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Identifying Contrasting Chinese and Japanese Cultural Values: Implications for Intercultural Youth Education  [PDF]
Yuri Okunishi, Tomoko Tanaka, Hongru Tian, Yutian Bai
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.39006

This study focuses on the nature of contrasting cultural values between China and Japan. Considering the values traditionally recognized as being unique and distinctive to China as well as those identified in previous research, four short stories addressing cultural conflict between Chinese and Japanese values were devised. Eight Japanese college students studying at universities in western Japan were interviewed in the winter of 2014 and were asked to openly give their interpretation of behaviors of those bound by conventional Chinese values. The qualitative analyses of the verbal data resulted in the extraction of coded concepts, which were then arranged to enable a comparison with our previous study that was similarly conducted with 18 Chinese college students. Five sets of contrasting cultural values between China and Japan were identified: 1) Respect for an individual’s mianzi (face) and original opinions versus respect for group consensus and opinions; 2) Prioritization of enthusiasm over planning in maintaining friendships versus priority on appointment and efficiency; 3) Wider human networking versus limited human relationships; 4) Openness and directness among good friends versus reservation and maintenance of respectful distance; 5) Social expected repayment from children to parents versus one-way devotion from parents to children. It is considered that raising people’s awareness of the historical background and social reasoning behind distinct cultural values—and the rationale behind them—would help them understand seemingly similar but, in fact, very contrasting cultural values of a neighboring country.

An Empirical Study of Chinese Learners’ Intercultural Sensitivity
Xinmin Hou
Journal of Language Teaching and Research , 2010, DOI: 10.4304/jltr.1.3.327-331
Abstract: This paper is a pilot study which endeavors to evaluate the status quo of the Chinese learners intercultural sensitivity. The study provides first-hand information for intercultural education in China.
Intercultural Competence in Intercultural Business Communication  [PDF]
Min Zheng
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.33029
Abstract: With the development of the integration of the world and the language and culture, the cultivation of intercultural communicative competence has become the ultimate goal of the foreign language teaching. This paper begins by analyzing personal understandings of successful Intercultural Business Communication skills and importance of learning Intercultural Business Communication skills, followed by four stages in experiencing a new culture skills, and at last it brings forward four action plans to improve the skills.
An Empirical Study on Different Tendencies toward Indulgence-Restraint Dimension from the Intercultural Perspective —In the Case of Guangdong Province  [PDF]
Cai Jie, Luo Jing
Chinese Studies (ChnStd) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/chnstd.2015.44017
Abstract: With the booming development of economic globalization nowadays, intercultural communication becomes more and more important. Based on Hofstede’s indulgence-restraint dimension, this thesis aims to testify whether Hofstede’s opinion that China is largely a restrained country, is correct in Guangdong Province, a coastal area with the largest population of China, and to investigate different groups of people’s different tendencies toward indulgence and restraint. The study is carried out in Guangdong Province, because Guangdong is a special area which is one of the most rapidly developing areas in China and it locates next to Macau and Hong Kong, which may bring it with more different cultures and ideas. After conducting a questionnaire survey in Guangdong with a self-made questionnaire, the author gets the following findings. 1) The subjects generally show a stronger tendency toward indulgence than to restraint through comparing the mean scores of them respectively. 2) With respect to genders, males have fewer tendencies toward indulgence than females and more tendencies toward restraint. 3) Considering age groups, people aged more have more tendencies toward restraint and fewer tendencies toward indulgence. What’s more, people aged from 18 to 60 are generally indulgence-oriented while people aged above 60 years old are generally restraint-oriented. 4) People with different disposable income groups and different educational backgrounds have no significant difference in general. All of them, generally, tend to be indulgent. The results of the study can help both foreign and local people to know more about Guangdong so as to enhance the mutual understanding to improve communication efficiency and help construct a harmonious society.
Cultural Sensitivity of Japanese Nurses: Exploring Clinical Application of the Intercultural Sensitivity Scale  [PDF]
Tomiko Toda, Mitsue Maru
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2018.89048
Abstract: Unlike Western countries, Asian countries have a brief history of caring for patients with various cultural and linguistic backgrounds. Healthcare professionals face difficulty in providing care to foreign patients. Presumably, those with higher cultural sensitivity possess higher cultural competency, and cultural indicators are associated with personal factors, such as interest in or learning experience of foreign languages. We examined correlations between Intercultural Sensitivity Scale (ISS) and Cultural Competence in Nursing Scale (CCNS) scores in Japanese nurses and discussed implications of our findings in increasing cultural sensitivity in countries with limited exposure to foreign culture. A questionnaire survey on ISS, CCNS, and personal factors was conducted among 156 nurses. Correlations among the two scales and personal factors were analyzed. Total ISS scores were comparable with previously reported scores. ISS and CCNS scores were moderately correlated. ISS subscale scores were moderately correlated with the learning experience of foreign languages. Nurses most commonly learned English; most foreign patients were Chinese. Experiences of providing care to foreign patients were not related to cultural sensitivity. The lowest ISS score was obtained in “interaction confidence” subscale. Languages used by foreign patients did not match languages that nurses had interest in or had learned; this may contribute to their low confidence in interacting with foreigners. Nurses in a country with limited exposure to different cultures need educational intervention for providing care to foreigners regardless of their cultural experiences. ISS may be useful to identify nurses who need further education to foster confidence while interacting with foreigners.
Future Primary School Teachers Attitudes toward Intercultural and Bilingual Education in Primary Schools  [PDF]
Vlasta Hus, Polona Jan?i? Hegedi?
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.916221
Abstract: This article analyses the attitudes of future primary school teachers, who, are currently students of the elementary education programme, toward intercultural and bilingual education. The problem is examined from three different aspects, the opinion of the students concerning the applicability of intercultural and bilingual education, advantages and disadvantages of intercultural and bilingual education and, lastly the knowledge of intercultural and bilingual education in bilingual primary schools. Interculturalism?is?a current topic?in?society today and can be presented as an ethnic-political project that aims at solving problems of co-existing in multi-ethnic societies. Intercultural education is therefore an opportunity and a reason to change educational approaches. A key element for providing lessons that include elements of intercultural education is bilingual education as well as a highly qualified primary school teacher. The research shows that the future primary school teachers believe to have good knowledge of intercultural and bilingual education and believe this way of educating to be the most appropriate and useful for the children of minorities to learn a foreign language. The participating future teachers stated students’ ability to speak more languages and gaining multi- and intercultural experiences as the advantages of intercultural and bilingual education. Half of participating future teachers do not recognize any disadvantages of intercultural and bilingual education, while others recognize additional teachers’ obligations and possible specific students’ learning problems as a potential disadvantage.
Luna Azul , 2011,
Abstract: abstract educational models versus cultural diversity: intercultural education the purpose of this article is, first of all, to describe how cultural diversity influences the teaching - learning processes in order to identify educational proposals, models and approaches this diversity has generated as pedagogical response. secondly, intercultural education is defined as the suitable model for working cultural diversity in schools, thanks to its holistic approach which simultaneously recognizes the contributions of each of the cultures present in the schools and promotes collaboration attitudes and positive stimulation for all of them. finally, we present the research carried out in a secondary school in malaga (spain), concerning the perceptions and expectations of teachers and students about interculturality. a mixed methodology was used and different techniques such as survey, sociometric test, document analysis, and participants observation were used. as a product of the triangulation of the different data collection techniques, conclusions and recommendations are developed, among which the need to address intercultural education from the curriculum, the importance of collaborative work, the creation of an empathetic environment that encourages the interaction between the different cultures and allows the design and implementation of strategies and methods according to the intercultural reality in the secondary school are emphasized.
Comunicación Intercultural y Sociolingüística
Núcleo , 2006,
Abstract: in this paper i propose a new sub-discipline of sociolinguistics that we might call ?intercultural sociolinguistics? and that will deal with all of the phenomena at the intersection of intercultural communication and sociolinguistics. intercultural sociolinguistics will consider the verbal and nonverbal behavior of human beings in a real intercultural context. when two or more individuals representing different cultures meet and try to communicate, we have a situation of intercultural encounter which we can analyze using techniques from the ethnography of communication, ethnomethodology or conversation analysis. gi ven that the behavior patterns of the individuals invol ed are not the same in intercultural encounters as they are in monocultural ones, we might conclude that monocultural or contrastive cultural studies do not suffice to describe behavior in intercultural encounters. these studies are prerequisites for the development of real intercultural studies.
Internet Rumors and Intercultural Ethics--A Case Study of Panic-stricken Rush for Salt in China and Iodine Pill in America After Japanese Earthquake and Tsunami
Xiaochi ZHANG
Studies in Literature and Language , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.sll.1923156320120402.2018
Abstract: Internet is a channel of intercultural communication and also a communicative platform. At the same time, Internet rumor always causes serious damage and influences intercultural communication for different people from different countries. The author takes the cases “panicstricken rush for salt in China and iodine pill in America after Japanese Earthquakes and tsunami for example and analyses the causes of the Internet rumors, and discusses that some basic concepts of intercultural ethnics, so as to protect people from different rumors and to keeps a good channel of intercultural communication on Internet. The research indicates that it is important requirements for different people with different cultural background should have intercultural ethics during their communicating with the other people on Internet, and also basic condition for people to get rid of Internet rumors. Key words: Intercultural ethics; Intercultural communication; Intercultural literacy; Internet Rumor
La estructura del diálogo entre extra os (intercultural). Una aproximación al pensamiento de Raúl Fornet-Betancourt.
Francisco Manuel López García
Topologik : Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Filosofiche, Pedagogiche e Sociali , 2011,
Abstract: This article examines the possibilities and obstacles for dialogue between people from different cultures and traditions. This theme is developed in accordance to the philosophical theory intercultural formulated by Latin-American philosopher Raúl Fornet-Betancourt.
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