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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 37046 matches for " maternal health status "
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Yayah K. Husaini,Sandjaja Sandjaja,Djoko Kartono,Darwin Karyadi
Bulletin of Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: In Indonesia, the incidence of low birth weight is still very high. Ministry of health is conducting programmes to reduce low birth weight from 14 per cent to 7 per cent by the year of 2000. In optimizing the results of these efforts, some factors associated with maternal health and nutrition are important to be known. This study based on a cohort prospective study in 20,002 pregnant women in Bogor, West Java, discusses a number of factors of socio-economic, medico-obstetrics, and food consumption. The maternal factors significantly associated with low birth weight infants included low formal education (illiteracy), chronic major illness, previous pregnancy with complications such as abortion or low birth weight, interval of pregnancies less than sic months, high blood pressure with edema and protein in urine, very severe anemic or hemoglobin concentration below 8 g%, and low dietary intake. These informations are important in relation to the need for actions to be taken in improving prenatal care through community active participation in health services.
Influencia de la lactancia materna en la salud del ni?o
Calzado Mustelier,Miriam; Rodríguez Rivero,Loida; Vargas Fajardo,Eresmilda; Vistel Sánchez,Mariela;
Revista Cubana de Enfermer?-a , 2000,
Abstract: a descriptive and retrospective study of 38 mothers of children under 4 months from 7 family physicians" offices of the "armando garcía aspurú" polyclinic, in santiago de cuba, coresponding to the first trimester of l998, was carried out to analyze the influence of breast feeding on the child′s health. a survey was done to collect data on the mother and the child, when she received instructions about exclusive breast feeding, age, educational level, knowledge about the advantages of breast milk, sex, nutritional status of the children, most frequent diseases, such as add and ard, and other affections. there was a predominance of the group of mothers aged 20-35 that only gave their children breast milk and that knew its advantages. this fact was connected with the working women with higher educational level. most of the children that received breast milk had a normal nutritional status, with a prevalence of the male sex. it was stressed in our paper that of a total of 38 children, 37 did not get sick, accounting for 97,3%.
Household Environment and Maternal Health Among Rural Women of Northern Cross River State, Nigeria
David B. Ugal
E? : Revista de Humanidades Médicas & Estudios Sociales de la Ciencia y la Tecnología , 2010,
Abstract: Background: Despite policies and programmes designed to ensure safe motherhood, maternal morbidity and mortality rates have remained high in Nigeria. Household environment has been identified as crucial in maternal health; yet, little has been done to identify the environmental conditions that predispose women to morbidity and mortality in predominantly rural Northern Cross River State. This study investigated the role of household decision-making, domestic violence, access to and utilisation of maternal health facilities and socio-cultural practices that influence maternal health status. Methods: A sample of 823 respondents was drawn and used for the study. The study involved both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Twenty each of Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and In-depth Interviews (IDIs) were conducted among women of different ages, traditional birth attendants and elders were key informants. Results: Household environment is significantly related to maternal health (χ2=15.8; P<0.05). The likelihood of better maternal health was significantly higher among households that used flush toilet than pit/latrine (OR=3.2; P<0.05), pipe-borne water than stream water (OR=5.0 P<0.05), electricity/gas for cooking than firewood (OR=8.9, P<0.05). Toilet facilities, water sources and cooking environment were poor among many women thereby exposing them to various infections. Socio-economic status of women played a significant role in maternal health (χ2=13.8; P<0.05). Ever married women had better health status than those that were single (χ2=10.0; P<0.05); women who had their first babies earlier than 20 years of age had poorer health status compared to those who had them later (χ2=14.9; P<0.05). However, maternal educational qualification showed no significant relationship with maternal health. Household sanitation and hygiene behaviour were significantly related to maternal health status (χ2=10.5; P<0.05; χ2=16.5; P<0.05).Conclusion: Maternal health is the result of cumulative effects of household environment, cultural practices, attitudes and behaviours. Improving the household environment and behaviour could improve maternal health. This could be achieved through improvement of health services and information in the rural communities.
Saúde infantil em áreas pobres: resultados de um estudo de base populacional nos municípios de Caracol, Piauí, e Garraf?o do Norte, Pará, Brasil
Cesar, Juraci A.;Chrestani, Maria Aurora D.;Fantinel, Everton J.;Gon?alves, Tatiane S.;Neumann, Nelson A.;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2009000400012
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate child health indicators in the municipalities (counties) of caracol, piauí state, and garraf?o do norte, pará state, brazil. through household visits using systematic sampling, previously trained interviewers applied a standard questionnaire to mothers of under-five children, investigating socioeconomic status, housing and environmental sanitation, demographic characteristics, disease patterns, and prenatal and childbirth care. the analysis used the t-test and chi-square test to compare indicators between the two municipalities. of the 1,728 children studied, 60% were from families with incomes less than one monthly minimum wage (approximately u$200), 41% had no type of sewage treatment or disposal, 10% of mothers reported zero prenatal visits, 30% of the children were born in the same municipality, and 30% had been taken to a pediatric consultation in the previous 3 months; 20% had a height-for-age deficit > 2 standard deviations. all target indicators were deficient in both the municipalities (especially in garraf?o do norte). expanding health care supply and improving housing and sanitation conditions are priorities in both municipalities.
Indicadores de saúde materno infantil em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, 2001: análise dos diferenciais intra-urbanos
Friche, Amélia Augusta de Lima;Caiaffa, Waleska Teixeira;César, Cibele Comini;Goulart, Lúcia Maria de Figueiredo;Almeida, Maria Cristina de Mattos;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2006000900027
Abstract: spatial analysis of health indicators is as an important methodology for detection of intra-urban differences. this study aimed to examine the spatial distribution of all live births in belo horizonte, analyzing the presence of spatial clusters of health indicators for newborns and their mothers, using data from the information system on live births. for each area covered by a primary health care unit, we calculated the indicators using empirical bayesian methods. for spatial analysis, the indicators obtained from the global moran (i) index and local indicators of spatial association (lisa) were used. analysis using lisa showed the presence of relevant spatial clusters for adolescent mothers and those with low schooling, stillbirths in previous pregnancies, cesarean sections, and low attendance at prenatal care, especially in areas with low socio-demographic characteristics. the methodology adopted was configured as a key instrument for detecting risk areas where clustering occurs. the method can easily be incorporated into health surveillance systems as a mechanism for controlling events related to births in a given area.
Saúde materno-infantil e nutri??o de crian?as Kaiowá e Guaraní, área Indígena de Caarapó, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil
Pícoli, Renata Palópoli;Carandina, Luana;Ribas, Dulce Lopes Barbosa;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2006000100025
Abstract: the objective of this study was to evaluate the nutritional status of indigenous children and to determine the conditions of mother-child health. a cross-sectional study was performed with a sample of 137 children from 0 to 59 months of age from kaiowá and guarani indigenous communities, caarapó reserve, mato grosso do sul, brazil. interviews were carried out using a questionnaire covering the conditions of mother-child health. nutritional evaluation was performed using anthropometric measurements (weight and height). results showed that 19.7% of mothers had not undergone prenatal examination and 53.3% had home births. malnutrition in children was 18.2% and 34.1% for the weight/age and height/age indexes, respectively. the proportion of children with malnutrition, when separated by sex, age and education level of the mother, did not show a significant statistical difference for both indexes. this study documented a high occurrence of infant malnutrition and a worrisome mother-child health situation.
índice de status sócio-econ?mico da família da mulher grávida que freqüenta o Centro de Saúde Geraldo de Paula Souza da Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de S?o Paulo
Alvarenga,Augusta Thereza de; Ciari Jr.,Cyro; Santos,Jair L. F.;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1973, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101973000400005
Abstract: following a modified scheme of max weber's theoretical framework applied to the study of social stratification, was sought the conceptual basis for making an index of family social economic status. after selecting the usual socio-economic variable - occupation, income and education - as indicators of family status, the respective weights were obtained by a statistical criterion (zero order correlation between each variable and the total score). according to its total score, each family is located in a certain social group, which represents a stratum in the rank system.
Prevalence of common mental disorders in mothers in the semiarid region of Alagoas and its relationship with nutritional status
Paffer, Adriana Toledo de;Ferreira, Haroldo da Silva;Cabral Júnior, Cyro Rego;Miranda, Claudio Torres de;
Sao Paulo Medical Journal , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-31802012000200003
Abstract: context and objective: compromised maternal mental health (mmh) is considered to be a risk factor for child malnutrition in low income areas. psychosocial variables associated with mmh are potentially different between urban and rural environments. the aim here was to investigate whether associations existed between mmh and selected sociodemographic risk factors and whether specific to urban or rural settings. design and setting: cross-sectional study on a representative population sample of mothers from the semiarid region of alagoas. methods: multistage sampling was used. the subjects were mothers of children aged up to 60 months. mmh was evaluated through the self-reporting questionnaire-20. mothers' nutritional status was assessed using the body mass index and waist circumference. univariate analysis used odds ratios (or) and chi-square. logistic regression was performed separately for urban and rural subsamples using mmh as the dependent variable. results: the sample comprised 288 mothers. the prevalences of common mental disorders (cmd) in rural and urban areas were 56.2% and 43.8%, respectively (or = 1.03; 95% ci: 0.64-1.63). in univariate analysis and logistic regression, the variable of education remained associated with mmh (or = 2.2; 95% ci: 1.03-4.6) in urban areas. in rural areas, the variable of lack of partner remained associated (or = 2.6; 95% ci: 1.01-6.7). conclusions: the prevalence of cmd is high among mothers of children aged up to two years in the semiarid region of alagoas. this seems to be associated with lower educational level in urban settings and lack of partner in rural settings.
Improvements in the Status of Women and Increased Use of Maternal Health Services in Rural Egypt
Nagoya Journal of Medical Science , 2012,
Abstract: This research investigated the association between the household status of women and their use of maternal health services in rural Egypt. Face-to-face interviews with a structured questionnaire to 201 married women were carried out in a village, posing questions about their health service utilization and their household socio-economic status. The association between service utilization and other variables was statistically analysed. Older ages at first marriage and higher education levels showed significant positive associations with the three outcome variables—regular antenatal care (ANC), deliveries attended by skilled health professionals, and deliveries at heath facilities—of the use of maternal health services. Women who had not experienced physical assaults by husbands and had knowledge of community activities were more likely to receive ANC regularly; however, there were no significant association with the other two outcome variables. Participation in household decision-making and availability of assistance with household chores had no significant linkage to the use of maternal health services. Marriages to husbands with secondary or higher levels of education and residence in extended families were significantly associated with greater maternal health service usage. Our results suggest that the improved status of women in the household and moral support from family members contributes to an increase in the use of maternal health services.
Perfil epidemiológico das mortes maternas ocorridas no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: 2004-2007
Carreno, Ioná;Bonilha, Ana Lúcia de Lourenzi;Costa, Juvenal Soares Dias da;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2012000200017
Abstract: this study analyzed the epidemiological profile of maternal deaths that occurred from 2004 to 2007 in rio grande do sul, by means of maternal mortality rates and specific maternal mortality ratio. data was obtained from the health information system database and 323 maternal deaths were identified. in order to analyze indicators, poisson regression and statistical tests were carried out. a decrease in maternal mortality rates (0.98) was identified, although there was no difference in estimate measures (ci95% 0.87-1.10). maternal deaths were more frequent in women who were over 40 years old, had low schooling, black skin and no partners. the period of highest risk of maternal death was during pregnancy and birth, and the main direct causes were arterial hypertension and bleeding. maternal mortality is an important issue to be confronted and reduced, given most maternal deaths could have been avoided.
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