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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 542 matches for " patent licensing "
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The Evolution of Distribution of Technology Transfer in China: Evidence from Patent Licensing  [PDF]
Yuqing Cai
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2018.85084
Abstract: This study explores the temporal and spatial distribution of technology transfer in China by analyzing the licensing activities from the perspective of supplier and demander of the technology transfer chain, using the data obtained from the State Intellectual Property Office of China (SIPO). We find that the overall number of licensed technologies has increased dramatically during 10 years and different types of technology show diverse trends. And the technology age is declining year by year, among which the age of invention patents is the oldest. As licensors, individuals and firms provide the vast majority of outward technologies and most of their technologies are utility models. However, only firms take the vast majority as licensee. And most inward technologies come from foreign organizations before 2008, while domestic sources provide the majority of inward technologies after 2008. We also provide suggestions for policy-makers and firms.
The Innovation Study of Japan and US Semiconductor Companies
—Internal Invention and Non-Internal Invention

Masatomo Inuzuka
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2015.58055
Abstract: The negotiations with other firms (opponents) such as licensing are likely to take action as a routine-work of certain actions. It will make decisions in some paradoxical situation not only patent infringement lawsuit, but also cross-licensing negotiations in strategic business. It should be noted that inventions were regarded as only performance of R&D (Research & Development), which called them inventions for technological strategy. However, there exist inventions resulting from other factors, which are exactly defined as inventions for patent strategy; we shall call them inventions for patent strategy. So then, we picked out for several US and Japanese semiconductor manufacturers, and so our analysis separated out the number of inventions motivated by technological strategy within the whole set of inventions. Unlike other types of property, IP (intellectual property) assets lack clear property lines and every type of intellectual property you can own comes with connections to other valuable innovations. These ownership rights are also exactly changing. They are embedded in a dynamic technology context, one in which new innovations and new advances are constantly added. One of the best ways to examine that context is observing the legal property provided by patent citations, the references to the prior IP on which the patented inventions build. Patent citations are very important because they make the relationships among technologies and related property rights. The objective is to show that firms make inventions not only on technological factors, but also on patent strategy. Simple analysis method is proposed to identify how many non-internal inventions are filed for patents.
Technology Transferring Performance of Chinese Universities: Insights from Patent Licensing Data  [PDF]
Xiaopei Gao, Wei Song, Xiaobao Peng, Xiaoyan Song
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2014.412032
Abstract: This paper had collected the patent licensing documents of all Chinese universities and made a comprehensive study on licensing performance. With a whole set of data from SIPO, the exact licensing frequency number and licensing propensity number of Chinese universities had been obtained for the first time. On average, 16.03 patents (6%) per university had been licensed out to the industry, which is much lower than expectations. The frequency of licensing, propensity of licensing, number of partners (licensees), number of patent stocks, local-transfer ratio and the distribution of licensing frequency in terms of university-firm distance had been obtained in details. Five hypotheses had been made to discover the variances in university licensing performance. With the ANOVA technique, five hypotheses had been confirmed within the dataset, which had revealed a significant effect of patent stocks, local economic performance, central government support, existence of TTO and local government administration on university licensing performance.
Mapping and Evaluating Regional University-Industry Knowledge Flow through Patent Licensing  [PDF]
Xiaopei Gao, Yuming Chen, Wei Song, Xiaobao Peng, Xiaoyan Song
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.31001
Abstract: Different regions had various kinds of academic resources and industries competitors. The knowledge and innovation output generated by researchers in academy had been transferred into industries through patent licensing. Using the patent licensing document analyzing method and the mapping technique, the academic-industry knowledge flowing patterns of different regions in China had been discovered and visualized in maps. The regional performance of academic-industry knowledge transfer was rather mixed and unbalanced. Based on the licensing performance data, this paper had also generated a 4 × 4 block matrix as evaluation tool and ranked 28 Chinese regions into 8 levels according to their academic licensing performance. Further suggestions and advice had been given for regions in different levels.
Regional University-Industry Knowledge Flow: A Study of Chinese Academic Patent Licensing Data  [PDF]
Xiaopei Gao, Yuming Chen, Wei Song, Xiaobao Peng, Xiaoyan Song
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.32009
Abstract: Knowledge and technology transferring between universities and industries had been an important research focus of innovation management. Bibliometric research on the university-industry knowledge transferring had always used patent collaboration and citation data as indicators. However, patent licensing data were more representative and could target the knowledge transferring directions. This paper had gone through the data of Chinese academic-industry patent licensing and focused on the variances in regional level and geographic distance. Using patent licensing document analyzing method, the academic-industry knowledge flowing patterns had been discovered. Results showed that localization effects had been existed in those Chinese regions and the engagement of knowledge transferring was severely unbalanced.
Mechanism of Intellectual Property Management in Engineering Companies Механизм управления интеллектуальной собственностью предприятий машиностроительной отрасли
Pukhalskaya Anastasiya P.
Business Inform , 2013,
Abstract: The article offers a mechanism of intellectual property management in engineering companies, which envisages synthesis of a system of opinions upon provision of management with existing objects of intellectual property (IP) in a company with the aim to attract them into economic turnover and increase efficiency of their use. Application of the described mechanism of IP management would provide a company with realisation of monopoly rights on results of intellectual activity and would facilitate growth of proceeds from quality increase or cost reduction, sales markets expansion, increase of efficiency and effectiveness of economic activity in general. Introduction of the proposed mechanism requires establishment of an IP patenting department in a company. The specialist of this department should be competent in matters of assessment, protection, commercialisation, registration of rights on IP objects and search of information. В статье предложен механизм управления интеллектуальной собственностью предприятий машиностроительной отрасли, который предусматривает синтез системы взглядов на обеспечение управления имеющимися объектами интеллектуальной собственности (ИС) на предприятии с целью привлечения их в хозяйственный оборот и повышение эффективности от их использования. Применение приведенного механизма управления ИС обеспечит предприятию реализацию монопольных прав на результаты интеллектуальной деятельности и будет способствовать увеличению доходов от повышения качества или снижения себестоимости продукции, расширения рынков сбыта, повышению эффективности и результативности хозяйственной деятельности в целом. Внедрение предложенного механизма требует создания на предприятии отдела по вопросам патентирования ИС. Специалист вышеназванного отдела должен быть компетентным в вопросах оценки, защиты, коммерциализации, оформления прав на объекты ИС и поиске информации.
Ontology-based Patent Licensing and Litigation Strategic Knowledge System for the Light Emitting Diode Industry
Amy J.C. Trappey,Yu-Hui Wang,Charles V. Trappey,Chun-Yi Wu
International Journal of Automation and Smart Technology , 2013, DOI: 10.5875/ausmt.v3i3.180
Abstract: This research studies the patents, intellectual properties and licensing landscape of the Light Emitting Diode (LED) industry. The ontology of LED technology is described and defined as four major sub-technology domains. The finding provides LED companies with consistent knowledge of their own and their competitors patents and intellectual property rights (IPR) ownership. Major LED companies often use their IPRs to gain and protect their market competitiveness, to form alliances, and to create patent licensing or cross-licensing strategies. Newly established LED technology companies competing with global industry leaders face many challenges unaddressed in the research literature. This research focuses on the empirical and quantitative analysis of historical IP and patent related conduct in relation to corporate strategy. Based on the heuristic rules derived from historical conduct, the research establishes a standardized analytical procedure to use in the evaluation of patent licensing and litigation. The results help researchers effectively and consistently analyze their technical capabilities, evaluate their patent licensing strategies, and review litigation in view of the LED-related IP and patent marketplace.
Unveiling the Domain Conflict – FOSS vs. IPR
Dr. Anurika Vaish,Dr. Shveta Singh,Mr. Abhishek Vaish
Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics , 2007,
Abstract: In the present times the most talked about issues in the knowledge driven economic system are Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) and Intellectual Property Right (IPR), both of which exist at poles apart. The question that prevails that is about the relevance of the either and that of the dominance of each one. The paper tries to probe into issues of general and specific relevance of FOSS and IPR as suppliers of certain set of utility and benefit to the user. It will also check the validity of the claim of FOSS and it licensing procedure comparing it with the user ship obligations of IPR protected products and services. The premise to the paper is that both FOSS and IPR have to exist and compliment each other ensuring a strong presence of resources in the public and private domain. The paper would certainly work on the area to validate the existence of conflict between the FOSS and IPR, or it is a mere false caution raised by groups pursuing either cause. Finally the paper would propose to demarcate the areas of dominance of FOSS and IPR and prove the utility at the socio-economic front.
AVS Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Policy
Cliff Reader,

计算机科学技术学报 , 2006,
Abstract: The AVS Workgroup has developed an IPR Policy to facilitate the adoption of standards in the marketplace. The policy is based on consideration of IPR issues in parallel with the technical work for drafting the standard. The paper describes the relationship between IPR and the standard, and how the goals for the standard must be complemented by goals for the IPR. The existing IPR policies of the ITU and ISO are outlined, and then the AVS IPR policy is described, organized by its three main components: commitment to license on declared basic terms, disclosure of intellectual property, and protection of IPR.
Licensing Contracts in Hotelling Structure  [PDF]
Tarun Kabiraj, Ching Chyi Lee
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2011.13013
Abstract: This paper discusses the question of optimal licensing contracts in Hotelling structure and focuses on the unique features of this structure in this context. We show that a royalty equilibrium exists if and only if transport cost lies in a specified interval, but the royalty rate can be higher than the amount of cost saving. While fee licensing only is never profitable, the optimal licensing contract consists of both fee and royalty. In equilibrium the market is fully covered with monopolistic goods.
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