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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4320 matches for " post-apartheid "
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Post Apartheid South Africa; Evaluating South Africa's Institutional Design
Robert Hopper
Opticon1826 , 2008, DOI: 10.5334/opt.050803
Abstract: In this paper, I aim to evaluate whether increasing or decreasing the level of consociationalism in South Africa would be beneficial for the country's stability. Analysing South Africa's political structure since the implementation of free and fair elections, I review the effects of its current degree of consociationalism and debate the arguments of those who contest South Africa's current institutional framework and its capacity to govern.
Durban - A subtropical coastal paradise? Tourism dynamics in a post-apartheid city
Brij Maharaj,Vino Pillay,Reshma Sucheran
études Caribeénnes , 2010, DOI: 10.4000/etudescaribeennes.1192
Abstract: Ce document examine l'évolution des dynamiques touristiques de la ville de Durban dans un contexte post-apartheided. La ville de Durban s’est imposée comme l'une des destinations touristiques les plus populaires d’'Afrique du Sud. En accord avec les diktats de l'apartheid, pour satisfaire les souhaits d’une minorité blanche, l’organisation de la ville avait ignoré les besoin de la majorité noire. Aujourd’hui la ville de Durban se repositionne sur l’échiquier touristique, portée par les changements politiques intérieurs et les opportunités des marchés touristiques internationaux et nationaux. Afin de se positionner avec succèssur ce marché, la ville de Durban renforce son image autour de la promotion son front de mer, des sports nautiques, du tourisme de congrés, et des animations culturelles. La transition démocratique des années 1990 a fourni de nombreux défis et oppportunités dans la première sur le plan touristique fut de se positionner sur le nouveau marché touristique noir. Cal passe aussi par les urgence à résoudre sur le plan de la criminalité, de l’hygiène et de la résorption des disparités sur le marché du travail, en particulier en termes de race et de l'égalité des sexes dans le secteur du tourisme. Les plus sérieuses limites pour le tourisme à Durban sont le ch mage et la marginalisation de la majorité des African people. This paper examines the changing fortunes of Durban as a tourist city from the apartheid to the post apartheid eras. Durban has long earned its prime position as one of South Africa’s most popular year round tourist destination. In keeping with the dictates of apartheid, the city catered largely for the needs of the white minority, while that of the black majority was largely ignored. With political changes and shifts in both the international and domestic markets, an effort had to be made to reposition tourism in the city. In order to successfully promote its tourism opportunities, Durban attempted to enhance its image and appeal by promoting its sports, convention and cultural attractions. The democratic transition of the 1990s provided many challenges, the most enduring of which was the need to cater for the emerging black tourist market. There was also an urgency to address problems of crime and grime, disparities in the distribution of labour market opportunities, especially in terms of race and gender within the tourism sector. A serious threat to tourism in Durban is unemployment and alienation of the majority of African people from the industry.
Male Violence against Women and Hybrid Identities in Post-Apartheid South African Black Theatre
International Journal of Arts , 2012, DOI: 10.5923/j.arts.20120205.02
Abstract: Post-apartheid black South African playwrights of both sexes claim the need to destroy apartheid’s legacy and construct new spaces where women stop suffering violence at the hands of men and where they are not discriminated for being exponents of hybrid identities. However, since women are the central characters of the plays by both male and female playwrights, it seems evident that black women are portrayed as indisputable agents of social change in contemporary South Africa while demanding men’s implication towards reaching the same goal. Therefore, this essay will analyze the pivotal role of contemporary black women playwrights in creating audience awareness geared towards social change; the depiction of black women’s main concerns on suffering male abuse and violence and society’s racist discrimination; and the ensuing struggle of black women to find their own space and dignity as women while asserting their identity as exponents of a new hybridized society in contemporary South Africa.
The Apartheid Archive: memory, voice and narrative as liberatory praxis
Garth Stevens,Norman Duncan,Christopher Sonn
Psychology in Society , 2010,
Abstract: This article explores the socio-political imperative and psychosocial value of re-engaging and expanding the apartheid archive in contemporary South Africa. It suggests that this archive's entanglement with de facto official histories of South Africa has resulted in certain elisions about the historical content of this archive, but also compromises our ability to examine the ongoing effects of our racialised past. It argues that the archive needs to be liberated from these socio-political constraints, expanded, re-appropriated and reclaimed, if we are to more fully apprehend and comprehend the impact of this history. Utilising the Apartheid Archive Project (AAP) as an exemplar, the article highlights the value of retrieving personal memories in countering the totalising effects of official histories, argues for the relationship between such memories and the articulation of voice for those marginalised groups and subalterns that have been excluded from official histories and the archive, and suggests that the narrative is a liminal mnemonic technique that allows for the expression of these memories as fragments and traces of the past that are re-constituted in the present, but also allows for a future imaginary. While recognising that memories articulated through narratives have limitations and are but one source of archival data, the article nevertheless argues that this is a critical political and psychological act in expanding the archive and has certain relationships to a liberatory praxis. In particular, it involves ongoing reflexive critique of this archive as a form of action and practice that transcends an event or moment, and is rather an evolving and dynamic process; allows for greater inclusivity; respects diversity; facilitates historical reclamation and democratisation; intersects with decolonisation methodologies and processes; and surfaces new modalities and interdisciplinary ways of knowing and understanding. The article concludes that all of these may allow for a range of alternative analyses, subject positions and social relations to emerge that may help to extricate us from the fixity and binaried nature of blackness and whiteness that continue to plague us in post-apartheid South Africa.
Quand l’art public (dé)fait la ville ?
Pauline Guinard
EchoGéo , 2010,
Abstract: La ville de Johannesburg est la première et la seule ville sud-africaine à avoir adopté depuis 2007 une politique d’art public. Cette politique s’insère dans le cadre d’un projet urbain plus vaste par lequel la municipalitéentend se (re)définir comme une ville globale post-apartheid. L’art public serait ainsi un moyen de concilier promotion de la croissance économique urbaine et dépassement des divisions héritées de l’apartheid. Pourtant, à partir de l’étude d’une de ces uvres d’art paradigmatique, il est possible de montrer que l’art public tel qu’il est promu par la municipalité peine à s’affranchir du legs de l’apartheid et à créer du lien social dans les espaces publics. Cette difficulté de l’art public municipal à être plus que l’art dans l’espace public tiendrait-elle au modèle d’art public choisi ou, plus fondamentalement, résulterait-elle d’une incompatibilité des objectifs mêmes de cette politique ? The City of Johannesburg is the first and the only South African city that has implemented a “Public Art Policy” since 2007. This policy fits into a wider urban project thanks to which the City aims at (re)defining itself as a post-Apartheid global city. Public art is conceived as a means to reconcile promotion of economic urban growth with overtaking of the divisions inherited from Apartheid. Nevertheless, in the light of an emblematic case study of one of these artworks, it is shown that public art as promoted by the municipality struggles to free itself from the legacy of Apartheid and to create social interaction into public spaces. Is this difficulty of municipal public art to be more than art in public space a result of the model of public art chosen? Or, more crucially, is this linked with the incompatibility of the goals of the policy?
RELIGIOUS FANATICS THAT BECAME POLITICAL HEROES: THE HISTORICAL DISTORTIONS OF THE BULHOEK MASSACRE
D.H. Makobe
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/26-2-245
Abstract: In die slotartikel word die bronne asook die polemiek rondom die Bulhoekopstand ontleed. Gedurende die sewentigerjare is die opstand beskou as deel van die Suid-Afrikaanse swart versetgeskiedenis. Nou word die pleidooi gelewer dat die Bulhoekopstand nie uit 'n politieke oogpunt benader moet word nie maar dat die feite krities ontleed moet word.
Black Peril VS White Peril: A Post Colonial Criticism on J. M. Coetzee's Disgrace
A. Beiranvand,C. Z. Liena
Studies in Literature and Language , 2013, DOI: 10.3968/j.sll.1923156320130602.3133
Abstract: In post apartheid South Africa insecurity and rape of women are serious problems. Some Whites consider blacks as chief culprits and their media cover cases of black peril sensationally. However, the essay suggests that rape is an interracial problem and has nothing to do with colour; Moreover, the essay suggests that the sexualisation of women and insecurity is rooted in the colonization era.
Building the Rainbow Nation: A critical analysis of the role of architecture in materializing a post-apartheid South African identity
De Raedt, Kim
Afrika Focus , 2012,
Abstract: Soon after apartheid was abolished in 1994, the quest for a new, ‘authentic’ South African identity resulted in the emergence of the "Rainbow Nation" idea, picturing an equal, multicultural and reconciled society. As architecture is considered a crucial element in the promotion of this Rainbow identity, the country witnessed a remarkable "building boom" with its apogee roughly between 1998 and 2010. Huge investments have been made in state-driven projects which place the apartheid memory at the center of the architectural debate – mostly museums and memorials. However, the focus of this paper shall lie on another, less highlighted tendency in current architectural practice. This paper demonstrates that, through the construction of urban community services, South African architects attempt to materialize the Rainbow Nation in a way that might be closer to the everyday reality of society.
Disability and the Ethics of Care in J. M. Coetzee’s Slow Man
Shadi Neimneh,Nazmi Al-Shalabi
Cross-Cultural Communication , 2011, DOI: 10.3968/j.ccc.1923670020110703.123
Abstract: This essay interrogates the interrelationship between bodily disability and the ethics of care in J. M. Coetzee’s novel Slow Man . It argues that disability emerges as an ethically charged subject, an engagement with the ethics of care. The discussion shows that the novel consists of acts of giving and, thus, receiving care. It is argued that the novel employs and interrogates the language of care and the nuanced meanings of the term. We assert a theme elaborated in Coetzee’s earlier fictions that ethics and politics are inseparable and that ethics is the necessary starting point for political commitment in fiction. While the interplay between ethics and politics in Coetzee’s apartheid fictions revolves mainly around apartheid politics, the ethics of care interrogated in Slow Man reveal a broader realm of relevance in the post-apartheid fictions that includes humans in general. In Coetzee’s vision, to suffer, i.e. to need care or to be willing to care for others, is part of being human. Key words: Coetzee; Ethics; Care; Slow Man ; Disability; Politics; (post)Apartheid fiction Résumé Ce texte interroge les liens entre le handicapé physique et les soins d'éthique du roman de l’homme lent de JM Coetzee. Il soutient que le handicapé appara t comme un sujet éthique chargée, un engagement avec les soins d'éthique. La discussion montre que le roman consiste en des actes de donner et de recevoir ainsi des soins. Il est soutenu que le roman emploie et interroge la langue de soins et les significations nuancées avec les termes. Nous affirmons un thème élaboré dans les fictions antérieures Coetzee que l'éthique et la politique sont indissociables et que l'éthique est le point de départ nécessaire pour l'engagement politique dans la fiction. Alors que l'interaction entre éthique et politique d'apartheid dans les fictions de Coetzee tourne principalement autour de la politique d'apartheid, l'éthique des soins interrogé en homme lent révèlent un large domaine de pertinence dans les fictions post-apartheid qui comprend les humains en général. Dans la vision de Coetzee, de souffrir, c'est à dire avoir besoin de soins ou d'être disposé à prendre soin des autres, fait partie de l'être humain. Mots clés: Coetzee; Ethique; Soins; Homme lent; Handicapé; Politique; Fiction d'apartheid (post)
Exploring the critical moments when the Baptist denomination divided: Does revisiting these moments give hope to reconciliation between the ‘Union’ and ‘Convention’?
Luvuyo Ntombana,Adam Perry
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.4102/hts.v68i1.1029
Abstract: This article evaluated interpretations between members of the Baptist Union of South Africa (BUSA) and the Baptist Convention of South Africa (BCSA), revisiting a particular moment, the merger talks of 1980s, at the time when the Baptist Church further entrenched these divisions. The Baptist Church has a crippling historical relationship to the present, particularly as members of the faith interpret their sides of the story as being the ‘right’ ones. This article grew out of the ethnographic work undertaken by the primary author, Luvuyo Ntombana (2007), and his involvement with the Baptist Church. It is felt that in order to create a sacred Church, congregations ought to move away from arguing about past events toward a more positive rethinking of what lessons can be learned from the past. Therefore, this article argued that by revisiting critical moments for the Church, such as the period of reconciliation between denominations within South Africa, conversations can be reinvigorated to help reconcile and unite current factions which currently harbour animosity and weigh down the faith through unnecessary infighting. How to cite this article: Ntombana, L. & Perry, A., 2012, ‘Exploring the critical moments when the Baptist denomination divided: Does revisiting these moments give hope to reconciliation between the “Union” and “Convention”?’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 68(1), #Art. 1029, 8 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v68i1.1029
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