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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 36313 matches for " oral health "
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Study of Effects of Drawing and Picture-Based Dental Care Education on Awareness of Five to Six-Year-Old Children in Ardabil Province Kindergartens  [PDF]
Manochehr Barak, Sevil Momeni, Masoud Shabani, Shahnam Hosseini, Mahnaz Rahimi, Arash Siadati, Masoud Babaei
Creative Education (CE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.41007

Background and Objective:Dental and oral health education is an effective method in preventing dental caries. The objective of the current study was to assess the effects of drawing and picture-based dental and oral health education on awareness of five to six-year-old children in Ardabil province kindergartens.Methodology:Four hundred 5 to 6-year-old children were randomly selected from rural and urban kindergartens. First, a picture questionnaire was filled out by them as the pre-test. Then, before the main test, all children were educated by their trainers using pre-prepared booklet which had been designed as pictures and/or drawing. The education lasted for three months. Also, the parents pursued the training at home. One month after the education, the questionnaire was re-filled out as the post-test. Finally, the data were analyzed by SPSS.Findings:The mean post-test marks was significantly better than the pre-test marks regarding toothbrush and toothpaste, floss, sugar eating and bad habits.Conclusion:The results showed the importance of drawing and picture-based education by trainers in kindergartens and the pursuance of these activities by parents at home. It can be selected as an effective education method in kindergartens.

Educational interventions aimed at improving the oral health conditions of workers: A critical review  [PDF]
Luísa Silva Lima, S?nia Cristina Lima Chaves, Paloma Perez Castro
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.46056
Abstract: The aim of this research was to identify studies describing the educational and/or health-promoting interventions and strategies used in various programs of oral healthcare conducted in populations of industrial workers. A review of the Science, MEDLINE, LILACS and SCIELO databases was performed for the period between 1980 and 2009. The criteria for a publication to be in- cluded were: 1) the population had to consist of adult workers; and 2) the educational and/or health-promoting interventions had to have been described. A great variety of educational strategies was found, ranging from individual counseling to small-group discussions and instructions on oral hygiene with supervised tooth brushing. The presence of plaque and gingivitis were the most commonly used indicators of the effect of these interventions. Cost evaluation was also an important topic. In general, the indicators analyzed reflected positive results that included a reduction in the indicators themselves (plaque and gingivitis) and in the cost of the programs, suggesting a certain effect of the educational programs developed. Nevertheless, differences in forms of exposure according to the type of occupation are not discussed and neither are specific social determinants such as income and education level. The quality of the studies is limited, which reduces the robustness of the evidence on the effect of educational programs on the work population. Studies should be carried out using mixed approaches to evaluate the efficacy of these programs and propose improvements.
Exploring Oral Health Care Awareness among Intensive Care Units Nurses at KAUH  [PDF]
Jamilah S. Jastaniah, Rawan A. Almarhoumi, Nadia A. Al-Hazmi
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2017.711045
Abstract: The relationship between oral health status and systemic diseases is well established, however, literature shows that there is still lack of awareness among individuals taking care of ICU patients. This work aims to explore if ICU nurses are aware of the relationship between oral health status and systemic diseases, whether they practice oral health care on their patients and if they do, what methods they use. A pre-validated questionnaire was used and distributed to all nurses practicing at KAUH Medical and Surgical ICU. All surveys were voluntary and anonymous. A total of 45 of questionnaires were distributed to ICU nurses with a response rate of 95.6% (Tn = 43). Mean responses indicated that nurses recognize that micro-aspiration of contaminated oropharyngeal secretions is the most likely mechanism of transmission of bacteria into the lung of ventilated patients (mean = 5.6). Accordingly, our results also showed that oral care was perceived as a very high priority for mechanically ventilated patients by 95% of nurses. Mouthwash was the primary material used for oral care by the majority of nurses (n = 32; 74.4%), and chlorhexidine the most used one (n = 42; 98%). The use of manual toothbrushes was very low (n = 8; 23.5%) and not surprisingly, none of the nurses used electric toothbrushes to provide oral care for their ventilated patients. Finally, 86% of the respondents agreed on the need of better supplies and equipment to be provided by the hospital in order to perform better oral care in the ICU. Oral care provided in the ICU is not concordant with the global oral care protocols. Thus, the need for translation of oral care guidelines into clinical practice is of serious importance to improve the quality of care.
Italian Validation of the Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ)  [PDF]
Salvatore Settineri, Amelia Rizzo, Marco Liotta, Carmela Mento
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.616243
Abstract: The Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ) is a scale which measures aspects of the oral health-related quality of life. However, no Italian version of PIDAQ has been developed. The aim of this study was to translate the original English version of PIDAQ into Italian and to assess the validity and reliability of the Italian version for application among Italian adults. The questionnaire was translated into Italian, back translated, pre-tested, and cross-culturally adapted. Subsequently, the Italian version of PIDAQ and the Oral health impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) were administered to 264 orthodontic patients aged from 18 to 83 years old, mean age was (38.39 + 16.9) belonging to Southern Italy. Cronbach’s alpha of the translated PIDAQ was 0.82, corrected item-total correlation ranged from 0.48 to 0.67. The 23 items of PIDAQ were divided into four domains. There was a logical relation among the items in the same domain and a highly significant association among scores of PIDAQ and the other scale. The translated Italian version of PIDAQ demonstrated good reliability and validity. Its sufficient discriminative and evaluative psycho-metric properties provide the theoretical evidence for further use in study on orthodontic-specific aspects of quality of life among Italian adults.
Oral Health and Masticatory Performance in Adults Submitted to Bariatric Surgery: A Pilot Study  [PDF]
Paula Valeska Tavares, Aline Coelho, Micheline Coelho Ramalho Vasconcelos, Criseuda Maria Benício Barros, R. M. M. M. S. M. Coury, Armiliana Soares Nascimento, Maria da Concei??o de Barros Correia, Luciana de Barros Correia Fontes
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2015.53013
Abstract: Background: Obesity has reached epidemic patterns and constitutes a serious public health problem due to comorbidities and the impact on life quality of affected individuals. Bariatric surgery appears as one of the most recommended treatments; however much has been known about the effects of this intervention on the functional performance of the organism as a whole. Objective: To characterize the oral health of adults submitted to bariatric surgery, before and after the intervention, with emphasis on the performance of masticatory function. Methods: A prospective observational cohort study conducted in a public reference service to the treatment of obesity in the city of Recife, State of Pernambuco. The data were obtained during the first half of 2011, through interview, intraoral physical examination and evaluation of masticatory function. Statistical treatment adopted was a CI of 95% and the chi-square test. The collection was conducted in three stages, with initial assessment in the preoperative and follow-up at 60 and 180 days. Results: The sample consisted of 20 volunteers, aged between 23 and 58 years and mean BMI of 43.2 ± 2.8. When compared the pre-operative to the control periods, there were significant differences for variables with decreased tendency towards spontaneous gingival bleeding and increased tooth hypersensitivity and tooth mobility (p < 0.05). Regarding the masticatory function, we found significant differences for most of the variables investigated, except in the coordination of movements and breathing during this function. Conclusion: The performance of masticatory function shows differences in pre- and postoperative periods for bariatric surgery.
Socio-Economic Inequalities in Oral Health: The Case of Greece  [PDF]
John Yfantopoulos, Constantine J. Oulis, Platon Yfantopoulos, William Papaioannou
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.616258
Abstract: Background: The literature on the socioeconomic determinants of oral health inequalities is rather limited. Since oral health is an integral part of general health, the investigation of oral and general health inequalities becomes an important research topic. The recent economic crisis has aggravated the level of general and oral health in Greece and evidence on inequalities is interesting for policy guidelines. Objective: The purpose of the present study is to measure the magnitude of self reported oral health inequalities in relation to certain demographic and socio-economic indicators such as gender, age, education and income status. Methods: We launched a cross-sectional survey across urban and rural population in Greece and we selected a random sample of 1500 individuals consisting of three age groups: 15 - 18 years, 35 - 45 years, and 65 to 74 years old. Self-reported general and oral health were both recorded and analyzed by means of an ordinal scale ranging from 0 = worse health to 100 = perfect health. Likert-type of scale questions were further used to capture self assessments of oral health. Dental Inequalities were assessed with reference to the following socio-economic variables: age, education, and income levels. Results: Statistically significant oral health inequalities were identified among the socio-economic groups in Greece. Lower levels of oral health were associated with those confronting financial difficulties, the aged and the less educated. The Gini Coefficient for Oral Health Goral = 0.344 (s.d. = 0.0033) was higher in comparison to general health Ggeneral = 0.289 (s.d. = 0.0016) indicating the need for public health intervention in the area of oral health. Conclusions: The paper demonstrates the significance of socioeconomic inequalities in oral health in Greece.
Understanding of Socially Vulnerable Individuals on Oral Health and Access to Dentist: A Brazilian Study  [PDF]
Cristina Berger Fadel, Jean érick Langoski, Marina Izabela Machado, Juliana Maria Stremel, Danielle Bordin, Jo?o Alfredo Madalozo
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.411098
Abstract: Social vulnerability experienced by collectors of recyclable materials has a strong influence on their understanding and confrontations health. This research aimed to explore the relationship between oral health and perception of subjects in a context of social disadvantage, in order to support concrete alternatives for action on (oral) health conference. This was a qualitative study carried out with representatives of an autonomous community of Brazilian collectors of recyclable materials. Data were collected through interviews and focus group treated with the technique of qualitative analysis. Respondents showed perceptions of etiology and care practices on oral health promoted beliefs and values collectively instituted in a social risk territory. Also, they associate the quality of their oral health and their difficulty of public access to the context of social vulnerability. This study suggests the adoption of protective, educational and interceptive in oral health practice in order to improve and enable the oral health status of this population.
Emergency Department Admissions for Dental & Oral Health Concerns in Rural Northwestern Pennsylvania  [PDF]
Matthew Zaborowski, Rebecca Dawson
Open Journal of Emergency Medicine (OJEM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojem.2016.41004
Abstract: Background: Oral health emergency department (ED) visits are increasing nationally. This increase in ED admissions is an indicator that preventative dental and oral healthcare practices are not being utilized. Methods: Data was obtained from the Meadville Medical Center. Fourteen ICD-9 codes for dental and oral health admissions over 10 years were categorized and analyzed. Data was graphed to illustrate trends over time and the chi-square test of independence was used to determine associations between admissions types and demographic characteristics. Results: ED admissions for dental and oral health issues were most common among individuals age 19 - 38 years. Most individuals admitted to the ED for these concerns paid with private medical insurance or were uninsured. The categorization of ICD-9 codes allowed us to see that ED use for structural and soft-issues decreased at the end of the decade under study. However, admissions for infections and dental caries increased over time. Conclusions: The opening of a free dental clinic in 2011 might be associated with the decrease in overall admissions for dental and oral health concerns as well as soft tissue and structural admissions. The increase in ED admissions for dental caries and infections illustrates that more affordable and preventative dental and oral health care and education are need.
Oral Cancer: Health Promotion and Visual Screening
—A Study Report

Augusta P. Silveira, Augusta Marques, Miguel Pav?o, Eurico Monteiro, Gabriela Pereira, Joaquim Gon?alves, Luís Castro, Maria Inês Guimar?es, Bernardete Carvalho, Cláudia Ribeiro, Teresa Sequeira
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2013.48155

Background: Oral cancer presents a heterogeneous geographic incidence. Annually, more than 275,000 new cases are diagnosed worldwide. In spite of the easy accessibility of oral cavity during physical examination, most malignancies are not diagnosed until late stages of disease. Methods: Oral health promotion was our main objective, risk factors were identified and oral cavity self-examination was promoted. The population considered (n = 1117) was divided in two main age groups—a youngest (individuals under 25 years old) mostly targeted for oral cancer awareness and oral cavity self examination promotion, and an older group having accumulated potential risk exposure. Results: The results obtained revealed smoking habits and fruits-vegetables consumption deficit as the highest risks factors found. Considering a Risk Factor Exposure Index analysis, individuals with secondary level of instruction and living in sub-urban areas assumed the highest risk exposure. Alcohol consumption had also contributed as a significant risk exposure. Conclusions: Some of these risk factors work as biological reward of quality of life deficit. A wide comprehension of the problem requires a multidisciplinary approach necessarily involving Health and Social Sciences in order to target the core of oral cancer health promotion. An effective epidemiological strategy must thus support three major aspects: population knowledge, sensitization and visual screening.

Clinical Evaluation and Orodental Status in a Group of Elderly Institutionalised Patients  [PDF]
Massimo Corsalini, Daniela Di Venere, Gianluca Stefanachi, Silvio Tafuri, Francesco Pettini
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2014.33028

10% of elderly patients are functionally dependents and they therefore need permanent assistance. Orodental alterations may evolve into a pathological state in elderly people, which is increasing in the recent decades. The current study analysed institutionalized patients in the district of Bari (Southern Italy), who have been so far monitored. We assessed 125 elderly institutionalized patients. The assessment has been carried out by an assessment questionnaire aiming at evaluating the patient’s psychophysical health status, objective intraoral test and prosthetic rehabilitations. About 90% of enrolled patients reported a good general health status. The main dental problems are due to the complete lack of specific prevention and treatment programs, together with handicap, presence of systemic diseases and medicines taken. The level of oral hygiene is poor and the conditions of the residual dental elements are precarious because of root caries and periodontal problems. Prostheses are usually old (on average 15) and appear scarcely retentive and unstable. We believe in the need for specific interventions aiming at the various issues emerging from the present study, so as to achieve a smaller prevalence of dental loss, periodontal disease and caries. These relatively simple interventions are now lacking because of the non-demand of treatment from patients and for economical reasons.

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