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Pre-exposure prophylaxis is a new HIV
prevention method that has shown to be effective in HIV uninfected persons at
very high risk of HIV infection. It involves daily use of truvada in combination with other proven methods of HIV
prevention. The aim of this paper is to discuss the various roles that
pharmacists play in pre-exposure prophylaxis to maximize therapy.
Quantum measurement requires an observer to prepare a specific macroscopic measuring device from various options. In previous papers we redefined this observer role through a new concept: the observer determination, that is, the observer’s unique selection between the various measurement-devices. Unlike the measurement itself that is rationalized as dictated by nature, we presented the observer determination as a selection that cannot be disputed since it can neither be measured nor proven to be true or false. In general, we suggest that every action or decision made by the observer is eventually an output of some measurement. The apparently contradiction between the observer free determination and the deterministic measurement output was solved by extending the Hilbert space into a Hyper Hilbert space that is a space with hierarchy. In that frame the so called free selection of the observer determination in a certain level turns out to be a deterministic measurement output in the next higher level of the hierarchy. An important role of the conventional Hilbert space is played by the Schr?dinger equation. It determines a basis of stationary states. In this paper we define the Schr?dinger equation that corresponds with the various levels and we show that each level can be characterized by a unique time scale. We also show how various levels can be synchronized. We believe that this hyperspace level represents a certain level in the physics of consciousness and therefore a level unique time scale can contribute to the time perception of the mind.
entropy is often identified as physical entropy. This is surprising because the
two quantities are differently defined and furthermore the former is a
subjective quantity while the latter is an objective one. We describe the
problems and then present a possible view that reconciles the two entropies.
Informational entropy of a system is interpreted as physical entropy of a whole
composed of both the system and “memories” containing information about the