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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 676 matches for " nation. "
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Analysis on Standardization and Individualization of Nation Wear  [PDF]
Jun Zhang
Art and Design Review (ADR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/adr.2018.62009
Abstract: As one of the physical carriers of the national spirit, nation wear bears the important responsibility of cultural heritage and development, which are also the outer demonstration of the recognition of national identity, emotion and awareness. Based on the appreciable trends of standardization of the images and the production of nation wear, with reference to the successful experience of promoting standardization of nation wear in the international arena, this study puts forward the tentative plan of coding nation wear according to parameters like the pattern, component and No. and building the product database and national standard with the informationalized methods. On the other hand, to satisfy the individualized commands on the aesthetic value of the customers, this study suggests using the design philosophy of modules and carrying out the swift designs of changing the shapes with the standardized database of nation wear to realize the mass customization (Mc) of nation wear.
A History of Italian Citizenship Laws during the Era of the Monarchy (1861-1946)  [PDF]
Luca Bussotti
Advances in Historical Studies (AHS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ahs.2016.54014
Abstract: This article aims to present the evolution of Italian citizenship from political unification to the end of the Second World War, which in Italy corresponds with the end of the monarchy and the advent of the Republic. In this long period, the central definition of Italian citizenship was given by the Civil Code (1865), the basis of which was Ius sanguinis and the patrilineal system. The 1912 Law on Citizenship changed some aspects of the previous legislation, but did not alter the general legal scenario, despite great pressure from some organised movements such as those formed by Italian expatriates in the Americas. With the advent of fascism (1922), the discourse on the Italian nation became radicalised, but Mussolini’s regime did not pass any organic laws on citizenship. The innovations introduced under fascism were relatively modest; many were directed towards limiting the rights of particular categories of citizens, such as political opponents and Jewish people. Italy reached the beginning of the republican period with a legal apparatus on citizenship that was very similar to the one established for the first time in the Civil Code of 1865. This shows how Italian political classes have given more attention to the orthodoxy of the law than to the need to adapt it to the numerous transformations in Italian society.
Ethnocentrism and Nation. Reflection on Blocking Factors the Birth of the African Subject  [PDF]
Mbemba-Mpandzou Anselme
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2018.85043
Abstract: The article questions the concepts of ethnocentrism and nation in order to identify the universes of meaning that they contain and assess their relevance in the construction of the nation. From the perspective of this construction, obstacles strew this course and prevent the birth of the African subject, the very one who is the key. The purpose of the article is to give the necessary tools to hatch a national conscience, pledge of strengthening of patriotic bond and citizen. Without this national consciousness, it is impossible for the young African republics to become nations and to embark on the path of emergence.
Nation building and the ‘struggle for Afrikaans’ under the new South African ‘rainbow’
F. Jansen van Rensburg
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2003, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v68i2&3.335
Abstract: Although the geographical, technological and economic aspects of the South African nation have a reasonably stable basis, the socio-cultural aspect is not only contested, but has since 1994 led to new movements and public debates regarding the recognition of the position of some categories/minorities and their rights in the newly-created democratic dispensation. It would not be correct to assume that all these ‘new’ movements and voices are of a centrifugal nature and therefore indicative of potentially separatist tendencies. Whereas most of the evolution and history of ‘Afrikaans’ stemmed from its proponents’ opposition to the imposition of English and its imperialist backing, the current debate is about Afrikaans being displaced and relegated to a lowly position by an Englishspeaking black-majority government. Surveying the nature and context of this public debate on the ‘position of Afrikaans’ will broaden the understanding of contemporary ‘nation building’ in South Africa. Again, social scientists could endeavour to comprehend culture ‘in the making’ as created by some of the ‘imaginative’ Afrikaans-speaking participants and the implications of this discourse for nation building and competition.
Como trabalhar com "ra?a" em sociologia
Guimar?es, Antonio Sérgio Alfredo;
Educa??o e Pesquisa , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-97022003000100008
Abstract: in a didactic account of a theoretical-methodological nature the author explains how the category of "race" is used in his research, in connection with other categories such as "color", "ethnics", "class", "nation", "people", "state", etc. assuming that concepts, theoretical or otherwise, can only be applied and understood within their discursive contexts, the author establishes the distinction between "analytical" and "native" concepts, that is, between categories extracted from a theoretical corpus, and those that comprise the discursive universe of the subjects being analyzed, but that must be employed by the sociologist. in the central part of the text, the author sketches a history of the meanings of the category "race" in brazil and of the various explanations of the nature of the relations between white and black people put forward by sociology: starting with the 1940s pioneering work of donald pierson, going through the unesco studies of the 1950s and the work of the so-called "s?o paulo school" in the 1960s, up to the more recent revival of the theory of "racial democracy" in close dialogue with black movements. the author concludes the article with a brief discussion about the various questions or stimuli given in surveys for the definition and measurement of the color or race variable.
Nación y Nacionalismo en el debate teórico e historiográfico de finales del siglo XX
Rojas,Reinaldo;
Investigación y Postgrado , 2004,
Abstract: this research has as purpose a partial synthesis on the actual debate about nation and nationalism that has developed in the fields of historiography and social science in the last two decades of the twentieth century. after setting the debate in the context of the demise of socialism, the advancement of the economic globalization and the accelerated growth of tecnotronic and the information revolution, different factors are being studied that have had a strong influence in the awakening of nationalisms and the contemporary national state crisis through those authors that, from different theoretical and ideological perspectives have set renewed points of view of the national fact. starting with the ideological antecedents of the xix century and of the marxist debate of the first decades of the xx century, the statements of different authors and their works such as eric hobsbawm, pierre vilar, benedit anderson, ernest gellner, pierre fougeyrollas and etienne balibar have been analyzed to finish with an approximation to the national fact in latin america and the caribbean area, all of it framed as a socio-historic, political and cultural problem that proposes the opening of a historiography debate about the real construction of regional identities that can really be a certain path for the permanent construction of an idea of nation in our continent.
República, nación y democracia ante el desafío de la diversidad
Villavicencio,Susana;
Estudios de filosof?-a pr??ctica e historia de las ideas , 2010,
Abstract: republic is not only the name of a nation and its regime. it is also a national model of integration based on a universalist conception of citizenship that sustains the abstract figure of the legal person, endowed with equal rights and obligations, and values of civism and civility, the foundation stones of a society that arises from a contract. this paper analyses how the emergency of the cultural diversity in argentina calls into question modern political concepts like republic, nation and democracy. it is also evaluated how the republic's inheritance, which supposes an homogenized sight of diversity, gives rise to an ambivalence among the adherence to universalist principles of the progress of humanity and the reality of an excluding democracy that gave value to one culture above others. the narratives of national identity are studied describing how the opposition between civilization and barbariy affects the way latin americans see the great challenges presented by the future of democracy, and by the recognition of the plurality of cultural allegiances.
La invención enmascarada en La mala memoria de Marco Antonio de la Parra
Calderón-Le Joliff,Tatiana;
Estudios filológicos , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0071-17132006000100003
Abstract: chile is a country of mask, a space of madness. a country capable of using those masks to save its intrinsic identity that doesn't appear in the daylight, in its dominating and consumer facet. it lies in its gloomy, creative, protean and sometimes repulsive face. first of all, before contemplate the masked invention problematic, we're going to define the narrative structure, the writing projection according to hayden white and the allegories we can find in this essay. in the second place, we'll try to isolate the mask figure in several chilean's essays and compare them with this one. we'll establish that de la parra's essay performs a preponderant significance in the nation's symbolic construction. thus, through an analysis considering the multiples manifestations of disguise, we'll stop in one of its exacerbation pointing out the nation as an allegory of a psychiatric hospital. we'll see how the national imaginary gives the mask implements
A idéia de na??o no século XIX e o marxismo
Paula, Jo?o Ant?nio de;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142008000100015
Abstract: the article traces the emergence and development of the concept of nation: from its first formulators (as rousseau, herder, and fichte) to its developments in the nineteenth century. it also highlights some concrete processes of formation of nations, particularly the cases of the united states, italy and germany. the article also discusses the reception of the national question by marx and engels.
Nacionalismo no centro e na periferia do capitalismo
Bresser-Pereira, Luiz Carlos;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142008000100012
Abstract: in this work i show that nationalism, together with liberalism, socialism, efficientism and the environmentalism, is one of the ideologies of the modern societies. in the first section, i define nation as the form of society politically organized that is born with the capitalist revolution and leads to the formation of the nation-state, and nationalism as the corresponding ideology: its objective is the autonomy and the national economic development. in the second section, i distinguish the nationalism of the central countries from that one of the peripheral countries; while in the first the nationalism is implicit, in the peripherals is explicit or then turn to the cosmopolitism. in the third section i argument that the imperialism, even being inevitable between strong and week countries, will change its characteristics when this relation of forces is modified as a consequence of the nationalism of the dominated ones. still in this section, i make one brief reference to brazil. finally, i come back to the ideologies of the capitalism to show that, differently from the others, the nationalism is a particularist ideology, which increases the resistance to it and facilitates the task of domination of the central countries. yet, the nationalism does not disappear because it is an organizer principle of the capitalist society.
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