commune having the highest rate of high arsenic level (22%).
Patient Migration for Hospital Utilization: Case of Iran  [PDF]
Asma Sabermahani, Hosein Ghaderi, Hamid Reza Ashrafzadeh, Farid Abolhasani, Mohsen Barouni, Gabriele Messina, Nicola Nante
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.69105
Abstract: Introduction: Adequate information about patient using health care facilities is a critical element in planning activities and allocation resources in health sector. In Iran, with performing family physician plan and attempt to reform referral system, the study of mobility of patients between regions (patient migration) has more importance. The aims of the study are: 1) to describe patients’ migration across cities of Iranian Kerman province; 2) to analyze the role of possible determinants affecting the mobility flows. Methodology: using hospital inpatient records of all public hospitals around Kerman province during 2011, we run logit models that compare patients who were admitted in hospital and received health services in cities where they lived and patients received them out of their local hospitals. We studied 21 patient groups according to ICD10 chapters (Appendix 1) to compute the effect of geographic distance, kind of insurance, number of physiccians involved, hospital bed and patient demographic factors. Results: About 40 percent of hospital admissions in Kerman are emigrant patients that quality or quantity of local provided services didn’t satisfy. Constant negative coefficients of geographic distance, hospitals physician and bed and positive coefficients for insurance in all groups do not show any difference in patient migration, between groups. Discussion: According to results of this research, existence of local services, distance, kind of illness and other factors are not more important than patients’ feeling about services in their migration. Paying no attention to this reality in planning health system reforms, especially referral systems, leads to important problems for health system in equity, patient satisfaction and finance aspects.
Geochemistry and Petrography of Alkaline rocks from Monte Santo Alkaline Intrusive Suite, Western Araguaia Belt, Tocantins State, Brazil  [PDF]
Rúbia Ribeiro Viana, Gislaine Amorés Battilani
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2014.23010

The Monte Santo Alkaline Intrusive Suite (MSAIS) is an association syenite foid, nepheline syenite and syenite. The MSAIS rocks are intruded in metapelites of the Rio do Coco meta-volcanic-sedi- mentary Sequence and are abundant pegmathoid veins cutting all of them. The mineral paragenesis is represented by aegirina, arfvedsonite, albite and nepheline, crystallized during the initial phase of crystallization. A late magmatic phase show nepheline, perthite, calcite and biotite, and a hydrothermal phase allowed for the formation of cancrinite, sodalite, analcime and natrolita associated with altered nepheline. The geochemical analyses showed metaluminous and medium to high potassium characteristics, being classified as miaskitic rocks, according to agpaicity and the Na + K > 1/6Si indexes. However, the mineralogical assemblage suggests a low to medium agpaitic composition, which can be related to a transition from miaskitic to agpaitic crystallization regime. The rare earth elements showed depletion in heavy rare earth and a strong negative Eu anomaly and enrichments in the some lithophile elements, suggesting a differentiated pattern later, which can be associated to metasomatic alterations.

An Empirical Study on Different Tendencies toward Indulgence-Restraint Dimension from the Intercultural Perspective —In the Case of Guangdong Province  [PDF]
Cai Jie, Luo Jing
Chinese Studies (ChnStd) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/chnstd.2015.44017
Abstract: With the booming development of economic globalization nowadays, intercultural communication becomes more and more important. Based on Hofstede’s indulgence-restraint dimension, this thesis aims to testify whether Hofstede’s opinion that China is largely a restrained country, is correct in Guangdong Province, a coastal area with the largest population of China, and to investigate different groups of people’s different tendencies toward indulgence and restraint. The study is carried out in Guangdong Province, because Guangdong is a special area which is one of the most rapidly developing areas in China and it locates next to Macau and Hong Kong, which may bring it with more different cultures and ideas. After conducting a questionnaire survey in Guangdong with a self-made questionnaire, the author gets the following findings. 1) The subjects generally show a stronger tendency toward indulgence than to restraint through comparing the mean scores of them respectively. 2) With respect to genders, males have fewer tendencies toward indulgence than females and more tendencies toward restraint. 3) Considering age groups, people aged more have more tendencies toward restraint and fewer tendencies toward indulgence. What’s more, people aged from 18 to 60 are generally indulgence-oriented while people aged above 60 years old are generally restraint-oriented. 4) People with different disposable income groups and different educational backgrounds have no significant difference in general. All of them, generally, tend to be indulgent. The results of the study can help both foreign and local people to know more about Guangdong so as to enhance the mutual understanding to improve communication efficiency and help construct a harmonious society.
Transformation and Upgrading of Tourism Consumption Structure in Guangdong Province  [PDF]
Yi Liu, Lu Zhang
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2018.85083
Abstract: Tourism consumption structure is one of the most important standards to measure the tourism development of a country or region. Based on the domestic tourism consumption structure statistics of Guangdong Province, this article summarized the problems of domestic tourism consumption and put forward the strategies to optimize tourism consumption structure in Guangdong Province.
Research on Tax Contribution of Tourism in Guangdong Province  [PDF]
Qiang Chen
Modern Economy (ME) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/me.2018.95062
Abstract: In recent years, tourism has become an important part of China’s emerging services industry, and is regarded as the “sunrise industry” of the 21st century. Relevant data from China National Tourism Administration show that the number of domestic tourists in China reached 5 billion times in 2017, and the total number of inbound and outbound tourists in China reached 270 million. The annual domestic tourism revenue reached 4.57 trillion Yuan and the international tourism revenue reached $123.4 billion. According to the preliminary calculation of China National Tourism Administration, the comprehensive contribution of tourism to China’s GDP in 2017 has reached 9.13 trillion Yuan, and tourism brings the employment population to 79.9 million. With the continuous development of society, the role of tourism in promoting national economic development will become increasingly prominent. Guangdong province is located at the southernmost point of mainland China, with a long history and rich natural and cultural tourism resources. 2018 is the 40th anniversary of China’s reform and opening up. As the forefront of China’s reform and opening up, Guangdong province is an important tourist reception center and tourism center in China, and the tourism industry has always been in the leading position in China. For years, Guangdong province ranked first among China’s provincial economic rankings. The rapid development of tourism in Guangdong province plays an important role in the economic development of Guangdong province. This paper studies the tax contribution of tourism in Guangdong province by combining the relevant data of macro tax burden (tax rate). The study consists of three perspectives. First, Guangdong province is compared with Jiangsu, Shandong and Zhejiang provinces. Second, the comparison of eastern China. Third, Guangdong province is compared with the national average. Based on the research, this paper concludes that tourism tax contribution of Guangdong province is low. This paper studies the tax contribution of tourism in Guangdong province and puts forward some suggestions to improve the tax contribution of tourism in Guangdong province.
On the Sichuan Province Constitution of the early Republic of China

- , 2015, DOI: 1672-3104(2015)04-0098-07
Abstract: 摘 要: 《四川省宪法》是四川省参与联省自治运动的产物,它是四川省内军人、士绅和知识分子在复杂战乱环境下共同合作的产物。四川省宪法与湖南、浙江和广东等省的省宪法相比较,有相类似的制度设计,但是也具有独特的内容,体现了制宪者的政治智慧。四川省宪法是联邦制理论在四川省的重要实践,它弘扬了民主法治精神。四川省宪的出台,虽反映了地方军阀冀望通过省宪法以求自保的立场,更反映了四川民众厌倦战争祈求和平的善良愿望。四川省宪法虽最终没有被付诸政治实践,但仍具有重要历史价值。
Abstract: Sichuan Province Constitutionis the product of Sichuan province and its united provinces participating in self-autonomy movement, and of the united efforts of the soldiers, gentry and intellectuals in the war environment. Compared with other province constitutions of Hunan, Zhejiang and Guangdong, Sichuan Province Constitution is similar in its system design, but has its own uniqueness, reflecting the founders’s political wisdom. Sichuan Province Constitution is an important practice of constitutional federalism in Sichuan province, and carries the spirit of democracy and rule of law. The promulgation of Sichuan Province Constitution reflects the local warlords’ hope for self-protection through the provincial constitution, and reflects more Sichuan people’s good wishes for peace who are weary of war. Although Sichuan Province Constitution was not put into political practice, it still had important historical value worth exploring
Patterns of Rainfall in Pattani Province from 1982 to 2001
Chanchai Chaiwanawut,Krongchai Hattha,Padoongyot Duangmala
Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology , 2005,
Abstract: We investigated daily rainfall data collected from 14 meteorological measurement stations in Pattani Province of Southern Thailand with respect to their spatial and seasonal variation. We propose a method, based on five-day aggregation and zero-adjusted log-transformation, that makes such data more amenable to standard statistical analysis, and we use this method to compare the patterns of variation in the data at different locations in the province. We also display methods for graphing the data using a geographical information system, and propose a new plot for simultaneously revealing patterns of variation in both area and season.
Estudios pedagógicos (Valdivia) , 2004, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-07052004000100008
Abstract: the publication of report on higher education in chile: 1980-2003 and its contrast with what is happening in some province universities permits to obtain a panoramic view of higher education in chile. in this article, we analized it, focused on the students, their socio-cultural background, the new participants of the system, the level of achievement, the inflation of grades and the necessity of making a correction of the distortions of the system. the university model developed by the university austral, combines its private feature with a great ideological and financial autonomy. this allows us to contrast a general view with the analysis of a particular case.
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