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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 319 matches for " neuroscience "
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The Study of Relationship between Facial Width-to-Height Ratio and Aggression  [PDF]
Yaozhong Liu, Jia He
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.310001
Abstract: Facial-width-to-height ratio (fWHR) is a kind of facial feature that based on the overall facial in-formation and can be specifically measured. fWHR is closely related to the individual aggressive. The present study reviewed previous researches on aggression and measurement of fWHR, and described the relationship between fWHR and aggression under the external and internal factors. Moreover, the researchers explained them from the perspective of cognition, physics and evolutionary. In the future, the studies can deepen these fields to enrich the theories and effectively prevent and control violence in society.
Traversing the Highwire from Pop to Optical
Tyler Christopher W
PLOS Biology , 2005, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0030136.20050521
Abstract:
PSYCHOLOGY AND NEUROSCIENCE: KEYS TO PROGRESS
Ignacio Morgado Bernal
Cuadernos de Neuropsicologia , 2009,
Abstract: La psicología es una disciplina científica cada vez más relevante y atractiva. Su principal activo es el tratar sobre nosotros mismos, sobre la naturaleza de la mente y el comportamiento humanos, a partir de lo cual podemos entender todas las demás cosas de nuestro mundo. Hubo un tiempo en que quedó estancada en el conocimiento clásico de los procesos mentales heredado de su tradición filosófica, pero actualmente ha cobrado un nuevo impulso como disciplina científica y su papel cada vez resulta más relevante y solicitado en los diferentes ámbitos social, educativo y clínico en que interviene.La deslucida función de “florero” que el psicólogo ha tenido en muchas ocasiones del pasado va cambiando hacia otra diferente que tiene que ver con la mayor capacidad que tienen ahora los profesionales de esta disciplina para solucionar problemas acuciantes de la vida moderna.
Assessment of the Potential Role of Tryptophan as the Precursor of Serotonin and Melatonin for the Aged Sleep-wake Cycle and Immune Function: Streptopelia Risoria as a Model
Sergio D. Paredes,Carmen Barriga,Russel J. Reiter,Ana B. Rodríguez
International Journal of Tryptophan Research , 2009,
Abstract: In the present review we summarize the relationship between the amino acid, tryptophan, the neurotransmitter, serotonin, and the indole, melatonin, with the rhythms of sleep/wake and the immune response along with the possible connections between the alterations in these rhythms due to aging and the so-called “serotonin and melatonin deficiency state.” The decrease associated with aging of the brain and circulating levels of serotonin and melatonin seemingly contributes to the alterations of both the sleep/wake cycle and the immune response that typically accompany old age. The supplemental administration of tryptophan, e.g. the inclusion of tryptophan-enriched food in the diet, might help to remediate these age- related alterations due to its capacity of raise the serotonin and melatonin levels in the brain and blood. Herein, we also summarize a set of studies related to the potential role that tryptophan, and its derived product melatonin, may play in the restoration of the aged circadian rhythms of sleep/wake and immune response, taking the ringdove (Streptopelia risoria) as a suitable model.
Introductory Editorial (International Journal of Tryptophan Research)
Dr. Gilles J. Guillemin
International Journal of Tryptophan Research , 2008,
Abstract:
The Mind-Body Problem Today  [PDF]
Gabriel Vacariu
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2011.11005
Abstract: An old philosophical problem, the mind-body problem, has not been yet solved by philosophers or scientists. Even if in cognitive neuroscience has been a stunning development in the last 20 years, the mind-body problem remained unsolved. Even if the majority of researchers in this domain accept the identity theory from an ontological viewpoint, many of them reject this position from an epistemological viewpoint. In this context, I consider that it is quite possible the framework of this problem to be wrong and this is the main reason the problem could not be solved. I offer an alternative, the epistemologically different worlds perspective, that replace the world or the universe. In this new context, the mind-body problem becomes a pseudo-problem.
The Science of Self, Mind and Body  [PDF]
Sung Jang Chung
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.23026
Abstract: A relationship among self, mind and body in humans is still not clearly known in philosophy and science because of lack of human data that would enable to objectively explain it. Teachings related to their relationship in religions have been given to humanity in general in terms of subjective words. Consequently, philosophers and scientists have been investigating to find objective proofs related to their relationship. The author proposed a theory in his book (2009) that there are in a human individual two selves, one, the inner self (the true self) and one, the physical self (the false self) that coexist in one individual person. McGonigal (2012) published her book in which she described two minds or two selves in one human individual, naming them “I Will” and “I WANT” self on the basis of extensive studies on adult subjects. More recent researches in neuroscience using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) discovered that the prefrontal cortex of the human brain performs self-control, emotion regulation and guiding behaviors with morality, future goals and rules. The author compared characteristic aspects of the inner and physical selves of Chung with the “I Will” and “I Want” selves of McGonigal. There is a remarkable good agreement between the inner and physical selves of Chung and the “I Will” and “I WANT” selves of McGonigal. The author proposes a theory in this study that the inner and physical selves correspond to the “I WILL” and “I WANT” selves, respectively, and that the inner self, the true self, controls the physical self, the false self, interacting with the prefrontal cortex ofthe human brain.
Neuroscience, unconscious processes: Clinical applications  [PDF]
Lawrence Greenman
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.31007
Abstract:

This article reviews selected neuroscience and psychoanalytic writings about respective concepts regarding unconscious processes. Two objectives are pursued. The first is the modification of an apparent dualistic view of the psychoanalytic, dynamic unconscious described by Freud and the implicit, automated unconscious described by neuroscientists into a unified unconscious process concept. Secondly, to examine the functional, structural theory of Freud and to connect it to neuroscience findings via neurodevelopment and the concomitant development of speech and language, an exclusive communicative capacity of the human species. The goal is to illustrate the application of the objectives into clinical settings.

Dynamic Reflections on Constitutional Justice  [PDF]
Roberto Scarciglia
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2014.52012
Abstract:

This article attempts to propose critical reflections on “historical” models of Constitutional Review. The gradual depletion of the simplified classification system of constitutional review has been identified, by some scholars, as a failure of the bipolar American-European model. This means that it is necessary to rethink the approach to analysing constitutional review, in light of legal traditions, positive law within legal systems, and comparative methodologies. Consequently, judicial review could be studied according to the internal perspectives of the Supreme and Constitutional Courts’ decision-making processes, rather than externally observable legal characteristics. As of recently, legal studies have been converging with other sciences, such as cognitive science. They have been considering the relationship between consciousness and comparison, and even the field of cognitive errors in judgment, and the development of decisions taken by Courts.

Experimental Results on a New Method for Analysis of Heart Rate Variability  [PDF]
Elio Conte, William Giroldini, Vincenza Laterza, Sergio Conte, Maria Pieralice, Francesco Casciaro, Gabriele De Masi De Luca, Antonio Francesco Maria Giuliano, Leonardo Mendolicchio, Orlando Todarello
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2014.48048
Abstract: A new method for HRV analysis is described and experimental results are given.
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