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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 12379 matches for " parent-child relations "
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Pais n?o autoritativos e o impacto no uso de drogas: a percep??o dos filhos adolescentes
Benchaya, Mariana C;Bisch, Nadia K;Moreira, Taís C;Ferigolo, Maristela;Barros, Helena M. T;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572011000300010
Abstract: objective: to evaluate the association between drug use and parenting styles perceived by brazilian adolescent children. methods: this cross-sectional study enrolled adolescents aged 14 to 19 years that used the servi?o nacional de orienta??es e informa??es sobre a preven??o do uso indevido de drogas (vivavoz). a total of 232 adolescents participated in the study. phone interviews were conducted using the parental responsiveness and demandingness scale, which classifies maternal and paternal styles perceived by adolescent children as authoritative, neglectful, indulgent or authoritarian. sociodemographic variables were collected and an instrument was used to assess monthly drug use and abuse. results: maternal and paternal parenting styles perceived as neglectful, indulgent or authoritarian (non-authoritative) were significantly associated with drug use (odds ratio [or] = 2.8; 95% confidence interval [95%ci], 1.3-5.7 for mothers and or = 2.8; 95%ci, 1.3-6.3 for fathers). non-authoritative styles also had a significant association with tobacco use in the previous month in the analysis of maternal (or = 2.7; 95%ci, 1.2-6.5) and paternal (or = 3.9; 95%ci, 1.4-10.7) styles, and use of cocaine/crack in the previous month (or = 3.9; 95%ci, 1.1-13.8) and abuse of any drug (or = 2.2; 95%ci, 1.0-5.1) only for the paternal style. logistic regression revealed that maternal style (or = 3.3; 95%ci, 1.1-9.8), adolescent sex (or = 3.2; 95%ci, 1.5-7.2) and age (or = 2.8; 95%ci, 1.2-6.2) were associated with drug use. conclusions: adolescents that perceived their mothers as non-authoritative had greater chances of using drugs. there was a strong association between non-authoritative paternal styles and adolescent drug abuse.
Association of parents' nutritional status, and sociodemographic and dietary factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old
Bernardo, Carla de Oliveira;Vasconcelos, Francisco de Assis Guedes de;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2012000200008
Abstract: to assess the association of parents' nutritional status, and dietary and sociodemographic factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren in florianópolis island, santa catarina state, brazil, this cross-sectional epidemiological study examined 2,826 schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old, classified according to body mass index curves for age and sex recommended by the international obesity task force. data were analyzed using poisson regression. the final model showed overweight/obesity in boys associated directly with father's educational level, mother's age, and parents' nutritional status, and inversely with mother's educational level, and number of daily meals. among girls, it associated directly with parents' nutritional status and the schoolchildren's age, and inversely with consumption of risk foods. the variables that associated with overweight/obesity differed between the sexes, except parents' nutritional status. boys and girls with both parents overweight or obese were, respectively, 80% and 150% more likely to exhibit the same diagnosis, indicating the need for interventions that include the family environment.
Familia e independencia de los hijos
Pérez Cárdenas,Clara; López Mejías,María Teresa;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2000,
Abstract: a descriptive study of some manifestations of family crises caused by the independence of children was conducted. information was collected by surveys applied to 40 family groups from 2 family physician's offices in our health area that fulfilled the requisites of having young adult children over 20 (to guarantee the end of adolescence), who were not under their parents' control. this survey explores the believes and feelings of these parents, the way they reorganize their lives, the non-transitory family crises hampering this period, the network of social support they use and the affective links existing among them at this stage of family development
A família e a educa??o sexual dos filhos: implica??es para a enfermagem
Almeida, Ana Carla Campos Hidalgo de;Centa, Maria de Lourdes;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002009000100012
Abstract: objective: this paper aims to identify how parents experience the sexual education of their adolescent children. methods: qualitative descriptive and exploratory study, conducted in a private school in the municipal district of toledo, paraná state, brazil. data was collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed with content analysis. results: the parents reported interesting points regarding the approaches they use to educate their adolescent children regarding sexuality. these points included the open and honest dialogue, difficulties in communication, difficulties related to their own sexual education, the teaching of values, and the importance of sharing the sexual education of their children with the school. conclusion: there is a need for continuing support and education of patents regarding sexual education of their children since this is a complex issue to address.
Síndrome de aliena??o parental: da teoria Norte-Americana à nova lei brasileira
Sousa, Analícia Martins de;Brito, Leila Maria Torraca de;
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-98932011000200006
Abstract: the parental alienation syndrome (pas) was set in the 1980s by the american psychiatrist richard gardner as a childhood disorder that affects children and adolescents involved in situations of custody dispute between parents. in his opinion, the syndrome develops from “programming” or “brainwashing” held by a parent - named as alienating - so that the child rejects the other parent. in brazil, after rapid processing in the legislative, in august 2010 was enacted the law on parental alienation, which provides sanctions against the parent who causes hindrances to the coexistence of child(ren) with the other parent. the new law determines the role of psychologists in the examination of alleged cases of parental alienation, also highlighting the emotional aspects observed in such situations. in this article, we proposed to examine - according to the knowledge of psychology - the arguments involved in this area that support explanatory memorandum of the bill on parental alienation, explaining also the judgments obtained in different countries which were based on the concept of parental alienation.
RELACIóN ENTRE PRáCTICAS ALIMENTARIAS REPORTADAS POR NI?OS CHILENOS Y PREFERENCIAS DE LOS PADRES PARA SU CONSUMO
Bankoski,Andrea J; Jacobsen,Kathryn H; Pawloski,Lisa R; Moore,Jean Burley; Gaffney,Kathleen F; Jaimovich,Sonia; Campos,Cecilia;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182010000300010
Abstract: the objective of this study was to examine agreement between parental preferences and self-reported food intake in chilean children. in 2008,152 pairs, of 8 to 13 year old schoolchildren and their parents in santiago were surveyed. children self-reported their frequency of consumption of foods from various food groups. parents reported how often they preferred their children to consume foods from these same food groups. children reported consuming more sweets, high-calorie snacks, and fruit, and fewer grains than their parents reported preferring them to consume. girls, 10 and 11 year olds, and children who watched television and used the computer for less than 2 hours per day had dietary patterns most closely aligned with their parents' reported preferences. children 's dietary reports generally follow parental preferences. intervention programs should include programs that facilitate parental guidance and encourage children to make healthy food choices at home and in school.
Obesidade infantil na percep??o dos pais
Tenorio, Aline e Silva;Cobayashi, Fernanda;
Revista Paulista de Pediatria , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-05822011000400025
Abstract: objective: to review the current literature about parent′s ability to perceive the body weight of their children, the beliefs related to weight, the factors that influence their perception, as well as the possible actions to enhance the awareness of parents about their children's excess of weight and it's consequences. data sources: the databases used in the research were: medline, scielo and scopus. studies from 2000-2010 addressing the parental perception of children's body weight were included. data synthesis: the parents perception of their children's body weight was generally poor, despite the diversity of the samples studied across different regions, socio-economic status and educational levels. many parents of overweight children do not recognize or do not consider overweight/obesity of their children as a health problem. the wrong perceptions were frequently associated with factors like children's age (harder to perceive the excess of weight in younger children), gender (girl's excess of weight is more frequently noticed), poor education and misunderstanding of the growth curves. conclusions: the lack of perception and awareness of parents about the nutritional status of children is one of the factors that act against the success of the prevention and the treatment of obesity.
Hijo no deseado después del parto: medición de frecuencia y análisis de tendencia
Vargas C,Nelson A; Valdés G,Marcela; Sabugo S,Francisca; Díaz-Valdés A,María Victoria; Arce V,María Inés;
Revista médica de Chile , 2002, DOI: 10.4067/S0034-98872002000600006
Abstract: background: a significant proportion of pregnancies occurring in metropolitan santiago are unplanned and unwanted. it is reasonable to postulate that the frequency of unwanted children must be high. aim: to measure the frequency of unwanted children in newborns of a public hospital of santiago. material and methods: in a period of fourteen months a score assigning survey to detect unwanted children was applied, after birth, to 741 women delivering at san juan de dios hospital in metropolitan santiago. women whose newborns were hospitalized or had congenital malformations were excluded from the survey. results: forty children (5.4%) scored as unwanted while 52 (7%) qualified as being in a doubtful situation. when compared to desired children, unwanted infants had a lower frequency of suitable pregnancy controls (p <0.0002) and a higher incidence of mothers declaring bad relations with children?s father (p <0.0002). a trend towards higher frequency of single mothers (p: 0.044) was observed. a lower frequency of first born children (p: 0.017) and a higher frequency of children born in the fourth place, was observed among unwanted newborns (p <0.002). conclusions: in the last 15 years, previous studies, carried out with similar methodologies, have showed a comparable frequency of unwanted children. these condition seems to be associated with poor pregnancy control, high birth order and bad relations with the child?s father (rev méd chile 2002; 130: 638-643)
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN REPORTED DIETARY PRACTICES OF CHILEAN CHILDREN AND THEIR PARENTS PREFERENCES FOR THEIR CONSUMPTION RELACIóN ENTRE PRáCTICAS ALIMENTARIAS REPORTADAS POR NI OS CHILENOS Y PREFERENCIAS DE LOS PADRES PARA SU CONSUMO
Andrea J Bankoski,Kathryn H Jacobsen,Lisa R Pawloski,Jean Burley Moore
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2010,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to examine agreement between parental preferences and self-reported food intake in Chilean children. In 2008,152 pairs, of 8 to 13 year old schoolchildren and their parents in Santiago were surveyed. Children self-reported their frequency of consumption of foods from various food groups. Parents reported how often they preferred their children to consume foods from these same food groups. Children reported consuming more sweets, high-calorie snacks, and fruit, and fewer grains than their parents reported preferring them to consume. Girls, 10 and 11 year olds, and children who watched television and used the computer for less than 2 hours per day had dietary patterns most closely aligned with their parents' reported preferences. Children 's dietary reports generally follow parental preferences. Intervention programs should include programs that facilitate parental guidance and encourage children to make healthy food choices at home and in school. Se estudia concordancia entre preferencias de padres y auto-reporte de ni os chilenos en consumo de alimentos. En 2008, se encuestaron 152 escolares ente 8 y 13 a os de edad y sus padres, en Santiago, Chile. Los ni os reportaron frecuencia de consumo de diferentes grupos de alimentos y los padres, frecuencia con que prefieren que sus hijos los consuman. Los ni os informaron mayor consumo de dulces, colaciones altas en calorías y frutas y menor consumo de cereales, que lo declarado por sus padres. Los patrones alimentarios más estrechamente alineados con lo reportado por los padres se observan en: ni as; edades entre 10 y 11 a os; ver televisión y utilizar computador menos de 2 horas diarias. En general, lo reportado por ni os sigue los patrones de los padres. Programas de intervención debieran incluir guía a padres y estimulo a ni os para elegir opciones alimentarias saludables en el hogar y en la escuela.
Hijo no deseado después del parto: medición de frecuencia y análisis de tendencia Frequency of unwanted children after birth
Nelson A Vargas C,Marcela Valdés G,Francisca Sabugo S,María Victoria Díaz-Valdés A
Revista médica de Chile , 2002,
Abstract: Background: A significant proportion of pregnancies occurring in Metropolitan Santiago are unplanned and unwanted. It is reasonable to postulate that the frequency of unwanted children must be high. Aim: To measure the frequency of unwanted children in newborns of a public hospital of Santiago. Material and methods: In a period of fourteen months a score assigning survey to detect unwanted children was applied, after birth, to 741 women delivering at San Juan de Dios Hospital in Metropolitan Santiago. Women whose newborns were hospitalized or had congenital malformations were excluded from the survey. Results: Forty children (5.4%) scored as unwanted while 52 (7%) qualified as being in a doubtful situation. When compared to desired children, unwanted infants had a lower frequency of suitable pregnancy controls (p <0.0002) and a higher incidence of mothers declaring bad relations with children’s father (p <0.0002). A trend towards higher frequency of single mothers (p: 0.044) was observed. A lower frequency of first born children (p: 0.017) and a higher frequency of children born in the fourth place, was observed among unwanted newborns (p <0.002). Conclusions: In the last 15 years, previous studies, carried out with similar methodologies, have showed a comparable frequency of unwanted children. These condition seems to be associated with poor pregnancy control, high birth order and bad relations with the child’s father (Rev Méd Chile 2002; 130: 638-643)
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