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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 778 matches for " introduced varieties "
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Clone selection of autochtones and introduced varieties in the old grapevine planted areas of south eastern and eastern Serbia and preliminary check of their health status
Siv?ev Branislava,Rankovi?-Vasi? Zorica,Radovanovi? Dragica
Genetika , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/gensr1103465s
Abstract: Clone and sanitary selection of the grapevine has a fundamental importance in improving the quality and the quantity of the grape production in Serbia. In order to preserve the varieties of the old vineyards, the clone and sanitary selection has begun in 2006 in the South Eastern Serbia vineyard areas, 1048 grapevine plants have been examined in three distant vineyards and 60 grapevine plants have been separated that deserved attention based on their production characteristics. The selected plants have been tested serologically, with the ELISA method, to the presence of 4 grapevine viruses: Grapevine leaf roll-associated virus 1, Grapevine leaf roll-associated virus 2 and Grapevine leaf roll-associated virus 3 (GLRaV- 1, GLRaV-2 and GLRaV-3), and grapevine fun leaf virus- GFLV. The infection level of the selected plants was between 10.5% (vineyard III) and 22.2% (vineyard II). We eliminated the infected plants among the selected ones and analyzed only the healthy ones in the 2008. Various potential variety clones have been selected for Prokupac, Pamid, Dimyat, Sauvignon blanc, Rosaki, Chasselas, Semillon, Detier de Bayreuth and Riesling. In 2008 we have repeated the same procedure we did in 2006 but in a different region - the Eastern Serbia area on the autochthonous variety of Muscat des roses noir on 400 grapevine plants 40 potential clones have been selected. The goal of this paper was check out the health status to preserve the autochthonous and introduced varieties of the eastern and south eastern region and to renew the vineyards it’s grown in. It was necessary to go on following the selected candidate - clones for other viruses based on EPPO PM 4/1-26 certification scheme in order to identify the virus-free clones to multiply, conserve and maintain in the collection growing areas.
Efecto de la sequía en la producción de biomasa y grano de frijol
Acosta-Díaz, Efraín;Hernández-Torres, Ismael;Rodríguez-Guerra, Raúl;Pedroza-Flores, Jesús;Amador-Ramírez, Mario D.;Padilla-Ramírez, José Saúl;
Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas , 2011,
Abstract: intermittent drought is most limiting factor for bean production (phaseolus vulgaris l.) under seasonal conditions in mexico. aim of this work was to determine drought effect on biomass accumulation of sprout and grain yield in creole and introduced seasonal bean varieties. two experiments were set, one with 21 native varieties and another with 15 introduced varieties, from different uncertain type growth habit, at academic unit la asención from agronomy school of universidad autónoma de nuevo león, mexico in 2009. experiments were done under two treatments of soil humidity: irrigation during whole cycle and drought. in irrigation treatment soil was kept above 60% of serviceable humidity during cultivation cycle, by precipitation and four irrigation aids (two before and other two after flowering), while in treatment of drought irrigation was suspended when flowering started. in both experiments, under drought condition biomass accumulation of sprout and grain yield was significantly lower (p≤ 0.01) than in irrigation treatment. in general, effect of drought treatment on sprout's dry weight was greater in native varieties, while effect on grain yield was greater in introduced varieties. in drought, varieties with higher yield were: native, pinto-2, pinto-1, amarillo mantequilla, boleado, bayo blanco, canelo and quipincillo rojo-1; and introduced, peruano, flor de mayo media oreja, pinto-5 and ojo de cabra. in accordance with drought susceptibility index and geometric average, most efficient varieties for production of grain yield under both humidity conditions were: pinto-2, amarillo mantequilla, pinto-1, boleado, peruano, flor de mayo media oreja, pinto-5 and ojo de cabra; without exception, all these varieties were collected in test region, which demonstrates importance of local adaptation under drought conditions.
Efecto de la sequía en la producción de biomasa y grano de frijol Drought effect in bean biomass and grain production
Efraín Acosta-Díaz,Ismael Hernández-Torres,Raúl Rodríguez-Guerra,Jorge Alberto Acosta-Gallegos
Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas , 2011,
Abstract: La sequía intermitente es el factor que más limita la producción de frijol (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) bajo temporal en México. El objetivo fue determinar el efecto de la sequía sobre la acumulación de biomasa del vástago y el rendimiento de grano en variedades criollas e introducidas de frijol de temporal. Se establecieron dos experimentos, uno con 21 variedades nativas y otro con 15 variedades introducidas, de diferente hábito de crecimiento indeterminado, en la Unidad Académica La Ascensión de la Facultad de Agronomía de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, México en 2009. Los experimentos se condujeron bajo dos tratamientos de humedad del suelo: riego durante todo el ciclo y sequía. En el tratamiento de riego el suelo se mantuvo por encima de 60% de humedad aprovechable durante el ciclo del cultivo, mediante la precipitación y cuatro riegos de auxilio (dos antes y otros dos después de floración), mientras que en el tratamiento de sequía el riego se suspendió a partir del inicio de la floración. En los dos experimentos, bajo la condición de sequía la acumulación de biomasa del vástago y el rendimiento de grano fue significativamente inferior (p≤ 0.01) que en el tratamiento de riego. En general, el efecto del tratamiento de sequía sobre el peso seco del vástago fue mayor en las variedades nativas, mientras que el efecto sobre el rendimiento de grano fue mayor en las variedades introducidas. En sequía, las variedades de mayor rendimiento, fueron: nativas, Pinto-2, Pinto-1, Amarillo Mantequilla, Boleado, Bayo Blanco, Canelo y Quipincillo Rojo-1 e introducidas, Peruano, Flor de Mayo Media Oreja, Pinto-5 y Ojo de Cabra. De acuerdo con el índice de susceptibilidad a la sequía y la media geométrica, las variedades más eficientes para la producción de rendimiento de grano en ambas condiciones de humedad fueron: Pinto-2, Amarillo Mantequilla, Pinto-1, Boleado, Peruano, Flor de Mayo Media Oreja, Pinto-5 y Ojo de Cabra; sin excepción, todas estas variedades fueron colectadas en la región de prueba, lo que demuestra la importancia de la adaptación local en condiciones de sequía. Intermittent drought is most limiting factor for bean production (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under seasonal conditions in Mexico. Aim of this work was to determine drought effect on biomass accumulation of sprout and grain yield in creole and introduced seasonal bean varieties. Two experiments were set, one with 21 native varieties and another with 15 introduced varieties, from different uncertain type growth habit, at Academic Unit La Asención from Agronomy School of Universidad Autónoma de Nu
Growth, Yield and Quality Performance of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum americanum L.)  [PDF]
Mahmood Ul Hassan, Azraf-ul-Haq Ahmad, Shahid Ibni Zamir, Ihtishamul Haq, Farhan Khalid, Tassadduq Rasool, Adil Hussain
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.515235
Abstract:

Livestock industry of Pakistan is expanding day by day. To meet its growing demand high fodder yielding and nutritious varieties of fodder crops are needed. Pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum L.) is an excellent choice for this purpose. In order to explore the possibility of the better yield potential varieties of pearl millet performed in a good manner under agro ecological conditions of Faisalabad during the year 2012. A field experiment was conducted at Agronomic Research Area, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Randomized complete block design was used with three replications; the net plot size was 1.8 m × 6 m. The experiment was comprised of nine millet varieties named Cholistani Bajra, Barani Bajra, MB-87, Sargodha Bajra 2011, 18-BY, Super Bajra-1, PARC-MS-2, 86-M-52 and FB-822. All other agronomic practices were kept normal and constant. Data on yield and yield components were recorded by standard procedure. Significant results were recorded among the varieties for forage growth and yield. The variety 86-M-52 produced maximum forage and dry matter yield because of more number of leaves (14), leaf area (3540.1 cm2) followed by Sargodha Bajra-2011. All cultivars have statistically significant differences in respect of quality characteristics. However, non-significant differences were observed among cultivars regarding ash

Impact of the introduced small Indian mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus) on abundance and activity time of the introduced ship rat (Rattus rattus) and the small mammal community on Adriatic islands, Croatia
Arijana Barun,Daniel Simberloff,Nikola Tvrtkovic,Michel Pascal
NeoBiota , 2011, DOI: 10.3897/neobiota.11.1819
Abstract: The small Indian mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus) is one of the world’s 100 worst invasive species (IUCN 2000). It has negative impacts on several small mammals on islands where it was introduced. We assess the abundance of small mammal populations and the activity time of introduced ship rats (Rattus rattus) on three mongoose-infested and three mongoose-free islands in the Adriatic Sea, Croatia. We set up three transects on each island with a trapping system consisting of 30 small live traps to capture small mammals under 30 grams and 30 larger traps to capture ship rats and mongooses, on each transect. Our results support an already large but mostly speculative literature that suggests inability of the small Indian mongoose to reduce high abundances of introduced R. rattus. Further, we suggest that the low abundance of native small mammals is probably not solely caused by the mongoose but also by high R. rattus populations on all six islands. In addition, we provide evidence that R. rattus has changed its activity time to become more nocturnal on mongoose-infested islands, possibly to avoid predation by the mongoose. As R. rattus became more nocturnal, the diurnal mongoose may have become the main predator on amphibians, reptiles, and poultry.
Stenochrus portoricensis new to the Czech Republic (Schizomida, Hubbardiidae)
Korenko, Stanislav,Harvey, Mark,Pekár, Stano
Arachnologische Mitteilungen , 2009, DOI: 10.5431/aramit3801
Abstract: A schizomid, Stenochrus portoricensis Chamberlin, 1922 (family Hubbardiidae), was collected in a greenhouse in Brno. This is the first discovery of a schizomid from the Czech Republic.
Identification of a wandering spider introduced into Germany (Araneae: Ctenidae: Phoneutria boliviensis)
J?ger, Peter,Blick, Theo
Arachnologische Mitteilungen , 2009, DOI: 10.5431/aramit3805
Abstract: Data and a drawing of the epigyne of Phoneutria boliviensis (F.O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897), recently recorded from Germany, are presented. The specimen was introduced with cargo (bananas) from Brazil. Characters of the single female are illustrated to facilitate identification in the future, since in the two recent revisions of the genus no drawing of the epigyne of P. boliviensis was included. Another case of introduction from 1998 of an unidentified subadult Phoneutria specimen, probably P. boliviensis too, with bananas from Ecuador is documented.
Nesticodes rufipes – first record of a pantropical spider in Germany (Araneae: Theridiidae)
Gabriel, Guido
Arachnologische Mitteilungen , 2010, DOI: 10.5431/aramit3905
Abstract: Records of Nesticodes rufipes (Lucas, 1846) from Saxony, Germany are presented. The three females of Nesticodes rufipes were found associated with the zoo trade in the cities of Chemnitz and Plauen in cricket boxes. Female genitalia are illustrated.
Analysis of Genetical Diversity of Some of the Tetraploides Potato Cultivars Grown in Iran  [PDF]
Mehdi Nasr Esfahai, Mashid Rostam Pour, Alireza Pazoki
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.312216
Abstract: The genetical diversity of potato, Solanum tuberosum was assessed using morphological traits. To verify, how this diversity is distributed among the main potato varieties grown in Iran. A total of eleven potato varieties, Ramose, Sante, Shepody, Marfona, Maradona, Milova, Santana, Boren, Cosima, Granola and Agria, were evaluated under vivo and situ experimental conditions in Isfahan, conditions, Iran. Seven phenological, floral and morphological vegetative aerial descriptors, Growth Rate = CGR, Net Assimilation Rate = NAR, Leaf Area Duration = LAD, Leaf Area Ratio = LAR and specific Leaf Area = SLA were recorded. The descriptors were evaluated by SAS Software and their means comparison by DMRT test. Certain defined groups were observed, indicating that the diversity of the cultivars are structured with a considerable morphological variation in between the varieties with a very high significant growth indices.
The Phenolic Potential of Wines from French Grape Varieties Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Syrah Cultivated in the Region of Thessaloniki (Northern Greece) and Its Evolution during Aging  [PDF]
Konstantina Stavridou, Evangelos H. Soufleros, Elisavet Bouloumpasi, Vagia Dagkli
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2016.72014
Abstract:

The aim of this work is mainly to determine the effect of the pedoclimatic conditions (“terroir”) on the phenolic composition of wine originated from three French red grape varieties Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Syrah, cultivated in the region of Thessaloniki (Northern Greece); simultaneously a study of its evolution during aging in a stainless steel tank, in oak barrels of different origin and in bottles is conducted. Additionally, in this work, we try to compare the evolution of phenolic composition of wines during aging in French medium toast oak barrel and in American heavy toast oak barrel. For this reason, 20 red wine samples originated from this area were analyzed. The color markers were measured by UV-spectrometry, while the phenolic acids and catechin content of the wine samples and their evolution during aging were determine by UVis-High performance liquid chromatography. Significant differences detected among the three grape varieties regarding color parameters, total anthocyanins and some phenolic acids. The increase of the extraction time during vinification affected the amounts of phenolic acids, catechin, total phenolic index (TPI) and tannin content. Gallic acid and catechin were the most abundant phenolic compounds and their amounts, as well as the concentrations of several phenolic acids were significantly affected during the storage period. Finally, the phenolic composition and the amounts of phenolic acids did not appear to be affected by the origin of oak barrels.

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