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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1816 matches for " metadata standards "
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The DFG Viewer for Interoperability in Germany
Ralf Goebel,Sebastian Meyer
Liber Quarterly : The Journal of European Research Libraries , 2010,
Abstract: This article deals with the DFG Viewer for Interoperability, a free and open source web-based viewer for digitised books, and assesses its relevance for interoperability in Germany. First the specific situation in Germany is described, including the important role of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation). The article then moves on to the overall concept of the viewer and its technical background. It introduces the data formats and standards used, it briefly illustrates how the viewer works and includes a few examples.
UNICUM: a Portal to Dutch Academic Heritage
Henriette Reerink
Liber Quarterly : The Journal of European Research Libraries , 2012,
Abstract: The UNICUM development project, commissioned by the Academic Heritage Foundation (SAE), is being carried out by the five classic Dutch universities in 2010–11. UNICUM, short for ‘University Collections and University Museums’, has received a national government grant to create a digital portal to Dutch academic heritage. The portal will present both academic archives and museum and library collections. Images, collection metadata and items can be found on one site. The UNICUM idea is inspired by the Online Archive California. The project is important because it crosses the traditional sector boundaries between museums, libraries and archives, it creates awareness of the opportunities this cross-sectoral approach offers, and it retains the context of — and the relation between — objects within collections as a whole. Moreover, the joint effort brings to light the importance of creating metadata according to international standards to stimulate re-use and exchange of content. In addition, UNICUM has to be regarded as a technical project in which multi-level descriptions will be presented and browsed in a structured way (collections linked to objects and archives linked to separate documents). After the project is finished, the focus will shift to generating content. UNICUM aims to create structured and integrated access to academic heritage by: using international standards (CCO, CDWA Lite, Dublin Core) to stimulate exchange of metadata; examining the potential of EAD as an exchange standard for (non-archival) collections and for structuring related items; determining a common method and creating an input module for registration at collection level; formulating ‘Best Practice Guidelines’ for registration of material at collection and item level; choosing available and established thesauri which comprise all aspects of the future content; developing an integrated format for thematic and highlight descriptions; focusing on the interrelation between items on the one hand and collections as a whole on the other, and vice versa, an interrelation which tells the story of and gives meaning to cultural heritage; harvesting of the content of the aggregation by Europeana.
CAQDAS: Vergleichbarkeit der Programme und Datenaustausch CAQDAS Comparability. What about CAQDAS Data Exchange? Equivalencia de CAQDAS. Intercambio de datos en CAQDAS?
Louise Corti,Arofan Gregory
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2010,
Abstract: In diesem Beitrag besch ftigen wir uns mit Fragen der Vergleichbarkeit und Portabilit t computergestützter Analysesoftware (Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis, CAQDAS). Wir gehen dabei von einer Perspektive des Data Sharing und der Archivierung von Daten aus, für die mit Blick auf die Nachhaltigkeit der Datensammlung und ihrer Bearbeitung/Annotation offene Standards erforderlich sind. Deskriptive Metadaten erlauben, die Daten selbst verl sslich zu beschreiben, und durch die Nutzung verbreiterter, offener Standards ist es m glich, auf all diese teilweise sehr komplexen Best nde zuzugreifen. Z.B. haben übliche Forschungsdaten geteilte deskriptive Elemente wie Informationen zur Projektf rderung, zum Sampling, zur Datenerhebung und -analyse. Um diese Daten langfristig zu halten und verfügbar zu machen, müssen sie in ihren Formaten von der jeweils genutzten Software/Plattform unabh ngig sein. Allerdings nutzen die meisten CAQDAS-Programme propriet re Formate für die Daten und für aus den Daten generierte Annotationen, und nur in sehr wenigen F llen ist der Export annotierter Daten m glich. Im Unterschied hierzu favorisieren wir offene, deskriptive Standards, die die nachhaltige Beschreibung und Interpretation von Daten in Datenarchiven erlauben, sowie die M glichkeit des Imports/Exports dieser annotierten Daten durch propriet re Programme. Annotation meint dabei alle Operationen, die mit den Daten vollzogen werden, also Klassifzierungen, Kodieren, Memoschreiben, Daten/Kodes verknüpfen usw.; eine Begriffsverwendung, die eher in der Linguistik als in den Sozialwissenschaften üblich ist. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1101352 This article seeks to address the theme of the comparability of Computer Assisted Qualitative Data AnalysiS (CAQDAS) packages through comparing current software exchangeability and portability. Our perspective is from a data sharing and archiving perspective and the need for open data exchange standards for qualitative data which will enable longer-term sustainability of both data collections and of annotations on these data. Descriptive metadata allow us to describe data robustly and using a common standard enables us to tap the common features of any complex collection. A set of "raw" research outputs (data) have common descriptive elements such as how the research project was funded and how the data were sampled, collected and analysed to form conclusions from that investigation. Data kept for the longer term must ideally be software and platform independent. In this way, we can help future-proof data resources.
Semantic Web Technologies for the Reuse and Adaptation of Educational Documents in E-Learning
Chekry Abderrahman,Khaldi Mohamed
International Journal of Engineering Pedagogy , 2013, DOI: 10.3991/ijep.v3i1.2167
Abstract: This work is about adapting the content of learning with learner’s preferences, and gives the teachers the ability to reuse a given content.
A portal to Dutch academic heritage – www.academischecollecties.nl
Henriette Reerink
University Museums and Collections Journal , 2012,
Abstract: The UNICUM development project, commissioned by the Dutch Academic Heritage Foundation (SAE), has been carried out by the five classic Dutch universities in 2010-12. UNICUM, short for ‘University Collections and University Museums’, has received a national government grant to create a digital portal to Dutch academic heritage. The portal, which can be reached via www.academischecollecties.nl, presents both academic archives and museum and library collections. Images, collection metadata and items can be found on one site. The UNICUM idea is inspired by the Online Archive of California. The project is important because it crosses the traditional sector boundaries between museums, libraries and archives; it creates awareness of the opportunities that this cross-sectoral approach offers; and it retains the context of – and the relation between – objects within collections as a whole. Moreover, the joint effort brings to light the importance of creating metadata according to international standards to stimulate re-use and exchange of content. In addition, UNICUM was intended to be a technical project in which multi-level descriptions are presented and can be browsed in a structured way (collections linked to objects, and archives linked to separate documents). Now that the project is finished, the focus will shift to generating content.
Using Metadata to Build Geographic Information Sharing Environment on Internet
Chih-hong Sun,Shyang-woei Lin,Han-wen Shaw
Journal of Library and Information Studies , 1999,
Abstract: Internet provides a convenient environment to share geographic information. Web GIS (Geographic Information System) even provides users a direct access environment to geographic databases through Internet. However, the complexity of geographic data makes it difficult for users to understand the real content and the limitation of geographic information. In some cases, users may misuse the geographic data and make wrong decisions. Meanwhile, geographic data are distributed across various government agencies, academic institutes, and private organizations, which make it even more difficult for users to fully understand the content of these complex data. To overcome these difficulties, this research uses metadata as a guiding mechanism for users to fully understand the content and the limitation of geographic data. We introduce three metadata standards commonly used for geographic data and metadata authoring tools available in the US. We also review the current development of geographic metadata standard in Taiwan. Two metadata authoring tools are developed in this research, which will enable users to build their own geographic metadata easily.[Article content in Chinese]
The Necessity for Information Space Mapping for Information Retrieval on the Semantic Web
Gregory B. Newby
Information Research: an international electronic journal , 2002,
Abstract: The Semantic Web offers exciting possibilities for information retrieval (IR). In IR, we would like systems that go beyond simply matching words in documents and queries, and instead match based on topic, data type, relations among data, and many other qualities. The Semantic Web, through fuzzy matching of information spaces from different sources, will provide for much more specific information seeking than current Web-based search engines or other IR systems. In order to succeed, however, it is necessary to map between the differing schema, metadata standards, namespaces and so forth used by documents on the Semantic Web. This information space mapping may be accomplished by a simple match or table lookup when document sets come from similar or otherwise well-defined domains. When the match is less precise, sets of rules or algorithms may be employed to map between information spaces. When schema or metadata are inconsistent, though, we are left with a similar data environment as the modern Web, and must rely on the context of the documents themselves to determine the mapping between information spaces.
A Use-Case Based Model for Learning Resources in Educational Mediators
Juan Quemada,Bernd Simon
Educational Technology & Society , 2003,
Abstract: In order to exchange learning resources via educational mediators, resources need to be described with metadata in a coherent manner. Metadata for learning resources has become a widely discussed research topic, but the concept is still too loosely defined to provide guidelines for its use. With this paper we aim to contribute to the design of metadata models, which serve as vehicles for defining educational offers in exchange environments. In the context of educational mediators, the learning object notion is clarified using a taxonomy, which differentiates between educational activities and educational material. The model is derived from two exemplifying use cases of educational mediators implemented in the EducaNext portal: exchange of educational material and mediation of cross-institutional educational activities . The paper targets developers and stakeholders of educational mediators as well as educators and technologists dealing with metadata standards in general.
Design and Application of Knowledge Base Metadata Standards on CALIS Visual Reference Service
CALIS虚拟咨询知识库元数据规范的设计应用*

Liang Nanyan,Xiao Long,
梁南燕
,肖珑

现代图书情报技术 , 2007,
Abstract: 首先讨论CALIS分布式合作虚拟参考咨询服务系统的知识库元数据规范,介绍元数据著录单位,著录对象以及它们之间关系等有关元数据标准确立的基本性问题,然后介绍知识库元数据标准的结构、内容与应用,最后给出知识库元数据相关的问题。
OVERVIEW ON METADATA STANDARDS OF GEO SPATIAL DATA
地球空间数据元数据标准初探

Li Jun,Zhou Chenghu,
李军
,周成虎

地理科学进展 , 1998,
Abstract: Dozens of Metadata standards for geographic information or geo spatial data have been found recently. The paper introduces Content Standards for Digital Geo spatial Metadata, Geographic Information-Metadata, Directory Interchange Format, and Metadata standards of ISO/TC211. Based on those Metadata standards, the authors give one metadata standard for geo spatial data application. The Metadata standard includes three level Metadata sets. The first, named Basic Metadata set, includes fundamental information of Geo spatial dataset such as content, name, format, and it is introduced to serve ordinary data users. The second level Metadata set, named Summery Metadata set, is established to serve geo spatial data managers. And the third level Metadata set, named Detail Metadata set, includes detailed information about Geo spatial data, serving data specialists to manipulate and process geo spatial data.
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