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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1031 matches for " preschool "
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Investigation of Pre-School Children’s Perception of Teacher in Their Drawings  [PDF]
O?uz Serdar Kesicioglu, Umit Deniz
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.58071
Abstract:

This study aims to investigate pre-school children’s perception of teacher in their drawings. The research group consists of 226 students in pre-school education institutions within city centers of Ankara and Giresun Provinces. Teacher drawings that children drew by instruction were analyzed with the Draw a Scientist Test—DAST which was developed by Chambers (1983) and consists of 13 categories and six sub-categories. In drawings of children included in this study, no drawings were found related to 3 categories; hence, only the drawings in other categories were assessed. The presence of sub-categories in each category was taken into account while coding. The frequencies and percentages obtained via descriptive statistics were presented on tables. According to the findings, majority of the children generally give place to positive properties in their drawings.

Pre-School Educational Process of Turkey  [PDF]
Süleyman G?ksoy
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.53008
Abstract: Children make a rapid development physically, cognitively and affectively in preschool educational period (age 0 - 6). The cognitive dimension of a child at pre-school age is creative, independent and imaginary. The imagination unceasingly works. This period is regarded as the time that the children have high potential of learning and developing. Thus, the quality of preschool education affects the higher educational success and even the lifelong success of the child. Therefore the aims of the research are to emphasize the importance of preschool education on the development of the child, to make a comparison between the preschool education of Turkey and other developed countries and to support preschool education by explaining why and how the preschool education in Turkey should be improved. In this research, case study method from data collection methods was used; related written and electronic resources were collected, analyzed and interpreted in line with the research purpose. The following suggestions are developed in order to improve the preschool education in Turkey: Service delivery models that increase the participation to preschool education should be varied; the preschool educational facilities should be extended supporting the access of regions with limited financial means and regulations that decreasing the educational costs of families should be adopted. For all children, especially for families with low income, preschool educational institutions should be free like in more than half of European Union countries or preschool educational costs should be arranged in accordance with family incomes and other criterion, and families should be supported. The improvement and development priority should be given to preschool educational stage, accordingly physical resources (building, materials, substructure) and human resources (manager, educator, deputy manager and support staff) should be provided. Besides preschool teaching departments should be opened in faculties of education in universities and the quota of preschool teaching departments should be increased.
What Are My Children Watching? Analyzing the Scientific & Mathematical Questions of Preschool Television Shows Using Process Skills  [PDF]
Donna Farland-Smith, Theodore Chao
Creative Education (CE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2017.86061
Abstract: In an effort to compare what process skills preschoolers were exposed to during an average episode of Sid the Science Kid and an average episode of Team Umizoomi 35 episodes of each were compared using T-test statistical analysis. The goal of this study was to analyze evidence of process skills in each episode: observing, inferring, classifying, measuring, predicting, and communicating and compare each math and science show and determine their differences in their use of inquiry to presentation science and mathematics content. Results demonstrated a significant difference between the two shows with preschoolers being exposed to observing and communicating when watching Sid the Science Kid and preschoolers being exposed to classifying and measuring while watching Team Umizoomi. In addition, it is worth mentioning that young children watching Team Umizoomi are experiencing more questions when compared with Sid the Science Kid.
Association between Children’s Appetite Patterns and Maternal Feeding Practices  [PDF]
Tomomi Ainuki, Rie Akamatsu
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.23032
Abstract: This study explored associations between children’s appetites and maternal feeding practices. The participants, 614 parents of 3- to 6-year-old children from kindergartens in Tokyo, Japan, completed self-administered questionnaires. The children’s appetites were measured using the Enjoyment of Food (EF) and Food Responsiveness (FR) scales of the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire. Using cluster analysis, we examined three appetite patterns (“both low,” “high EF and low FR,” and “both high”). The three appetite patterns were associated with children’s obesity index. The “both low” pattern was associated with the highest maternal pressure to eat. The “high EF and low FR” patterns were related to an established snack time. The “both high” pattern was associated with higher maternal instrumental feeding compared with the “high EF and low FR” types. The results of this study will facilitate the development of targeted interventions and better parental guidance on maternal feeding practices and their association with children’s eating behaviours.
The Role of Child’s Temperament Predictor on Preschool Social Competence  [PDF]
Sibel Yoleri
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.513131
Abstract: This research has been conducted to examine the predictor effects that children’s temperament traits have on the social competence variable. In total of 112 preschool children (57 boys, 55 girls), and their mothers and teachers participated in the study. To collect data, the Social Competence and Behavior Evaluation scale, short form (SCBE-30) as well as the Short Temperament Scale for Children were completed by their mothers and teachers. According to the results, there is a significantly positive relationship between the level of social competence and the persistence and rhythmicity level of temperament traits. In other results there was found to be a significant positive relationship between the level of anger/aggression and the reactivity temperament trait. According to the results of the multiple regression analysis social competence also has a significant effect related to temperament traits.
Preschool Teachers Understanding of Science Identity  [PDF]
Donna Farland-Smith
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.92019
Abstract: This study utilized a survey to analyze preschool teachers’ perceptions of science identity before and after watching an episode of?Sid the Science Kid?during a professional development. A total of twelve teachers participated in the study by completing pre and post survey questions. The one question that was addressed during this study was how teachers felt about science identity before and after watching the Sid the Science Kid episode? Two notable conclusions were a result of this study 1) preschool teacher’s lack of awareness and understanding of science identity; and 2) preschool teacher’s appreciation and willingness of students’ to role play being a scientist, but little understanding of why this role play is beneficial.
A Formative Study of an E-book Instructional Model in Early Literacy  [PDF]
Kathleen Roskos, Karen Burstein, Byeong-Keun You, Jeremy Brueck, Carolyn O’ Brien
Creative Education (CE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2011.21002
Abstract: The electronic book is a rapidly growing alternative to the conventional book even for very young children; however, empirical studies on e-books as curricular tools in early literacy development and instruction are rare. Few instructional designs have been developed and tested. This formative study investigates the potential functionality and usability of a prototype 4-component e-book instructional model in a small sample of preschool classrooms. Using qualitative analytic strategies, observational data of its components were examined to identify salient indicators and design features, and to assess its feasibility. Results yielded design information on each component: (1) e-book as a quality technology-mediated environment; (2) physical place criteria; (3) engagement indicators; and (4) instructional potential. Strengths and weaknesses of the four-component model design were identified for purposes of revision and stabilizing the model for further testing in a larger classroom sample.
Environmental Education (EE) and Experiential Education:A Promising “Marriage” for Greek Pre-School Teachers  [PDF]
Alexandros Georgopoulos, Maria Birbili, Anastasia Dimitriou
Creative Education (CE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2011.22016
Abstract: Kindergarten teachers tend to combine EE and experiential education in their every day practice as a matter of course. The majority perceive EE as related to sensory awareness and exploration and the concomitant will to act in a pro-environmental direction. They deal with and elaborate their pupils experiences in a way that is remi- niscent of Colb’s learning cycle. It is not clear from the interviews whether they effectively facilitate their child- ren’s reflection upon the acquired experience, although there is some evidence that they accompany and assist their pupils in associating their new knowledge to that previously acquired, integrating it into new wholes and appropriating it. They do not give any information about the elaboration of their pupils emotions developed through the experiential educational approaches. They claim that when EE and experiential education are blended together then this can generate active citizens of the future.
Τhe Contribution of Music and Movement Activities to Creative Thinking in Pre-School Children  [PDF]
Elena Chronopoulou, Vassiliki Riga
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.32031
Abstract: As interest in creativity is rising, kindergarten teachers are looking for ways to strengthen the creative potential of young children. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of music and movement activities to creative thinking in preschool children. A three month educational programme was designed and implemented, using an experimental research method. The effect on fluency, flexibility, originality and elaboration of thought of 5 year old children, as well as how the programme affected creative behaviours, was studied. The results, upon completion of the educational programme, showed that the growth rate of these variables in the experimental group was statistically significant compared to the corresponding rates in the control group. In addition, the emergence of creative behaviours, such as an increased freedom of expression, a tendency to explore and experiment, and a questioning of what is commonly accepted, were considered to be a consequence of the implementation of the specific educational programme. The experimental research produced valuable information about the design and philosophy of educational programmes, and about the teaching methods of music and movement activities in kindergarten.
Similar Physical Appearance Affects Friendship Selection in Preschoolers  [PDF]
Wakako Sanefuji
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.46A2002
Abstract:

Previous studies suggest that one characteristic of friendship should be similarity in terms of attributions, attitudes, and behavioral tendencies. Using an experimental approach, the present study investigated whether preschool children judge that similarity in physical appearance or behavioral tendencies affects friendship selection. Experiment 1, which used human-like figures as stimuli, revealed that both 4- and 5-year-olds (n = 32 and n = 30, respectively) judged that similar physical appearance affects friendship selection. We conducted a second experiment to test whether children were making judgments according to friendship selection, and not merely physical similarity; thus, in Experiment 2, we used nonhuman figures as stimuli, and found that 5-year-old children (n = 31) judged that similar physical appearance would affect friendship selection, whereas 4-year-old children (n = 31) showed no significant responses to any stimuli; this might be related to the development of the ability to make mental attributions to inanimate figures. The present findings suggest that young children regard similar physical appearance as an important factor for friendship selection. At least at the age of five, similarity might be an antecedent to friendship.

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