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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3417 matches for " path dependence "
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How Coal Miners Develop Path-Dependence and Lock in to an Unsafe Behavioral Path  [PDF]
Zhengquan Xu, Qinren Cao, Ni Zhang
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2014.42012
Abstract:

Path dependence in behavioral agents can influence their actions. Creation of path dependence is a process of agents locking in their behavioral trajectory, which will increase the possibility of their certain actions occurring repeatedly. In China, most of coal mines’ working place is located in deep underground, so coal miners must work in very complex environment. In such environment, once behavioral path occurred in the coal miners, the chance of incurring coal mining accidents will be heavily increased. This article provides an empirical study on how coal miners develop path-dependence and lock-in to unsafe actions. It expands upon the external and internal conditions that create path dependence in behavioral agents. Drawing on these conditions, we construct a process model of agents developing creation of path dependence and locking in their behavioral path, and then, by using the model, we elaborate why unsafe actions of coal miners in China frequently and easily occur, and why coal mine accidents reoccur in period.

álcool combustível no Brasil e path dependence
Shikida, Pery Francisco Assis;Perosa, Bruno Benzaquen;
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20032012000200003
Abstract: this study aims to analyze the relationship of path dependence in the economic and institutional system of ethanol in brazil. ethanol, after stages of growth and challenges, has become part of the brazilian energy matrix. this trajectory reflects the persistence of a path shaped under the influence of organizations (mills and distilleries, machinery and equipment sectors, automotive industry, the government, corporatist organizations, r&d) and economic agents (consumers) interested, directly or indirectly, in the maintenance of the chosen route. this "interest arrangements" supported the brazilian ethanol, even when this fuel competitiveness was questioned as the most appropriate energy option to substitute gasoline/diesel. even after the recovery of this sector in the 2000s, when the flex-fuel technology and the ghg (greenhouse gases) emissions increased the ethanol demand in brazil and abroad, the choice of ethanol as the main substitute of fossil fuels is still jeopardized by other renewable fuels and even by the discovery of new oil reserves in brazil. in order to succeed, the collision supporting the expansion of ethanol in the international market will have to handle a myriad of technological and institutional barriers in brazil and worldwide.
A reforma da previdência no Brasil: estudo comparativo dos governos Fernando Henrique Cardoso e Lula
Nakahodo, Sidney Nakao;Savoia, José Roberto;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092008000100003
Abstract: after reaching macroeconomic stability while privatizing state companies and implementing other first generation reforms, brazil has tried to balance its fiscal budget by promoting a series of second generation reforms. the present paper discusses the political processes involved in one of the most critical of these, i.e. the reform of the pension system. by comparing the pension reforms enacted under fernando henrique cardoso and luiz inácio lula da silva, we try to understand how actors, preferences, and strategies shaped the final amendments approved in 1998 and 2003, respectively. we conclude that institutions have been crucial elements in the characterization of winners (present civil servants) and losers (the overall population and the future civil servants).
Harrod sob análise: path-dependence, tempo histórico e mudan?a estrutural endógena
Moreira, Ricardo Ramalhete;
Revista de Economia Política , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31572011000400008
Abstract: harrod under analysis: path-dependence, historic time and endogenous structural change. the article aims to demonstrate how the harrod's approach (1937, 1938, 1948) can offer theoretical elements to form a complex, historicists and non-determinist view of the economic system. the relaxation of the constant warranty rate hypothesis make possible the system suffers endogenous qualitative change. it results in the notion of path-dependence and historic time. by the endogenization of the expectations and the existence of turn-points mechanisms, this approach allows a synthesis between non-convergency and economic regulation.
The path dependency theory: analytical framework to study institutional integration. The case of France
Hélène Trouvé,Yves Couturier,Francis Etheridge,Olivier Saint-Jean
International Journal of Integrated Care , 2010,
Abstract: Background: The literature on integration indicates the need for an enhanced theorization of institutional integration. This article proposes path dependence as an analytical framework to study the systems in which integration takes place. Purpose: PRISMA proposes a model for integrating health and social care services for older adults. This model was initially tested in Quebec. The PRISMA France study gave us an opportunity to analyze institutional integration in France. Methods: A qualitative approach was used. Analyses were based on semi-structured interviews with actors of all levels of decision-making, observations of advisory board meetings, and administrative documents. Results: Our analyses revealed the complexity and fragmentation of institutional integration. The path dependency theory, which analyzes the change capacity of institutions by taking into account their historic structures, allows analysis of this situation. The path dependency to the Bismarckian system and the incomplete reforms of gerontological policies generate the coexistence and juxtaposition of institutional systems. In such a context, no institution has sufficient ability to determine gerontology policy and build institutional integration by itself. Conclusion: Using path dependence as an analytical framework helps to understand the reasons why institutional integration is critical to organizational and clinical integration, and the complex construction of institutional integration in France.
Path dependence, instituciones y ordenanzas en la configuración del departamento del Valle, 1910-1949 Path dependence, institutions and ordinances in the configuration of the Department of Valle, 1910-1949
Jaime Eduardo Londo?o Motta
Revista CS , 2011,
Abstract: El objetivo de este artículo es abordar una problemática poco estudiada por los historiadores colombianos, específicamente, el análisis de los procesos de conformación de los entes departamentales creados por los ordenamientos territoriales ocurridos en Colombia durante la primea década del siglo XX. Para alcanzar este propósito, nos concentramos en las reglas de juego emanadas por el Gobernador y la Asamblea del departamento del Valle en el período 1910-1949, concretamente en las ordenanzas referidas a los ramos de gobierno, obras de infraestructura y control social. This paper deals with the topic poorly studied by Colombian historians, namely, the processes of the formation of departmental entities as a result of the territorial planning in Colombia during the first decade of the 20th century. The author focuses his attention at the rules of the games established by the Governor and the Assembly of the Department of Valle between 1910 and 1949, especially, as ordinances with regard to branches of government, infrastructure works, and social control are concerned.
Strategic Choice, Managerial Cognition and the Forming & Breaking of Path Dependence: A Combined Perspective of Action and Cognition
Xuanwei CAO,Hua ZHANG
International Business and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.3968/j.ibm.1923842820110301.048
Abstract: Path dependence involves many factors at different levels. However, there lacks still a comprehensive perspectives to link both micro level dynamic change and related macro organizational evolution. By distinguishing the types of path dependence into action level and cognition level, this paper illustrates the forming of path dependence from the perspectives of strategic choice and managerial cognition, which has an interactive influence to reinforce path dependence. The case of TKS offers valuable inspirations for the forming and breaking of path dependence, illustrates further the interactive role of managerial cognition and strategic choice in forming and breaking path dependence. In rapid changing nonlinear environment, it will be really a challenge to explore the micro dynamic and the evolution of organization structure and function at macro level. A combined perspective of cognition and action could be a possible choice for the related research. Key words: Strategic choice; Cognitive freezing; Path dependence
COMPLEXITY AND INNOVATION IN BUSINESS SYSTEMS WITH FOCUS ON TRANSITIONAL COUNTRIES
August Turina
Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems , 2004,
Abstract: This paper is a review from a business analyst's perspective of innovation and complexity concept and their impact upon the paths of business systems and organisations as wholes. Its task is also to catalyse a broader discussion on innovation segment that is by itself complex and its importance to business in a growing complex environment. The argument is that innovations should be the main driving force of business and other social systems due to their path-dependent and positive feedback features that provide for faster growth. Innovation is not limited solely to businesses and should also be viewed in respect to other social (public) systems whose segment often lack innovative approach. Innovation may be found to possess emergent properties like other events that appear in social systems that influence their change and adaptation. It determines path-dependency of such systems because it is considered an event arising early in the history of the system that determines its ultimate end state. Thus, understanding, managing and accepting innovations and its importance is crucial for recognition of complex processes of path-creation, dependence and emergence of forces that drive social systems. Viewed from aspect of transitional countries, it is crucial for judging the future stability of their social entities striving for development and recognised change.
On the Definition of State Variables for an Internal State Variable Constitutive Model Describing Metal Deformation  [PDF]
Paul S. Follansbee
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2014.58062
Abstract:
The quest for an internal state variable constitutive model describing metal deformation is reviewed. First, analogy is drawn between a deformation model and the Ideal Gas Law. The use of strain as a variable in deformation models is discussed, and whether strain serves as an internal state variable is considered. A simple experiment that demonstrated path dependence in copper is described. The importance of defining appropriate internal state variables for a constitutive law relates to the ability to accurately model temperature and strain-rate dependencies in deformation simulations.
License to Mine: A Comparison of the Scope of the Environmental Assessment in Sweden, Finland and Russia  [PDF]
Maria Pettersson, Anniina Oksanen, Tatiana Mingaleva, Victor Petrov, Vladimir Masloboev
Natural Resources (NR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2015.64022
Abstract: The regulatory framework for mining operations is complex; the licensing process in particular typically involves several laws and a number of permits. This paper assumes that the regulatory framework is strongly influenced by the institutional framework of which it is part, and that it suffers from an institutional path dependence that may decrease the efficiency of the system as well as act barrier to the implementation of necessary environmental requirements. The paper provides: 1) a legal analysis of the regulatory framework governing mining operations in Sweden, Finland and Russia; and 2) a comparative analysis of the scope of the environmental assessment within the licensing process in the examined countries. The result of the analysis of the regulatory frameworks shows great similarity between the Swedish and the Finnish systems, both in terms of the overall structure and the implementation of substantive environmental rules. The Russian system differs in this respect, with more declarative rules and seemingly less substantive assessments. The results also indicate that the regulatory frameworks in all three countries show signs of institutional path dependence, but in very different degrees. Though Russia has indeed implemented major changes in the formal structure, very little has changed in practice. The Swedish regulatory framework for mining shows a deficient systematics and conflicting objectives, despite the implementation of a comprehensive environmental legislation. The recently reformed Finnish system seems to have a more holistic approach.
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