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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2348 matches for " naming practices "
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O trabalho da criouliza??o: as práticas de nomea??o na Guiné colonial
Filho,Wilson Trajano;
Etnográfica , 2008,
Abstract: this paper analyses the naming practices in the creolized villages of guinea-bissau during the colonial period. based on a corpus of 496 names presented in a series of lists of deceased persons published by the health service between 1892 and 1900, this article describes the process of creolization in colonial society from the perspective of the naming practices. comparing the naming patterns prevailing in portugal and in the indigenous societies of guinea, this paper shows how creole naming practices were unstable, creative and multidirectional.
O trabalho da criouliza o: as práticas de nomea o na Guiné colonial The workings of Creolization: naming practices in colonial Guinea-Bissau
Wilson Trajano Filho
Etnográfica , 2008,
Abstract: Este trabalho analisa as práticas de nomea o nos aglomerados urbanos crioulizados da Guiné-Bissau no período colonial. Partindo de um corpus de 496 nomes colhidos nas listas de falecimentos publicadas pela Junta de Saúde do governo colonial entre 1892 e 1900, o trabalho descreve o processo de criouliza o da sociedade colonial a partir da análise dos nomes das pessoas. Tendo como ponto de partida os padr es de nomea o em voga em Portugal e nas sociedades indígenas da Guiné colonial, a análise realizada mostra a dinamica das práticas crioulas de nomea o, revelando sua instabilidade, criatividade e multidirecionalidade. This paper analyses the naming practices in the creolized villages of Guinea-Bissau during the colonial period. Based on a corpus of 496 names presented in a series of lists of deceased persons published by the Health Service between 1892 and 1900, this article describes the process of creolization in colonial society from the perspective of the naming practices. Comparing the naming patterns prevailing in Portugal and in the indigenous societies of Guinea, this paper shows how Creole naming practices were unstable, creative and multidirectional.
A Preliminary Version of an Internet-Based Picture Naming Test  [PDF]
Anatoliy V. Kharkhurin
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2012.21005
Abstract: The study presents a web-based productive vocabulary assessment tool, the internet Picture Naming Test (iPNT). The iPNT is administered online and takes eight minutes to complete. The iPNT assesses vocabulary knowledge by rating participants’ responses to 120 colored drawings of simple objects. Participants type the names of the objects and the names are saved as a computer file that can be uploaded into statistical software for further processing. The test is rated by comparing participants’ responses against a list of correct labels. High test-retest reliability suggests that iPNT can be considered a reliable measure. The study evaluates convergent validity of the iPNT by comparing its scores with paper-based and oral versions of the same test and concurrent validity by comparing its scores with that of receptive Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, a language aptitude Cloze test, standard admission Test of English as a Foreign Language, and DIALANG diagnostic tool. Highly significant correlations between the scores on these tests and iPNT scores suggest that the latter is a suitable assessment tool for language proficiency. However, the moderate correlation values ranging from .52 to .68 indicate that the use of this test should be limited to psychometric research assessing an individual’s productive vocabulary knowledge.
How Does Rapid Automatized Naming (RAN) Correlate with Measures of Reading Fluency in Arabic  [PDF]
Raphiq Ibrahim
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.63027
Abstract: The main goal of this study was to investigate the relationship between naming speed and reading in Arabic language. For this purpose, Arabic-speaking children of third and fifth grades were given a battery of tests including two measures of naming speed and a test of pseudo-word reading and single word reading. Correlations analyses were carried out to explore this relationship. The result of this study revealed a significant relationship between naming speed measures and fluency. This suggests that naming speed ability is a key component in reading acquisition in Arabic and this was discussed with regard to the cross-linguistic research literature as well as the specific features of Arabic language.
Designing and Measuring the Validity and Reliability of Rapid Automatized Naming Test in the First-Grade Students
Z Soleymani,A Barkhordar,A Moradi,S Jalaee
Modern Rehabilitation , 2007,
Abstract: Background and Aim: Rapid automatized naming test is the best tool for screening, assessment and early prevention of reading disorders. Therefore with regard to the importance of this test in anticipation and assessment of reading disorders and absence of valid test in this area in Persian language, the target of study was designing and measuring the validity and reliability of this test. Materials and Methods: Based on foreign test, items of test have selected with regard to the criterions of Persian language. Then the suggestions of experts in this field were collected. Study was performed in two weeks time-out on fifty students of the governmental and nongovernmental schools of the 12th education area of Tehran and 12 dyslexic children of learning disability centers. Then, to measure the differential power and reliability of the test, the results were analyzed. Result: Findings indicate high correlation between first and second test. There is also significant difference between two groups (normal and dyslexic) in total time of the test in two stages. Conclusion: Rapid automatized naming test is valid and reliable in Persian language and is able to distinguish between two groups (normal and dyslexic).
The Need for Systematic Naming Software Tools for Exchange of Chemical Information
Antony Williams,Andrey Yerin
Molecules , 1999, DOI: 10.3390/40900255
Abstract: The availability of systematic names can enable the simple textual exchange of chemical structure information. The exchange of molecular structures in graphical format or connection tables has become well established in the field of cheminformatics and many structure drawing tools exist to enable this exchange. However, even with the availability of systematic naming rules, software tools to allow the generation of names from structures, and hopefully the reversal of these systematic names back to the original chemical structure, have been sorely lacking in capability and quality. Here we review the need for systematic naming as well as some of the tools and approaches being taken today in this area.
Testes de Nomea??o Rápida: Contributos para a avalia??o da linguagem oral
Albuquerque,Cristina Petrucci; Sim?es,Mário R.;
Análise Psicológica , 2009,
Abstract: coimbra’s neuropsychological assessment battery contains, amongst several other assessment instruments, a colours rapid naming test for children aged 5-6, a digits rapid naming test and a shapes and colours rapid naming test, both for children aged 7-15. this work presents data concerning these tests psychometric properties, namely temporal stability, tests’ intercorrelations, degree of relationship with academic grades and differentiation of groups of children with and without learning problems. the results obtained show, on the one hand, the tests psychometric adequacy and, on the other hand, indicate that the digits and shapes and colours rapid naming tests should not be regarded as equivalents.
Famílias evangélicas baianas e o processo de nomea??o
Rabinovich, Elaine Pedreira;Costa, Lívia A. Fialho da;Franco, Anamélia Lins e Silva;
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822008000300012
Abstract: twenty interviews were conducted with evangelical families that live in the city of salvador, state of bahia, brazil. the interviewer asked who chose the names of the children and why the names were chosen. the study also investigated when and why adherence to evangelical beliefs happened and what consequences it brought to personal and family life. results showed that after conversion the chosen names were biblical, with the justification that such names would give a good "direction" to their children's lives and that the churches do not interfere directly on their decision. adherence to an evangelical church, as it currently occurs in brazil, seems to re-direct family life, as complete changes are reported to occur in their familial and personal lives after the conversion, and family starts to be defined as couple & children upon whom the biggest influence is the church.
Action and Object Naming in Physiological Aging: An rTMS Study
Maria Cotelli,Rosa Manenti,Sandra Rosini,Marco Calabria,Michela Brambilla,Patrizia Silvia Bisiacchi,Orazio Zanetti,Carlo Miniussi
Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience , 2010, DOI: 10.3389/fnagi.2010.00151
Abstract: Word-retrieval difficulties commonly occur in healthy aging. Recent studies report an improved ability to name pictures after the administration of high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in healthy younger adults and in patients with neurological disease. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of high-frequency rTMS applied to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) on picture naming in healthy older adults. High-frequency rTMS was applied to the left and right DLPFC during object and action naming in 13 healthy older adults. The naming latency for actions was shortened after stimulation of the left and right DLPFC compared to application of the sham stimulation. Stimulation was not observed to have any effect on correctness of naming. Our data demonstrate the involvement of the left and right DLPFC in a sample of healthy aging subjects during an action-naming task. The bilateral involvement of the DLPFC in these participants is discussed together with data on younger adults and on Alzheimer’s patients.
Boston Naming Test: Gender Differences in Older Adults with and without Alzheimer’s Dementia  [PDF]
James R. Hall, Hoa T. Vo, Leigh A. Johnson, April Wiechmann, Sid E. O’Bryant
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.36068
Abstract: The study clarifies the relationship between gender and performance on the BNT by controlling for the effects of demographic and health risk factors. Participants were 468 outpatient individuals (153 diagnosed with probable Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) and 318 cognitively intact) enrolled in the Texas Alzheimer’s Research and Care Consortium cohort. Participants under went evaluations including medical examination, interview, neuropsychological testing, and blood draw. The neuropsychological assessment consisted of the Wechsler Digit Span, Logical Memory, and Visual Reproduction, along with the Trail Making Test, Boston Naming Test (60-item version), verbal fluency (FAS), and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-30).To control for severity of cognitive impairment only mild AD as shown by a CDR global score of 0.5 or 1.0 were used. Control males outperformed females (F = 10.81, p < .000, ES = .20). AD males also performed significantly better than AD females (F = 17.13, p < .000, ES = .25). Gender differences remain after covarying for estimated IQ, age, education, and presence of hyperlipidemia and hypertension. Overall, within-group and between-group comparisons support prior findings that males perform significantly better compared to females on the BNT even after controlling for health and level of decline. Findings have implications for clinical practice and prospective test norm considerations.
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