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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 24 matches for " peopling. "
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THE PEOPLING OF THE ARICA COAST DURING THE PRECERAMIC: A PRELIMINARY VIEW
Arriaza,Bernardo T.; Standen,Vivien G.; Belmonte,Eliana; Rosello,Eugenia; Nials,Fred;
Chungará (Arica) , 2001, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562001000100005
Abstract: in this paper chinchorro mobility and ecology will be presented. the research was accomplished as a multidisciplinary effort using surveys of the upper and lower coasts of arica, excavations of two shell middens, and radiocarbon dating of 21 samples from mummies and middens. the following observations can be drawn from our ongoing study: 1) the peopling of the coast moved along the smooth paths from the upper coastal cordillera rather than the lower rocky coast; 2) there was intense preceramic occupation of the coast illustrated by macarena, hipodromo, chinchorro, citroen, maderas enco, colon, morro, playa miller 8, and quiani cemeteries in arica. also the harvesting grounds of punta palomo, punta baquedano and el muertito toward the south could have a preceramic component. the latter three sites are located at the bottom of steep cliffs and are accessible by zigzagging paths which are still visible along the slopes of the mountains; and 3) the ancient environment was milder than it is today. water and plants were abundant based on the geomorphology of the "chimbas" and the fossilized pollen of graminaes and compositae found in the shell middens
Una encrucijada de caminos: el poblamiento de la Isla Dawson (Estrecho de Magallanes)
LEGOUPIL,D; CHRISTENSEN,M; MORELLO,F;
Magallania (Punta Arenas) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22442011000200010
Abstract: a research about the role of prehistoric human peopling of dawson island, central magellan strait zone, is presented through the discussion of data collected in an extensive survey that included the eastern shoreline of the island and its comparison with other canoe core areas. the discovery of 29 archaeolo-gical sites permitted recording unknown evidence of human occupations dating between ca. 4200 and 1200 years bp. they could represent a step between the two southernmost maritime population cores of otway sound/ brunswick peninsula and beagle channel.
NUEVOS DATOS DE LA OCUPACIóN HUMANA EN LA TRANSICIóN BOSQUE ESTEPA EN PATAGONIA: ALERO LAS QUEMAS (COMUNA DE LAGO VERDE, XI REGIóN DE AISéN).
Méndez,César; Reyes,Omar;
Magallania (Punta Arenas) , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22442006000100011
Abstract: the following article refers to the characterization of the lithic assemblage of las quemas site (cisnes river valley, aisén region, 44o s) and its first radiocarbon date. this site is a cave with rock art, located in the forest-steppe transition that was first excavated in 1996 by francisco mena. the materials have been approached in the context of a greater discussion related to the dispersion and occupation of different environments (ever green woods, deciduous woods and steppe) by steppe hunter gatherers in central patagonia.
Hookworms and the peopling of America
Araújo, Adauto;Ferreira, Luiz Femando;Confalonieri, Ulisses;Chame, Marcia;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1988, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1988000200006
Abstract: the occurrence of certain parasites in human groups from different regions has been used to study the geographical origin of both hosts and parasites. the presence of hookworm infection in an isolated tribe in remote regions of paraguay led to speculations about its origin, since the prehistoric migrations through the behring land bridge could not have brought the parasite, which needs for its mantenance a temperature of about 22oc in the soil. it was then proposed that only transpacific migrations of asiatic populations could have brought the parasite to america. this discussion dates back to the beginning of this century and it was only with recent paleoparasitological findings that it arose again. this paper is a review of hookworm findings in archaeological material and suggests possible routes followed by their hosts to reach the new world.
THE PEOPLING OF THE ARICA COAST DURING THE PRECERAMIC: A PRELIMINARY VIEW
Bernardo T. Arriaza,Vivien G. Standen,Eliana Belmonte,Eugenia Rosello
Chungará (Arica) - Revista de Antropología Chilena , 2001,
Abstract: In this paper Chinchorro mobility and ecology will be presented. The research was accomplished as a multidisciplinary effort using surveys of the upper and lower coasts of Arica, excavations of two shell middens, and radiocarbon dating of 21 samples from mummies and middens. The following observations can be drawn from our ongoing study: 1) the peopling of the coast moved along the smooth paths from the upper coastal cordillera rather than the lower rocky coast; 2) there was intense preceramic occupation of the coast illustrated by Macarena, Hipodromo, Chinchorro, Citroen, Maderas Enco, Colon, Morro, Playa Miller 8, and Quiani cemeteries in Arica. Also the harvesting grounds of Punta Palomo, Punta Baquedano and El Muertito toward the south could have a preceramic component. The latter three sites are located at the bottom of steep cliffs and are accessible by zigzagging paths which are still visible along the slopes of the mountains; and 3) the ancient environment was milder than it is today. Water and plants were abundant based on the geomorphology of the "chimbas" and the fossilized pollen of graminaes and compositae found in the shell middens En este trabajo se presentará la movilidad y la ecología asociada a las poblaciones Chinchorro. Las investigaciones constituyeron un esfuerzo multidisciplinario que incorporó exploraciones de la costa superior e inferior de Arica, la excavación de dos conchales y la fechación por radiocarbono de 21 muestras de momias y depósitos. Se pueden hacer las siguientes observaciones generales de nuestro estudio: 1) el poblamiento de las costa avanzó a lo largo de los senderos planos de la cordillera superior costera en lugar de la costa rocosa inferior; 2) hubo una intensa ocupación precerámica de la costa ilustrada por los cementerios de Macarena, Hipódromo, Chinchorro, Citroen, Maderas Enco, Colón, Morro, Playa Miller 8 y Quiani en Arica. Las tierras de cosecha de Punta Palomo, Punta Baquedano y el Muertito hacia el sur, también podrían tener un componente precerámico; 3) el ambiente antiguo era más moderado de lo que es hoy en día. El agua y las plantas eran abundantes según lo indican la geomorfología de las "chimbas" y el polen de gramíneas y compuestas encontradas en los conchales
La organización de la tecnología lítica de los pobladores tempranos del este de Uruguay
Gascue,Andrés; López Mazz,José; Villarmarzo,Eugenia; De León,Verónica; Sotelo,Moira; Alzugaray,Santiago;
Intersecciones en antropolog?-a , 2009,
Abstract: this paper presents the results of research carried out in rincón de los indios site, rocha, uruguay. the lithic remains (flakes, cores, flaked instruments, polished and pecked instruments, projectile point preforms and projectile points) recovered from the early levels were analyzed. the objective was to study the distinctive use of raw materials and manufacture procedures, identifying the different technological sub-systems. the technological organization of the early inhabitants of eastern uruguay involved the acquisition of a variety of local, regional and extra-regional mineral raw materials. these groups undertook signifi cant displacements in order to stock up on good quality rocks, which accords with groups of hunter-gatherers with high residential mobility who exploited a high diversity of environments
DIVERSIFICACIóN MORFOLóGICA Y POBLAMIENTO TEMPRANO DEL NOROCCIDENTE DE SURAMéRICA: UN ESTUDIO DE LA VARIACIóN CRANEOFACIAL
DELGADO BURBANO,MIGUEL EDUARDO;
Revista Colombiana de Antropología , 2012,
Abstract: a study of the craniofacial diversity among samples from northwest south america, temporal and spatially scattered, is presented in order to create hypotheses for the early peopling of the region. several kinds of statistical procedures (r-matrix, matrix correlation analysis and geometric morphometrics) were performed in order to assess the population history and structure at the regional level. the results revealed high morphological diversity and patterns of spatial and temporal structuring, additionally, they suggest that distinct population events and the action of evolutionary factors highly affected the craniofacial diversity over time. on the basis of different kinds of evidences, a model on the mode and tempo of the early peopling of the region and the subsequent population evolution throughout the holocene is presented.
MORPHOMETRIC AND mtDNA ANALYSES OF ARCHAIC SKELETAL REMAINS FROM SOUTHWESTERN SOUTH AMERICA
Manríquez,Germán; Moraga,Mauricio; Santoro,Calogero; Aspillaga,Eugenio; Arriaza,Bernardo T; Rothhammer,Francisco;
Chungará (Arica) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562011000200009
Abstract: for decades anthropologists have discussed how and when the americas were peopled. the prevailing view is that the first paleoindians, ancestors of the amerindians, arrived from asia and beringia to the american continent using a pacific coastal route in pre-clovis times. in this article skeletal remains dated 9000-4000 bp, excavated from archaeological sites in northern, central and southern chile, were analyzed using geometric morphometric and ancient mtdna techniques. results indicate that the ancient cranial material from southwestern south america exhibit a wide range of cranial vault shape variation which is independent of chronology. mtdna restriction and sequence analysis performed on the same skeletal remains, revealed only the presence of the main four founding mtdna haplogroups (a, b, c and d) as early as 9,000 bp. our results using morphometric and molecular mtdna haplogroup data show that human populations inhabiting the americas during archaic times can not be considered as belonging to two different groups on the basis of analyzed data. these results are consistent with those recently obtained using complete sequence mtdna analyses.
OCUPACIóN HUMANA PLEISTOCéNICA EN EL DESIERTO DE ATACAMA: PRIMEROS RESULTADOS DE LA APLICACIóN DE UN MODELO PREDICTIVO DE INVESTIGACIóN INTERDISCIPLINARIA
Santoro,Calogero M; Ugalde,Paula C; Latorre,Claudio; Salas,Carolina; Osorio,Daniela; Jackson,Donald; Gayó,Eugenia;
Chungará (Arica) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562011000300003
Abstract: in south america, evidence of human occupation dates back to 14,600 calibrated years bp (14.6 ka). yet, important areas such as the atacama desert, between latitude 17° to 21° s (northern atacama), lack occupations older than 11,5 ka. current hyperarid conditions in the atacama have dissuaded many researchers from considering this region as a possible territory for pleistocene-holocene peoples. paleoecological data, however, have suggested increased availability of water along the western slope of the andes from 17.5-9.5 ka. thus, we systematically searched for rodent middens and paleowetlands in the large canyons of the andean precordillera as well as the interfluves (1,000-3,000 masl). as a result, we identified specific habitats favorable for early human settling. this interdisciplinary and predictive methodological model, summarized in this paper, allowed us to identify several sites. among these, quebrada maní 12 is the first pleistocene-holocene human occupation (~11.9 a 12.7 ka) known from the northern atacama.
POBLAMIENTO TEMPRANO DE LOS EXTREMOS GEOGRáFICOS DE LOS CANALES PATAGóNICOS: CHILOé E ISLA NAVARINO 1
Ocampo E.,Carlos; Rivas H.,Pilar;
Chungará (Arica) , 2004, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562004000300034
Abstract: the cultural divesity registered in the early maritime archaeological records at patagonian canals do not sustain a unilineal model of peopling from a single cultural unit. we propose that it is necessary to orient our research to find empirical data to shed light on the complex evolution of this multidimensional process and the construction the canoe people archaeological landscape
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