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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 17732 matches for " knowledge assessment "
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A Knowledge Maturity Model for Aerospace Product Development  [PDF]
Qian Jia, Jingyuan Bi, Jingyuan Bi, Liwei Wang, Yukun Yang
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.29026

At present, China's aerospace product development mission are characterized by mammoth task and high responsibility, in which situation, the role of knowledge in business process is particularly prominent. Although we have realized the importance of the problem, and embarked on the accumulation job, the problem faced is that we lack the criteria to judge our harvest, which spontaneously caused that we cannot define the quality and practical value of accumulated knowledge. Focusing of above problems, the paper puts forward a knowledge maturity model for aerospace product development, which divides knowledge maturity into 6 levels according to development process. Criteria of each level as well as translation condition to next grade is elaborated, assessment note is specially stated, aiming at offering enterprises a potent method for knowledge system construction and evaluation.

The Relationship between Assessment Skills and Nursing Knowledge  [PDF]
Keiko Aizu, Kasumi Mikami, Ryoko Tsuchiya, Mayumi Shimizu, Nanae Kojima, Naoki Oka, Yoshiko Nishizawa
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.512114
Abstract: This research aimed to clarify the relationship between nursing students’ levels of structural knowledge and assessment skills. Participants were 17 third-year university students majoring in nursing who participated individually in the experiments. The experiments included a nursing-scene task, free-recall task, and sorting task. Experiments were conducted before and after their clinical practice. Each student’s level of structural knowledge was calculated from the free-recall and sorting task responses, and each student’s assessment skill was calculated from the nursing-scene task responses. Levels of structural knowledge were significantly higher in post-examination compared with pre-examination (p < 0.01). Assessment skills scores were also significantly higher in post-examination compared with pre-examination (p < 0.001). When comparing assessment skills in relation to levels of structural knowledge, the high-structured group (n = 5) had significantly higher scores for their conclusions and reasons than the low-structured group (n = 5) (p < 0.001). Information-collecting scores in the task case did not differ between the low- and high-structured groups, although the high-structured group tended to mention information that was not included in the task case (p < 0.10). Well-structured knowledge of students in the high-structured group seemed to enable them to acquire and activate highly related information during assessment. Students in the high-structured group apparently made assessments not only by using information given but also by over viewing information comprehensively.
Avaliando a aprendizagem e o ensino com pesquisa no Ensino Médio
Portilho, Evelise Maria Labatut;Almeida, Siderly do Carmo Dahle de;
Ensaio: Avalia??o e Políticas Públicas em Educa??o , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-40362008000300009
Abstract: knowledge is a response for the human needs of finding a place in the world; therefore, it is inherent in humankind. this article intends to show that the researches elaborated by students must be done in an ethical and systematized way, in order to provide a significant building of learning, and also to propose an investigative attitude when dealing with the unknown and the restrictions imposed by nature and society. in this kind of activity the assessment takes into consideration the involvement, participation, knowledge creation, development, journey and quality in the educational process. this paper is based on a research on second grade students and teachers from one private high school and one public high school in the city of curitiba. the results show that the survey is a viable educational activity in the school environment and that teachers have a great influence on the education of future university student researchers. it emphasizes that teachers should be aware of their role as educators and that they also have to encourage the teaching-learning process in school. thus, teachers should not accept copied research papers from students, and the students must know that this practice will not increase their knowledge.
Indigenous Knowledge and Techniques of Runoff Harvesting (Bandsar and Khooshab) in Arid and Semi Arid Regions of Iran  [PDF]
Ali Akbar Nazari Samani, Shahram Khalighi, Mahmood Arabkhedri, Jalil Farzadmehr
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.68074

Two-thirds of Iran’s landmass is considered a desert-land devoid of forests and green pastures. Such a harsh environmental condition ancient Iranian innovated amazing techniques and knowledge for supplying water, which are recently called indigenous knowledge. Rain water and runoff harvesting techniques are often applied to increase the water recharge and consequently productivity in arid regions. The sizes of runoff harvesting structures are varying form micro to macro landscape. Qanat, Khooshab, Bandsar and Degar are the most famous indigenous techniques of water resources management in Iran. We tried to introduce two methods (Bandsar and Khooshab), their classification and structure as well as benefits. Bandsar is a kind of flood farming structure ground water recharge prevailed in Khorasan province of eastern Iran. Depending on rainfall, land topography and geomorphology of area, different types have been established to use floods and agricultural activities. Their area is about 0.5 to 5 ha in alluvial fans and piedmont plain. Its structure consists of plots, basin and levee along contour lines and dry rivers. The upland generated runoff is stored in the basin to infiltrate. Moreover, the fine trapped sediment in Bandsar as a fertile material cause to improve sandy soils. Khooshab is another traditional method used in southeast of Iran (Sistan va Baluchistan). It is a wall structures built across or along the dry river to catch the summer Monson floods water and cultivation as well as combat to wind erosion. Their areas are about 1 - 10 ha and crops such as wheat, maize and barely are produced through them. Flood plains and piedmont are the best location for Khooshabs which caused aquifer recharging. This work tries to explain about environmental condition affect the outcomes of mentioned techniques and their side effects

Investigating Mathematics Student Teachers’ Pedagogical Content Knowledge in the Context of Knowledge of Assessment
Sava? BA?TüRK,Gülden D?NMEZ
Journal of Kirsehir Education Faculty , 2011,
Abstract: One of the components of Pedagogical Content Knowledge is the Knowledge of Assessment. Knowledge of Assessment includes that teacher knows the purposes and strategies of assessment and possess the abilities to construct and implement them. The new secondary mathematics curriculum asks teachers to adopt the constructivist approach in their teaching and assessment methods. In this study, the purpose is to determine student teachers knowledge of assessment related to the limit and continuity concept. First, Content Knowledge Questionnaire on the limit and continuity concepts was administered to 37 student teachers and then 4 of them who had different levels of subject matter were selected taking into account of the results of the questionnaire. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with these student teachers, and they asked to prepare a lesson plan of the limit and continuity concepts and then teach it through micro-teaching. Obtained data shows that the student teachers knowledge of assessment was limited and consisted of traditional assessment methods such as written and oral examination.
Avalia??o dos conhecimentos teóricos dos diabéticos de um programa interdisciplinar
AImeida, Henriqueta Galvanin Guidio de;Takahashi, Olga Chizue;Haddad, Maria do Carmo Louren?o;Guariente, Helena Dantas de Menezes;Oliveira, Maria Leocádia de;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 1995, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11691995000200011
Abstract: using an instrument of evaluation of theoretical knowledge, the authors have assessed the capacity of understanding and memorizing often groups of diabetes' carriers that were being followed by a multiprofessional team from the ambulatory of the hurnp. the evaluation included the discussion of a variety of subjects which were part of the activities of an educational program. only one group of patients showed a satisfactory performance. individual analysis showed that young diabetes' carriers, that were motivated and had good level of understanding, had a better performance. it was concluded that the evaluation allows the selection of patients that need specific reinforcement and that a plan of activities can be elaborated according to the tested subjects.
Enhancement and knowledge
Cinzia Talamo
Techne : Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment , 2012,
Abstract: Many issues related to enhancement strategies emerge nowadays both from the scenario offered by public real estates and from the current processes of conveyance of public assets to local authorities. On one hand it is still difficult, from a strategic point of view, to approach in the medium-long term the chronic problems of the public estates due to deterioration, obsolescence and organizational inadequacy. On the other hand there is the risk that inadequate levels of knowledge lead on one side to a prevalence of the binomial enhancement-alienation and on the other side to a lack of full comprehension of the actual potentialities of the existing assets. In this direction it is possible to analyze the topic of enhancement through, among many, the key of knowledge during the lifecycle of a building.
Algumas reflex?es acerca dos saberes dos alunos em Portugal
Fernandes, Domingos;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302008000100014
Abstract: this paper brings a discussion on issues that should be taken into account in the process of finding out what students know in the context of the portuguese education system. that process is too dependent on external assessment tools (i.e., national standardized examinations), whose limitations are well established in related works. there is a need to seriously consider internal assessment as it has the potential to provide us with a wider and deeper understanding of what students know. the discussion of the main features of external assessment allowed reflections on some contemporary challenges that must be faced by the portuguese society.
Knowledge Based Economy Assessment
Madalina Cristina Tocan
Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology , 2012,
Abstract: The importance of knowledge-based economy (KBE) in the XXI century isevident. In the article the reflection of knowledge on economy is analyzed. The main point is targeted to the analysis of characteristics of knowledge expression in economy and to the construction of structure of KBE expression. This allows understanding the mechanism of functioning of knowledge economy. Theauthors highlight the possibility to assess the penetration level of KBE which could manifest itself trough the existence of products of knowledge expression which could be created in acquisition, creation, usage and development of them. The latter phenomenon is interpreted as knowledge expression characteristics: economic and social context, human resources, ICT, innovative business and innovation policy. The reason for this analysis was based on the idea that in spite of the knowledge economy existence in all developed World countries adefinitive, universal list of indicators for mapping and measuring the KBE does not yet exists. Knowledge Expression Assessment Models are presented in the article.
The Assessment Models of Knowledge-Based Economy Penetration
K?stutis Kri??iūnas,Rasa Daug?lien?
Engineering Economics , 2006,
Abstract: The importance of knowledge-based economy (KBE)in the XXI century is evident. In the article the reflectionof knowledge on economy is analysed. The main point istargeted to the analysis of characteristics of knowledgeexpression in economy and to the construction of structureof KBE expression. This allows understanding themechanism of functioning of knowledge economy.The authors highlight the possibility to assess thepenetration level of KBE which could manifest itselftrough the existence of products of knowledge expressionwhich could be created in acquisition, creation, usageand development of them. The latter phenomenon is interpretedas knowledge expression characteristics: economicand social context, human resources, ICT, innovativebusiness and innovation policy. The reason for thisanalysis was based on the idea that in spite of the knowledgeeconomy existence in all developed World countriesa definitive, universal list of indicators for mapping andmeasuring the KBE does not yet exist.Two theoretically separated groups of KnowledgeExpression Assessment Models are presented in the article.Considering shortages of analysed models and seekingto create flexible model for knowledge expressionassessment, instrument for the assessment of knowledgeexpression in economy is suggested in the article. Thestructure of evolvent of knowledge expression assessmentcriteria as well as the possible fields and subjects for theapplication of suggested instrument is declared in thearticle as well.
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