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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1145 matches for " neurologic examination "
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Neurological examination in the healthy term newborn
Pedroso, Fleming S.;Rotta, Newra T.;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2003000200001
Abstract: we carried out a cross-sectional study with a sample of 106 normal full-term newborns examined within 24 to 72 hours of birth. the following findings were evaluated: head and chest measurements, muscle strength, tone, tendon reflexes, superficial reflexes, primitive reflexes, and cranial nerves. all 106 newborns were considered neurologically normal. we found no differences in the neurological examination findings for newborns with different gestational ages. primitive reflexes and appendicular tone in newborns examined at earlier postnatal ages tended to be less intense. we were able to determine the prevalence of certain neurological examination findings for the normal newborn and to discuss some differences between our results and those of other studies. prevalence estimations for the different findings in our study may be valid for different populations as long as the same methodology is adopted.
Neurological examination in the healthy term newborn
Pedroso Fleming S.,Rotta Newra T.
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2003,
Abstract: We carried out a cross-sectional study with a sample of 106 normal full-term newborns examined within 24 to 72 hours of birth. The following findings were evaluated: head and chest measurements, muscle strength, tone, tendon reflexes, superficial reflexes, primitive reflexes, and cranial nerves. All 106 newborns were considered neurologically normal. We found no differences in the neurological examination findings for newborns with different gestational ages. Primitive reflexes and appendicular tone in newborns examined at earlier postnatal ages tended to be less intense. We were able to determine the prevalence of certain neurological examination findings for the normal newborn and to discuss some differences between our results and those of other studies. Prevalence estimations for the different findings in our study may be valid for different populations as long as the same methodology is adopted.
Examen neurológico en ancianos
Scherle Matamoros,Claudio E.; Pérez Nellar,Jesús;
Revista Cubana de Medicina , 2000,
Abstract: a physical and neurologic examination was performed in 112 apparently healthy subjects, aged 60 or more. folstein's minimal examinations of mental functions was administered in order to study neurological signs of normal aeging. more relevant findings were determined: posture and gait disturbances, action tremor of hands, achille's arrheflexy, distal apalestesia in legs, hypoacusia, and decrease of visual aquiti. results of minimal examination of mental functions, were influenced by increasing age. average value was of 26.4 points. major affections were related to attention, calculation, and evoked memory
Semiologia neurológica numa popula??o de crian?as deficientes auditivas
Gon?alves, Vanda M. Gimenes;Piovesana, Ana Maria S. G.;Moura-Ribeiro, Maria Valeriana L. de;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 1993, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X1993000300009
Abstract: a random sample of 42 sensorioneural hearing impaired children (severe and bilateral) was studied, from special classes in campinas, with chronological ages varying between 4 and 7 years old. the children of this sample were compared with two control groups of 42 children of the same chronological age, from regular classes of private and public schools. all of them were submitted to the traditional neurological examination. hearing impaired children showed differences as to head circumference and muscle tonus. in the other examined items we found motor hyperactivity, cerebellar and ocular syndromes although there were no significant differences between the groups.
Avalia??o do equilíbrio estático numa popula??o de crian?as deficientes auditivas
Gon?alves, Vanda M. Gimenes;Piovesana, Ana Maria S. G.;Moura-Ribeiro, Maria Valeriana L. de;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 1993, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X1993000300010
Abstract: a random sample was organized with 42 children with congenital sensorineural auditory deficit (severe and bilateral) from special education schools in campinas. chronological ages ranged from 4 to 7 years of age. this sample was compared with two control groups of 42 children of the same chronological age but attending normal classes. all were submitted to 9 tests of the set of static equilibrium of the evolutive neurologic examination. it was observed that in the position of equilibrium with opened eyes (test 8) there were no differences between the groups. in the romberg position, the hearing impaired children of 4, 5 and 6 years of age showed a significant decrease in the ability to do the test (test 9); those of 7 years of age had equal ability whether of the control or the deficient groups. hearing impaired children were less able to do other static equilibrium tests (heel-toe or one foot or tip-toe standing tests, with opened or closed eyes: tests 10, 12, 16, 20, 24, 25 and 26). the use of detailed neurological semiology allowed us to support the alteration of the static equilibrium in this group of hearing impaired children.
Avalia??o dos reflexos espinhais em bezerros
Borges, Alexandre Secorun;Sapatera, Adriana Carla;Mendes, Luiz Cláudio Nogueira;
Ciência Rural , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84781997000400015
Abstract: a study was carried out to evaluate the spinal reflexes of holstein calves (15 to 90 days). spinal reflexes were tested and graded (0 = absence, i = mild reflex, 2 = evident) in thoracic (extensor carpi reflex, biceps reflex, triceps reflex and flexor reflex) and pelvic (patellar reflex, cranial tibial reflex, gastrocnemius reflex, ciatic reflex and flexor reflex) limbs. the flexor reflex, extensor carpi reflex, patellar and triceps reflex were elicited in most animals. while the least evident reflexes were, cranial tibial reflex, biceps reflex, gastrocnemius reflex and ciatic reflex.
Examen neurológico del adulto mayor presuntamente saludable
Cisneros Cué,Maricela; Rodríguez Gómez,Julio; Estrada Suárez,Matilde; Mederos Villamisar,Abel;
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar , 2000,
Abstract: the study of senescence and of diseases related to older adults has a great importance in neurosciences because the possible relations between these two aspects is a problem yet to be solved. to reach a better management of older adults by health professionals, it is necessary to know up to date that which is considered normal in a neurologic examination of patients from this age group. a literature review was made on clinical aspects and other related neurosciences as to this topic and various opinions were made. the neurological clinical evaluation including neuropsychological assessment as a diagnostic method for ordinary scanning is a present need for incorporating advanced knowledge from other neurosciences. relationship between changes occured in senescence and associated diseases in this age group is a challenge for neurosciences. knowing changes caused by healthy aging in clinical-neurological evaluation facilitates a better diagnosis and prevent unnecessary research.
Shock of birth evaluation of neurologic status of term newborn in the first 48 hours of life
Riesgo, Rudimar Dos Santos;Rotta, Alexandre Tellechea;Rotta, Newra Tellechea;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X1996000300001
Abstract: the shock of birth is a transient depression of muscle tone and deep tendon reflexes seen in newborn babies shortly after birth. we evaluated the shock of birth in a sample of 313 consecutive term newborns at 4, 24 and 48 hours of life. we correlated neurologic findings on examination with maternal, obstetric and perinatal data. special attention was given to the relationship between the mode of delivery and shock of birth. of the maternal data, factors associated with the shock of birth were obstetric gestational age, previous gestations, abortions or previous vaginal deliveries. presence of stained amniotic fluid at birth was associated with the shock of birth. there was also a correlation between shock of birth and newborn sex, birth weight, thoracic circumference and the battaglia and lubchenco classification. the shock of birth lasted less than 24 hours in 70% of the newborns and less than 48 hours in 84.3%. we conclude that the mode of delivery, vaginal or cesarean section, did not influence the shock of birth. we also established the duration and factors associated with this phenomenon.
Anatomically remote muscle contraction facilitates patellar tendon reflex reinforcement while mental activity does not: a within-participants experimental trial
Steven R Passmore, Paul A Bruno
Chiropractic & Manual Therapies , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/2045-709x-20-29
Abstract: Using a within-participants design, we investigated the relative effect of the JM and a successfully employed mental task (Stroop task) on the amplitude and temporal components of the patellar tendon reflex.We found that the addition of mental activity had no influence on the patellar tendon reflex parameters measured, while the JM provided facilitation (increased reflex amplitude, decreased total reflex time).The findings from this study support the view that the mechanism for the JM is a reduction in presynaptic inhibition of alpha motoneurons as it is influenced by physical and not mental activity.If a tendon reflex is not elicited during a neurological examination, a clinician may reattempt the procedure with reinforcement. One such reflex reinforcement technique is the Jendrassik maneuver (JM), which employs a voluntary anatomically remote muscle contraction concurrent with reflex elicitation [1]. The JM’s effect on amplitude and temporal components of the patellar tendon reflex has been demonstrated [2-8]. The underlying neurological mechanism of the JM remains elusive and is a source of debate.Two predominant but conflicting theories related to two different types of motoneurons have been proposed, and are feasible for scholarly discussion. One theory suggests that the JM acts via fusimotor activation. The fusimotor or gamma system consists of gamma motoneurons acting in response to changes detected in muscle spindle activity from Ia afferent fibres. The fusimotor system activity can be modulated by changes in the level of activity in either the mental, or physical state [9]. This was tested by comparison of microneurographic studies measuring muscle spindles in the tibialis anterior (TA) in a resting state compared to states of mental and physical action. They found that an enhanced sensitivity to stretch of muscle spindles compared to a rest condition occurred following either mental computation or voluntary fist clenching (which is an anatomically remote m
Radicular dysfunction preponderance at early phase clinical evaluation in myelitis by Schistosoma mansoni
Vidal, Claudio Henrique Fernandes;Silva, Joacil Carlos da;Souza, Jefferson Jane Oliveira;Bernardino, Sara Pimentel Belleza;Ferreira, Maria Lucia Brito;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2011000200009
Abstract: in neuroschistosomiasis, the spinal cord is the most common place of the disease. in high prevalent areas for schistosomiasis mansoni, the clinical alertness is important for an early diagnostic, in order to decrease the final neurological damage. this study provides some useful neurologic information about a series of patients with schistosomal myelitis. method: the sample consisted of 13 schistosomiasis mansoni carriers examined at the moment of the diagnosis of myelitis. results: the classical triad (lumbago, weakness at the lower limbs and urinary dysfunctions) was documented in 11 (86.61%) patients. the distribution of the clinical forms was: myeloradicular in six patients (46.15%), radicular in four (30.76%) and myelitic in three (23.07%). conclusion: the radicular dysfunction and their clinical associated forms were the most prominent pattern during the early phase of this disease.
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