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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1912 matches for " individual preferences "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
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Individual Characteristics, Administration Preferences and Corruption: Evidence from Chinese Local Government Officials’ Work Experience  [PDF]
Yexiao Luo, Longlong Duan
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2016.62004
Abstract: The Chinese corruption beyond the pressure-style fiscal decentralization system is largely dominated by the preferred duty performances decided by local political authorities. By designing a natural experiment about whether the officials leave their positions or not, the research combines the methods as difference-in-difference model and system generalized method of moments to explore the inter-correlation of the provincial party committee secretary’s individual character, administration preferences and local corruption level in 30 provinces from 2000-2013 in China. The results show us that the exchange in different places and cross appointment for provincial party committee secretaries will be able to strength the anti-corruption mechanism; meanwhile, the intellectual officers and young and middle-aged chief leaders are more likely to carry on the short- term encouraging policy. They are good at using their own employee experiences to encourage the officers from each level to form an “increasing-style promoting competition” order. The current Chinese anti-corruption strategy has obvious space-club effect and path dependence effect. In addition, the corruption attached to regional-scale can be gradually eliminated through the transfer of consumptive governmental expenses, fiscal decentralization reform, and continuous urbanization, enlarging the open areas. However, the lower corruption degree areas as west and middle areas may be trapped into another round of corruption as a result of the environment-sacrifice investment policies, which are caused by the employment expansion plan led by local leaders.
Non-stimulating tradition: The Effect of Temperament on Painting Art Preferences
Joanna Rz?dkowska,Alicja Paracka,Natalia Frankowska
Avant : Journal of Philosophical-Interdisciplinary Vanguard , 2010,
Abstract: This study examined the effect of temperament on preferences for painted artwork. Our preferences are determined by different personality traits. The study presented here was a replication of the current study of Terror Management Theory (TMT) with the structures of temperament as individual differences. The results showed significant differences in preferences for traditional and modern art, depending on the degree of harmonization of the temperamental structures. Sanguines and melancholics in the no fear condition evaluated modern art most highly, however in the fear condition they evaluated traditional art most highly. This effect confirms the importance of individual differences and the situational variability of preferences in art.
Individual preferences and social justice
Vita, álvaro de;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092000000500007
Abstract: the article examines john harsanyi's influential account on welfarism, according to which the satisfaction of individual preferences ought to be seen as the ultimate foundation of our social welfare (or social justice) judgments. the author argues that welfarism provides a very defective morality and that we should strive to identify a non-subjective moral foundation to interpersonal comparison of well-being.
Back or to the future? Preferences of time travelers
Florence Ettlin,Ralph Hertwig
Judgment and Decision Making , 2012,
Abstract: Popular culture reflects whatever piques our imagination. Think of the myriad movies and books that take viewers and readers on an imaginary journey to the past or the future (e.g., Gladiator, The Time Machine). Despite the ubiquity of time travel as a theme in cultural expression, the factors that underlie people's preferences concerning the direction of time travel have gone unexplored. What determines whether a person would prefer to visit the (certain) past or explore the (uncertain) future? We identified three factors that markedly affect people's preference for (hypothetical) travel to the past or the future, respectively. Those who think of themselves as courageous, those with a more conservative worldview, and---perhaps counterintuitively---those who are advanced in age prefer to travel into the future. We discuss implications of these initial results.
Individual preferences and social justice
Vita álvaro de
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2000,
Abstract: The article examines John Harsanyi's influential account on welfarism, according to which the satisfaction of individual preferences ought to be seen as the ultimate foundation of our social welfare (or social justice) judgments. The author argues that welfarism provides a very defective morality and that we should strive to identify a non-subjective moral foundation to interpersonal comparison of well-being.
Brain asymmetry in individual differences
Surekli D
Journal of Neurological Sciences , 2003,
Measuring social value orientation
Ryan O. Murphy,Kurt A. Ackerman,Michel J. J. Handgraaf
Judgment and Decision Making , 2011,
Abstract: Narrow self-interest is often used as a simplifying assumption when studying people making decisions in social contexts. Nonetheless, people exhibit a wide range of different motivations when choosing unilaterally among interdependent outcomes. Measuring the magnitude of the concern people have for others, sometimes called Social Value Orientation (SVO), has been an interest of many social scientists for decades and several different measurement methods have been developed so far. Here we introduce a new measure of SVO that has several advantages over existent methods. A detailed description of the new measurement method is presented, along with norming data that provide evidence of its solid psychometric properties. We conclude with a brief discussion of the research streams that would benefit from a more sensitive and higher resolution measure of SVO, and extend an invitation to others to use this new measure which is freely available.
Modelos ideales de familia en la sociedad espa ola
Navarro Ardoy, Luis
Revista Internacional de Sociologia , 2006,
Abstract: The aim of this article is to study the ideal models of family relationships in Spain. To this end, we start analysing the roles and responsibilities of the couple, both in the labour and the domestic spheres. The strategy of analysis consists of two phases. First, we analize the Spanish population preferences regarding the most preferred type of family (ideal family model). In addition, we observe the evolution of these opinions over the last few years. In the second phase considered as the focal point of our study, we deepen the analysis on the ideal family models. Furthermore, we state the most influential socio-demographic variables in relation to the ‘symmetrical or egalitarian’ ideal model, which is considered to be the one in which both man and woman have a formal job and share housework and childcare. En este artículo se estudian los modelos ideales de relaciones familiares en Espa a, a partir de los roles y responsabilidades que la pareja desempe a tanto en el terreno laboral como en el familiar. Con tal fin, la estrategia de análisis seguida consta de dos fases. En la primera se analizan las preferencias de la población espa ola acerca del tipo de familia en el que les gustaría vivir (modelo ideal de familia), al tiempo que se observa cómo han ido evolucionando durante los últimos a os las opiniones al respecto. Partiendo de esta primera fase, en la segunda, considerada como eje central del artículo, se profundiza en el análisis de estos ideales de familia y se presentan cuáles son las variables sociodemográficas que más influyen en el modelo ideal “simétrico o igualitario”, así como los grupos de población que más se identifican con él. El modelo “simétrico igualitario” es aquel en el que tanto el hombre como la mujer trabajan fuera de casa y reparten las tareas del hogar y el cuidado de los hijos.
Target selection strategy of enterprise mergers and acquisitions based on DEA method

福州大学学报(自然科学版) , 2016, DOI: 10.7631/issn.1000-2243.2016.02.0143
Abstract: 针对企业并购(M&A)目标选择问题,利用数据包络分析(DEA)方法从效率和规模两方面进行研究,提出一个考虑个体偏好的并购目标选择循环策略. 首先定义一个体现企业个体偏好的并购方案偏好函数,再利用该函数筛选出可行并购方案. 在此基础上,利用可行并购方案的交叉效率选出最佳并购方案,该并购方案参与下一轮循环直至无可行并购方案. 最后,通过一个算例说明了该方法的可行性和有效性.
Target selection of mergers and acquisitions (M&A) is researched from efficiency and scale by using data envelopment analysis(DEA) method in this paper. A loop algorithms of M&A target selection is put forward in consideration of individual preference:firstly,a preference function is defined to reflect individual preferences;secondly,the feasible M&A schemes is selected using the preference function. On this basis,rational M&A schemes are selected using cross efficiency of feasible M&A schemes,the rational M&A schemes participate in the next round of loop until no feasible M&A schemes. Finally,an illustrative example is given to show the method feasibility and validity of the proposed method
Stackelberg-Walras and Cournot-Walras Equilibria in Mixed Markets: A Comparison  [PDF]
Ludovic A. Julien
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2012.21013
Abstract: In this note, we compare two strategic general equilibrium concepts: the Stackelberg-Walras equilibrium and the Cournot-Walras equilibrium. We thus consider a market exchange economy embodying atoms and a continuum of traders. It is shown that, when the preferences of the small traders are represented by Cobb-Douglas utility functions, the Stackel-berg-Walras and the Cournot-Walras equilibria can coincide only if 1) the endowments and preferences of atoms are identical and 2) the elasticity of the followers’ best response functions are equal to zero in equilibrium.
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