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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 17783 matches for " non specialist students "
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Clinical Supervision and Non-Technical Professional Development Skills in the Context of Patient Safety—The Views of Nurse Specialist Students  [PDF]
Anne Lind J?lstad, Eva R?ed R?sn?s, Anne Lyberg, Elisabeth Severinsson
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2017.72021
Abstract: The aim of the study was to evaluate nurse specialist students’ views of clinical supervision (CS) and its influence on their professional competence development. An additional aim was to interpret the results and link them to non-technical skills and Patient Safety (PS) topics. The research question was: What are the benefits of clinical supervision focusing on non-technical skills in the area of PS? A cross-sectional study of 46 nurse specialist students was conducted by means of questionnaires and exploratory factor analysis. Factors that influenced the nurse specialist students’ competencies were: interpersonal, professional and communication skills in addition to awareness of ethical skills, the importance of teamwork and the benefit of involving patients and their family members in safe care. The results were linked to non-technical skills and PS competencies. Clinical supervision is crucial for the development of non-technical skills and PS competencies among nurse specialist students. However, finding time to reflect and learn from the supervision was reported to be a problem. Over half of the students stated they did not have enough time for supervision. Thus, there is a potential for quality improvement. We recommend that universities should provide formal educational programmes for supervisors focusing on the professional development of students, especially in the area of non-technical skills. In conclusion, CS should be prioritised by management and clinical leaders as it enhances PS.
Factors Influencing Sexual Behavior among Female Adolescents in Onitsha, Nigeria  [PDF]
Ifeoma Bridget Udigwe, Prosper Obunikem Adogu, Achunam Simeon Nwabueze, Echendu Dolly Adinma, Chika Florence Ubajaka, Chika Onwasigwe
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.416139
Abstract: Background: The sexual health indices of the adolescents are very poor. This study ascertained the factors influencing the sexual behaviour among female adolescents in Onitsha, Anambra state, Nigeria. Method: This was a cross sectional design in which a total of 800 female adolescents were selected from secondary schools in the area using multistage sampling method; and also selected from a major market (for those who were not at school) in the same geographical area using cluster sampling technique. Data were collected from the respondents about socio-demographic profile, reproductive and sexual health knowledge, attitude, behavior, sources of sexual health information. Result: The highest proportion of students who had ever had sex was found among the 16 - 17 years age group while the modal age group was 18 - 19 years for non students. Also “not living with both parents” and poor family background, were markedly associated with increased likelihood to engage in sexual activity. Poverty level was particularly high among the non-student adolescents. Furthermore, wrong knowledge of fertile period, low risk perception of HIV and premarital, and use of condoms among the respondents were all significantly associated with increased chance to engage in sex. The student adolescents got sexuality information mainly from the teachers; as opposed to their non-student counterparts who had youth organization and friends as main sources. Conclusion: Family values, poverty alleviation, change of attitude through appropriate health and sexuality education especially targeting the non-student adolescents are highly recommended. Sexual negotiation skill, accessible formal education for all should be encouraged to create the right sexual behavior among the adolescent girls.
Traitement de la compétence phonologique dans un dispositif hybride d’enseignement/apprentissage de l’anglais langue étrangère auprès d’un public LANSAD : considérations pédagogiques pour un tutorat à distance Promoting EFL phonological skills in a blended learning environment: pedagogical considerations for online tutoring practices amongst non specialist students
Cédric Brudermann
Recherche et Pratiques Pédagogiques en Langues de Spécialité : Cahiers de l'APLIUT , 2011, DOI: 10.4000/apliut.619
Abstract: Cet article se propose de revenir sur les considérations pédagogiques tirées d’une recherche-action menée à l’Institut Universitaire de Formation des Ma tres de Perpignan durant l’année universitaire 2007-2008 auprès d’étudiants LANSAD (candidats au concours de Professeurs des écoles) investis dans un dispositif hybride d’enseignement/apprentissage de l’anglais langue étrangère. Les données recueillies ont souligné la nécessité de concevoir des outils en ligne pour répondre, autant que faire se peut, aux besoins des étudiants, lors de la réalisation de taches orales à distance. Une recherche-action est en cours à l’UPMC-Paris 6 pour déterminer l’impact de pratiques tutorales à distance incorporant ces outils sur leur compétence phonologique en anglais langue étrangère. This article deals with the pedagogical considerations drawn from action research carried out during the academic year 2007-2008 in a French teacher training institute (IUFM). In this study, online tutoring practices were put into practice in a blended learning environment to enable primary school teachers in training to improve their phonological skills. The object was to investigate their needs when performing off-site oral tasks. The data collected showed that online tools targeting specific problems had to be designed to guide them through the completion of these tasks. Action research is currently in progress amongst non specialist students in a French university (UPMC-Paris 6) to evaluate the potential of tutorial practices featuring online tools on their phonological skills in English.
Interpretation of Pharmaceutical Pictograms by Pharmacy and Non-Pharmacy University Students  [PDF]
Suleiman Ibrahim Sharif, Manar Abdulla, Amal Yousif, Duaa Mohamed
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2014.58092

Background: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the correct interpretation by university students of internationally available pictograms and to assess the ability of the pictograms to convey the intended messages. Aim: To compare the ability of pharmacy and non-pharmacy students to comprehend pharmaceutical pictograms. Method: Twenty eight internationally available (United States Pharmacopoeial Convention Inc. USP) pictograms were used throughout this study, which was conducted with 300 pharmacy and non-pharmacy students. Questionnaires included relevant questions, and participants were instructed to study the pictograms and write their interpretations. The American National Standards Institute requirement of 85% correctness criterion was used for correct interpretation. Differences between responses of the two groups were calculated using SPSS version 18 and p < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The majority of pharmacy (98%) and non-pharmacy (86%) students stated that pictograms should be included in medicine leaflet and they were helpful for all patients. Out of the 28 pictograms 7 (25%) and 2 (7.1%) of them achieved the ANSI requirement of 85% correctness criterion by pharmacy and non-pharmacy students respectively. Conclusion: Interventions to increase public awareness of the usefulness of pharmaceutical pictograms are needed.


Produ??o científica dos alunos egressos do curso de especializa??o da Universidade Estadual de Londrina
Marquezine, Maria Cristina;Tramontina, Viviane Maroneis;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Especial , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-65382006000100008
Abstract: in the eighties, a graduate level course offering a degree as specialist in special education - intellectual disability, was created at the state university of londrina (universidade estadual de londrina), as an alternative teacher training program for special education teachers. because it was deemed necessary to revise the curriculum according to scientific parameters, it was suggested that the assessment of the students' scientific production should be one of the steps in the revision process. since one of the objectives in the course was training teachers as researchers, it was decided that the study should analyze not only the students' scientific production (final papers), but also the development of their production process (theme choice, student's academic history, resonance with course proposal, correlation to student's professional career, or changes in task performance) considering the aims of the study. the source of the data analyzed was the final papers written from 1987 to 2002 by 143 students who got their specialist degree in special education. the instrument used for collecting data was a form where information of various kinds was registered: general information to enable identification of the paper, name of supervisor, objectives, theme, target population, the context where the study was undertaken, type of research, type of references used in the research, and the publication date of the literature reviewed. the results showed that the research papers were developed mainly in schools, with special students, evenly divided between survey-type research and intervention-type research. the most common themes were investigations related to teaching procedures. all results were discussed.
Kristina Svr?njak,Dragutin Kamenjak,Sandra Kantar
Poljoprivreda (Osijek) , 2006,
Abstract: According to the National programme of agriculture and rural areas (2003.) it is pointed out that the socialeconomic development of rural areas is remarkably interfered by their unsuitable educational structure and puts them behind with city inhabitants. It is also pointed out that the offer of programmes for professional development of education and improvement due to specific needs for education of adult rural population (especially farmers) is proportionately low. Therefore, general needs for improvement of educational structure of farmers and rural population are extended, especially through the system of permanent professional education and improvement for requirements of family farming and rural population as are specialist seminars at College of Agriculture in Kri evci for farmers. Such training colleges have been conducting here since 2004. Until now, 298 trainees have finished such form of education. They were organised in collaboration with 9 agricultural associations. Sex, age and educational structure of trainees as well as average number of people engaged in farming for 213 trainees organized in collaboration with 6 agricultural associations were analysed by this study. They finished training colleges during 2004thand 2005th7year. Analysed data was obtained from questionnaire that summaries the most frequent comments and suggestions as the most important guidance for further organisation of such form of education.
Frequency of Musculoskeletal Pain and Associated Factors among Undergraduate Students  [PDF]
Muniba Mehmood Hasan, Uzair Yaqoob, Sara Shaukat Ali, Adeel Ahmed Siddiqui
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2018.72011
Abstract: Objective: To study and compare the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in Medical and non-medical students and find out the specific factors associated with the occurrence of this pain. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study from March-May 2017 where a total of 400 medical and 350 non-medical students were registered using a structured questionnaire made by modification of Nordic questionnaire. Characteristics of musculoskeletal pain were determined Pain was also graded by using a grading scale. Results: Mean age for medical and non-medical students was 21.36 and 20.97 respectively. The prevalence of musculoskeletal pain was higher among females. More data were collected from 2nd and 5th year of medical and 1st and 2nd year of non-medical students. High incidence was found in medical students with occurrence mostly in Neck. This frequency of musculoskeletal pain was quiet high during the last 7 days. The long study hours and use of computer/laptop were found to be greater among medical undergraduates but no significant association was found in medical unlike non-medical students. Majority of undergraduate students reported a normal BMI. Our study has found no co-relation of BMI with prevalence of pain. It was also observed that medical students with musculoskeletal pain spent more time on travelling when compared to non-medical. Association was found with the use of back packs. The study observed the level of many daily activities like exercise and outdoor sports etc. but no significant relation was found. Conclusion: Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among undergraduate students is truly high, more so in medical students. Medical students have shown no association of studying for long hours and use of computer/laptop with musculoskeletal pain when compared to non-medical students. More studies should be done to know contributing factors of musculoskeletal pain among undergraduate students.
A importancia da comunica??o n?o-verbal do professor universitário no exercício de sua atividade profissional
Sousa, Luisa de Fátima Lucena de;Leal, Ana Lúcia;Sena, Ester Feijó Correia de;
Revista CEFAC , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462010005000088
Abstract: purpose: to check the importance of non-verbal communication for teachers in the exercise of their professional activities. methods: this research was conducted during the period from march to may, 2008. the studied population was made up of students from the two under-graduation courses the (biological sciences and speech therapy). they were chosen randomly, 63 students, regardless of gender or age. results: data obtained showed that, regardless of their training (whether or not speech therapist), everybody considered that the non-verbal communication of the teacher is an important factor in the transmission of messages. conclusion: the research showed that the investigated students and teachers evaluated the non-verbal communication as important for the effectiveness of interaction and can interfere in the performance of teachers in the classroom.
The Extent of Mathematical Creativity and Aesthetics in Solving Problems among Students Attending the Mathematically Talented Youth Program  [PDF]
Einav Aizikovitsh-Udi
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.54032

This study investigates the extent of mathematical creativity among 57 eight-grade talented students in the Mathematically Talented Youth Program. We examine the reasoning these students applied in solving a problem; the degree of mathematical creativity and aesthetic in their approach in solving a non-routine mathematical problem; and explore whether the students’ mathematical thinking is dependent solely upon previous mathematical knowledge and skills. We found that majority of the students relied on technical algorithm to solve the problem. Although talented students coped well with the thinking challenge, most of them operated at the basic level of creativity. One implication drawn from this study is the need to broaden and develop mathematical-logical thinking both as specific lessons and also as an integral part of other lessons in the program.

Arabic Language Teachers in the State of Michigan: Views of Their Professional Needs  [PDF]
Hassan Wafa
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2014.45053
Abstract: A full-day summer conference directed by this investigator took place in Dearborn city under the umbrella of Western Michigan University for professional development of Arabic teachers serving public, private, and academic charter schools in Michigan. The theoretical framework for conducting the conference was focused on the issue of teaching strategies as well as the needs assessment of teachers for improving their professional development. A group of fifty teachers volunteered to participate in the conference and were asked to complete a twelve-item questionnaire designed to provide their professional profile and their preference in developing professional development. Their professional profile included years of Arabic teaching experience in the United States, teaching level (elementary school, middle school, or high school), teaching certificate, academic credentials, and type of school (public, private, or charter school). The findings indicated that among the ten sub-items related to the professional development skills of the teachers, “Implementing differentiated language instruction” was rated by the participating teachers as the most important components of their professional development skills; followed in order by “Integrating technology and Arabic instruction”; “Using effective learner-centered teaching strategies”; “Using and maintaining Arabic language”; “Implementing a standards-based curriculum”; “Developing curriculum and thematic units”; “Implementing performance assessment methods”; “Conducting constructive action research in Arabic instruction”; “Conducting the Oral Proficiency Interview”; and “Learning how to be a certified Arabic language teacher in Michigan”. In response to the questions regarding the role of Council in supporting Arabic teachers, the participating teachers made a number of constructive suggestions to help improve the quality of teaching Arabic with special focus on facilitating appropriate teaching materials and other instructional tools as a part of curriculum development.
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