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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2585 matches for " politics "
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'C'estoit comme songe et mocquerie de parler de pardon.' Obstructie bij een pacificatiemaatregel (1566-1567)
V. Soen
BMGN : Low Countries Historical Review , 2004,
Abstract: ‘C’estoit comme songe et mocquerie de parler de pardon.’ Blocking a peace initiative (1566-1567) After the Compromise of the Nobles and a spurt of iconoclasm in 1566, a general pardon — a collective amnesty — was repeatedly proposed as a strategy to pacify the Low Countries and reaffirm royal power. This article describes how and why the suggestion to issue a general pardon provoked policymakers in Brussels and Madrid to place major obstacles in its path, even though the collective amnesty was in fact drawn up as a salutary measure. Alternate reactions from key players such as Philip II, Margarita de Parma, the Duke of Alba and Cardinal Granvelle actually corresponded to well-defined patterns and conceptions of issuing a pardon.
Politics and the Twitter Revolution: A Brief Literature Review and Implications for Future Research  [PDF]
James Nguyen
Social Networking (SN) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/sn.2018.74018
Abstract:
This study conducted a review of the literature on Twitter and politics. The review is summarized under three inter-related themes: 1) does social media help politicians to be elected? 2) who benefits from social media? and 3) political polarization on Twitter. Regarding the first theme, some studies find a strong support for the argument that politicians may create electoral benefits from adopting this new technology, while others fail to find such evidence. Evidence regarding the second query is also mixed. Many have believed that underdogs may benefit the most from social media uses, but several studies challenge this claim by showing that the already established and popular politicians may be those who gain most from their Twitter uses. Taken altogether, previous evidence regarding the first and second queries is mixed. However, previous studies still find strong evidence of increasingly polarizing public opinions on Twitter and of social media’s contribution to this trend.
Em busca da judicializa??o da política no Brasil: apontamentos para uma nova abordagem
Carvalho, Ernani Rodrigues de;
Revista de Sociologia e Política , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-44782004000200011
Abstract: this article takes up the debate on arguments that maintain that a process of judicialization of politics is currently underway in brazil. it focuses on three goals: discussion of arguments on the judicialization of politics in brazil, evaluation of empirical arguments on the process of judicialization and suggestions for new approaches to the topic. the literature on this issue borrows tate and vallinder's definition of the term: judicialization is the reaction of the judiciary to the provocations of a third party and has as its goal the revision of a decision made by a political power taking the constitution as its bases. in carrying out this revision, the judiciary would be widening its power in relation to that of the other spheres of power. our view argues that it is necessary to come up with a better way to structure the indicators of a possible judicialization of politics in brazil. in order to back up our argument, we will take another look at the arguments developed in tate and vallinder's anthology, the global expansion of judicial power (1995). we intend to demonstrate that the arguments that these authors use do not exhaust the issue, but to the contrary: they just manage to initiate the debate. in this vein, we will develop an approach for understanding the reasons underlying the socalled expansion of judicial power. this will be followed by a brief analysis in which we will attempt to verify if the conditions for the emergence of a judicialization of politics, as observed in other countries, are also present in brazil. then we will go on to discuss the concept of the judicialization of politics and its empirical bases in our country. finally, we will take a brief look at other possible approaches to this problem.
Women Candidates for Political Office in the US in the Twenties  [PDF]
Antonio Daniel Juan Rubio, Isabel Maria Garcia Conesa
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.312006
Abstract: The US politics changed significantly with the presence of women in the same and their entrance in all areas of government, something just unthinkable a decade ago. The political culture of the American society changed dramatically during and since the twenties. The different political interests as well as the style introduced in politics by the first women legislators made citizens change their formed image of politics and politicians. Women were breaking into the political landscape with more strength, but what we were quite certain about was the arduous task that women had to face in the twenties in order to reach relevant public or political office. Perhaps the most noticeable changes had to do with the impact that women voters had on the electoral process itself, in the places where they voted, their behaviour, and above all, the meaning given to the voting process. Therefore, the main objective of this detailed study is on the political activity of women from the twenties. Women have been the backbone in a process by which federal and local governments assumed greater responsibility for the welfare of their fellow citizens. The presence of women in Congress made possible a transformation of party politics in the XIX century to the policy based on interest groups and candidates that characterised both the XX and XXI centuries. Henceforth, the presence of women in American politics had already been noted in the twenties with women in the positions of state governors, city mayors and representatives of the various state legislatures. Quite often though, women have been involved in politics with the aim of promoting various causes, especially those related to family matters or to the health of the local community, putting it ahead of their own personal interests.
Evolutionary Origin of Politics and Political Evolution: Neuropolitics  [PDF]
Dingyu Chung
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2018.810033
Abstract: The paper proposes that the evolutionary origin of politics is based on imaginary prosocial societies for large-scale cooperation at the beginning of civilization established by large-scale civilized social groups. According to Dunbar, the size of the human brain is adapted to the manageable group size of about 150 people (Dunbar’s Number). A manageable large-scale civilized social group much more than 150 people could not exist sustainably. To enhance group survival chance under such existential group-size pressure, large-scale civilized social groups invented politics for large-scale cooperation based on imaginary prosocial societies which founded prosocial religions of ancestor worship and high gods to enforce prosociality. (In modern times, imaginary prosocial societies founded secular nationalisms with elaborate rituals, monuments, and devotions to enforce prosociality.) This imaginary prosocial society became the foundation for a large-scale social group to establish a civilized social order for large-scale cooperation. Therefore, politics is defined as a civilized social order for large-group cooperation based on a shared imaginary prosocial society to enhance group survival chance under existential group-size pressure. Under politics with civilized social order, all types of large-scale cooperation became possible. In this paper, neuropolitics as the combination of neuroscience and political science is based on the political brain derived from the social brain through imagination and rationality. It explains the evolutionary origin of politics and the political evolution. The political imagination for imaginary prosocial society is derived from theory of mind that generates an imaginary prosocial society to have its own mind in its own imaginary world. The political rationality is derived from the rational brain that generates subjective rationality to defend a political view and objective rationality to create a new political view dialectically.
Source Credibility: A Philosophical Analysis  [PDF]
Bonachristus Umeogu
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.22017
Abstract: It is one thing to catch someone’s attention and another thing to hold it for as long as the speaker desires. There must be something about those leaders and speakers who have been able to achieve this feat. The secret is source credibility which arises from how the public view or perceive a speaker. This research paper explained the role of this important virtue in relation to advertisements, politics and religion. This paper is timely and significant because the most difficult form of management is human and mind management. The key is to be seen as a credible source. How is that possible?
The Sociology of Knowledge, Citizenship and the Purification of Politics  [PDF]
Jed Donoghue, Bob White
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2013.31003
Abstract:

We reinterpret citizenship using Mannheim’s classical sociology of knowledge and through a more recent variant on them in Latour’s argument that “we have never been modern” (Latour, 1991). On that basis, we understand citizenship as a recursive effect of disputes over belonging and membership (Isin, 2002), where those disputes entail the three forms of political rationality or “thought styles” which Mannheim and Latour variously suggested: the linearly individual rationality of liberalism; dialectically collective socialism; and culturally collective conservatism. Marshall defines citizenship as a “status bestowed on those who are full members of a community” (Marshall, 1973). He presents an image of evolutionary progress, from civil to political rights and finally to the social form, in Britain. We argue that Marshall was entangled in evolutionary and teleological images of citizenship. We reinterpret citizenship using Mannheim’s classical sociology of knowledge. We suggest that sociologies of knowledge allow a re-reading of “citizenship” that can accommodate conceptual difficulties. Mannheim called into question the “progress” implied or stated in theories of “stages”. He stressed instead the continuing interaction between different ways of knowing social reality, or between what he called “thought styles”. We apply Mannheim to “citizenship” in order to lift two “purifications”, so that humanity is both natural and political.

The Psychological Imperative in Political Processes in Nigeria  [PDF]
Godwyns Ade’ Agbude, Ayotunde Elegbeleye, Joy Godwyns-Agbude, Excellence-Oluye Nchekwube
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.212017
Abstract: The nature of politics involves the coordination of peaceful human co-existence. Given its central place in human existence, politics has a great importance in fostering a better living condition of people. But when wrongly pursued and exercised, political power becomes a destructive tool in the hands of political leaders. In view of this importance, it becomes an imperative to subject those vying for political positions to psychological (personality) test in order to validate their fitness and usefulness in ensuring the purpose of politics which among others includes the coordination of human society. This paper employs observatory, dialogical and discursive methods in examining the interlock between politics and psychology. It highlights some abnormal behaviours displayed by our political leaders and argues that the withdrawer of psychology and psychologists to the background in political matters in Nigeria spells doom for the country at large. Thus, it recommends that there must be a deliberate fusion of politics (political science) and psychology, beyond mere referencing them as belonging to the social sciences. In other words, there must be a deliberate intellectual merger of politics and psychology within the university system and the public sphere. It also recommends that psychologists should get involved in national discourse not just as citizens but also as professionals who can provide answers to national issues especially in regards to analyzing the behaviours of political leaders and determining whom are fit to lead. Finally, it holds that the civil society and psychologists have a viable role to play in redressing the socio-political “madness” in the corridor of power in Nigeria. Importantly, this paper does not discuss the wide variety of personality tests and does not pretend to have conducted any personality test on any public office holder, but suggests that personality tests are necessary in order to ensure sanity in our polity by recruiting the “right people”—people without personality disorder and leaders that will not jeopardize the well-being of the people.
Religion and Politics in Nigerian Society: Problems and Prospects (a Philosophic Probe)  [PDF]
Ogugua PaulIkechukwu, OguguaIfunanya Clara
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2015.53024
Abstract: The concepts religion and politics are problematic even at the level of conceptualization. This paper examines the two concepts in the Nigerian society and points out some of the areas of problem, and goes on to argue that peaceful co-existence of both concepts in the Nigerian society is not only possible but also realizable.
Impact and Dilemma: New Christian Right in America  [PDF]
Huiling Zhang, Anneng Deng
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.41008
Abstract: New Christian Right (NCR) in America developed during the social ferment and upheaval of the 1970s, initially focusing exclusively on social issues such as abortion, gay rights, and school prayer, etc. which was a reaction to the moral decline in American society. In the 1990s, NCR adjusted their political style in addressing social problems, abandoning extreme positions and adopting mainstream politics. NCR was active in the country’s national political arena, aligned with the Republican Party and gained its political fortune. The purpose of involvement in politics was to apply traditional Christian values to American public policies, but in most cases because of the challenges from both inside and outside, NCR movement had to accept compromise in order to get incremental policy gains. Unless NCR attained its final aims, it was for sure that the movement would always be around in the American political arena. NCR made a valuable topic for academic research.
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