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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3257 matches for " organization. "
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A Review of Organization Humor: Concept, Measurement and Empirical Research  [PDF]
Yaozhong Liu, Leqin Wang
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.710132
Abstract: Along with the development of researches on Organizational Behavior, more and more scholars pay attention to the organization humor. This article firstly reviews the concept and measurement of organization humor, and then mentions some relevant researches. In the fourth part, this article lists some further advice which may be studied in the future.
The Impacts of Ergonomic Aspects on the Quality  [PDF]
Reza Khani Jazani, Sajad Mousavi
Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology (OJSST) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojsst.2014.41003
Abstract: In recent times, the relationship between quality and ergonomics discipline is a challenging topic. Although there are similarities and differences between these two areas, it is not so easy to describe the connection between these two issues. In this study by surveying several articles, different areas of ergonomics are divided into five categories including hardware ergonomics, environmental ergonomics, software ergonomics, work design ergonomics and macro ergonomics, then the impact on the quality of each of these areas will be discussed. Finally, the article concludes that, to reach an acceptable quality considering the ergonomic principles is an integral component of the organization policy.
Wzory kulturowe w organizacji
Katarzyna Gadomska-Lila
Management and Business Administration. Central Europe , 2011,
Abstract: The paper broach cultural patterns issues: describes their essence and emphasizes their importance for organizational functioning and development. The deliberations concentrate on the dominant and desired cultural patterns as well as on the ways of their forming and development. The empirical research is the basis of discussion presented in the paper. The results obtained allow to presume about the directions of cultural sphere development in organizations.
Controllable Growth of Ni Nanocrystals Embedded in BaTiO3/SrTiO3 Superlattices  [PDF]
Zhengwei Xiong, Weidong Wu
Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Material Science (MNSMS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/mnsms.2013.31B002
Abstract: BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices with embedded Ni nanocrystals (NCs) have been grown on SrTiO3 (001) substrate using laser molecular beam epitaxy (L-MBE). In situ reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED) was employed to investigate the process of lattice strain in the self-organization of Ni NCs and the epitaxial growth of BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices. The results indicated that the strain from large lattice mismatch drove the self-organization of Ni NCs. Also, the layer-by-layer growth of BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices Keywords: Nanocrystal; Superlattices; Self-organization 1. Introduction Oxide artificial superlattices, especially (001) oriented BaTiOsuperlattices and the island growth of Ni NCs were controllable ac-curately. The fine alternation of the two processes would provide a possible route to engineer controllably the nano-composite microstructure.
Learning, Lending, and Laws: Banks as Learning Organizations in a Regulated Environment  [PDF]
Marissa Martineau, Kelly Knox, Paul Combs
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2014.43021

The concept of American banks as the most innovative in the world is difficult to reconcile with the reality that banking in the US is also a highly regulated industry with detailed and focused regulators and whose rules and regulations are constantly changing. While innovation inherently entails a need for freedom to experiment, laws and regulations inherently entail a certain degree of constraint. On the one hand, organizational learning may be defined as the ability of an organization to gain insight and understanding from experience through experimentation, observation, analysis, and a willingness to examine both successes and failures. On the other hand, a common goal of bank regulation is to prevent failures from ever occurring in the first place, and although in recent decades there has been significant deregulation in many industries, a sector that remains heavily regulated is banking. This paper examines the adequacy and applicability of Peter Senge’s theory of a learning organization’s five disciplines to the banking industry, the role of laws and regulations in promoting or discouraging US banks to become learning organizations, and recommendations for steps that US banks may take towards becoming learning organizations.

Dysfunctional Organization: The Leadership Factor  [PDF]
Daniel S. Alemu
Open Journal of Leadership (OJL) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojl.2016.51001
Abstract: In an extension of studies on dysfunctional organizations, vis-à-vis leadership, the current research examines leaders of dysfunctional and functional organizations in view of the functions of leadership. Sixteen variables related to leadership functions were tested to examine the relationship between leadership and organizational level of functionality and the differences between the characteristics of leaders of functional and dysfunctional organizations. A strong positive correlation was found between effective leadership and organizational level of functionality and a statistically significant difference was found between the characteristics of leaders of functional and dysfunctional organizations.
Perceptual Organization of Objects Placed on a Table and Their Level of Disorder  [PDF]
Manabu Gouko
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.75073

In this study, the author investigated the relationship between the layout of objects placed on a table and tidying up. The author developed a system that can tidy up through cooperation between a robot and human. For realizing this system, it was necessary to investigate the types of instances in which people think a table top is disorderly. The author conducted an experiment in which participants were asked to evaluate the disorder condition of presented table images. The participants were also asked to answer how many objects on a table would be collected into groups. The results indicated that objects organized into more groups were rated as untidier than objects organized into fewer groups.

External Governance of Non-Profit Organization—Reflections on the Auditing Guidance of Public Welfare Foundation  [PDF]
Wei Xia
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2017.78071
Abstract: Nowadays, the society is increasingly concerned about the operation of the public welfare foundation. For third-party supervision as an important tool of external governance, the audit of the foundation should be targeted to reflect the implementation process and results of the fiduciary responsibility of the public welfare fund so as to meet the community’s open and transparent demand for charitable information, reshaping the credibility of charitable organizations. Improving the traditional audit model tailored, and auditing the foundation in whether it is responsible for its public fiduciary responsibility, from the donors point of view, the evaluation of the operation of the public welfare fund may be better able to meet the social’s need for charity accountability.
Ranking of Leagility Factors Based on Job Satisfaction through a Combinatory Model of Fuzzy TOPSIS and AHP (Case Study: M.R.I Hospital, Shiraz, Iran)  [PDF]
Hasan Dehghan Denavi, Mohammad Mirabi, Afarin Rezaei
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2018.61002
The main purpose of this study is to identify and rank leagility factors based on job satisfaction in the M.R.I Hospital, Shiraz, Iran. From the purpose point of view, this research is an applied research. In this research two methods of fuzzy tops are the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) to compute the inconsistency rate, and rank the job satisfaction criteria AHP is employed; afterwards the fuzzy TOPSIS is used to rank the lean-agile criterions. In all the committed pairwise comparisons the consistency rate has scored less than 0.1 and ranking has been carried out. Results obtained from this research indicate ranking of the criteria, and also reveal the importance of the organizational factors with the most weight (0.686), and then the environmental factors with a weight of 0.126 and finally factors associated with nature of work with a weight of 0.098. Moreover result of fuzzy TOPSIS demonstrates that, having the highest closeness coefficient, providing high quality services has the highest priority among the criteria. The importance of other criteria is as follows: on time services, competency, responsiveness, flexibility, speed, and waste reduction. It can be a benchmarking for researches and decision makers to apply the results of this research.
The Motivation and Performance in the Human Resource of a University Organization in the State of Morelos  [PDF]
Augusto Renato Pérez Mayo, Fernando Romero Torres, Nohemí Roque Nieto
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2018.63051
This article presents the results of the level of motivation and its impact on the performance of administrative workers of a university organization in the State of Morelos. Motivation is the impulses that give intensity, direction and effort to a person to achieve a goal. These impulses are affected by needs and desires, by skills, work knowledge, disposition, traits, emotions, moods, beliefs and values in the context of work, and determine behavior and performance. The study is quantitative-descriptive, field-based, and is supported theoretically under the guidance of Maslow, McGregor, Herzberg, McClelland, Vroom and of course the theory of Motivational and Hygiene Factors of Herzberg. They applied a total of 67 surveys. We conclude that the workers have a degree of dissatisfaction with regard to working conditions: lack of tools, resources and adequate equipment to carry out their work, facilities constantly adapted to carry out the work and not well distributed physically to work efficiently, ventilation conditions, cleanliness, poor hygiene, lighting and comfort.
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