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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2773 matches for " philosophy. "
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Problemas contemporáneos de la Axiología
Prieto Ramírez,Doris María;
Humanidades M??dicas , 2002,
Abstract: the nature of value raises the debate among scientists of different disciplines. this is a complex problem that demands a philosophical specification. axiology is the science that studies values, which possesses a philosophical connotation. in the article, the antecedents of axiology are exposed and diverse interpretations to the concept value are presented, analyzing them from the perspective of marxist philosophy. the dialectical-materialistic point of view with regard to values is pointed out, outlining that they represent a social phenomenon that possesses significance in the context of the subject-object relationship and that they express necessities and human interests. it is a phenomenon that synthesizes the ideal and the material and arises in the process of reciprocal conversion among them
La ideología en el debate filosófico de lo moderno y lo postmoderno
Martínez álvarez,Fidel;
Humanidades M??dicas , 2006,
Abstract: the philosophical debate on the central topics of the relationship modernity - post modernity has not lost validity and rather it has moved toward its epistemologically connotations, that is to say, toward the polemics referred to the relationship philosophy - science, inside which occupies a special place the topic of the ideology. in this first decade of the third millennium the imperialism recrudesces their political has been founded in the neoliberal globalization. before the wild career for the domain of the world and the growing social and environmental calamities generated by the wild capitalism, it is necessary of a true and deep revolution in the ideas, as modest contribution to this battle this work is presented with the objective of systematizing the diverse focuses of the ideology concept and its expression in the context of the philosophical debate of the modern thing and the postmodern thing.
El Sentido de la Vida
Sánchez Hernández,Arturo;
Humanidades M??dicas , 2005,
Abstract: after speaking of the importance so much theoretical as practice of the topic, the author outlines that in the present investigation it doesn't assume the i finish life in his biological expression but i eat "to be in the world" for what defines that with the term "sense of the life" he will refer to the reason of being in the world of concrete individuals. later on it conceptualizes sense of the life from the philosophical and psychological perspectives and he/she speaks of the biological, psychological and social factors that participate in their conformation. it continues defining the encounter with oneself as the fork of biological, psychological and social factors that you/they contribute to the conformation of a sense of the correct life from the ethical-moral point of view, in an individual interested in taking advantage of that fork, that which is not more than the achievement on the part of the individual of an orientation with relationship to him same as being bio-psico-social. the author outlines that all the individuals don't make a sense of the life, some because they don't end up reaching it while others reach it, but they lose it, and he argues that this is due to that so that the sense of the life is formed, the favorable factors that participate in its conformation should converge in an individual interested in taking advantage of that fork. it continues outlining that the will plays its paper in the formation of the sense of the life, but conditioned and determined by multiple factors. continuous exposing the existent relationship between the sense of the life and the category system. but it advances it exposes the existent relationship between the analyzed category and those of "well" and "value". it finishes exposing some characteristics of the sense of the life that should be avoided in the professionals of the health
Copernican Metaphysics
Paul Ennis
continent. , 2011,
Abstract: In the Kritik der reinen Vernunft (1781) Kant introduced the transcendental method on a precarious footing and he never shied away from the fact that the transcendental method is structured, and I mean it in the most direct sense possible, aporetically. The aporetic element, the unstable core within Kantian thought, is the distinction between phenomenal and noumenal content in the chapter entitled "On the ground of the distinction [Unterscheidung] of all objects [Gegenst nde] in general into phenomena and noumena" (Kant A236/B295-A260/B315). This distinction is noteworthy for introducing into the philosophical tradition the notion of the thing-in-itself [Ding-an-sich]. Depending on your interests this is either the most profound or absurd of ideas in our tradition. I prefer to think of it as the most productive notion in our tradition. We can see its generative function at work almost immediately when it spurred the German idealists into thinking obscenely ingenious thoughts, but the phenomenal-noumenal distinction, hereafter the aporetic distinction, remains an ever-persistent aporia for all continental thinking after Kant. In this article I want to focus on how the aporetic distinction functions in its generative capacity with an emphasis on its ontological rather than epistemological register. Considered as such I claim that it is possible to identify in the aporetic distinction a generative capacity (or logic or function) that is intrinsic to both it and all thought responding to it including, or perhaps especially, the speculative responses.
A Plea for Agonism Between Analytic and Continental Philosophy  [PDF]
Robrecht Vanderbeeken
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2011.11003
Abstract: Since the rise of analytic philosophy, a virtual Berlin wall seems to be inserted with respect to continental philosophy. If we take into account the difference between both traditions concerning the respective subject-matters, the pivotal goals, the modes of inquiry and scholarship, the semantic idioms, the methodological approaches, the ongoing discussions, the conferences and publications etc., it is hardly an overstatement to say that both traditions evolve insulated and have a conflicting relation. From a meta-philosophical stance, the common and prima facie reply to this split is the encouragement of merging inclinations. I argue for another strategy. Based on a discussion of the intrinsic differences and their importance, I’m inclined to conclude that unification coincides with a loss of authenticity, blurring the critical potential of both traditions. Hence, we are better of endorsing agonistic pluralism between analytic philosophy and contemporary continental philosophy. The plurality of points of view render several opportunities for productive critiques and fruitful cross-overs between both traditions. Alas, the susceptibility for these innovations is vastly counteracted due to a widespread attitude of antipathy, ignorance and occasional vulgarisation.
Psychology as an Associational Science: A Methodological Viewpoint  [PDF]
Sam S. Rakover
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.22023
Abstract: Unlike the sciences (physics), psychology has not developed in any of its areas (such as perception, learning, cognition) a top-theory like Newtonian theory, the theory of relativity, or quantum theory in physics. This difference is explained by a methodological discrepancy between the sciences and psychology, which centers on the measurement procedure: in psychology, measurement units similar to those in physics have not been discovered. Based on the arguments supporting this claim, a methodological distinction is made between the sciences and psychology as an associational science. It is suggested that that these two kinds of science generate two different classes of technologies. The possibility that in psychology there is a connection between the issue of measurement and the unsolved consciousness/brain problem is discussed.
Some Remarks on the Physicalist Account of Mathematics  [PDF]
Ferenc Csatari
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.22025
Abstract: The paper comments on a rather uncommon approach to mathematics called physicalist formalism. According to this view, the formal systems mathematicians concern with are nothing more and nothing less than genuine physical systems. I give a brief review on the main theses, then I provide some arguments, concerning mostly with the practice of mathematics and the uniqueness of formal systems, aiming to show the implausibility of this radical view.
Philosophy in Indigenous Igbo Proverbs: Cross-Cultural Media for Education in the Era of Globalization  [PDF]
Okorie Onwuchekwa
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.31A036
Abstract:

It is common knowledge among people of Igbo descent that indigenous Igbo proverbs play vital roles in speech, communication and exchange of knowledge and ideas among them. However, what may be uncommon knowledge is the fact that philosophy is the basic ingredient that savours Igbo proverbs with the taste for fertilizing ideas across cultural divides. With philosophy inherent in them, indigenous Igbo proverbs readily present itself as a cross-cultural media for educating people of African and non-African descents on the events, achievements, myths and realities of especially the people of Igbo descent. This paper examines the philosophy of some indigenous Igbo proverbs. The paper concludes that indigenous Igbo proverbs, rich in philosophy, is the surest way of educating people of other descents about the realities of the Igbo people. They are better ways of countering fallacies and rumors emanating from foreign historians and foreign media about Igbo land in particular and Africa in general. Hence, they are veritable cross-cultural media with inexhaustible resources which need to be further explored.

Research: Philosophy Intercultural  [PDF]
Kuang-Ming Wu
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2014.43041
Abstract:

Research is our radical search-around in all directions imaginable. It inevitably turns to self-scrutinize to self-direct toward comprehensive interculture, as interaction of many modes of thinking and searching, even methodologically on how research goes. This Socratic-comprehensive turn of research is philosophy, research of all researches. This essay common-sensibly elucidates their triune intimacy, from research via philosophy to interculture. Thus this essay has three parts, A: research, B: philosophy, and C: interculture. Part A researches into why, what, and how of research, and then explores its Janus-faced door. Part B reflects on what was explained on research as philosophy, as catalyst of research to interculture. Part C, 1) looks at two contrastive cultures, the West and China as typical of “many world cultures,” 2) how the West and China interculture, to conclude with two cautions on interculture in our research.

Culture as Philosophy of the First Order Activity  [PDF]
Celestine Chukwuemeka Mbaegbu
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2014.44051
Abstract: Any philosophy is closely tied to and truly inseparable from culture. This paper specifically examines the ontological status of any culture. In its full stretch, it focuses on whether or not there is any “philosophy” in a people’s culture and if in the affirmative, what type of philosophy it is, and how it relates to scientific or strictly academic philosophy in vogue of nearly all the academic institutions of higher learning in Africa and in many other foreign nations as well. The method employed in this article is hermeneutics, a method used to mid-wife philosophy from culture since it frames the dialectics between philosophy and non philosophy. The writer concludes that culture is philosophy of some sort or philosophy of the first order activity; it provides the professional philosophers the data base on which to transcend into pure, critical philosophy. The thin line between the two senses of philosophy, namely, philosophy in the strict sense and in the loose sense is thereby clarified, linked and joined in a mutual relationship of bedrock provision.
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