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This article reviews selected neuroscience and psychoanalytic writings about respective concepts regarding unconscious processes. Two objectives are pursued. The first is the modification of an apparent dualistic view of the psychoanalytic, dynamic unconscious described by Freud and the implicit, automated unconscious described by neuroscientists into a unified unconscious process concept. Secondly, to examine the functional, structural theory of Freud and to connect it to neuroscience findings via neurodevelopment and the concomitant development of speech and language, an exclusive communicative capacity of the human species. The goal is to illustrate the application of the objectives into clinical settings.
attempts to propose critical reflections on “historical” models of Constitutional
Review. The gradual depletion of the simplified classification system of constitutional
review has been identified, by some scholars, as a failure of the bipolar American-European
model. This means that it is necessary to rethink the approach to analysing constitutional review, in light of
legal traditions, positive law within legal systems, and comparative methodologies.
Consequently, judicial review could be studied according to the internal perspectives
of the Supreme and Constitutional Courts’ decision-making processes, rather than
externally observable legal characteristics. As of recently, legal studies have
been converging with other sciences, such as cognitive science. They have been considering
the relationship between consciousness and comparison, and even the field of cognitive
errors in judgment, and the development of decisions taken by Courts.