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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13029 matches for " performance "
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Racial variation of aerobic and anaerobic performances in sedentary men  [PDF]
Salma Abedelmalek, Hamdi Chtourou, Asma Aloui, Zouhair Tabka, Nizar Souissi
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2012.22023
Abstract: The present study was designed to compare the effect of racial variations on short- and incremental maximal exercises in sedentary men whites (WT) and blacks (BT) Tunisian and South African (SA). In a randomized order, thirty-six physically sedentary men including 12 BT, 12 WT, and 12 SA were asked to perform a force-velocity (i.e., determination of maximal power (Pmax), F0, and V0) and a treadmill maximal aerobic (i.e., determination of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max)) tests. Pmax and F0 were significantly higher in SA than WT (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05 respectively). However, no significant difference was observed between WT and BT and between SA and BT. Likewise, racial variations didn’t affect the V 0 values. Moreover, VO2 max was significantly higher in SA and BT than WT (p < 0.001). However, no significant difference was observed between SA and BT. Compared to white subjects, the present study’ results suggest the superiority of blacks races on aerobic and anaerobic exercises in physically sedentary men.
An Approach to Developing a Performance Test Based on the Tradeoffs from SW Architectures  [PDF]
Byoungju Choi, Miso Yoon, Heejin Kim
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2013.64024

In a performance test, the standards for assessing its test results are not sufficiently determined due to the lack of a well-structured test developing methods which are found in a functionality test. By extending the established workflow structure, this approach will concentrate on tradeoffs within T-workflow and further develop tests based on T-workflow. The monitoring and tuning point have also been investigated to understand the validity and performance of software. Finally through a case study, it has been shown that better assessment of software performance can be obtained with the suggested tests developed based on T-workflow and by locating its monitoring point and tuning point.

How a Proper Performance Related Reward System Can Contribute to Work Performance Excellence  [PDF]
Sara Indileni Hamukwaya, Rashad Yazdanifard
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2014.23023
Abstract: Performance related rewards came in picture in recent years for so many reasons. That includes rewards as motivation for employees to excel, reduce employer-employee conflicts and ensure fair reward treatments. This also includes a response to a call of worker’s dissatisfaction at work, poor work performance, negative attitudes, lack of motivation and agency problems. These “ills” will only be “cured” if there are proper performance measures in place. This study examined how a proper performance related reward system can be used as a tool to enhance work performance. The study include different performance related reward systems that may be embraced by management to foster work performance, what performance appraisal measures need to be put in place and the relationship between performance related reward systems and work performance. The benefits of embracing the Performance based rewards are also discussed.
The Role of Trait Emotional Intelligence in Individual Performance: A Descriptive Study in Albaha University, Saudi Arabia  [PDF]
Faris S. Alghamdi
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2014.75033
Abstract: The current study investigates the relationship between emotional intelligence and individual performance, namely academic performance. It also aims at determining whether emotional intelligence differs between male and female students. The data were obtained through the Schutte Self-Report Emotional Intelligence (SSREI) questionnaire, which was distributed to undergraduate students in Albaha province, Saudi Arabia. A sample of 191 undergraduate students filled in (SSREI), which included the demographic and academic performance measures. The results indicated that the relationship between emotional intelligence and academic performance was not statistically significant. Moreover, no statistically significant difference was found between male and female students in the total of emotional intelligence score.
The Limits of the Balanced Scorecard  [PDF]
Ivo Hristov, Antonio Chirico
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.411004
Our research focuses on the limits of the Balanced Scorecard. The aim of the work is to provide a basis for in-depth study on the limits of the balanced scorecard. According to Tranfield et al. (2003) [1] we are tackling the topic through a systematic review of the literature. We reviewed articles published in 48 journals, in 3 different subject area of Academic Journal Guide (ABS) 2015: 27 Accounting journals, 17 General Management and Employment Study journals and 4 Strategy journals. This ensured an academic quality of these articles and for each subject area we chose amongst some of the 3, 4 and 4* journals. The contributions of research to the field and the lessons learned from these studies are discussed. Knowledge gaps in existing balanced scorecard research are identified, leading to consideration of several ideas for future research.
Environmental Performance and Financial Performance of Green Mutual Fund—Evidence from China  [PDF]
Yin Yuan
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2017.54057
We compared the environmental performance and financial performance between green fund and non-green fund to explore the balance between environmental goals and financial objectives of green funds by in the context of China government’s strong advocacy of “developing green finance and setting up green development fund”. In this paper, the open-ended active fund with the shareholding ratio of over 75% is taken as the object of study. By the PSM method, 28 green funds are matched by 1:5 to obtain 140 non-green funds. Through the large sample data of 2010-2016, the results show that: 1) the green fund investment portfolio is cleaner than non-green fund. From the long-term environmental performance of the holding enterprises, the green and the non-green fund’s environmental performance and financial performance are tested empirically. Fund environmental performance is better than non-green fund. From the perspective of the short-term environmental performance of the holding enterprises, there is no difference between the environmental performance of the green fund and the non-green fund. 2) The excess return of the green fund is higher than that of the non-green fund. In the period of China’s economic transformation, green funds not only assume the responsibility of investing in environmental performance of enterprises, but also take into account its financial performance, to achieve a win-win result of low pollution and high yield.
International Comparison of Women’s Rhythmic Gymnastics from the Perspective of Performance Time of “Body Difficulty”  [PDF]
Mao Hashimoto, Noriyuki Kida, Teruo Nomura
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2018.81009
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to clarify trends of rhythmic gymnastics performance and to obtain fundamental data for the composition of routines. The study surveyed women’s individual games and four events at the 2013 All-Japan Rhythmic Gymnastics Championships(27 gymnasts), the 2013 World Championships(10 gymnasts), the 2014 World Championships(12 gymnasts), the Olympic Games in 2016(10 gymnasts) and found the number of body difficulty performed, performance time, and duration of single difficulty on each routine. Further, the study examined BD performance time by group. A two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted by using championships as between-subjects factors and gymnastic apparatus as within-subject factors. In terms of difficulty performance time and duration of single difficulty, there were significant interactions between the 2013 Japan Championships and the 2013 World Championships. While no significant interaction was found among the 2013·2014·2016 world championships, there were significant main effects in gymnastic events(All?p<.05).
Self-Efficacy, Task Performance and Contextual Performance: A Sri Lankan Experience  [PDF]
U.W.M.R. Sampath Kappagoda
Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies (JHRSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jhrss.2018.62034
Abstract: The relationship between self-efficacy and job performance has long been established. But, there is limited research on self-efficacy and different dimensions of job performance and the extent of the association has not been investigated comprehensively in the context of the Sri Lankan banking sector. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of self-efficacy on task performance and contextual performance of the employees in the banking sector in Sri Lanka. The data were randomly collected from a sample of 176 managers and 357 non-managerial employees in the banking sector in Sri Lanka. A questionnaire was administered to the employees to measure their self-efficacy, task performance, and contextual performance. The collected data were analyzed using correlation coefficient and regression analysis. The results of the study indicated that self-efficacy had significantly and positively correlated with task performance and contextual performance. According to the findings, the employees’ trust on their capabilities to organize and execute courses of action required to accomplish the task has significantly and positively correlated with the behaviors that are directly related with the completion of the job and with the extra role supporting behaviors which are not directly related to the job.
Opinions of Teachers and Administrators Towards The Implementation of Teacher Performance Management Applications at Public and Private High Schools (Ankara Sample)
International Online Journal of Educational Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: This research has been conducted to detect the opinions of teachers and administrators towards the implementations of teacher performance management applications at public and private high schools. In the study, it has been examined that whether opinions of teachers and administrators towards the implementation of teacher performance management applications at public and private high schools differ according to school type, title and of teachers at each school and education level. 74 administrators and 423 teachers working at either public or private schools in Ankara participated in the research. Arithmetical average, t test and two-factor variance analysis techniques have been used in data analyzing. According to results of the study, opinions of teachers and administrators towards the implementation of teacher performance management applications at public and private high schools differ according to school type and task. When the mutual effect of school type and task variables are examined together, it has been viewed that the mutual effect has not is not meaningful about the perceptions of implementation level. Whilst perceptions of public high school teachers’ of performance management applications change within their own school types, it does not differ in view of private high schools.
Blending Cooking Oil Biodiesel with Petroleum Diesel: A Comparative Performance Test on a Variable IC Engine  [PDF]
Clever Ketlogetswe, Jerekias Gandure
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy (SGRE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2011.22019
Abstract: Research in biodiesel production has been motivated by several reasons including consistant increase in prices of petroleum diesel, environmental advantages, security of fuel supply, and employment creation. This paper presents a review of one alternative technological method that can be used to produce this fuel. Biodiesel from used cooking oil was produced by alkali catalyzed transesterification process. Performance of internal combustion engine using this bio-diesel blended with petroleum diesel in various blending ratios was performed. The engine performance studies were conducted on a variable compression engine test rig with automatic data acquisition set up. Parameters such as brake power, torque and fuel consumption were measured at different loads for pure petroleum diesel, pure biodiesel and different combinations of the dual fuel. The test results indicate that the performance of the engine is comparable for all the fuel mixtures under review
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