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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3859 matches for " prevalence "
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An Epidemiologic Study of Depressive Symptoms among Cardiometabolic Department Patients in México  [PDF]
Jaime Carranza-Madrigal, Sonia M. López-Correa, Jesús Alveano-Hernández
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2011.22020
Abstract: Background. This study estimated the prevalence of depressive symptoms among cardiometabolic department patients in México. Methods. To identify patients with depressive symptoms, we used the Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI). We analyzed data from consecutive adult patients who attended during a year to a Cardiometabolic Department in México and described the demographic, metabolic and vascular status differences between depressive and non-depressive patients. The estimates are based on a total of 180 patients aged 22 to 83 years. Results. There was a depressive symptoms prevalence rate of 60.5%. Compared with non-depressive patients, depressive patients were more likely to be obese, and to have dysglucemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypoalphalipoproteinemia, microalbuminuria, high uric acid levels, carotid atherosclerosis, insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. Conclusions. Our data suggest that prevalence of depression is elevated among cardiometabolic patients in México. Depression probably plays a role in cardiometabolic physiopathogenic, and must be intentionally assessed in cardiometabolic patients in order to treat it and to improve the cardiometabolic treatment response and adherence.
Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in a nigerian population  [PDF]
Obinna Ikechukwu Ekwunife, Patrick Obinna Udeogaranya, Izuchukwu Loveth Nwatu
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.27111
Abstract: Hypertension is a major public health problem. Due to paucity of data, the burden of hypertension in Nigeria might be underestimated. Estimating the prevalence of hypertension in populations of Nigeria would be useful in efforts to control hypertension and prevent its consequences. This survey aimed to assess the prevalence, detection, treatment and control of hypertension in Nsukka, a city located in South-Eastern Nigeria. Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control (outcomes) were examined in 756 adult participants (364 men and 392 women) aged 18 years and above. Blood pressure (BP) of the participants was measured and they also answered a detailed questionnaire. Hypertension was defined as BP ≥ 140 for systolic BP and or ≥ 90 mm Hg for diastolic BP or being on antihypertensive therapy. Prevalence of hypertension was 21.1%. Men had higher prevalence of high BP compared to women. Systolic and diastolic BP increased with age in both men and women. Detection of high BP in participants with raised blood pressure was 40.3% and 24.7% for males and females respectively. Only 23.7% and 17.5% of males and females respectively with high BP were on antihypertensive treatment while 5.0% of males and 17.5% of females with hypertension were controlled. Prevalence of hypertension was comparable with other studies in Nigeria and Africa. The results showed a poor detection, treatment and control of hypertension. This underscores the need for comprehensive evaluation of the prevalence of hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases in Nigeria.
Prevalence of Dental Fluorosis in Mianwali and Mardan Districts  [PDF]
Komal Siddiq, Suman Dost, Ayesha Naseem, Ammara Arshad, Atta Ullah
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2011.13016
Abstract: This study was conducted to assess the level of dental flourosis and Decaying, Missing, Filled Tooth (DMFT) of selected patients, in district Mardan village Rustam and District Mianwali village Harnoli. Study was conducted among people of age 10 - 60 years. The regions of Rustam and Harnoli are known to have high value of fluoride in drinking water. A cross sectional study was conducted among the subjects and the grade of fluorosis was calculated according to Deans Fluorosis Index. DMFT of each subject was also calculated. Total of 100 subjects were selected by simple random sampling technique among the population of Rustam and Harnoli and they were observed for the extent of fluorosis they had along with the number of decayed, missing and filled teeth they had Most of the population uses underground water, the water people commonly used was collected and was tested for amount of fluoride. The results show that there is a strong relationship between fluoride level and extent of fluorosis. Populations of both areas have dental fluorosis due to high concentration of fluoride in drinking water and also comparatively low DMFT because fluoride has caries protective effect.
Bacterial Vaginosis and Correlates in Women of Reproductive Age in Thika, Kenya  [PDF]
J. Nzomo, P. Waiyaki, R. Waihenya
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2013.33036
Abstract:

Background: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of abnormal vaginal discharge among women of childbearing age which is associated with STI/HIV and adverse birth outcomes. The Main objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of BV among women of reproductive age in Thika. Methods: Between July 2010 and February 2011, 193 women of reproductive age (18 - 49 years) were enrolled from family planning and ante-natal clinics in Thika District Hospital, Kenya. The study was descriptive cross sectional in which organisms were identified from vaginal specimens using culture, biochemical testing and Nugent score method. Statistical analyses included conventional descriptive statistics and multivariable analysis using regression. Results: Of one hundred and ninety three specimens, 9.3% were Mobiluncus isolates, 23.0% Bacteriodes species and 67.7% Gardnerella vaginalis. Among the study participants, 77.7% had non-classical BV with a score of 7 - 8 while 22.3% classical BV with a score of 9 - 10 indicating complete depletion of Lactobacillus species. Whiff test was positive for 89.1% (74) of the 83 patients with BV. Though, 32.5% of women with BV had a vaginal pH of more than 4.5, only 66.0% of women fulfilling the criteria of BV had a characteristic discharge. Conclusions: In this population, the prevalence of BV was relatively high when compared with other community settings. BV was associated with condom use and multiple sexual partners. Further research is needed to understand their role in BV and the socioeconomic context surrounding the condition in Kenya.

Hbs antigen, what prevalence among pregnant women in Morocco? Preliminary results of a prospective study conducted in Hospital University Hassan II, Fez  [PDF]
Laila Sedreddine, Meryem Sekkat, Sidi Adil Ibrahimi, Noureddine Aqodad
Open Journal of Gastroenterology (OJGas) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2013.37054
Abstract:

The chronic viral hepatitis B is a public health problem and remains a global challenge with 350 million carriers of HBs antigen (HBsAg). The prevalence of HBsAg varies from one country or continent to another. In France, it is estimated to be 0.5%. In Morocco, the data are rare but some studies have estimated the prevalence to be 2.5%. Our aim is to estimate the prevalence of HBsAg among women who have recently given birth at the maternity CHU Hassan II of Morocco Fez, and to describe the epidemiological profile and risk factors for infection. In pregnancy, infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) is dominated by the risk of mother to child transmission (vertical transmission), which can be avoided by serovaccination of the newborn. The search for HBsAg should be performed in all pregnant women.

 

PTSD, depression and anxiety among tsunami affected people in Thailand: A population-based longitudinal study  [PDF]
Benjaporn Panyayong, Wachira Pengjantr
Natural Science (NS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2014.63016
Abstract:

Background: On December 26, 2004, Asian tsunami attacked the southern part of Thailand. The tsunami induced catastrophic consequences. There was no study of long-term mental health outcomes among adult survivors by natural disasters in Thailand. Objective: The purposes of the present study were to determine prevalence and longitudinal course of PTSD, depression, and anxiety among tsunami affecting Thai people, and to identify factors associated with PTSD, depression, and anxiety in this particular group. Material and Method: The present study was a population-based longitudinal study. The third mental health assessment was conducted among adult survivors older than 17 years at three years after tsunami. PTSD, depression and anxiety were assessed by using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) and the Hopkins Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) respectively. Results: 550 of 693 affected people in Phang Nga province were enrolled in the follow-up survey at three years after tsunami. Prevalence of PTSD, anxiety, and depression among affected people decreased from 9.5% (66/693), 33.6% (233/693) and 25.7% (178/693), at two months after tsunami, to 2.6% (13/503), 18.7% (94/503), and 14.1% (71/503) at three years after tsunami respectively. Risk factors for mental health problems were post-traumatic life stress such as the loss of livelihood for PTSD, depression and anxiety, and pre-traumatic vulnerabilities such as sex (female), education, and previous mental illness for depression and anxiety. Conclusion: PTSD, depression and anxiety among tsunami affecting Thai people decreased over time. Pre-traumatic vulnerable factors and post-traumatic life stress were associated with PTSD, depression and anxiety. These results are acknowledgeable by two points: first, it is important to provide both mental health intervention and psychosocial intervention in rehabilitation phase for the affected people; second, duration of intervention should be at least three years after severely impacted disaster.

Prevalence of Sarcopenia among Nursing Home Older Residents in Cairo, Egypt  [PDF]
Tomader Taha Abdel Rahman, Nehal Mahmoud Elkholy, Ahmad Kamel Mortagy
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2014.32019
Abstract:


Sarcopenia is highly prevalent in community dwelling older adults in many countries; however, the prevalence of sarcopenia in nursing home older residents is not well characterized. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of sarcopenia in nursing home older residents in Cairo. Cross sectional study was performed among 357 nursing home residents in Cairo. The European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) recommendation was used for diagnosing sarcopenia. The study showed that the prevalence of sarcopenia in nursing home older residents in Cairo was 17.7%, 22.2% in elderly men and 14.4% in elderly women. Age, underweight and lack of physical activity were found to be associated with sarcopenia among studied participants. The study concluded that sarcopenia is an emerging health problem in nursing home older residents in Cairo.


Erratum to “Prevalence of Sarcopenia among Nursing Home Older Residents in Cairo, Egypt” [Advances in Aging Research 3 (2014) 118-123]  [PDF]
Tomader Taha Abdel Rahman, Hoda Mohammed Farid, Nehal Mahmoud Elkholy, Ahmad Kamel Mortagy, Ahmad Kamel Mortagy
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2014.34042
Abstract: Sarcopenia is highly prevalent in community dwelling older adults in many countries; however, the prevalence of sarcopenia in nursing home older residents is not well characterized. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of sarcopenia in nursing home older residents in Cairo. Cross sectional study was performed among 150 nursing homes residents in Cairo. The European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) recommendation was used for diagnosing sarcopenia. The study showed that the prevalence of sarcopenia in nursing home older residents in Cairo was 17.3%; 22.6% in elderly men and 13.6% in elderly women. Age, underweight and lack of physical activity were found to be associated with sarcopenia among studied participants. The study concluded that sarcopenia is an emerging health problem in nursing home older residents in Cairo.
The Prevalence and Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome under Examination  [PDF]
Nasim Naeimi
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2015.31001
Abstract: Introduction: Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a common disorder in childbearing age. Based on different definitions, it is accompanied with specific annoying symptoms that clearly emerge after ovulation and decrease or end with the onset of menstruation. Methods: The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome in university students of Sistan and Baluchestan University (Iran) in the academic year 2013-2014. Two hundred and one female university students living in dormitories were randomly selected. The subjects completed two questionnaires of Demographic Information and Symptom Assessment based on the criteria of ACOG and DSM-IV. Results: According to the mentioned criteria, “36.3%” of subjects suffered from Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) and “85.6%” of subjects indicated the symptoms of PMS. The severity of PMS in 14(%7) subjects was high. Of 86 and 72 subjects “42.8%” and “35.8%” was moderate respectively, it was mild. Among university students, the most common mood symptom (emotional) and somatic symptom (physical) were fatigue and lethargy and abdominal pain (“72.6%” and “62.7%”, respectively). PMS was significantly related to dysmenorrhea and severity of menstrual pain (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Given the high prevalence of this syndrome and its effect on various aspects of life, we highly recommend informing young individuals through books, workshops and media in order to identify the symptoms, provide information about methods of control and treatment of this syndrome, and apply non-interventional treatments and methods to reduce the symptoms.
Prevalence of Obesity in Black Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes in Benin  [PDF]
Finangnon Armand Wanvoegbe, Kouessi Anthelme Agbodandé, Daniel Amoussou-Guénou, Adebayo Alassani, Léopold Codjo, Alihonou Dansou, Yessoufou Tchabi, Yasmine Eyissè, Latif Mousse
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2016.63012
Abstract: Background: Abdominal obesity is often associated with type 2 diabetes, especially in the context of metabolic syndrome. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of corpuscular and abdominal obesity in type 2 diabetes in the two major cities in southern Benin. Methods: It was a multicentric, prospective, descriptive and analytical study that had as framework the center for screening and monitoring of diabetes “Banque d’insuline” of Cotonou, the Polyclinic Atinkanmey of Cotonou and the Internal Medicine Department of the Departmental University Hospital of Ouémé-Plateau in Porto-Novo. The study was a six-month period (March-August 2014). Results: We included a total of 400 type 2 diabetics. Women represented 66% of the study population with a sex ratio of 0.52. The mean age of patients was 55.6 ± 10.3 years with extremes of 28 and 87 years. The prevalence of corpuscular obesity (BMI ≥ 30 Kg/m2) was 38.5% in our study population. For the gender, it was 48.5% in women and 19.1% in men with a statistically significant difference (p = 0.0001). The overall prevalence of abdominal obesity in our study population was 87.8%. Almost all of our diabetic women (99.2%) had abdominal obesity versus 65.4% in men (p = 0.0001). All the patients with type 2 diabetes having corpuscular obesity had also abdominal obesity. This abdominal obesity was observed in 80.1% of non-obese diabetic (p = 0.0001). On the contrary, the majority of patients with abdominal obesity (56.12%) had a BMI below 30 kg/m2. Conclusion: This study shows a high prevalence of abdominal obesity (87.8%) in our study population compared with the corpuscular obesity (38.5%). Hence, the importance of measuring waist circumference is more than BMI in diabetic patients.
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