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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1866 matches for " justice "
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Economic Justice and the 2003-2010 Recession: Lessons Learned for Multi-Level Social Work Practice  [PDF]
Janice Gasker, Jia Yu
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2014.412030
Abstract: The pursuit of social justice is a defining value of the social work profession, and its economic component is widely perceived to be an essential component of this quest. Consequently, social workers will practice to their fullest capacities if they understand the contemporary economic phenomena needed to promote social justice on all levels of practice, and discipline-specific knowledge in an accessible format is required to do so. In response, this paper provides a social work perspective on the world-wide recession of 2003-2010 along with implications for micro, mezzo and macro practice.
Natural Rights, Morality, and the Law  [PDF]
Drum Peter
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2011.21004
Abstract: It is argued that despite attempts to discount the importance of natural rights for morality, they are fundamental to it; therefore, so too are natural rights to the legitimacy of the law.
Igbo African Legal and Justice System A Philosophical Analysis  [PDF]
Bonachristus Umeogu
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.22018
Abstract: Law is a body of rules whether formal, written, informal or unwritten that are used to maintain relative peace and order in any given society. Before the advent of civilization, the Igbo people had their own legal system which though might look different in form from the western law but have the same purpose of guiding man into the state of oughtness. This research paper mirrored the legal and justice system of the Igbo people.
Multiple Dimensions of Organizational Justice and Work-Related Outcomes among Health-Care Professionals  [PDF]
Urmila Rani Srivastava
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2015.511067
Abstract: The notion of the fairness or justice has become an increasingly important construct in behaviour and management over the last two decades because of its serious personal and organizational consequences. Despite considerable research on job satisfaction and organizational commitment of employees, various types and forms of employees’ justice perceptions have not been adequately examined. Studies of organizational justice in the area of health-care professionals are especially limited in the Indian setting. Because of higher expectations and demands on Indian hospitals, the issues of organizational justice and its associated work-related outcomes are quite relevant to employees working in them. With this background, the purpose of present study is to examine and compare the influence of different dimensions of organizational justice (of distributive, procedural, interpersonal (or relational), and informational justice) on work-related outcomes of job satisfaction and organizational commitment with special reference of healthcare professionals. Participants of the present study consisted of 100 health-care professional working in a government hospitals located in Varanasi (U.P., India). They were classified into three ranks: Doctors (N = 36), Nurses (N = 44), and Technicians and Hospital Administrative Staff (N = 20) and were mainly recruited from four major clinical departments—cardiology, gastroenterology, obstetrics & gynecology, and ENT. The statistical analyses of data included the descriptive statistics, coefficient of correlation and hierarchical regression analysis. The results of regression analysis revealed that among the four dimensions of justice, only procedural justice and relational justice significantly positively predicted job satisfaction of employees. Distributive and informational justice did not predict job satisfaction. Findings further indicated that informational justice was the only dimension that had significantly and positively predicted organizational commitment. Despite the significant zero-order correlations, distributive, procedural, interpersonal or relational justice did not predict organizational commitment. Implications of the study and avenues for future research were discussed.
Restorative justice within the criminal justice system
Vasiljevi?-Prodanovi? Danica
Temida , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/tem1003057v
Abstract: Positioning of restorative justice within the criminal justice system is one of the current questions preoccupying theorists and practitioners in the field. During decades restorative justice processes have been predominantly used within juvenile justice systems for dealing with minor offences committed by juveniles. Number of jurisdictions in Europe, USA, Canada, Australia have criminal codifications containing provisions that enable use of restorative justice processes in aim of diversion. Recent initiatives create possibility of applying restorative procedure in cases of serious crimes committed by adult offenders. This article reviews theoretical discussions and practical issues relating the scope and tasks of restorative justice within criminal justice, which may contribute to the development and use of restorative processes in our criminal justice system.
Autonomy and Intervention in Medical Practice  [PDF]
Jianli Song
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2018.83021
Abstract: Autonomy and intervention are two terms of Political philosophy, and they have always been essentially located polar opposites of each other. But in medical practice, it is problematic to stress alone that either side. We should get rid of abstract liberal individual right thinking and reconsider the relationship between the patients and the physicians in all kinds of real situations. Only if we truly worship and praise for the life, including more moral and humanistic concern in abstract right discourse, the more elastic the ethical decision model will be aroused in current medical practice.
Impact of Organizational Justice on Engineering Workers Job Satisfaction (a Research on 100 Engineering Workers Are Working in Department of Electrical at Al-Arabia Sugar Mill, Noon Sugar Mill and Shakarganj Sugar Mill Manufacturing Plants in Sugar Industry of Pakistan)  [PDF]
Kamran Nawaz, Mudassar Usman, Muhammad Nadeem, Fatima Nisar, Kashif Saleem
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2018.811148
Abstract: This research paper focused its aim to investigate the consequences of organizational justice and its components on the job satisfaction of engineering workers working in the three different organizations in same sugar industry. This work further contributed to examine the relationships of distributive, procedural and interactional justice with the satisfactory feelings of electrical workers at manufacturing plants of three different organizations. To find out the fact on this topic, three different organizations manufacturing plants engineering workers are specifically working in electrical department. For data collection, a sample of 100 electrical employees is selected randomly. Structured close ended questionnaire is used to collect the data. After completing the process of data collection SPSS is used for data analysis. The output of analysis confirms that organizational justice and its components have perfect positive relationship with the satisfaction level of engineering workers of electrical department. Furthermore, they have positive linkages with engineering workers work satisfaction. It is expected that, this paper will provide fruitful assistance to scholars for further research on the topic of organizational justice and its significant role for employee’s job satisfaction.
The Justice That Overrules the Rules of Justice
Anthony de Jasay
Rationality, Markets and Morals , 2009,
Abstract: Justice is intrinsically distributive; it distributes by its rules. 'Distributive' or 'social' justice redistributes by overruling them. It has theories that do not start 'from here'. It has no rules; it makes claims instead. Both its names are fraudulent aliases, 'social' perhaps less blatantly so. Satisfaction of a claim in 'social' justice depends on politics and tends to favour the poorer half of society. This commands general sympathy, but sympathy does not make it any less unjust.
Impact of Organizational Justice and Psychological Empowerment on Perceived Organizational Performance: The Mediating Role of Organizational Citizenship Behaviour  [PDF]
Mirza Muhammad Azeem, Muhammad Abrar, Mohsin Bashir, Ali Zubair
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2015.55029
Abstract: The present research analysed the relationships among organizational justice, psychological empowerment, organizational citizenship behaviour, and perceived organizational performance. For this purpose, the data was collected from 260 employees working in different banks in Pakistan. Baron and Kenny’s regression approach was used to test the mediation effect. In addition, Sobel test by Preacher, K. J. & Hayes, A. F. was also used for bootstrapping in the SPSS. All the alternate hypotheses of the study were accepted. The results of the study revealed that organizational citizenship behaviour partially mediated the relationship between organizational justice and perceived organizational performance. It was also found that organizational citizenship behaviour fully mediated the relationship between psychological empowerment and perceived organizational performance.
Psicologia Social da Justi?a: Fundamentos e desenvolvimentos teóricos e empíricos
Análise Psicológica , 2010,
Abstract: this paper intends to provide the reader with a literature review of what we consider to be the main theoretical and empirical developments of social psychology of justice. in order to accomplish this systematisation we departed from the theoretical eras in justice research identified by tyler, boeckman, smith and huo (1997): relative deprivation, distributive justice, procedural justice, retributive justice, to which we added restorative justice (braithwaite, 1999).
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