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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2854 matches for " novelty products "
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Patent and market research level and value of novelty products developed by industry
E.I. Nagorniy
Marketing ì Mened?ment Innovacìj , 2011,
Abstract: The article discusses the basic approaches of scientists to identify and calculate the level of importance and novelty of new products, these major shortcomings you might encounter during its calculation. Propose their own methodology to determine the level of novelty and significance of the contemplated industrial products based on patent and market research.
Developmental Aspects of Contemporary Chemistry. Some Philosophical Reflections
Andrea Tontini
Hyle : International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry , 1999,
Abstract: The development of contemporary chemistry is surveyed, in an attempt at grasping philosophical consequences: first, chemical research has revealed a potentially endless diversity of matter, and an abysmal complexity of its organization at the molecular level. Second, we may conjecture from reflections on some aspects of chemical reactivity that, owing to the limitations of human investigative means, reality is chemically unfathomable beyond a certain limit. In some instances, this may impede our understanding of the functioning of natural systems in terms of molecular-structural organization. Third, the overall consistency of results obtained by applying different analytical methods in order to establish molecular identity, along with the fact that we are able to interpret a great many different phenomena coherently in terms of molecular structure, indicates that matter - far from being something undifferentiated, easily moldable by the experiment, as anti-realistic views of science presuppose - really possesses a structure at the molecular level; a structure that can be reorganized only according to a formal disposition inherent to matter itself.
The Effects of News Bias-Induced Anger, Anxiety, and Issue Novelty on Subsequent News Preferences  [PDF]
Yi-Hsing Han, Laura Arpan
Advances in Journalism and Communication (AJC) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajc.2017.54015
Abstract: Research has established that political partisans’ emotional responses to identity-threatening information can affect their subsequent information preferences. Based on the hostile media effect and the cognitive motivational-relational theory of emotion, we examined the influence of emotions stimulated by perceptions of news bias on information seeking preferences, as well as the role of issue novelty. An experiment with a 2 (Novel vs. Familiar issues) × 2 (Threatening news stories vs. Non-threatening/control news story) design explored mediating effects of anger and anxiety on subsequent information preferences (identi-ty-bolstering information and identity-threatening information), as well as moderating effects of issue novelty. Bias-induced anger, but not anxiety, motivated participants to want to read additional identity-threatening information. Perceived issue novelty elicited greater anger and enhanced bias-induced anger’s effects on identity-threatening information preferences. The findings have implications for the relationship between exposure to identity-threatening news and selective exposure in a democratic society.
Review of Techniques for Intelligent Novelty Mining
Flora S. Tsai
Information Technology Journal , 2010,
Abstract: The detection of novel information is an important research area which is becoming more critical as we become inundated with an overload of information. Novelty mining, or novelty detection, is the process of mining the novel yet relevant information of a given topic. This study describes recent techniques for detecting novel sentences and documents. In particular, the study focuses on intelligent novelty mining techniques which address the domain-specific problem of detecting novel information with specific regard to the user context. These techniques are able to leverage the use of novelty metrics, novelty decision and novelty feedback to improve the results of mining new information from text data.
A Novelty-Induced Change in Episodic (NICE) Context Account of Primacy Effects in Free Recall  [PDF]
Eddy J. Davelaar
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.49099
Abstract:

Formal cognitive models of episodic memory assume that during encoding list items become associated with a changing context representation. However, this representation is recency-biased and thus can not account for primacy effects under conditions that prevent rehearsal. In this paper, it is hypothesized that one source underlying primacy effects is the detection of novelty. In three experiments, it is shown how novelty at the perceptual and semantic level can explain the full serial position function of first recall probabilities, including primacy effects. It is proposed that an item becomes distinctive due to increase in the change within a distributed episodic context representation, induced by novelty detection. The theory makes three assumptions. First, items become associated with a distributed context representation. Second, the context representation changes with item presentation. Third, the rate of contextual change is related to the perceptual and conceptual difference computed between the presented item and the previous item (or items in the buffer). This theory captures primacy effects in first recall probabilities without recourse to a rehearsal process and provides a mechanistic account of distinctiveness.

Oral Amodiaquine, Artesunate and Artesunate Amodiaquine Combination Affects Open Field Behaviors and Spatial Memory in Healthy Swiss Mice  [PDF]
Adejoke Yetunde Onaolapo, Olakunle James Onaolapo, Emmanuel O. Awe, Samuel Oloyede, Ayomide Joel
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2013.38059
Abstract:

Effects of amodiaquine, artesunate and artesunate amodiaquine combination on open field novelty-induced behaviors and spatial memory in healthy mice were studied. Forty mice were used in the open field and fifty each in the radial arm maze and Y maze; mice were assigned into four or five groups of ten each, Group A served as control (distilled water), Groups B, C and D received artesunate (4 mg/kg), amodiaquine (10 mg/kg) and artesunate-amodiaquine combination (4 mg/kg and10 mg/kg) respectively, while Group E animals (for the cognition tests) were given scopolamine (2 mg/kg). Drugs and vehicle were administered orally for three days. Results were analysed by one way analysis of variance followed by a posthoc test. Results showed that artesunate and amodiaquine either in combination or administered singly caused a significant increase in open field novelty-induced horizontal locomotion and rearing. Grooming in the open field showed increments in the artesunate alone and artesunate amodiaquine groups while significant reductions in spatial memory were also seen in the cognition models used.

Cycling as Innovation in Norway and Sweden—A Narrative Study of the Acceptance of a Technical Novelty  [PDF]
Anders Gustavsson
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.21009
Abstract: This paper deals with the acceptance of a technical novelty, in this case cycling, during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Experiences and feelings are the focus. The analytical perspectives are: social status, economy, age, gender, work/leisure, safety/danger. The innovation process of cycling conducted by a contrast between two neighbouring countries of Norway and Sweden respectively. The oral source material is found in Norwegian and Swedish folklore archives. The earliest design of bicycle was called velocipede. The bicycles began to appear around 1900. The first owners of bicycles were mostly well-to-do people in both rural and urban areas. As long as there was a shortage of bicycles, a certain collegiality existed, which implied that several people could use the same
The Puzzle of European Hair, Eye, and Skin Color  [PDF]
Peter Frost
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2014.42011
Abstract:

Europeans, particularly northern and eastern Europeans, are unusually colored. Their hair can be not only black but also brown, flaxen, golden, or red, and their eyes not only brown but also blue, gray, hazel, or green. Their skin is pale, almost like an albino’s. This color scheme is more developed in women than in men and seems to have been selected for its visual properties, particularly brightness and novelty. Sexual selection is a likely cause. It favors eye-catching colors and, if strong enough, can produce a color polymorphism, i.e., whenever a visible feature becomes differently colored through mutation, the new color will spread through the population until it loses its novelty value and becomes as frequent as the original one. Such selection is consistent with 1) the many alleles for European hair and eye color; 2) the high ratio of nonsynonymous to synonymous variants; and 3) the relatively short time over which this color diversity developed. Sexual selection will target women if they outnumber men on the mate market. Among early modern humans, such imbalances resulted from 1) a low polygyny rate (because few men could provide for a second wife and her children) and 2) a high risk of early male death (because long hunting distances increased exposure to environmental hazards). Sexual selection of women was stronger at latitudes farther from the equator, where men were less polygynous and more at risk of death while hunting. It was strongest on continental steppe-tundra, where men provided for almost all family food needs by pursuing herds of reindeer and other herbivores over long distances. Although this type of environment is now fragmentary, it covered until 10,000 years ago a much larger territory—the same area where, today, hair and eyes are diversely colored and skin almost milk white.

Vanguardias literarias: ?una estética que nos sigue interpelando?
Fuente A.,José Alberto de la;
Literatura y lingüística , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0716-58112005000100003
Abstract: in this work, it is sought to define historical and conceptually the aesthetic phenomenon of the literary vanguards in the social, political and existential context of the world and of latin america. on the other hand, it is to surrender, in a synthetic and critical way, the information that leads to a reflection about their expiration or validity to almost a hundred years of the circumstances that justified their origin and impact from the architecture to the speeches. the futurist vision of the vanguards tried to consolidate an identity in the context of the modernization and to support, from the literature and other arts, the man’s liberation
Avalia??o da inteligência na primeira infancia
Theuer, Renata Vallad?o;Flores-Mendoza, Carmen E.;
Psico-USF , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-82712003000100004
Abstract: intelligence is traditionally measured by psychometric tools. in early childhood (0-36 months-age) the cognitive assessment is generally based on psychomotor achievement criteria. half a century of researches has shown that there is little or no association between the requirements of classic scales of child development and the later cognitive performance in childhood or adulthood. those results strengthened the theories that affirm the discontinuity of cognitive development throughout life span. in recent years, however, there are evidences that processing information measurements can answer the challenge of finding higher correlation between the intelligence scores of the first years of life and latter than those obtained through psychomotor developmental tests. scores of visual habituation and novelty preferences, relatively free of motor requirements, have shown some predictive validity in relation to the cognitive development. the present study addresses some of the main studies on this issue.
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