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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5264 matches for " political negligence. "
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Patrimonio e identidad en Aconquija (Departamento de Andalgalá, Catamarca)
Gianfrancisco,María Soledad;
La zaranda de ideas , 2010,
Abstract: the archaeological deposit alamito is part of the cultural archaeological heritage of the aconquija district. over the last few years, it has suffered a substantial destruction process that affected its physical integrity. this work proposes a reflective evaluation of factors related to academic hermeticism, cultural undervaluation, economic inequality and political neglect. it also considers how these elements have generated an improper protection and valuation of the alamito sites. in order to solve this problem, we propose a program of workshops with the community and the authorities, which would address issues of valuation, preservation and conservation of archaeological heritage. this would allow for participants to discover the symbolic capacity of heritage to represent identities.
Medical negligence: An insight
R Shrestha
Kathmandu University Medical Journal , 2008, DOI: 10.3126/kumj.v6i4.1751
Abstract: doi: 10.3126/kumj.v6i4.1751 ? ? Kathmandu University Medical Journal (2008), Vol. 6, No. 4, Issue 24, 533-534
Minimizing medical negligence
Eli Pradhan
Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/nepjoph.v6i1.10757
Abstract: No Abstract DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/nepjoph.v6i1.10757 Nepal J Ophthalmol 2014; 6 (2): 1-2
Anesthesia Related Closed Claims and Litigations at the Detroit Medical Center: Analysis, Lessons Learned, and Conclusions  [PDF]
Kris Ferguson, Jason Young, Peter Panagopoulos, Philip Khoury, George M. McKelvey, Samir F. Fuleihan, Walid A. Osta
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2014.44014

The analysis of closed claims and litigations can provide an invaluable tool to improve patient safety by minimizing adverse anesthesia-related outcomes. Analysis of collective data describing such claims is integral to develop new guidelines aimed to reduce adverse anesthesia-related events. In this study, we give a descriptive analysis of anesthesia-related claims at the Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, MI, USA. The study analyzed different components in anesthesia-related closed claims and litigations such as medical, demographic and socio-economic factors. From 67,000 procedures in anesthesiology care provider, related cases claims were made in 0.057% (38/67,000) of all cases. The majority of claims involved procedures involving Caucasian females aged 51-55 years. The highest risk periods involved early shift times during Monday and Tuesday, particularly of procedures performed during August. About 33% of all cases in which death occurred involved patients who received an Obstetrics/Gynecology or an Orthopedic procedure under general anesthesia. The majority of closed claims and litigations cases were distributed between procedures treating nerves injuries and anoxic encephalopathy. The OR and PACU at urban hospitals had the highest claim rates. MD anesthesiologists constituted the lowest proportion of all anesthesia providers involved in closed claims incidents. The average compensation paid was predominately in the range of $200,000-$250,000. In addition to reporting anesthesia related factors involved in closed claims and litigations this study also includes a series of recommendations which may work as a framework for improving anesthesia practices.

Entre o risco biológico e o risco social: um estudo de caso
Oliveira-Formosinho, Júlia;Araújo, Sara Barros;
Educa??o e Pesquisa , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-97022002000200007
Abstract: child abuse has been steadily gaining more attention and interest from the scientific community, as well as from the more literate segments of society, a circumstance that is not unrelated to the recognition of the highly recurrent and pernicious character of that phenomenon. this article deals with the theme of child abuse in a twofold manner: it presents a brief theoretical analysis of this phenomenon, and it discusses a real-life case of child abuse. the first part of the text is then devoted to a short historical review on the subject of child abuse, to the introduction of a possible definition of that phrase, to listing the variety of forms that child abuse can assume, and to a characterization of the short- and long-term impacts that situations of child abuse and neglect have upon central areas of human development. in a second part of the article a case study of child abuse is presented, highlighting the individual, family and socio-cultural factors that can bring about situations of child abuse in this case, as well as in others. the text concludes by recognizing the ambiguity, heterogeneity and complexity of this phenomenon, as well as the pressing need for prevention and correction mechanisms in the eradication of child abuse and in the struggle for the realization of these children's basic rights, namely their right to an enabling education and to a harmonious development.
Hunter Ampuero,Iván;
Revista de derecho (Valdivia) , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-09502005000200001
Abstract: this paper explores the possibility of assigning negligence to the entre-preneur who complies with environmental regulations and nevertheless causes damages. the paper first refers to negligence within the law (culpa con la ley) in chilean torts law. it then takes a position on the presumption of negligence in article 52 of law 19.300 "general environmental law" (bases generales del medio ambiente). finally, it discusses the different kind of environmental damages created by entrepreneurial activities that have obtained favourable environmental impact statements, specifying for each case the reasons that make admissible, in principle, the attribution of negligence to the entrepreneur
From risk to psychosocial resilience: conceptual models and avenues for family intervention
Lacharité, Carl;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072005000500009
Abstract: this paper aims to compare the structuralist and phenomenological approaches to psychosocial risk and propose an integration of those two perspectives. the first section defines the concepts of risk, vulnerability, protection, and resilience from a structuralist perspective. the second section describes the concepts of experience of vulnerability and experience of resilience from a phenomenological perspective. the last section proposes a comprehensive model of intervention for at-risk families.
A identifica??o da violência doméstica e da negligência por pais de camada média e popular
Delfino, Vanessa;Biasoli-Alves, Zélia Maria Mendes;Sagim, Mírian Botelho;Venturini, Fabiola Perri;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072005000500005
Abstract: the objectives of this research consisted in the analysis of parents, from different social classes, conceptions about domestic violence against children, the types of aggression reported, the definition given to these behaviors and the violence detection level in their environment that they present. to accomplish these objectives it was elaborated one structured interview guide, based in another work research about chidrearing practices, composed of 15 questions. 48 parents participated and they were divided in two groups: 24 of middle class and 24 of popular class. the results indicate that both groups of parents know about domestic violence, unless some differences were observed between them. these results indicate the need of more researches about this subject.
Las familias en "situación de riesgo" en los casos de violencia familiar y maltrato infantil
Bringiotti, María Inés;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072005000500010
Abstract: this paper takes into account the multiple implications of the "family concept". this analysis will facilitate in determining the different family and risk types that we may find in our everyday practice. the evolution of the concept is directly influenced by the social and cultural determinations of each historical moment as well as the possible risk situations that families must face and the resources they count on. the influence of the representations and how a family should be is analyzed, many times based upon subjective facts and not empirical facts. currently, families present different forms or structures, which do not imply the fulfilling or not or their individual functions. thus, it will be possible to adequately establish different prevention and treatment strategies according to each particular situation. we will take examples from cases related to domestic violence and child abuse, child negligence and sexual abuse.
Vargas Pinto,Tatiana;
Revista de derecho (Coquimbo) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-97532010000200005
Abstract: the negative consequences to people's life and health due to medical acts are frequent, and yet, the perpetrators are seldom liable or criminally accountable for the risks that such acts suppose and their curative purpose. this final aim explains why those negligent conducts are exceptional. therefore, the criminal accountability in this sphere focuses in the exam of negligence. when can we talk about medical negligence? when can we charge a physician for the damaging consequences of his/her conduct? these are the main questions judges must solve and they face diverse difficulties such as: the precision of the duty of health care, the role of consent by the patient, the influence of the principle of reliability when team working, etc. these types of problems are managed in general, but also from the practical field.
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